Al-Isra, The Night Journey” With PROOF From Christian Sources

๐€๐ฅ-๐ˆ๐ฌ๐ซ๐š, ๐“๐ก๐ž ๐๐ข๐ ๐ก๐ญ ๐‰๐จ๐ฎ๐ซ๐ง๐ž๐ฒ” ๐–๐ข๐ญ๐ก ๐๐‘๐Ž๐Ž๐… ๐…๐ซ๐จ๐ฆ ๐‚๐ก๐ซ๐ข๐ฌ๐ญ๐ข๐š๐ง ๐’๐จ๐ฎ๐ซ๐œ๐ž๐ฌ

Mohamad Mostafa Nassar


By: Shahid Bin Waheed ุดุงู‡ุฏ ุจู† ูˆุญูŠุฏ

ุจุณู… ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุงู„ุฑุญู…ู† ุงู„ุฑุญูŠู…

ุงู„ุญู…ุฏู„ู„ู‡ ุฑุจ ุงู„ุนุงู„ู…ูŠู† ูˆุงู„ุตู„ูˆุฉ ูˆุงู„ุณู„ุงู… ุนู„ู‰ ุงุดุฑู ุงู„ุงู†ุจูŠุงุก ูˆุณูŠุฏุงู„ู…ุฑุณู„ูŠู† ู†ุจูŠู†ุง ู…ุญู…ุฏ ุตู„ ุง ู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุนู„ู‰ ุขู„ู‡ ูˆุงุตุญุงุจู‡ ูˆุงุฒูˆุงุฌู‡ ุงุฌู…ุนูŠู† – ุงู…ุงุจุนุฏ

All the praises and thanks be to Allah, Sustainer of the Universe, and blessing and salutation to be the most distinguish of the Messengers and foremost among the Prophets, our Prophet Muhammed, peace and blessings of Allah be on him and on his wives, children and Companions.

There have been voluminous work has been authored on the subject cited above by Muslims and non-Muslims including anti-Islam forces, who have attempted to obscure and obfuscate the truth, but hopelessly failed for doing so.

However, this treatise will inSha Allah give a new dimension without departing from correct Islamic aqeedah that the Isra/Miraj was in body and soul both. And it was not a dream. Christian sources have also been included as supporting evidence.

Let us examine the Ayaah=verse 1 of Surah Al-Isra!

Surah Al-Israa 1 – Quran (17:1)

ุณูุจู’ุญูŽุงู†ูŽ ุงู„ูŽู‘ุฐููŠ ุฃูŽุณู’ุฑูŽู‰ ุจูุนูŽุจู’ุฏูู‡ู ู„ูŽูŠู’ู„ู‹ุง ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุณู’ุฌูุฏู ุงู„ู’ุญูŽุฑูŽุงู…ู ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุณู’ุฌูุฏู ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽู‚ู’ุตูŽู‰ ุงู„ูŽู‘ุฐููŠ ุจูŽุงุฑูŽูƒู’ู†ูŽุง ุญูŽูˆู’ู„ูŽู‡ู ู„ูู†ูุฑููŠูŽู‡ู ู…ูู†ู’ ุขูŠูŽุงุชูู†ูŽุง ุฅูู†ูŽู‘ู‡ู ู‡ููˆูŽ ุงู„ุณูŽู‘ู…ููŠุนู ุงู„ู’ุจูŽุตููŠุฑู

Glorified (and Exalted) be He (Allรขh) (above all that (evil) they associate with Him) {1} Who took His slave (Muhammed ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆ ุณู„ู…) for a journey by night from Al-Masjid-al-Harรขm (at Makkah) to Al-Masjid-al-Aqsรข (in Jerusalem), the neighborhood whereof We have blessed, in order that We might show him (Muhammed ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆ ุณู„ู…) of Our Ayรขt (proofs, evidence, lessons, signs, etc.). Verily, He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer {2} .

{1} (V.17: 1) ูˆู‚ุฏ ุฑูˆู‰ ุทู„ุญุฉ ุจู† ุนุจูŠุฏ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุฃู†ู‡ ู‚ุงู„ ู„ู„ู†ุจูŠ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ู…ุง ู…ุนู†ู‰ ุณุจุญุงู† ุงู„ู„ู‡ุŸ ู‚ุงู„ ุชู†ุฒูŠู‡ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ู…ู† ูƒู„ ุณูˆุกุ›

{2} (V.17: 1) Narrated Jรขbir bin โ€˜Abdullรขh ุฑุถูŠ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู†ู‡ู…ุง that he heard Allรขhโ€™s Messenger ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… saying, “When the people of Quraish did not believe me (i.e. in the story of my Isrรขโ€™ – (Night Journey)), I stood up in Al-Hijr and Allรขh displayed Jerusalem in front of me, and I began describing it to them while I was looking at it. (Sahih Al-Bukhari, Vol.5, Hadith No.226).

This is our primary duty to try to understand and comprehend the Glorious Qurโ€™aan rather than just a cursory look and general concept. The Ayaah 17:1 is self-evidence of Isra (night journey) that it took place in body and soul (both) i.e. physical and spiritual combined. The following is the evidence to that:

ุฃูŽุณู’ุฑูŽู‰ = took for a Journey ! Take, taking or took is a physical act, not a spiritual act.

According to American Heritage Dictionary the meaning of the word โ€œtookโ€ is as follows:

took (tโ€นk) v. Past tense of take.

 take (tยณk) v. took (tโ€นk), takยทen (tยณโ€œkโ€ฆn), takยทing, takes. –tr. 1. To get into one’s possession by force, skill, or artifice, especially: a. To capture physically; seize: take an enemy fortress.

The Arabic word ุฃูŽุณู’ุฑูŽู‰ is derived from root letters:

ุณ ุฑ ูŠ

and means, ุฃูŽุณู’ุฑูŽู‰: ุฌุนู„ู‡ ูŠุณูŠุฑ ู„ูŠู„ุง carried by night, made to travel by night. The word ุฃูŽุณู’ุฑูŽู‰ is used only once in Glorious Qurโ€™aan 17:1. Readers must note that traveling and/or carrying (both) are physical things/acts.

ู…ูู†ู’ ุขูŠูŽุงุชูู†ูŽุง = Our Ayรขt (proofs, evidence, lessons, signs, etc.). in the Ayaah 17:1 is confirmed by Allah (SWT) at another place in Glorious Qurโ€™aan by saying,

Surah An-Najm Qurn (53:18)

ู„ูŽู‚ูŽุฏู’ ุฑูŽุฃูŽู‰ ู…ูู†ู’ ุขูŠูŽุงุชู ุฑูŽุจูู‘ู‡ู ุงู„ู’ูƒูุจู’ุฑูŽู‰

Indeed he (Muhammed ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู…) did see of the Greatest Signs, of his Lord (Allรขh).

*** This again, confirms the corporeal nature of Isra.

The word ุนูŽุจู’ุฏูู‡ู is derived from the root letters ุน ุจ ุฏ the word ุจูุนูŽุจู’ุฏูู‡ู means, His Slave or His Servant, or His bondsman.

This word has also been used in the Bible (at dozens of places), example:

1 Chronicles 17: 4 Go and tell David my servant, Thus saith the LORD, Thou shalt not build me an house to dwell in:

1 Kings 1:19 And he hath slain oxen and fat cattle and sheep in abundance, and hath called all the sons of the king, and Abiathar the priest, and Joab the captain of the host: but Solomon thy servant hath he not called.

Deuteronomy 34:5 So Moses the servant of the LORD died there in the land of Moab, according to the word of the LORD.

Ezekiel 28:5โ€ฆ then shall they dwell in their land that I have given to my servant Jacob.

“It must be clearly understood that โ€œSlave or Servant or Bondsmanโ€ is a physical thing not something spiritual. “

In the Glorious Qurโ€™aan Allah (SWT) has addressed Prophet Muhammed (SAW) using many names and titles. But Divine Wisdom has used the word โ€œSlave or Servantโ€ in Ayah 17:1, that connote to 2:23 showing the obvious co-relation, as we read:

Surah Al-Baqarah Quran (2:23)

ูˆูŽุฅูู†ู’ ูƒูู†ู’ุชูู…ู’ ูููŠ ุฑูŽูŠู’ุจู ู…ูู…ูŽู‘ุง ู†ูŽุฒูŽู‘ู„ู’ู†ูŽุง ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุนูŽุจู’ุฏูู†ูŽุง ููŽุฃู’ุชููˆุง ุจูุณููˆุฑูŽุฉู ู…ูู†ู’ ู…ูุซู’ู„ูู‡ู ูˆูŽุงุฏู’ุนููˆุง ุดูู‡ูŽุฏูŽุงุกูŽูƒูู…ู’ ู…ูู†ู’ ุฏููˆู†ู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุฅูู†ู’ ูƒูู†ู’ุชูู…ู’ ุตูŽุงุฏูู‚ููŠู†ูŽ

And if you (Arab pagans, Jews, and Christians) are in doubt concerning that which We have sent down (i.e. the Qurโ€™รขn) to Our slave (Muhammed ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู…), then produce a Sรปrah (chapter) of the like thereof and call your witnesses (supporters and helpers) besides Allรขh, if you are truthful.

Thus, we learn that it was/is an extra ordinary event, not something significant.

The word Isra ุฃูŽุณู’ุฑูŽู‰ in the Ayaah=verse Quran (17:1) itself denotes to a night journey. ู„ูŽูŠู’ู„ู‹ุง is added to emphasize the miraculous nature of the act i.e. the colossal distance being covered in a fraction of a single night. ู„ูŽูŠู’ู„ู‹ุง is used in the above Ayaah instead of ู„ูŽูŠู’ู„ูŽุฉู‹ , because when they say  ู„ูŽูŠู’ู„ูŽุฉู‹ ุฃูŽุณู’ุฑูŽู‰ the meaning generally is โ€œhe occupied the whole night in journeying.โ€

ู…ูŽุณู’ุฌูุฏู {(Mosque) in English} properly denoted to the site, not the building of a Mosque (this is often confused by people as โ€œbuildingโ€); therefore there is no question of the existence or not of the actual Temple at that time. It is called ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽู‚ู’ุตูŽู‰(furthest or farthest) because it was at that time farthest place of worship of one God from Makkah.

Show him = ู„ูู†ูุฑููŠูŽู‡ู is another physical act; require the use of eyes and brain. Thus the act was with his (Muhammed {SAW}) bodily eyes.

We find further proof from a Hadeeth of Rasool Allah (SAW) that entire earth is Allahโ€™s Masjid for Muslims:

Narrated Jabir bin ‘Abdullah: “The Prophet said, ‘I have been given five things which were not given to any one else before me. 

1. Allah made me victorious by awe, (by His frightening my enemies) for a distance of one month’s journey. 

2. The earth has been made for me (and for my followers) a place for praying and a thing to perform Tayammum, therefore anyone of my followers can pray wherever the time of a prayer is due. 

3. The booty has been made Halal (lawful) for me yet it was not lawful for anyone else before me. 

4. I have been given the right of intercession (on the Day of Resurrection). 

5. Every Prophet used to be sent to his nation only but I have been sent to all mankind.’  (Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Rubbing hands and feet with dust (Tayammum), Volume 1, Book 7, Number 331)”

Proof from Glorious Qurโ€™an that earth is a Masjid for Muslims!

Surah Ar-Ra’d Quran (13:15)

ูˆูŽู„ูู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ูŠูŽุณู’ุฌูุฏู ู…ูŽู†ู’ ูููŠ ุงู„ุณูŽู‘ู…ูŽุงูˆูŽุงุชู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุฃูŽุฑู’ุถู ุทูŽูˆู’ุนู‹ุง ูˆูŽูƒูŽุฑู’ู‡ู‹ุง ูˆูŽุธูู„ูŽุงู„ูู‡ูู…ู’ ุจูุงู„ู’ุบูุฏููˆูู‘ ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุขุตูŽุงู„ู

And unto Allรขh (Alone) falls in prostration whoever is in the heavens and the earth, willingly or unwillingly, and so do their shadows in the mornings and in the afternoons.

Surah An-Nahl Quran (16:49)

ูˆูŽู„ูู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ูŠูŽุณู’ุฌูุฏู ู…ูŽุง ูููŠ ุงู„ุณูŽู‘ู…ูŽุงูˆูŽุงุชู ูˆูŽู…ูŽุง ูููŠ ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽุฑู’ุถู ู…ูู†ู’ ุฏูŽุงุจูŽู‘ุฉู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ู…ูŽู„ูŽุงุฆููƒูŽุฉู ูˆูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ู„ูŽุง ูŠูŽุณู’ุชูŽูƒู’ุจูุฑููˆู†ูŽ

And to Allรขh prostrate all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth, of the moving (living) creatures and the angels, and they are not proud (i.e. they worship their Lord (Allรขh) with humility).

Taking the word ู…ูŽุณู’ุฌูุฏู {(Masjid} literally as building is incorrect because another place in Glorious Qurโ€™aan, Allah says,

Surah Ta-Ha Quran (20:53)

ุงู„ูŽู‘ุฐููŠ ุฌูŽุนูŽู„ูŽ ู„ูŽูƒูู…ู ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽุฑู’ุถูŽ ู…ูŽู‡ู’ุฏู‹ุง ูˆูŽุณูŽู„ูŽูƒูŽ ู„ูŽูƒูู…ู’ ูููŠู‡ูŽุง ุณูุจูู„ู‹ุง ูˆูŽุฃูŽู†ู’ุฒูŽู„ูŽ ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ุณูŽู‘ู…ูŽุงุกู ู…ูŽุงุกู‹ ููŽุฃูŽุฎู’ุฑูŽุฌู’ู†ูŽุง ุจูู‡ู ุฃูŽุฒู’ูˆูŽุงุฌู‹ุง ู…ูู†ู’ ู†ูŽุจูŽุงุชู ุดูŽุชูŽู‘ู‰

Who has made earth for you like a bed (spread out); and has opened roads (ways and paths) for you therein, and has sent down water (rain) from the sky. And We have brought forth with it various kinds of vegetation.

At another place we read,

Surah An-Nabaa Quran (78:6)

ุฃูŽู„ูŽู…ู’ ู†ูŽุฌู’ุนูŽู„ู ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽุฑู’ุถูŽ ู…ูู‡ูŽุงุฏู‹ุง

Have We not made the earth as a bed,

In conclusion, we learn that the farthest Mosque is the reference to the site (not a building or Temple literally), where once Temple used to be that was built by Solomon.

PROOF From Christian Sources That Isra Was Physical!

In his book Dalaโ€™il An-Nubuwwah, Al-Hafiz Abu Nuaym al-Isbahani recorded via Muhammed bin โ€˜Umar Al-Waqidi who said: Malik bin Abi Ar-Rajjal told me from โ€˜Amr bin Abdullah that Muhammed bin Kaโ€™b Al-Qurazi said: โ€œThe Messenger of Allah (SAW) sent Dihyah bin Khalifah to Caesar.โ€ He mentioned how he came to him, and described an incident that showed how wise Caesar was.

He sent for the Arab merchants who were in Syria and Abu Sufyan Sakhr bin Harb and his companions were brought to him. He asked them the well-known questions that were recorded by Al-Bukhari and Muslim, as we shall discuss below, and Abu Sufyan tried hard to give the impression that this was an insignificant issue. [The narrator] said that Abu Sufyan [later] said:

โ€œBy Allah, nothing stopped me from saying something to Heraclius to make him despise [Muhammed] but the fact that I did not want to tell a lie that would later be found out, and he would never believe me again after that. Then I told him about the night on which he was taken to the Night Journey. I said: โ€˜O King, shall I not tell you of something from which you will know that he is lying?

He said, โ€œWhat is it?โ€ I said: โ€˜He claims that he went out of our land, the land of Al-Haram, in one night, and came to your sanctuary in Jerusalem, then came back to us the same night, before morning came.โ€™ 

The Patriarch of Jerusalem was there, standing next to Caesar. The Patriarch of Jerusalem said: โ€˜I know that night.โ€™ Caesar looked at him and said, โ€˜How do you know about this?โ€™ He said, โ€˜I never used to sleep at night until I closed all the doors of the sanctuary. On that night I closed all the doors except for one, which I could not manage to close.

I asked my workers and others who were with me to help me deal with it, but we couldnโ€™t move it. It was like trying to move a mountain. So I called the carpenters, and they looked at it and said: The lintel and some part of the structure have fallen onto it.

We cannot move it until morning, when we will be able to see what the problem is.  So I went back and left those two doors open. The next morning I went back, and saw that the stone at the corner of the sanctuary had a hole in it, and said to my companions: This door has not been closed last night except for a Prophet, who prayed last night in our sanctuary.โ€

Proof from the Bible

Christian missionary love to misrepresent the truth that Prophet Muhammed (SAW) didnโ€™t perform any miracles, which of course is not true. He performed over three hundred fifty (350) miracles. Their own Bible testifies and/or contains the prophecies about the miracles performed by Prophet Muhammed (SAW).

Readers must remember that no Biblical prophet including Jesus has performed more miracles than Prophet Muhammed (SAW) and no Biblical prophet has performed miracle of splitting the moon into two halves, it is the miracle of Muhammed (SAW) that Bible has prophesied and Glorious Qurโ€™aan has vouched for that. Let us examine the reference from the Bible containing three prophecies about Prophet Muhammed (SAW) and his miracle/s.

Isaiah 24:23!

024:023 Then the moon shall be confounded, and the sun ashamed, when the LORD of hosts shall reign in mount Zion, and in Jerusalem, and before his ancients gloriously.

The above verse has three prophecies mentioned in it. First, it is referring to the miracle of moon splitting that Prophet Muhammed (SAW) performed and has mentioned earlier (see Glorious Qurโ€™aan 54:1-3), the second thing that this verse is describing is the conquest of Khaiyber by Muslims.

Khaiyber was a very the strong hold of Jews. The third thing in the same verse is about (Isra) Meraโ€™aj (see Glorious Qurโ€™aan 17:1, 60; 53: 10, 12, 14-18; 94:1). In other words this verse contains THREE prophecies about Prophet Muhammed. All three prophecies have come to pass!

Haggai 2:7-9

The modern translation of the Bible after redaction reads:

002:007 And I will shake all nations, and the desire of all nations shall come: and I will fill this house with glory, saith the LORD of hosts. 002:008 The silver is mine, and the gold is mine, saith the LORD of hosts. 002:009 The glory of this latter house shall be greater than of the former, saith the LORD of hosts: and in this place will I give peace, saith the LORD of hosts.

In older (Assyrian) version read as follows:

002:007 And I will shake all nations, and the Himada of all nations shall come: and I will fill this house with glory, saith the LORD of hosts. 002:008 The silver is mine, and the gold is mine, saith the LORD of hosts. 002:009 The glory of this latter house shall be greater than of the former, saith the LORD of hosts: and in this place will I give Shalom, saith the LORD of hosts.

This prophecy contains double promise, a messianic prediction in the word โ€œHimda.โ€ If we take this prophecy in the abstract sense of the words himda and shalom as โ€œdesireโ€ and โ€œpeaceโ€, then the prophecy becomes nothing more than an unintelligible aspiration.

But if we understand this prophesy by the term himda then a concrete idea, a person and reality, and in the word shalom, not a condition, but a living and active force and a definitely established religion, then this prophecy must be admittedly true and fulfilled in the person of Ahmadand the establishment of Islam, since himda and shalom have precisely the same significance respectively as Ahmad and Islam.

For the sake of readers, the etymology of the two words is as follows:

(a) Himda: the clause in the original Hebrew reads โ€œ ve yavu himdath kol haggoyimโ€, which literally means in English โ€œand will come the Himda of all nations.โ€ The final โ€œhiโ€ in Hebrew as in Arabic is changed into th, or t when in the genitive case. The word is derived from an archaic Hebrew or rather Aramaic (root hmd are consonants pronounced hemed). 

In the Hebrew hemed is generally used in the sense of great desire, covet, appetite and lust. In Arabic the verb hemida from same consonants hmd means โ€œto praiseโ€,whichever of the two meanings be adopted, the fact that Ahmad is the Arabic form of Himda remains indisputable and decisive.  

Declaration to this affect is found in the Glorious Qurโ€™an 61:6 which reads:

ูˆูŽุฅูุฐู’ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุนููŠุณูŽู‰ ุงุจู’ู†ู ู…ูŽุฑู’ูŠูŽู…ูŽ ูŠูŽุง ุจูŽู†ููŠ ุฅูุณู’ุฑูŽุงุฆููŠู„ูŽ ุฅูู†ูู‘ูŠ ุฑูŽุณููˆู„ู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุฅูู„ูŽูŠู’ูƒูู… ู…ูู‘ุตูŽุฏูู‘ู‚ุงู‹ ู„ูู‘ู…ูŽุง ุจูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽ ูŠูŽุฏูŽูŠูŽู‘ ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ุชูŽู‘ูˆู’ุฑูŽุงุฉู ูˆูŽู…ูุจูŽุดูู‘ุฑุงู‹ ุจูุฑูŽุณููˆู„ู ูŠูŽุฃู’ุชููŠ ู…ูู† ุจูŽุนู’ุฏููŠ ุงุณู’ู…ูู‡ู ุฃูŽุญู’ู…ูŽุฏู ููŽู„ูŽู…ูŽู‘ุง ุฌูŽุงุกู‡ูู… ุจูุงู„ู’ุจูŽูŠูู‘ู†ูŽุงุชู ู‚ูŽุงู„ููˆุง ู‡ูŽุฐูŽุง ุณูุญู’ุฑูŒ ู…ูู‘ุจููŠู†ูŒ

And (remember) when โ€˜รŽsรข, son of Maryam, said: “O Children of Israel! I am the Messenger of Allรขh unto you, confirming the Taurรขt ((Torah) which came) before me, and giving glad tidings of a Messenger to come after me, whose name shall be Ahmad. {1} But when he (Ahmad i.e. Muhammed ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู…) came to them with clear proofs, they said: “This is plain magic.” {2}

{1} (V.61: 6) i.e. the second name of Prophet Muhammed ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… and it (Ahmad) literally means: “One who praises Allรขh more than others”.

{2} (V.61: 6)

A) Narrated Jubair bin Mutโ€˜im ุฑุถูŠ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู†ู‡: Allรขhโ€™s Messenger ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… said, “I have five names: I am Muhammed and Ahmad; I am Al-Mahรฎ through whom Allรขh will eliminate Al-Kufr (infidelity); I am Al-Hashir who will be the first to be resurrected, the people being resurrected thereafter; and I am also Al-โ€˜ร‚qib (i.e. there will be no Prophet after me).” ( Sahih Al-Bukhari , Vol. 4, Hadรฎfh No.732).

B) Narrated Abรป Hurairah ุฑุถูŠ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู†ู‡: Allรขhโ€™s Messenger ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… said, “By Him (Allรขh) in Whose Hand my soul is, surely, the son of Maryam (โ€˜รŽsรข) ุนู„ูŠู‡ู…ุง ุงู„ุณู„ุงู… * will shortly descend amongst you people (Muslims), and will judge mankind justly by the Law of the Qurโ€™รขn (as a just ruler), and will break the Cross and kill the pigs and abolish the Jizyah (a tax taken from the people of the Scriptures (Jews and Christians), who are under the protection of a Muslim government.

This Jizyah tax will not be accepted by โ€˜รŽsรข ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุณู„ุงู… and all mankind will be required to embrace Islam with no other alternative). Then there will be abundance of money and nobody will accept charitable gifts.” (See Fath Al-Bari, Page No. 304 and 305, Vol. 7), (Sahih Al-Bukhari, Vol. 3, Hadรฎth No.425).

* โ€˜รŽsรข, the son of Maryam ุนู„ูŠู‡ู…ุง ุงู„ุณู„ุงู… will descend as a leader of the Muslims and it is a severe warning to the Christians who claim to be the followers of โ€˜รŽsรข and he will break the Cross and kill the pigs, and he will abolish the Jizyah (tax); and all mankind will be required to embrace Islam with no other alternative.

(b) Shalom:  Hebrew Shalom and Shlama and Arabic Salam and Islam are derived from one and the same root, meaning peace and submission.

This prophecy becomes more clear when it is read and understood with another prophecy in Malachi 3:1 (โ€œ003:001 Behold, I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before me: and the LORD, whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to his temple, even the messenger of the covenant, whom ye delight in: behold, he shall come, saith the LORD of hosts.โ€) Now let us compare it with Glorious Qurโ€™an chapter Quran (17:1), which reads:

ุณูุจู’ุญูŽุงู†ูŽ ุงู„ูŽู‘ุฐููŠ ุฃูŽุณู’ุฑูŽู‰ ุจูุนูŽุจู’ุฏูู‡ู ู„ูŽูŠู’ู„ุงู‹ ู…ูู‘ู†ูŽ ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุณู’ุฌูุฏู ุงู„ู’ุญูŽุฑูŽุงู…ู ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุณู’ุฌูุฏู ุงู„ุฃูŽู‚ู’ุตูŽู‰ ุงู„ูŽู‘ุฐููŠ ุจูŽุงุฑูŽูƒู’ู†ูŽุง ุญูŽูˆู’ู„ูŽู‡ู ู„ูู†ูุฑููŠูŽู‡ู ู…ูู†ู’ ุขูŠูŽุงุชูู†ูŽุง ุฅูู†ูŽู‘ู‡ู ู‡ููˆูŽ ุงู„ุณูŽู‘ู…ููŠุนู ุงู„ุจูŽุตููŠุฑู

Glorified (and Exalted) be He (Allรขh) (above all that (evil) they associate with Him) {1} Who took His slave (Muhammed ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆ ุณู„ู…) for a journey by night from Al-Masjid-al-Harรขm (at Makkah) to Al-Masjid-al-Aqsรข (in Jerusalem), the neighborhood whereof We have blessed, in order that We might show him (Muhammed ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆ ุณู„ู…) of Our Ayรขt (proofs, evidence, lessons, signs, etc.). Verily, He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer {2} .

{1} (V.17: 1)ูˆู‚ุฏ ุฑูˆู‰ ุทู„ุญุฉ ุจู† ุนุจูŠุฏ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุฃู†ู‡ ู‚ุงู„ ู„ู„ู†ุจูŠ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ู…ุง ู…ุนู†ู‰ ุณุจุญุงู† ุงู„ู„ู‡ุŸ ู‚ุงู„ ุชู†ุฒูŠู‡ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ู…ู† ูƒู„ ุณูˆุกุ›

{2} (V.17: 1) Narrated Jรขbir bin โ€˜Abdullรขh ุฑุถูŠ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู†ู‡  that he heard Allรขhโ€™s Messenger ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… saying, “When the people of Quraish did not believe me (i.e. in the story of my Isrรขโ€™ – (Night Journey)), I stood up in Al-Hijr and Allรขh displayed Jerusalem in front of me, and I began describing it to them while I was looking at it. (Sahih Al-Bukhari, Vol.5, Hadith No.226).

Thus, this prophecy is absolutely about Muhammed ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆ ุณู„ู… and his sudden arrival at the temple in Jerusalem.

Al-Masjid al-Aqsa (in Jerusalem) was the first of the two qiblahs, and is one of the three mosques to which people may travel for the purpose of worship. And it was said that it was built by Sulaymaan (peace be upon him), as stated in Sunan al-Nasaaโ€™I (693) and classed as Saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Nasaaโ€™i. And it was said that it existed before Sulaymaan (peace be upon him) and that Sulaymaan rebuilt it; this is based on the evidence narrated in al-Saheehayn from Abu Dharr (may Allah be pleased with him) who said:

โ€œI said, โ€˜O Messenger of Allah, which mosque was built on earth first?โ€™ He said, โ€˜Al-Masjid al-Haraam [in Makkah].โ€™ I said, โ€˜Then which?โ€™ He said, โ€˜Al-Masjid al-Aqsa.โ€™ I said, โ€˜How much time was there between them?โ€™ He said, โ€˜Forty years. So wherever you are when the time for prayer comes, pray, for that is the best thing to do.โ€™โ€ 

Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 3366; Muslim, 520. 

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) was taken on the Night Journey (israโ€™) to Bayt al-Maqdis (Jerusalem), where he led the Prophets in prayer in this blessed mosque. 

Allah says (interpretation of the meaning): 

โ€œGlorified (and Exalted) be He (Allah) [above all that (evil) they associate with Him]

Who took His slave (Muhammed) for a journey by night from Alโ€‘Masjid Alโ€‘Haraam (at Makkah) to Alโ€‘Masjid Alโ€‘Aqsaa (in Jerusalem), the neighborhood whereof We have blessed, in order that We might show him (Muhammed) of Our Ayaat (proofs, evidences, lessons, signs, etc.)? Verily, He is the Allโ€‘Hearer, the Allโ€‘Seerโ€

[al-Israโ€™ Quran 17:1] 

The Dome of the Rock was built by the caliph โ€˜Abd al-Malik ibn Marwaan in 72 AH. 

It says in al-Mawsooโ€™ah al-Filasteeniyyah (4/203): โ€œThe name al-Masjid al-Aqsa was historically applied to the entire sanctuary (al-Haram al-Shareef) and the buildings in it, the most important of which is the Dome of the Rock which was built by โ€˜Abd al-Malik ibn Marwaan in 72 AH/691 CE, which is regarded as one of the greatest Islamic historical buildings. But today the name is applied to the great mosque which is situated in the southern part of the sanctuary plateau.โ€ 

It also says in al-Mawsooโ€™ah (3/23): โ€œThe Dome of the Rock is situated in the middle of the plateau of al-Masjid al-Aqsa, which is in the southeastern part of the city of al-Quds (Jerusalem). It is a spacious rectangular plateau, which measures 480 meters from north to south, and 300 meters from east to west. This plateau occupies approximately one-fifth of the area of the Old City of Jerusalem. 

The mosque, which is the place of prayer, is not the Dome of the Rock, but because pictures of the Dome are so widespread, many Muslims think when they see it that this is the mosque. This is not in fact the case. The Mosque is situated in the southern portion of the plateau, and the Dome is built on the raised rock that is situated in the middle of the plateau. 

We have already seen above that the name of the mosque was historically applied to the whole plateau. 

This is supported by the words of Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allah have mercy on him) in Majmooโ€™at al-Rasaaโ€™il al-Kubra, 2/61: โ€œAl-Masjid al-Aqsa is the name for the whole of the place of worship built by Sulaymaan (peace be upon him). Some people started to give the name of al-Aqsa to the prayer-place which was built by โ€˜Umar ibn al-Khattaab in front of it.

Praying in this prayer-place which โ€˜Umar built for the Muslims is better than praying in the rest of the mosque, because when โ€˜Umar conquered Jerusalem there was a huge garbage dump on the rock, since the Christians wanted to show their scorn for the place towards which the Jews used to pray. So โ€˜Umar issued orders that the filth be removed and he said to Kaโ€™b:

โ€˜Where do you think we should build a place of prayer for the Muslims?โ€™ He said, โ€˜Behind the rock.โ€™ He said, โ€˜O you son of a Jewish woman! Are influenced by your Jewish ideas! Rather I will build it in front of it.โ€™

Hence when the imams of this ummah entered the mosque, they would go and pray in the prayer-place that was built by โ€˜Umar. With regard to the Rock, neither โ€˜Umar nor any of the Sahaabah prayed there, and there was no dome over it during the time of the Rightly-Guided Caliphs. It was open to the sky during the caliphate of โ€˜Umar, โ€˜Uthmaan, โ€˜Ali, Muโ€™aawiyah, Yazeed and Marwaanโ€ฆ

The scholars among the Sahaabah and those who followed them in truth did not venerate the rock because it was an abrogated qiblahโ€ฆ rather it was venerated by the Jews and some of the Christians.โ€ 

โ€˜Umar denounced Kaโ€™b al-Ahbaar and called him the son of a Jewish woman because Kaโ€™b had been a Jewish scholar and rabbi, so when he suggested to โ€˜Umar that he should build the mosque behind the rock, that was out of respect for the rock so that the Muslims would face it when praying, and veneration of the rock was part of the religion of the Jews, not the religion of the Muslims. 

The Muslimsโ€™ fondness for the picture of the Dome may be because of the beauty of this building, but this does not excuse them from the resulting mistake of not distinguishing between the Mosque and the buildings that surround it. 

This may be one of the plots and tricks of the Jews, because of their veneration for the rock and their facing it in prayer. Or is may be in order to give importance to the Rock so that they can fulfill their desire to build the so-called Temple of Solomon on the ruins of al-Masjid al-Aqsa.

This is by making the Muslims think that al-Masjid al-Aqsa is the Dome of the Rock, so that if the Jews start to destroy al-Masjid al-Aqsa and the Muslims denounce them for that, they will tell them, โ€œAl-Masjid al-Aqsa is fine,โ€ and will show them a picture of the Dome of the Rock. Thus they will achieve their aims and be safe from the Muslimsโ€™ criticism. 

In conclusion we learn that:

ยท        Isra (the Night Journey) was corporeal.

ยท        Allah (SWT) Himself testified for that Quran {53:18} as cited above.

ยท        Masjid Al-Aqsa is the farthest site, not any Temple or actual building, as often is mistaken.

ยท        Isra was not in a state of dream or vision as sometime incorrectly perceived.

ยท        The testimony of Christian Patriarch of Jerusalem is another evidence in favor of Isra.

ยท        Masjid is any site on earth where Muslims perform Salaat.

ยท        The entire earth is Allahโ€™s Masjid for Muslims, as proved above from Glorious Qurโ€™aan Ar-Raโ€™d Ayaah 15, and An-Nahl Ayaah 49 along with Hadeeth.

ยท        Divine Wisdom for taking the Prophet Muhammed (SAW) to Jerusalem (where 1st Qibla=Prayer Direction used to be, before Mecca) to tell the mankind that religion of Allah has always been Islam.

Allah knows Best

A Scientific Viewpoint of Isra Waโ€™al Miโ€™raj-Can Science help shed light on Prophet Muhammedโ€™s Night Journey to Heaven?

Why is Jerusalem (Quds) important for Jews and Christians?

Did Masjid al-Aqsa exist in Quds when the Prophet (pbuh) lived?

Prophet Muhammadโ€™s Night Journey To Al-Masjid Al-Aqsa โ€“ The Farthest Mosque in Jerusalem โ€“ Existence Of Masjid Al-aqsa During Israโ€™ Wal Miraj

Refutation of those who claim that Prophet Muhammedโ€™s story of the Isra= Journey of the night from Mecca to Jerusalem and Miraj= Ascending to the sky is a myth.

Refuting the Claim that Miraj was Plagiarized from the Zoroastrian Book- Arda Viraz or ARDฤ€ WฤชRฤ€Z