Affirming that Allah does descend (to the lowest heaven)

๐€๐Ÿ๐Ÿ๐ข๐ซ๐ฆ๐ข๐ง๐  ๐ญ๐ก๐š๐ญ ๐€๐ฅ๐ฅ๐š๐ก ๐๐จ๐ž๐ฌ ๐๐ž๐ฌ๐œ๐ž๐ง๐ (๐ญ๐จ ๐ญ๐ก๐ž ๐ฅ๐จ๐ฐ๐ž๐ฌ๐ญ ๐ก๐ž๐š๐ฏ๐ž๐ง)


Mohamad Mostafa Nassar

Twitter:@NassarMohamadMR

Question

“…When half o a third of the night passes by, Allah descends to the lowest heaven and says: ‘No one asks more about my servants than myself. Who is asking me, so I can give to him? Who is calling upon me, so I can answer him?

who is seeking my forgiveness, so I can forgive him?'”. I got two questions about this hadith. How sahih (or correct ) is this hadith. And second, what meaning is this hadith?.

Answer

Praise be to Allah.

Note to Christian and Jews:

Ironically, we see some Christians and Jews criticize this authentic hadith of Sahih Muslim: 758b about Our lord descends every night to the sky of this world, while we find the Bible has blasphemous statements about God such as he was wrestling with Jacob in Genesis 32:22-32 after turning to be man.

And was looking for Adam in garden was unable to find him and canโ€™t find him in Genesis 2:4-3:24 and all these ridiculous blasphemous statements.

Moreover, the fabricated story of God turned to be a man get carried and contained within a 10โ€“14-year-old Maryโ€™s uterus and the rest of the ancient Pagan rooted story, then God end up being bashed, dragged down the streets by his own creations, and end up Dead and Buried.

Note to Atheists

As for atheists we all know Atheist says: if God created the universe then who created God? Me: if a baker baked a cake then who baked the baker? Atheist

Your question covers two matters:ย 

1 โ€“ The extent to which this hadeeth is sahih. 

This hadeeth is a saheeh hadeeth which is proven in the soundest two books after the Book of Allah. It was narrated by al-Bukhari in his Saheeh (1145) and by Muslim (1261) from Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him), that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said:

โ€œThe Lord descends every night to the lowest heaven when one-third of the night remains and says: โ€˜Who will call upon Me, that I may answer Him? Who will ask of Me, that I may give him? Who will seek My forgiveness, that I may forgive him?โ€™โ€ 

This hadeeth was narrated from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) by approximately twenty-eight of the Sahaabah (may Allah be pleased with them) and the Ahl al-Sunnah are unanimously agreed that it is to be accepted. 

2 โ€“ What is meant by the descent of Allah โ€“ may He be exalted โ€“ to the lowest heaven: 

It should be noted that the descent of the Lord โ€“ may He be exalted โ€“ to the lowest heaven is one of the actions that are attributed to Him and has to do with His will and wisdom. It is descending in a real sense, in a manner that befits His majesty and might.

Allah descends however He wills, whenever He wills. Glory be to Him, there is nothing like unto Him and He is the All-Hearing, All-Seeing. It is not permissible to distort the meaning of the hadeeth by saying that what is meant is that His command or mercy descends, or that one of His angels descends. This is false for several reasons: 

(i)This misinterpretation goes against the apparent meaning of the hadeeth. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) attributed descent or the act of descending to Allah, and the basic principle is that a thing is attributed to the one who does it, so if it is attributed to someone else, that is a distortion that goes against this basic principle.

We know that the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) is the most knowledgeable of all people about Allah, and that he (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) is the most eloquent of mankind and the most truthful in what he says.

There are no lies in his speech, and it is impossible for him to attribute something to Allah that is not one of His names or attributes or actions or rulings.

Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):

โ€œAnd if he (Muhammad) had forged a false saying concerning Us (Allah),

45. We surely would have seized him by his right hand (or with power and might),

46. And then We certainly would have cut off his life artery (aorta)โ€

[al-Haaqqah 69:44-46] 

Moreover the only intention of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) was to guide mankind, so if he said, โ€œOur Lord descendsโ€ and someone else says something that runs contrary to the apparent meaning of these words, such as saying that His command descends, then we say: Do you have more knowledge about Allah than the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him)?

The Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, โ€œOur Lord descendsโ€ but you say His command descends. Or are you more sincere towards the ummah than he was, since he (allegedly) concealed what he was supposed to tell them and told them something different. Undoubtedly the person who tells the people one thing but means something else is not sincere towards them.

Or do you think that you are more eloquent than the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him)?! Undoubtedly such a misinterpretation implies that one is accusing the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) of some kind of shortcoming that a Muslim can never accept on the part of the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him).  

(ii)The descent of His command and mercy is not restricted to this part of the night, rather His command and mercy descend all the time. If it is said that what is meant is a specific command or specific mercy which does not happen all the time, the answer to that is that if we assume that this interpretation is correct.

Then the hadeeth indicates that where the descent of this thing ends is in the lowest heaven, so what benefit can it be to us if mercy descend to the lowest heaven without reaching us? Why would the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) even tell us about it?

(iii)The hadeeth indicates that the One Who descends says: โ€œWho will call upon Me, that I may answer Him? Who will ask of Me, that I may give him? Who will seek My forgiveness, that I may forgive him?โ€ No one can say that except Allah, may He be exalted.

See: Majmooโ€™ Fataawa wa Rasaaโ€™il al-Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-โ€˜Uthaymeen, 1/203-210.

Note to Christian and Jews:

Ironically, we see some Christians and Jews criticize this authentic hadith of Sahih Muslim: 758b about Our lord descends every night to the sky of this world, while we find the Bible has blasphemous statements about God such as he was wrestling with Jacob in Genesis 32:22-32 after turning to be man.

And was looking for Adam in garden was unable to find him and canโ€™t find him in Genesis 2:4-3:24 and all these ridiculous blasphemous statements.

Moreover, the fabricated story of God turned to be a man get carried and contained within a 10โ€“14-year-old Maryโ€™s uterus and the rest of the ancient Pagan rooted story, then God end up being bashed, dragged down the streets by his own creations, and end up Dead and Buried.

๐‡๐จ๐ฐ ๐๐จ๐ž๐ฌ ๐€๐ฅ๐ฅ๐š๐ก ๐๐ž๐ฌ๐œ๐ž๐ง๐ ๐ญ๐จ ๐ฅ๐จ๐ฐ๐ž๐ฌ๐ญ ๐ก๐ž๐š๐ฏ๐ž๐ง ๐ฐ๐ก๐ž๐ง ๐Ÿ/๐Ÿ‘๐ซ๐ ๐ง๐ข๐ ๐ก๐ญ ๐ซ๐ž๐ฆ๐š๐ข๐ง๐ฌ ๐ข๐ง ๐๐ข๐Ÿ๐Ÿ๐ž๐ซ๐ž๐ง๐ญ ๐œ๐จ๐ฎ๐ง๐ญ๐ซ๐ข๐ž๐ฌ ๐€๐ฌ๐ฌ๐ข๐ฆ๐š๐ฅ๐ก๐š๐ค๐ž๐ฆ

Our Lord descends every night to the sky of this world when the last third of the night remains โ€“ Shaykh โ€˜Uthaymฤซn