The Conquest of Makkah | The Day Of Mercy
Mohamad Mostafa Nassar
“And We have not sent you, [O Muhammad], except as a mercy to the worlds.” [Quran 21:107]
Do read the following :
The Unbitter Persecution of Muslims by the Hands of Makkans
After the treaty of Hudaibiyah was broken following an attack on Muslims, Prophet ordered Muslims to march to Makkah. Precautions were taken so that Makkans should not get aware of it. It was the 10th day of Ramadaan in the year 8 Hijri that an army of 10,000 Muslims marched towards Makkah.
The Muslims encamped at Mar-ur-Zahraan, a place a few kilometers from Makkah. As the news reached reached Makkans they feared and tried to negotiate with Muslims. The Prophet Muhammad make sure that no harm will be done to them.
Abu Sufyan the chief of Makkah at that time make some attempts to have another treaty with Mulims and Muhammad. He managed to contact some Muslims including unlce of Muhammad, Al-Abbas but all of his efforts were failed
The Muslims entered Makkah peacefully and there was no bloodshed. Abu Sufyan who was the present chief of Makkah and a bitter enemy of Prophet accepted Islam at that moment. Prophet said the following about Abu Sufyan’s house
“Even he Who enters the house of Abu Sufyan will be safe, He who lays down arms will be safe, He who locks his door will be safe” (Page 329, Al-Kamil fi al-Tarikh by Ibn al-Athir)
The most bitter enemy was touched with general amnesty (general pardon) of Rasulullah and accepted Islaam. Rasulullah purified the sacred House of Allah (Ka’ba) removing all its 360 idols and stones. He along with his companions visited the Kabah. The idols were broken and their gods were destroyed. Muhammad keep reciting the following verses of Quran
“Truth has come and Falsehood vanished and no more shall falsehood return” (Quran 17:8)
The sanctuary of the Ka’ba contained such idols as Hubal, Latt and Manaat. They saw their downfall for they were nothing but pieces of stones. Now every nook and corner of Makkah witnessed and resounded with the call of Tauheed.
Rasulullah=Prophet Muhammed also proclaimed that :
‘Allah has forbidden the sale of intoxicants and usury (Interest) is declared as Haraam’.
Then Muhammad turning to the people said: “O Quraish, what do you think of the treatment that I should accord you?”
And they said, “Mercy, O Prophet of Allah. We expect nothing but good from you.” Thereupon Muhammad declared:
“I speak to you in the same words as Yūsuf spoke to his brothers. This day there is no reproof against you; Go your way, for you are free.”
[Related by Ibn Kathir, recorded by Ibn al-Hajjaj Muslim]