Our Lord descends every night to the sky of this world when the last third of the night remains โ€“ Shaykhย โ€˜Uthaymฤซn

๐Ž๐ฎ๐ซ ๐‹๐จ๐ซ๐ ๐๐ž๐ฌ๐œ๐ž๐ง๐๐ฌ ๐ž๐ฏ๐ž๐ซ๐ฒ ๐ง๐ข๐ ๐ก๐ญ ๐ญ๐จ ๐ญ๐ก๐ž ๐ฌ๐ค๐ฒ ๐จ๐Ÿ ๐ญ๐ก๐ข๐ฌ ๐ฐ๐จ๐ซ๐ฅ๐ ๐ฐ๐ก๐ž๐ง ๐ญ๐ก๐ž ๐ฅ๐š๐ฌ๐ญ ๐ญ๐ก๐ข๐ซ๐ ๐จ๐Ÿ ๐ญ๐ก๐ž ๐ง๐ข๐ ๐ก๐ญ ๐ซ๐ž๐ฆ๐š๐ข๐ง๐ฌ โ€“ ๐’๐ก๐š๐ฒ๐ค๐ก โ€˜๐”๐ญ๐ก๐š๐ฒ๐ฆ๐ขฬ„๐ง

Mohamad Mostafa Nassar


Note to Christian and Jews:

Ironically, we see some Christians and Jews criticize this authentic hadith of Sahih Muslim: 758b about Our lord descends every night to the sky of this world, while we find the Bible has blasphemous statements about God such as he was wrestling with Jacob in Genesis 32:22-32 after turning to be man.

And was looking for Adam in garden was unable to find him and canโ€™t find him in Genesis 2:4-3:24 and all these ridiculous blasphemous statements.

Moreover, the fabricated story of God turned to be a man get carried and contained within a 10โ€“14-year-old Maryโ€™s uterus and the rest of the ancient Pagan rooted story, then God end up being bashed, dragged down the streets by his own creations, and end up Dead and Buried.

Note to Atheists

As for atheists we all know Atheist says: if God created the universe then who created God? Me: if a baker baked a cake then who baked the baker? Atheist

Our Lordโ€™s Descent

The prophet ( ุตู„ู‘ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู‘ู… ) said in an authentic แธฅadฤซth:

ูŠูŽู†ู’ุฒูู„ู ุฑูŽุจูู‘ู†ูŽุง ุชูŽุจูŽุงุฑูŽูƒูŽ ูˆูŽุชูŽุนูŽุงู„ูŽู‰ ูƒูู„ูŽู‘ ู„ูŽูŠู’ู„ูŽุฉู ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ุณูŽู‘ู…ูŽุงุกู ุงู„ุฏูู‘ู†ู’ูŠูŽุง ุญููŠู†ูŽ ูŠูŽุจู’ู‚ูŽู‰ ุซูู„ูุซู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ูŠู’ู„ู ุงู„ุขุฎูุฑู ุŒ ูŠูŽู‚ููˆู„ู : ู…ูŽู†ู’ ูŠูŽุฏู’ุนููˆู†ููŠ ููŽุฃูŽุณู’ุชูŽุฌููŠุจูŽ ู„ูŽู‡ู ุŸ ู…ูŽู†ู’ ูŠูŽุณู’ุฃูŽู„ูู†ููŠ ููŽุฃูุนู’ุทููŠูŽู‡ู ุŸ ู…ูŽู†ู’ ูŠูŽุณู’ุชูŽุบู’ููุฑูู†ููŠ ุŸ ููŽุฃูŽุบู’ููุฑูŽ ู„ูŽู‡ู

Our Lord, the blessed and exalted, descends every night to the sky of this world when the last third of the night remains. He asks, โ€œWho is calling on me so I can answer him? Who is asking me (for anything) so I can give (it to) him? Who is asking for my forgiveness so I can forgive him?โ€

[Recorded by al-Bukhฤrฤซ (no. 1145) and Muslim (no. 758)]

This แธฅadฤซth is a proof confirming the descent of Allah to the lowest heaven, the sky of this world.

Some people of knowledge said this แธฅadฤซth has come with many different chains of narration, and the scholars have always agreed that it is one of the famous แธฅadฤซth often mentioned by the scholars of the Sunnah.

The prophet ( ุตู„ู‘ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู‘ู… ) says,  โ€œOur Lord descends every night to the sky of this world.โ€ Allahโ€™s descent is real and actual because, as we have mentioned before, anything mentioned with a pronoun that refers back to Allah, it must be attributed to him in a real, actual manner.

So we should believe in it and accept it as truth, saying just as the แธฅadฤซth says, โ€œOur Lord descends to the sky of this world,โ€ to the lowest heaven closest to the earth. There are seven heavens, and Allah (ุนุฒู‘ ูˆุฌู„ู‘) descends at this time during the night to be near his worshippers just as he does during the afternoon on the Day of โ€˜Arafah (during the pilgrimage), praising and boasting to the angels about his worshippers. [41]

As for โ€œevery nightโ€ it is general to include every single night of the year. โ€œwhen the last third of the night remainsโ€œ. In Islamic legislation, the night begins at sunset and this is unanimously agreed upon. The difference (among scholars) however comes with regards to when the night ends. Does it end with the appearance of first light or the actual rising of the sun?

Apparently, the night, according to legislation, ends with the appearance of first light, and the common, โ€œastralโ€ night ends with sunrise. Allah asks, โ€ โ€œWho is calling on meโ€ฆโ€. This is a question yet really intended as an encouragement and motivation rather than expecting an actual answer. It is like his statement (in the Qurโ€™an):

ู‡ูŽู„ู’ ุฃูŽุฏูู„ูู‘ูƒูู…ู’ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุชูุฌูŽุงุฑูŽุฉู ุชูู†ุฌููŠูƒูู… ู…ูู‘ู†ู’ ุนูŽุฐูŽุงุจู ุฃูŽู„ููŠู…ู

Shall I guide you to a transaction that will save you from a painful punishment? [Sลซrah al-แนขaf, 61:10]

โ€œโ€ฆcalling on meโ€ฆโ€ saying, โ€œOh Lordโ€ฆโ€

โ€œโ€ฆso I can answer him?โ€ This is the result and reward for doing the first part โ€“ calling on Allah.

 โ€œWho is asking me (for anything) so I can give (it to) him?โ€ such as saying, โ€œI ask You for Paradise,โ€ or similar things.

โ€œWho is asking for my forgivenessโ€ฆโ€ saying, โ€œOh Allah, forgive me,โ€ or โ€œI seek your forgiveness, Allah.โ€

โ€œโ€ฆso I can forgive him?โ€ Forgiveness means to conceal oneโ€™s sins and overlook them.

With this, it should be clear to every person who reads this แธฅadฤซth that what is meant by โ€œdescendsโ€ here is that Allah Himself descends. We do not even need to say He descends โ€œpersonallyโ€ because as long as the verb is associated with Him, then He himself does it. Still, some scholars did say, โ€œHe personally descends.โ€

They resorted to saying that, compelled to adding โ€œpersonallyโ€ only because there are those people who twist the meaning of แธฅadฤซth, claiming that what really descends is the decision and decree of Allah. Others say it is Allahโ€™s mercy that descends, and even others say it is one of his angels that descends.

All of these are incorrect. For one thing, Allahโ€™s decision and decree are constantly descending, and not only during the last third of night as he ( ุชุนุงู„ู‰ ) says generally:

ูŠูุฏูŽุจูู‘ุฑู ุงู„ุฃูŽู…ู’ุฑูŽ ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ุณูŽู‘ู…ูŽุงุกู ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ุฃูŽุฑู’ุถู ุซูู…ูŽู‘ ูŠูŽุนู’ุฑูุฌู ุฅูู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู

He arranges each matter from the heaven to the earth then it will ascend to him.[Sลซrah al-Sajdah, 32:5]

And he says:

ูˆูŽุฅูู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูŠูุฑู’ุฌูŽุนู ุงู„ุฃูŽู…ู’ุฑู ูƒูู„ูู‘ู‡ู

And to him the matter will return, all of it.[Sลซrah Hลซd, 11:123]

As for their statement that it is really only the mercy of Allah that descends to the worldly sky when the last third of night remains, Allah is above such deficiencies and insults! Mercy does not descend except at that time?!

Allah ( ุชุนุงู„ู‰ ) says:

ูˆูŽู…ูŽุง ุจููƒูู… ู…ูู‘ู† ู†ูู‘ุนู’ู…ูŽุฉู ููŽู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู

And whatever you have of blessing, it is from Allah. [Sลซrah al-Naแธฅl, 16:53]

Every blessing and favor is from Allah, and they are the results of his mercy; they can be witnessed at all times.

We could then ask: What good does it do for us if mercy descends only down to the sky (and no further)?

As for those who say it is really only an angel that descends, we ask: Does it make sense that an angel would say, โ€œWho is calling on me so I can answer him? Who is asking me for anythingโ€ฆโ€?!

So it is clear that these claims are distorted meanings, they are incorrect and proven so by the แธฅadฤซth itself.

By Allah, such people who claim these things do not know more about Allah than Allahโ€™s messenger, they are certainly not more sincere in advising the servants of Allah than his messenger, and they are not more precise and eloquent in speech than the messenger of Allah (ุตู„ู‘ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู‘ู…).

Some people also ask: How can you say Allah descends? If He does so, then what about His being high above everything? What about His being over the throne? If He descends, this would involve movement and relocation. Also, if He descends, this would be an action that happens and anything that happens must have a cause.

To this we say: This is baseless and pointless arguing. There is no reason not to say that Allahโ€™s descent is real. Do you know what Allah deserves (of characteristics and descriptions) more than the companions of the messenger (ุตู„ู‘ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู‘ู…)?

The companions never made any of these false assumptions and conjectures. Instead they listened, they believed, they accepted, and they trusted it as absolute truth. Yet now, you people come and challenge the meanings, arguing for the sake of falsehood, asking, โ€œHow? Why?โ€

We say Allah descends, and we do not delve into asking, โ€œWhat about his throne? Does this mean he leaves it or not?โ€

As for his being above, we say he descends and yet he is still high above his creation because โ€œdescentโ€ here does not necessarily mean that he is surrounded by the lowest heaven to which he descends while the other heavens are above him. Rather, he is not contained within anything of his creation.

So Allah actually descends in a real manner while he is actually high above in a real manner, and nothing is similar to him.

Rising over the throne is an action, not a permanent, personal characteristic. We should not, as far as I am concerned, begin asking whether he leaves the throne or not. Instead, we should keep silent about it just as the companions did, may Allah be pleased with them all.

However, the scholars of those who follow the Sunnah take one of three positions regarding the issue of whether Allah leaves his throne during his descent. Some say he leaves the throne, others say he does not leave it, and others say we should remain silent and not delve into the issue.

Ibn Taymiyyah says in his al-Risฤlah al-โ€˜Arshiyyah that Allah does not leave the throne (during his descent) because the evidence confirming he is on the throne is strong and explicit just as this แธฅadฤซth is also a strong, explicit proof of his descent. The actions and characteristics of Allah (ุนุฒู‘ ูˆุฌู„ู‘) are not to be measured by those of creation.

So we should leave the texts of his being on the throne confirmed as they are just as we leave the text of his descent confirmed as it is. We say he is established on his throne and yet he still descends to the sky of this world; Allah alone knows the โ€œhowโ€ of it. Our minds are too deficient and incomplete to know everything about Allah, the Most High.

The second position is that Allah leaves the throne during his descent and the third position is to remain silent โ€“ in other words, not to say whether he does or does not leave his throne.

Some people more recently bring up yet another point of confusion. Since the earth is round and revolves around the sun, they ask how Allah can descend during the last third of the night when the last third is a constant time.

For example, when the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia leaves this time, Europe and surrounding countries enter it. So is Allah constantly and forever descending?

In reply, we say: First and foremost, you should simply believe and accept that Allah descends during this specific time. If you do believe in it, then there is nothing else required from you. Do not go into asking, โ€œHow?โ€

Instead, accept that when the last third of night remains in Saudi Arabia, then Allah descends, and when it remains in America, Allah also descends. And His descent finishes when the light of morning appears in any place, respective to it.

To conclude, our position is that we believe and accept everything that has come to us from Allahโ€™s messenger, Muhammad ( ุตู„ู‘ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู‘ู… ) in that Allah comes down to the sky of this world, the lowest heaven, when the last third of night remains and he asks, โ€œWho is calling on me so I can answer him? Who is asking me (for anything) so I can give (it to) him? Who is asking for my forgiveness so I can forgive him?โ€

Beneficial Points We Learn from This แธคadฤซth

This amazing แธฅadฤซth:

  • Confirms that Allah is high above creation based on the words, โ€œOur Lord descends.โ€
  • Confirms that Allah does actions by his choice and willโ€”these are known as โ€œactionโ€ characteristics (see footnote no. 7 of the main article)โ€”based on the statement, โ€œOur Lord descendsโ€ฆwhen the last third of the night remains..โ€
  • Confirms that Allah speaks based on the statement, โ€œHe asksโ€ฆโ€œ
  • Confirms Allahโ€™s kindness and generosity based on his questions, โ€œWho is calling on meโ€ฆ? Who is asking meโ€ฆ? Who is asking for my forgivenessโ€ฆ?โ€

People should take advantage of this part of the night, asking for whatever they need from Allah, calling upon him, and asking his forgiveness as he asks, โ€œWho is calling on meโ€ฆ? Who is asking meโ€ฆ? Who is asking for my forgivenessโ€ฆ?โ€ And again, the word โ€œWhoโ€ here is presented in the form of a question but is actually intended to motivate rather than ask.

So we should take advantage of this chance because nothing that has passed of your life is in your favor except the times you spent in obedience to Allah. Perhaps more days may pass you by, but when death comes it will be as if you were only born that minute. At that time, everything of oneโ€™s past life will mean nothing to him.


[41] The แธฅadฤซth about this is recorded by Muslim (no. 1348). The prophet ( ุตู„ู‘ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู‘ู… ) said:

ู…ูŽุง ู…ูู†ู’ ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ู ุฃูŽูƒู’ุซูŽุฑูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูุนู’ุชูู‚ูŽ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ูููŠู‡ู ุนูŽุจู’ุฏู‹ุง ู…ูู†ู’ ุงู„ู†ูŽู‘ุงุฑู ู…ูู†ู’ ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ู ุนูŽุฑูŽููŽุฉูŽ ูˆูŽุฅูู†ูŽู‘ู‡ู ู„ูŽูŠูŽุฏู’ู†ููˆ ุซูู…ูŽู‘ ูŠูุจูŽุงู‡ููŠ ุจูู‡ูู…ู’ ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽู„ุงุฆููƒูŽุฉูŽ ุŒ ููŽูŠูŽู‚ููˆู„ู :  ู…ูŽุง  ุฃูŽุฑูŽุงุฏูŽ ู‡ูŽุคูู„ุงุกู

There is no day on which Allah frees more servants from the fire than the Day of โ€˜Arafah. He comes near (them) and praises and boasts about them to the angels, saying, โ€œWhat do these want?โ€ (or โ€œAnything they want!โ€)

๐‡๐จ๐ฐ ๐๐จ๐ž๐ฌ ๐€๐ฅ๐ฅ๐š๐ก ๐๐ž๐ฌ๐œ๐ž๐ง๐ ๐ญ๐จ ๐ฅ๐จ๐ฐ๐ž๐ฌ๐ญ ๐ก๐ž๐š๐ฏ๐ž๐ง ๐ฐ๐ก๐ž๐ง ๐Ÿ/๐Ÿ‘๐ซ๐ ๐ง๐ข๐ ๐ก๐ญ ๐ซ๐ž๐ฆ๐š๐ข๐ง๐ฌ ๐ข๐ง ๐๐ข๐Ÿ๐Ÿ๐ž๐ซ๐ž๐ง๐ญ ๐œ๐จ๐ฎ๐ง๐ญ๐ซ๐ข๐ž๐ฌ ๐€๐ฌ๐ฌ๐ข๐ฆ๐š๐ฅ๐ก๐š๐ค๐ž๐ฆ


Posted from the appendix of the article : In the Company of Allaah: Confirming Allaah is with His Creation โ€“ Shaykh ibn Uthaymeen rahimahullaah | Translated by Abu az-Zubayr Harrison rahimahullaah

Related Links:




Affirming that Allah does descend (to the lowest heaven)