Are there chapters in the Quran which state that the moon is lit by reflected sunlight?

๐€๐ซ๐ž ๐ญ๐ก๐ž๐ซ๐ž ๐œ๐ก๐š๐ฉ๐ญ๐ž๐ซ๐ฌ ๐ข๐ง ๐ญ๐ก๐ž ๐๐ฎ๐ซ๐š๐ง ๐ฐ๐ก๐ข๐œ๐ก ๐ฌ๐ญ๐š๐ญ๐ž ๐ญ๐ก๐š๐ญ ๐ญ๐ก๐ž ๐ฆ๐จ๐จ๐ง ๐ข๐ฌ ๐ฅ๐ข๐ญ ๐›๐ฒ ๐ซ๐ž๐Ÿ๐ฅ๐ž๐œ๐ญ๐ž๐ ๐ฌ๐ฎ๐ง๐ฅ๐ข๐ ๐ก๐ญ?

Mohamad Mostafa Nassar



Upon looking at the moon at night, it looks like a source of its own light just like the sun. surah 71:16 expresses this observation as:

And made the moon therein a [reflected] light and made the sun a burning lamp?

The [reflected] has been added and isn’t part of the surah, so I’m looking for a surah that contains the word reflected or something similar to it.


The answer of this question is yes the Qur’an describes the moon as a corpus that is lit, but no it doesn’t explicitly say it is lit by reflected sunlight.

There are a couple of verses that describe the “light” or kind of lightning or illumination of the sun and the moon.

  • It is He who made the sun a shining light and the moon a derived light and determined for it phases – … (10:5)
  • And made the moon therein a [reflected] light and made the sun a burning lamp? (71:16)

and a rather indirectly in:

  • And constructed above you seven strong [heavens] (12) And made [therein] a burning lamp (78:12-13)

In these verses the attribute or example of the moon was that of a ุงู„ู†ูˆุฑ (an-Nur) which refers in Arabic to anything that is opposed to darkness (ุถุฏู‘ ุงู„ุธูู‘ู„ู…ุฉ ) and anything that makes things visible (Source: ู…ุนุฌู… ุงู„ู…ุนุงู†ูŠ ุงู„ุฌุงู…ุน – ู…ุง ูŠูุจูŽูŠูู‘ู† ุงู„ุฃุดู’ูŠุงุกูŽ ูˆูŠูุฑููŠ ุงู„ุฃุจู’ุตูŽุงุฑูŽ ุญู‚ูŠู‚ุชู‡ุง ).

While the sun has been named ุงู„ุถูŠุงุก (a-Dyaa’ coming from ad-Daw’u ุงู„ุถูˆุก which is a synonym of an-Nur at least when we don’t want to be too specific ) and ุงู„ุณุฑุงุฌ (as-Siraj) which actually is an oil lamp (that gives light). Note that the term ad-Diya’ refers to a source of light or something that gives light!

Here a statement from the dictionary ู‚ุงู…ูˆุณ ุงู„ู…ุนุฌู… ุงู„ูˆุณูŠุท

ุงู„ุถูŽู‘ูˆู’ุกู : ุงู„ู†ูู‘ูˆุฑู . ูˆู‡ู…ุง ู…ูุชูŽุฑูŽุงุฏููุงู†ู ุŒ ุฃูŽูˆ ุงู„ุถูˆุกู ุฃูŽู‚ูˆู‰ ูˆุฃูŽุณุทุนู ู…ู† ุงู„ู†ูˆุฑู ุŒ ุฃูŽูˆ ุงู„ุถูˆุก ู„ู…ุง ุจุงู„ุฐุงุชู ูƒุถูˆุกู ุงู„ุดู…ุณ ูˆุงู„ู†ุงุฑู ุŒ ูˆุงู„ู†ูˆุฑู ู„ู…ุง ุจุงู„ุนูŽุฑูŽุถู ูˆุงู„ุงูƒุชุณุงุจ ู…ู† ุฌุณู… ุขุฎุฑ

Ad-Daw’u: an-Nur and they are synonyms or ad-Daw'(u) is stronger and brighter than an-Nur or ad-Daw'(u) refers to anything that gives a light byitself like the sun and the fire while an-Nur appears as giving light or reflects it from another source (corpus).

The Qur’an therefore makes a distinction between sun and moon saying the sun is a source of light while the moon is a corpus that appears as giving light or reflects light, but it does not say that the reflected light actually is sunlight.

๐Ÿ ๐Œ๐ข๐ง๐ฎ๐ญ๐ž๐ฌ ๐•๐ข๐๐ž๐จ ๐จ๐Ÿ ๐“๐ก๐ž ๐๐ฎ๐ซ๐š๐ง ๐Œ๐ž๐ง๐ญ๐ข๐จ๐ง๐ฌ ๐ญ๐ก๐š๐ญ ๐ญ๐ก๐ž ๐‹๐ข๐ ๐ก๐ญ ๐จ๐Ÿ ๐ญ๐ก๐ž ๐Œ๐จ๐จ๐ง ๐ข๐ฌ ๐‘๐ž๐Ÿ๐ฅ๐ž๐œ๐ญ๐ž๐ ๐‹๐ข๐ ๐ก๐ญ ๐Ÿ๐Ÿ’๐ŸŽ๐ŸŽ ๐ฒ๐ž๐š๐ซ๐ฌ ๐š๐ ๐จ ๐ƒ๐ซ ๐™๐š๐ค๐ข๐ซ ๐๐š๐ข๐ค

Allah knows Best.


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