𝐀𝐫𝐞 𝐭𝐡𝐞𝐫𝐞 𝐜𝐡𝐚𝐩𝐭𝐞𝐫𝐬 𝐢𝐧 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐐𝐮𝐫𝐚𝐧 𝐰𝐡𝐢𝐜𝐡 𝐬𝐭𝐚𝐭𝐞 𝐭𝐡𝐚𝐭 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐦𝐨𝐨𝐧 𝐢𝐬 𝐥𝐢𝐭 𝐛𝐲 𝐫𝐞𝐟𝐥𝐞𝐜𝐭𝐞𝐝 𝐬𝐮𝐧𝐥𝐢𝐠𝐡𝐭?
Mohamad Mostafa Nassar
Upon looking at the moon at night, it looks like a source of its own light just like the sun. surah 71:16 expresses this observation as:
And made the moon therein a [reflected] light and made the sun a burning lamp?
The [reflected] has been added and isn’t part of the surah, so I’m looking for a surah that contains the word reflected or something similar to it.
The answer of this question is yes the Qur’an describes the moon as a corpus that is lit, but no it doesn’t explicitly say it is lit by reflected sunlight.
There are a couple of verses that describe the “light” or kind of lightning or illumination of the sun and the moon.
- It is He who made the sun a shining light and the moon a derived light and determined for it phases – … (10:5)
- And made the moon therein a [reflected] light and made the sun a burning lamp? (71:16)
and a rather indirectly in:
- And constructed above you seven strong [heavens] (12) And made [therein] a burning lamp (78:12-13)
In these verses the attribute or example of the moon was that of a النور (an-Nur) which refers in Arabic to anything that is opposed to darkness (ضدّ الظُّلمة ) and anything that makes things visible (Source: معجم المعاني الجامع – ما يُبَيِّن الأشْياءَ ويُرِي الأبْصَارَ حقيقتها ).
While the sun has been named الضياء (a-Dyaa’ coming from ad-Daw’u الضوء which is a synonym of an-Nur at least when we don’t want to be too specific ) and السراج (as-Siraj) which actually is an oil lamp (that gives light). Note that the term ad-Diya’ refers to a source of light or something that gives light!
Here a statement from the dictionary قاموس المعجم الوسيط
الضَّوْءُ : النُّورُ . وهما مُتَرَادِفانِ ، أَو الضوءُ أَقوى وأَسطعُ من النورِ ، أَو الضوء لما بالذاتِ كضوءِ الشمس والنارِ ، والنورُ لما بالعَرَضِ والاكتساب من جسم آخر
Ad-Daw’u: an-Nur and they are synonyms or ad-Daw'(u) is stronger and brighter than an-Nur or ad-Daw'(u) refers to anything that gives a light byitself like the sun and the fire while an-Nur appears as giving light or reflects it from another source (corpus).
The Qur’an therefore makes a distinction between sun and moon saying the sun is a source of light while the moon is a corpus that appears as giving light or reflects light, but it does not say that the reflected light actually is sunlight.
𝟐 𝐌𝐢𝐧𝐮𝐭𝐞𝐬 𝐕𝐢𝐝𝐞𝐨 𝐨𝐟 𝐓𝐡𝐞 𝐐𝐮𝐫𝐚𝐧 𝐌𝐞𝐧𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧𝐬 𝐭𝐡𝐚𝐭 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐋𝐢𝐠𝐡𝐭 𝐨𝐟 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐌𝐨𝐨𝐧 𝐢𝐬 𝐑𝐞𝐟𝐥𝐞𝐜𝐭𝐞𝐝 𝐋𝐢𝐠𝐡𝐭 𝟏𝟒𝟎𝟎 𝐲𝐞𝐚𝐫𝐬 𝐚𝐠𝐨 𝐃𝐫 𝐙𝐚𝐤𝐢𝐫 𝐍𝐚𝐢𝐤
Allah knows Best.