The appointed Term of the Sun in the Noble Quran
Mohamad Mostafa Nassar
Figures about the sun
The Sun is the most prominent feature in our solar system. It is the largest object and contains approximately 98% of the total solar system mass. One hundred and nine Earths would be required to fit across the Sun’s disk, and its interior could hold over 1.3 million Earths. The Sun’s outer visible layer is called the photosphere and has a temperature of 6,000°C (11,000°F).
Recent scientists confirm that solar energy is created deep within the core of the Sun. It is here that the temperature (15,000,000° C; 27,000,000° F) and pressure (340 billion times Earth’s air pressure at sea level) is so intense that nuclear reactions take place. They assure thatenergy generated in the Sun’s core takes a million years to reach its surface. Every second 700 million tons of hydrogen are converted into helium ashes. In the process 5 million tons of pure energy is released; therefore, as time goes on the Sun is becoming lighter.
The Sun appears to have been active for 4.6 billion years and has enough fuel to go on for another five billion years or so. Scientists are expecting after a billion years as a red giant, it will suddenly collapse into a white dwarf.
The mean distance of the Sun from the Earth is approximately 149.6 million kilometers. At this average distance, light travels from the Sun to Earth in about 8 minutes and 19 seconds. The energy ofthis sunlight supports almost all life on Earth by photosynthesis, and drives Earth’s climate and weather. The enormous effect of the Sun on the Earth has been recognized since prehistoric times.
What is the appointed Term of the Sun?
The astronomers started to study the movement of the sun and they discovered that the sun moves in a very complicated route and that route is not easy as thought.The scientists discovered that the sun moves toward an appointed term in spite of its complicated move and when it reaches its destination, it repeats again the movement. Those scientists say the following sentence about the appointed term of the sun:The solar apex is the direction toward which the Sun and the solar system are moving.
The Qur’an and the sun
Allah Almighty told us about this scientific fact fourteen centuries ago as He says:”And the sun runs on its fixed course for a term (appointed). That is the Decree of the All-Mighty, the All-Knowing.”(Sûrat Yâ-Sîn-verse38)
The scientists call it the solar apex and Allah Almighty says (the appointed term)
also, there is another miracle as He Almighty says “the sun runs” not moves or walks which is a clear sign that the sun moves in high speed. Today, our scientists say that the Sun moves at an estimated speed of about 225 km per second (140 miles per second) in a nearly circular orbit.
Glory to Allah Almighty…………
Here we have to mention that recent scientists say that movement of the sun will not last forever but there are many evidences that the sun has a limited life, the amazing things is that Allah Almighty told us about thisscientific realityas He says:” and has subjected the sun and the moon, each running its course for a term appointed; and that Allah is All-Aware of what you do.”(Sûrat Luqmân-verse29).
The question is, how told our illiterate prophet Mohamed peace be upon him about this scientific fact at a time when people used to travel between cities in weeks and months?
Glory to Allah Almighty who says about that:”And say [(O Muhammad ) to these polytheists and pagans etc.]: “All the praises and thanks be to Allah. He will show you His Ayat (signs, in yourselves, and in the universeor punishments, etc.), and you shall recognize them. And your Lord is not unaware of what you do.” (Sûrat An-Naml-verse 93)
By: Abduldaem Al-Kaheel
2. Dale E. Gary, Astrophysics, www.arizona.edu
3. Priscilla C. Frisch, Local Interstellar Matter: The Apex Cloud, Astrophysical
Journal, 3 May 2003.
5. www.wikipedia.org, solar apex
6. Milky Way, www.wikipedia.org
8. Michael Erlewine, Solar Motion (Apex of the Sun’s Way), www.astrologysoftware.com, 1997.
9. The Great Adventure Continues, www.nasa.gov, August 26, 2005