Is Mut’ah (temporary marriage) part of Islam?

Mut’ah (temporary marriage) was permissible only during the early ages of Islam, but the Prophet then forbade it and it became abrogated. This does not exist anymore and is officially Haram(forbidden) in Islam till the day of judgement.

Ali bin Abi Talib narrated:


“The Prophet prohibited the Mut’ah with women, and the meat of domestic donkeys during (the campaign of) Khaibar.”

[1] Jami` at-Tirmidhi 1121 Grade: Sahih (Darussalam)

Narrated ‘Abdullah and Al-Hasan, the sons of Muhammad bin ‘Ali:


From their father, that ‘Ali said: “During the time of Khaibar, the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) prohibited Mut’ah with women and eating the meat of domesticated donkeys.

[2] Jami` at-Tirmidhi 1794 Grade: Sahih (Darussalam)

It was narrated from Al- Hasan bin Muhammad, and ‘Abdullah bin Muhammad that their father said:


“Ali said to Ibn’Abbas, may Allah be please with them both: The Prophet forbade Mut’ah marriage, and the flesh of domesticated donkeys on the Day of Khaibar.”

[3] Sunan an-Nasa’i 4334 Grade: Sahih (Darussalam)

It was narrated from al-Rabee’ ibn Sabrah al-Juhani that his father told him that he was with the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) who said, “O people, I used to allow you to engage in mut’ah marriages, but now Allah has forbidden that until the Day of Resurrection, so whoever has any wives in a mut’ah marriage, he should let her go and do not take anything of the (money) you have given them.”

[4] Sahih Muslim 1406

Mut’ah today is only found in Shia Islam which is a Unorthodox minority. Mut’ah does not exist within Orthodox Islam.

Moreover, for the sake of argument here are a few Shia narrations and sources which also forbid Mut’ah.

My father told me, from his father, that he was asked about Mut`ah marriage, he said: Mut`ah marriage is not permissible for it was only during an expedition of the Prophet (saw) then Allah forbade it through his Prophet (saw). 

It was authentically narrated to us from prince of the believers `Ali ibn abi Talib (as) that the messenger of Allah (saw) had forbidden it. As for those who left Islam and permitted fornication (meaning Rafidah) through that verse (Al-Nisa’ verse 24) {So for whatever you enjoy from them, give them their due compensation}

The enjoyment here is to have intercourse through lawful permanent marriage and the compensation is the dowry.

[5] Al-Ahkam fil-Halal wal-Haram pg.351

As for al-Baqir and his son al-Sadiq, it was reported in “al-Jami` al-Kafi” from al-Hasan bin Yahya bin Zayd the jurist of `Iraq, that he said: “The family of the messenger of Allah (saw) have agreed to dislike Mut`ah and that it is forbidden.” He also said:

“The family of messenger of Allah (saw) have agreed that marriage is not valid except with a custodian and two witnesses and a dowry, without any conditions in it.” And Muhammad ibn Mansour said: “We heard from the Prophet (saw) and `Ali and ibn `Abbas and abu Ja`far al-Baqir and Zayd bin `Ali and `Abdullah bin al-Hasan and Ja`far bin Muhammad peace be upon them, that they said:

“No marriage without a custodian and two witnesses.”

[6] Majmoo` al-Fiqh al-Kabir by  al-Sayyaghi volume 4 page 26

And all of Orthodox Islamic scholarship also agree Mut’ah is forbidden.

Shaykh Uthaymeen:

First, it is explicitly stipulated in the marriage that the marriage is for a month, a year or until he finishes his studies and so forth. This is known as Mut’ah. This is forbidden.

 [7] http://www.fatwaislam.com/fis/index.cfm?scn=fd&ID=571

Imam Al Nawwawi:

The correct and chosen opinion is that it was made prohibited and permissible twice, and that it was permitted before Khaibar, then prohibited after Khaibar, then permitted before the conquest of Makkah, which is the day (year) of Awtas since they are connected, then made forbidden after three days permanently until the day of judgment, and the prohibition continued.

[8] Al Minhaj Volume 9 pg. 184

Islam Web:

The most important thing is that the Mut’ah marriage was abrogated after it had been lawful. This is confirmed by evidence from the Prophetic Sunnah, and some scholars reported a consensus that the Mut’ah marriage is forbidden, including Ibn Al-Munthir, Al-Qaadhi ‘Iyaadh, Al-Khattaabi and Al-Qurtubi.

[9] https://www.islamweb.net/en/fatwa/388024/proof-that-the-mutah-temporary-marriage-was-abrogated

Islam Q/A:

Mut’ah or temporary marriage refers to when a man marries a woman for a specific length of time in return for a particular amount of money.


The basic principle concerning marriage is that it should be ongoing and permanent. Temporary marriage – i.e., mut’ah marriage – was permitted at the beginning of Islam, then it was abrogated and became haraam until the Day of Judgement.

[10] https://islamqa.info/en/answers/20738/mutah-marriage-and-refutation-of-those-raafidis-who-permit-it

Shaykh Faraz Rabbani:

It refers to valid relations between men and women, through proper marriage, because it is decisively established that temporary marriage is both forbidden and invalid.

[11] https://seekersguidance.org/answers/hanafi-fiqh/the-ruling-of-temporary-marriages-muta-and-the-importance-of-avoiding-arguments/

Mufti Luqman Hansrot:

The Ulama(scholars) unanimously agree that Mut’ah was permissible in the early days of Islam due to extenuating circumstances. Subsequently, Nabi Sallalahu Alayhi Wasallam issued the decree of prohibition.

[12] https://islamqa.org/hanafi/efiqh/76371

Imam Kamal Ibn al-Humam:

The prohibition of Mut`a is final, and there is no difference about this between the Imams and scholars of the lands, except some Shi`a.

[13] Fath al-Qadir, 3/249

Mufti Muhammad ibn Adam al-Kawthari

Therefore, in conclusion, a Mut`a arrangement is invalid and akin to committing adultery.

[14] https://seekersguidance.org/answers/hanafi-fiqh/is-the-post-marital-waiting-period-idda-obligatory-to-observe-if-the-marriage-was-invalid/

So, the myth Islam permits temporary marriage is entirely false and deceptive.

Allah knows Best.

Sources:

[1] Jami` at-Tirmidhi 1121

[2] Jami` at-Tirmidhi 1794

[3] Sunan an-Nasa’i 4334

[4] Sahih Muslim 1406

[5] Al-Ahkam fil-Halal wal-Haram pg.351

[6] Majmoo` al-Fiqh al-Kabir by  al-Sayyaghi volume 4 page 26

[7] http://www.fatwaislam.com/fis/index.cfm?scn=fd&ID=571

[8] Al Minhaj Volume 9 pg. 184

[9] https://www.islamweb.net/en/fatwa/388024/proof-that-the-mutah-temporary-marriage-was-abrogated

[10] https://islamqa.info/en/answers/20738/mutah-marriage-and-refutation-of-those-raafidis-who-permit-it

[11] https://seekersguidance.org/answers/hanafi-fiqh/the-ruling-of-temporary-marriages-muta-and-the-importance-of-avoiding-arguments/

[12] https://islamqa.org/hanafi/efiqh/76371

[13] Fath al-Qadir, 3/249

[14] https://seekersguidance.org/answers/hanafi-fiqh/is-the-post-marital-waiting-period-idda-obligatory-to-observe-if-the-marriage-was-invalid/

Almighty Allah is the highest and most knowledgeable, and the attribution of knowledge to him is the safest.

Right from Almighty Allah and wrong from me and Satan

Prepared by Mohamad Mostafa Nassar- Australia.

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