And the Jews say Uzair is the son of Allah โ€“ Ibn Taymiyah

๐€๐ง๐ ๐ญ๐ก๐ž ๐‰๐ž๐ฐ๐ฌ ๐ฌ๐š๐ฒ ๐”๐ณ๐š๐ข๐ซ ๐ข๐ฌ ๐ญ๐ก๐ž ๐ฌ๐จ๐ง ๐จ๐Ÿ ๐€๐ฅ๐ฅ๐š๐ก โ€“ ๐ˆ๐›๐ง ๐“๐š๐ฒ๐ฆ๐ข๐ฒ๐š๐ก

Mohamad Mostafa Nassar


In Majmooโ€™ al-Fataawa of Sheikh al-Islaam ibn Taymiyah, under the section of tafsir, under the section of the tafsir of surah al-Tawbah, it is recorded:

ุณุฆู„ ุฑุญู…ู‡ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู† ู‚ูˆู„ู‡ ุชุนุงู„ู‰ { ูˆู‚ุงู„ุช ุงู„ูŠู‡ูˆุฏ ุนุฒูŠุฑ ุงุจู† ุงู„ู„ู‡ } ูƒู„ู‡ู… ู‚ุงู„ูˆุง ุฐู„ูƒ ุฃู… ุจุนุถู‡ู… ุŸ { ูˆู‚ูˆู„ ุงู„ู†ุจูŠ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ูŠุคุชู‰ ุจุงู„ูŠู‡ูˆุฏ ูŠูˆู… ุงู„ู‚ูŠุงู…ุฉ ููŠู‚ุงู„ ู„ู‡ู… ู…ุง ูƒู†ุชู… ุชุนุจุฏูˆู† ุŸ ููŠู‚ูˆู„ูˆู† ุงู„ุนุฒูŠุฑ } ุงู„ุญุฏูŠุซ . ู‡ู„ ุงู„ุฎุทุงุจ ุนุงู… ุฃู… ู„ุง ุŸ . ู€

He was asked โ€“ may Allah have mercy on him โ€“ about the statement of Allah:

ูˆูŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽุชู ุงู„ู’ูŠูŽู‡ููˆุฏู ุนูุฒูŽูŠู’ุฑูŒโ€Œ ุงุจู’ู†ู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู€ู‡ู

And the Jews say, โ€œโ€˜Uzair is the son of Allahโ€ [9:30]

Do all of them say this, or only some of them?

And the statement of the Prophet (๏ทบ), โ€œThe Jews will be brought on the Yawm al-Qiyaamah and it will be said to them, โ€˜what did you used to worship?โ€™ So they will say, โ€˜al-โ€˜Uzairโ€™.โ€ โ€“ Is this a general address [i.e. to all Jews] or not?

ูุฃุฌุงุจ : ุงู„ุญู…ุฏ ู„ู„ู‡ . ุงู„ู…ุฑุงุฏ ุจุงู„ูŠู‡ูˆุฏ ุฌู†ุณ ุงู„ูŠู‡ูˆุฏ ูƒู‚ูˆู„ู‡ ุชุนุงู„ู‰ : { ุงู„ุฐูŠู† ู‚ุงู„ ู„ู‡ู… ุงู„ู†ุงุณ ุฅู† ุงู„ู†ุงุณ ู‚ุฏ ุฌู…ุนูˆุง ู„ูƒู… } ู„ู… ูŠู‚ู„ ุฌู…ูŠุน ุงู„ู†ุงุณ ูˆู„ุง ู‚ุงู„ : ุฅู† ุฌู…ูŠุน ุงู„ู†ุงุณ ู‚ุฏ ุฌู…ุนูˆุง ู„ูƒู… ; ุจู„ ุงู„ู…ุฑุงุฏ ุจู‡ ุงู„ุฌู†ุณ . ู€

So he replied: alhamdulillah. The intended meaning of โ€˜the Jewsโ€™ is one category of Jews, like His statement:

ุงู„ูŽู‘ุฐููŠู†ูŽ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ู„ูŽู‡ูู…ู ุงู„ู†ูŽู‘ุงุณู ุฅูู†ูŽู‘ ุงู„ู†ูŽู‘ุงุณูŽ ู‚ูŽุฏู’ ุฌูŽู…ูŽุนููˆุง ู„ูŽูƒูู…ู’

Those unto whom the people said, โ€œVerily, the people have gathered against youโ€ [3:173].

He did not say โ€˜all the peopleโ€™ nor did He say, โ€˜verily all of the people have gathered against youโ€™ โ€“ rather, the intended meaning of this is one category [of them].

 ูˆู‡ุฐุง ูƒู…ุง ูŠู‚ุงู„ ุงู„ุทุงุฆูุฉ ุงู„ูู„ุงู†ูŠุฉ ุชูุนู„ ูƒุฐุง ูˆุฃู‡ู„ ุงู„ูู„ุงู†ูŠ ูŠูุนู„ูˆู† ูƒุฐุง ูˆุฅุฐุง ู‚ุงู„ ุจุนุถู‡ู… ูุณูƒุช ุงู„ุจุงู‚ูˆู† ูˆู„ู… ูŠู†ูƒุฑูˆุง ุฐู„ูƒ ููŠุดุชุฑูƒูˆู† ููŠ ุฅุซู… ุงู„ู‚ูˆู„ . ูˆุงู„ู„ู‡ ุฃุนู„ู…  . ู€

And this is like saying โ€˜such-and-such group did such-and-such and such-and-such people did such-and-suchโ€™. And if some of them spoke and then the rest of them were willfully silent and they did not disapprove of it then they share in the sin of the statement โ€“ and Allah knows best.

[Majmooโ€™ al-Fataawa 15/48]

Imam al-Saโ€™di offers some brief background on this statement in his tafsir by writing:

ู„ู…ุง ุฃู…ุฑ ุชุนุงู„ู‰ ุจู‚ุชุงู„ ุฃู‡ู„ ุงู„ูƒุชุงุจุŒ ุฐูƒุฑ ู…ู† ุฃู‚ูˆุงู„ู‡ู… ุงู„ุฎุจูŠุซุฉุŒ ู…ุง ูŠู‡ูŠุฌ ุงู„ู…ุคู…ู†ูŠู† ุงู„ุฐูŠู† ูŠุบุงุฑูˆู† ู„ุฑุจู‡ู… ูˆู„ุฏูŠู†ู‡ ุนู„ู‰ ู‚ุชุงู„ู‡ู…ุŒ ูˆุงู„ุงุฌุชู‡ุงุฏ ูˆุจุฐู„ ุงู„ูˆุณุน ููŠู‡ ูู‚ุงู„โ€:โ€ โ€{โ€ูˆูŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽุชู ุงู„ู’ูŠูŽู‡ููˆุฏู ุนูุฒูŽูŠู’ุฑูŒ ุงุจู’ู†ู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ูโ€}โ€ ูˆู‡ุฐู‡ ุงู„ู…ู‚ุงู„ุฉ ูˆุฅู† ู„ู… ุชูƒู† ู…ู‚ุงู„ุฉ ู„ุนุงู…ุชู‡ู… ูู‚ุฏ ู‚ุงู„ู‡ุง ูุฑู‚ุฉ ู…ู†ู‡ู…ุŒ ููŠุฏู„ ุฐู„ูƒ ุนู„ู‰ ุฃู† ููŠ ุงู„ูŠู‡ูˆุฏ ู…ู† ุงู„ุฎุจุซ ูˆุงู„ุดุฑ ู…ุง ุฃูˆุตู„ู‡ู… ุฅู„ู‰ ุฃู† ู‚ุงู„ูˆุง ู‡ุฐู‡ ุงู„ู…ู‚ุงู„ุฉ ุงู„ุชูŠ ุชุฌุฑุฃูˆุง ููŠู‡ุง ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‘ู‡ุŒ ูˆุชู†ู‚ุตูˆุง ุนุธู…ุชู‡ ูˆุฌู„ุงู„ู‡โ€.โ€

When Allah commanded the fighting of the Ahl al-Kitaab, He mentioned some of their reprehensible statements which arouse the believers who feel protective jealousy for their Lord and for His deen towards fighting them and striving and exerting themselves therein.

So He said, โ€œThe Jews say, โ€Uzair is the son of Allah’โ€ [9:30], and this is the statement โ€“ even though it was not a statement of their general people โ€“ which a group from among them had said. So that indicates that amongst the Jews there is wickedness and evil which leads them to saying this statement in which they transgress against Allah and undervalue His greatness and majesty.

ูˆู‚ุฏ ู‚ูŠู„โ€:โ€ ุฅู† ุณุจุจ ุงุฏุนุงุฆู‡ู… ููŠ โ€{โ€ุนุฒูŠุฑโ€}โ€ ุฃู†ู‡ ุงุจู† ุงู„ู„ู‘ู‡ุŒ ุฃู†ู‡ ู„ู…ุง ุณู„ุท ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุงู„ู…ู„ูˆูƒ ุนู„ู‰ ุจู†ูŠ ุฅุณุฑุงุฆูŠู„ุŒ ูˆู…ุฒู‚ูˆู‡ู… ูƒู„ ู…ู…ุฒู‚ุŒ ูˆู‚ุชู„ูˆุง ุญูŽู…ูŽู„ูŽุฉูŽ ุงู„ุชูˆุฑุงุฉุŒ ูˆุฌุฏูˆุง ุนุฒูŠุฑุง ุจุนุฏ ุฐู„ูƒ ุญุงูุธุง ู„ู‡ุง ุฃูˆ ู„ุฃูƒุซุฑู‡ุงุŒ ูุฃู…ู„ุงู‡ุง ุนู„ูŠู‡ู… ู…ู† ุญูุธู‡ุŒ ูˆุงุณุชู†ุณุฎูˆู‡ุงุŒ ูุงุฏุนูˆุง ููŠู‡ ู‡ุฐู‡ ุงู„ุฏุนูˆู‰ ุงู„ุดู†ูŠุนุฉโ€.โ€

And it is said that the reason for their claim concerning โ€˜Uzair being the son of Allah is that when Allah granted authority over the Banu Israaโ€™eel to the kingdoms and they decimated them and fragmented them in every way and they killed the carriers of the Tawrah, they later found โ€˜Uzair who had memorized it or most of it. So he dictated it to them from his memory and they produced copies of it. So they therefore made this heinous claim regarding him.

[Tayseer al-Kareem al-Rahman pg. 381]

See also: The Prophet clarified much of what the Ahl al-Kitaab used to conceal: Tafsir al-Shinqitee

See also: โ€œA Word They Say with Their Mouthsโ€: Tafsir al-Shawkani

See also: โ€œHad Allah willed to take a sonโ€ฆโ€: Tafsir al-Saโ€™di and Tafsir ibn Kathir

See also: Does the term โ€œal-Mushrikoonโ€ include the Ahl al-Kitaab? โ€“ Imam al-Shinqitee

According To the Law of Jews, Anyone Claims to Be the Son of God Should Be Put to Death

Ezra (Uzayr) The โ€˜Son Of Godโ€™

A Jewish person is rejecting what the Qurโ€™an says and claiming that the Jews do not believe that โ€˜Uzayr=Ezra is the son of God or that the hand of God is tied up.