𝐓𝐡𝐞 𝐑𝐞𝐬𝐮𝐫𝐫𝐞𝐜𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧 𝐇𝐨𝐚𝐱, 𝐚 𝐁𝐢𝐠 𝐒𝐜𝐚𝐦
Mohamad Mostafa Nassar
The first New Testament gospel, now known as Mark’s Gospel, originally ended at verse 16:8, with the young man telling the women that he is risen and they fled in terror, telling no one — but with no resurrection appearance.
Until the Gospel of Matthew was written, the early Christians had no literary evidence that Jesus had risen at all. Yes, Mark says the young man told the women that Jesus was risen (whether on earth or to heaven), but the women told no one, so how would anyone know he even said that?
The later gospels are not satisfactory evidence for the resurrection of Jesus because they contradict each other so completely that their stories can only have been literary creations.
- Nobody actually identified any crucified and buried body as being that of Jesus. In fact, with blood disfiguring hair, face and body, he would be difficult to identify.
- Nobody witnessed Jesus coming to life.
- All 4 evangelists disagree with each other on the events at the tomb (and subsequently). And yet the resurrection is supposed to be the central dogma of Christianity.
- If Jesus had been crucified, with his feet pierced, he would not have been able to walk to Emmaus.
- The Islamic tradition is that Jesus was never crucified.
- Pilate released a certain Jesus Barabbas (Jesus son of the father). Was Jesus the son of the father and Jesus the Messiah one and the same? Barabbas is described as a robber, and Jesus had overturned the money tables and driven out the bankers just days before. Barabbas – Wikipedia Pilate’s wife wanted her husband to release Jesus, and he obliged her by asking the mob to choose between Jesus or Jesus. Not surprisingly early church fathers such as Origen wanted to suppress the evidence. (see link).
- John’s gospel has Mary present at the crucifixion. (Most mother’s would not want to witness a son being tortured to death). But she offers neither word nor gesture to the man on the cross, even when he addresses her. But her behavior is consistent with her being present only to make it look like her son was crucified.
- Peter apparently saw a linen cloth in the tomb neatly folded consistent with the fact that nobody had actually been buried.
- The earliest gospel, Mark, has little to say about the resurrection and its implications. This suggests that the resurrection story, the central dogma, was a subsequent embellishment.
- The disciples did not expect any resurrection.
- According to the Gospel of Matthew 27, a guard was sent to the tomb: “The next day, the one after Preparation Day, the chief priests and the Pharisees went to Pilate. “Sir,” they said, “we remember that while he was still alive that deceiver said, ‘After three days I will rise again.’ So give the order for the tomb to be made secure until the third day. Otherwise, his disciples may come and steal the body and tell the people that he has been raised from the dead.
This last deception will be worse than the first. “Take a guard,” Pilate answered. “Go, make the tomb as secure as you know how.” So, they went and made the tomb secure by putting a sealon the stone and posting the guard.
“This took place on the Sabbath and apparently testifies that the tomb had been open since the previous day. Matthew’s account involves reporting privileged conversations between priests and Pilate, and then secret ones between priests and guards that no Christian could have known about.
Why I Don’t Buy the Resurrection Story: Probability of Survival vs. Miracle What makes this account particularly dubious is that the Chief Priests apparently expected a resurrection, but the disciples did not!
- Why would women try to visit the sealed tomb if they would not be able to move the stone?
The resurrection narrative is so full of inconsistencies it looks like fiction. The fiction survived because it was only circulated after potential witnesses were dead.
Jesus’ death, and resurrection, what is the point of dying to sacrifice your life to get it back after a few days?
Why do you believe that God sacrificed His Son when Jesus was given his life back after three days?
You only sacrifice something when it does not return to you.
The problem gets worse If Jesus is GOD and GOD cannot die…. If Jesus had an ‘immortal’ soul- he was ALIVE those 3 days, and not dead…so WHY did he need a resurrection (coming back to life)?
The tradition of any sacrifice is not that after it is slaughtered it is raised back to life again, then the whole purpose of sacrifice is meaningless.
How can Jesus be a sacrifice when he was brought back to life again?
Since when did the Jews sacrifice animals in the temple and bring them come back to life again?
The entire sacrifice will have no meanings. A sacrifice is made to receive something in return, so your sacrifice is gone or given away not to return.
If Jesus came back to life after sacrificing himself that is according to Christians, then where is the sacrifice if nothing is lost?
So, nothing was given up nor any sacrifice was made. That is the whole point of giving a life i.e., animal for sacrifice. Christians claim God gave his son to redeem the sins of mankind as the perfect sacrifice, yet this son was given life back so how is it a sacrifice when the whole point is to give up this life??
Makes no sense what Christians are claiming a sacrifice was made.
The resurrection of Jesus is a hoax because Mark, the earliest gospel, never contained the story. The “resurrection” passages were later added to Mark, and his gospel was changed by Matthew and Luke, the Gospel writers are anonymous. It was necessary for Matthew and Luke to change Mark according to their own understanding, they also relied upon the Q source.
Regarding the Gospel of John, it is completely different and draws upon ambiguous sources. The oldest manuscripts of the New Testament are Codex Sinaiticus and Vaticanus, both of these Greek manuscripts have no ending for Mark!
Mark is the first gospel to be written:
A central working hypothesis of this book and one of the most widely held findings in modern New Testament study is that Mark was the first canonical Gospel to be composed and that the authors of Matthew and Luke (and possibly John) used Mark’s Gospel as a written source. (Randal Helms, Gospel Fictions, p. 23)
Mark was the first writer to record the crucifixion, yet he was NOT an eyewitness!
“The author of Mark, the earliest of the narrative gospels, was not an eyewitness: he is reporting information conveyed to him by a third person or persons, who themselves were quite possible not eye-witnesses” (Robert Walter Funk, The Jesus Seminar: The Acts of Jesus, p. 4)
Here is what Christian’s scholar Mack Burton says:
“There is no reference to Jesus’ death as a crucifixion in the pre-Markan Jesus material” (Who Wrote the New Testament? p. 87)
This means the Gospel writers fabricated the resurrection story. The legend of Jesus’ “resurrection” developed over a period of time. This explains why Paul, the earliest Christian writer, never records the Gospel version. Paul only says Jesus was “crucified for the sins of mankind” and he “rose from the dead”, which does not explain anything.
Paul asserts that Jesus was crucified, yet he fails to mention any details which would later be recorded in the gospels.
We must keep in mind that Paul knew nothing of an event called the ascension that was separate or different from Jesus’ resurrection. Paul’s writings contain no hint of the two-stage process that would develop later, where resurrection brought Jesus from the grave back to life and ascension then took Jesus from earth to heaven. Paul’s proclamation was that God had raised Jesus into God’s very life.
That was Easter for Paul. For Paul there were no empty tombs, no disappearance from the grave of the physical body, no physical resurrection, no physical appearances of a Christ who would eat fish, offer his wounds for inspection, or rise physically into the sky after an appropriate length of time.
None of these ideas can be found in reading Paul. For Paul, the body of Jesus who died was perishable, weak, physical. The Jesus who was raised was clothed by the raising God with a body fit for God’s kingdom. It was imperishable, glorified, and spiritual. (John Shelby Spong, Resurrection: Myth or Reality, p. 241)
The most striking feature of the early documents is that they do not set Jesus’ life in a specific historical situation. There is no Galilean ministry, and there are no parables, no miracles, no Passion in Jerusalem, no indication of time, place of attendant circumstances at all.
The words Calvary, Bethlehem, Nazareth, and Galilee never appear in the early epistles, and the word Jerusalem is never used there in connection with Jesus (Doherty, pp. 68, 73). Instead, Jesus figures as a basically supernatural personage who took the “likeness” of man, “emptied” then of his supernatural powers Phil 2:7. (G.A. Wells, Can We Trust the New Testament? p. 3)
Paul’s account of Jesus’ resurrection contradicts the Gospels:
The first thing we need to force into our minds is that when Paul wrote these words, there were no such things as written Gospels. This means that the accounts of Jesus’ resurrection so familiar to us, as told by these Gospel writers, were by and large unknown to Pauland to Paul’s readers (Resurrection: Myth or Reality?, p. 48)
For Paul there were no empty tombs, no disappearance from the grave of the physical body, no physical resurrection, no physical appearances of a Christ who would eat fish, offer his wounds for inspection, or rise physically into the sky after an appropriate length of time.
None of these ideas can be found in reading Paul. For Paul the body of Jesus who died was perishable, weak, physical. The Jesus who was raised was clothed by the raising God with a body fit for God’s kingdom. It was imperishable, glorified, and spiritual. (ibid, p. 241)
What does this mean? The resurrection accounts in the four Gospels contradict the testimony of Paul. Hence, Paul contradicts the Gospels on a simple event which is supposed to be the foundation of Christian religion.
If Paul is the first writer, then he must be relaying the earliest tradition, yet the Gospels, written many decades later, record an entirely different story.
This certainly proves that the resurrection was fabricated in the oral tradition, because there’s not a single reference to the resurrection by historians like Philo Judaeus, and the testimony of Josephus is wholly agreed to be a forgery.
Paul contradicts the Gospels:
‘For I delivered to you as of first importance what I also received, that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, that he was buried, that he was raised on the third day in accordance with the scriptures, and that he appeared to Cephas, then to the twelve.
Then he appeared to more than 500 brethren at one time, most of whom are still alive, though some have fallen asleep. Then he appeared to James, then to all the apostles. Last of all, as to one untimely born, he appeared also to me.’ 1 Corinthians 15:3-9
There are several problems with this passage:
(1). There was no “third day” prophecy in the Old Testament.
(2). There is no evidence that five-hundred people saw Jesus
(3). Paul says Jesus first appeared to Peter, yet the Gospels say Jesus first appeared to women! (Matt 28:1)
(4). Peter disbelieved that Jesus was alive (resurrected).
(5). Paul implies that Judas did not hang himself, he was still alive (contradicts Matt. 27:5).
(6). Paul describes the body of Jesus to be spiritual (1Cor 15:42). Yet the Gospels say Jesus was physical.
Mark does not have the resurrection:
All things considered, then, Mark does not begin his story of Jesus very satisfactorily. Indeed, within two or three decades of Mark’s completion, there were at least two, and perhaps three, different writers (or Christian groups) who felt the need to produce an expanded and corrected version.
Viewed from their perspective, the Gospel of Mark has some major shortcomings: It contains no birth narrative; it implies that Jesus,a repentant sinner, became the Son of God only at his baptism; it recounts no resurrection appearances; and it ends with the very unsatisfactory notion that the women who found the Empty Tomb were too afraid to speak to anyone about it. (Randal Helms, Gospel Fictions, p. 34)
Almost all contemporary New Testament textual critics have concluded that neither the longer or shorter endings were originally part of Mark’s Gospel, though the evidence of the early church fathers above shows that the longer ending had become accepted tradition.
The United Bible Societies’ 4th edition of the Greek New Testament (1993) rates the omission of verses 9-20 from the original Markan manuscript as “certain.
” For this reason, many modern Bibles decline to print the longer ending of Mark together with the rest of the gospel, but, because of its historical importance and prominence, it is often included as a footnote or an appendix alongside the shorter ending.
The Codex Sinaiticus and Vaticanus do not record the resurrection:
Matthew 16:2 f. is omitted, Mark ends at 16:8, Luke 22:43 f., John 5:4 and the Pericope de adultera are omitted. The doxology of Romans comes after 16:23. Hebrews follow immediately after II Thessalonians.
The ‘Longer Ending’ of Mark is preserved in the Byzantine texts, which are interpolated. The Anglican scholars Westcott and Hort discredited the Byzantine (KJV) text. Yet, the oldest Greek manuscripts do not have the longer ending. The Alexandrian (NIV) omits the longer ending (Aleph and B). The Anglican scholars Westcott and Hort attest the Byzantine text was conflated in the 4th century.
There are no Byzantine manuscripts before the fourth century when Lucian of Syria conflated the various readings and produced what became the Byzantine or Traditional Text. We know this is true because we have no Byzantine readings before the middle of the fourth century, but we do have Alexandrian and Western readings.
Therefore, any second century reading which supports the third or fourth century readings of the Alexandrian line are considered important and are offered as proof that these textual lines are more original than the Byzantine line. However, if a reading is found in these very same manuscripts which agrees with the fourth century Byzantine reading, it is considered unimportant and inconsequential.
In Antioch the early form was polished stylistically, edited ecclesiastically, and expanded devotionally. This was the origin of what is called the Koine text, later to become the Byzantine Imperial text. Fourth century tradition called it the text of Lucian.
Hort characterized the Byzantine text as ‘late, conflated, heavily edited and revised’, whereas Hort extolled the Alexandrian text as ‘pure, primitive, carefully corrected, and neutral’.
The Gospels are clear that no one witnessed Jesus’ resurrection. It was seen by NO ONE.
Afterward he appeared unto the eleven as they sat at meat and upbraided them with their unbelief and hardness of heart, because they believed not them which had seen him after he was risen. (Mark 16:14)
It was Mary Magdalene and Joanna, and Mary the mother of James, and other women that were with them, which told these things unto the apostles. And their words seemed to them as idle tales, and they believed them not. (Luke 24:10-11)
The Greek and Roman historians
Very few Christians know that Gentile historians NEVER mentioned the resurrection of Jesus. The Jewish philosopher Philo (50 CE) absolutely makes no reference to Jesus’ crucifixion. The Christians are embarrassed that Philo lived during Jesus’ lifetime and never mentioned his resurrection.
After the departure of Jesus, his teachings spread to North Africa and Egypt, but he was not popular or widely known.
The following writers do not mention Jesus’ resurrection:
Theon of Smyrna
We challenge Christians to prove his resurrection. None of these writers mentioned Jesus’ resurrection.
How Christians fooled themselves in the eyes of Muslims concerning their beliefs.
- Christians said Jesus is God, yet he died because the Jews and Romans killed him on the Cross. How then did Jesus die if he was God? How can a God be killed by the people he created by himself if Jesus died in his capacity as God?
- Christians’ said Jesus is Son of God, yet he is also God at the same time. Is he then the son of himself and father of himself at the same time? When the son died on the Cross, the father also died, and when the father died on the Cross, the Son also died together with him, and then the world remained without any God for three days?
- Christians said Jesus had a mother named Mary, and yet Jesus is God. Did Jesus as God existed before his biological Mother or did his mother who gave birth to him as God existed before her Son, Jesus?
If Mary existed before Jesus was born by her, then it means that Jesus was not in existence when his mother was alive, and therefore the Christians are telling the world that there was a time when their God named Jesus was not existing.
And if Jesus exists before his mother was born, how then is he the Son of Mary when he pre -existed already? And why did he undergo the process of Embryology right from his mother’s womb up to the time of his circumcision as written in Luke 2 v 21?
- Christians said God sent his only begotten Son into the world in order to die for our Sin. Which means God (Jesus) was sending himself (Jesus) to die for the sins he can easily forgive? The first question is, which of the God died between the sender and the one that was sent? If the son died, and the father was alive, then are they still one and the same being?
- Christians said Jesus who was God, ascended to heaven in bodily or human body of flesh and bones. Is he then there in heaven as God with this same human body he took from the earth? And is he still God or a human being living in heaven? Is God the Father also existing in human body in heaven?
Let Christians answer us.
Does Zechariah 3:9 and Zechariah 13:7 prophesies that Jesus Christ must die for the sins of humanity?
If Islam is true, why would Allah fake Jesus’s crucifixion and intentionally deceive people for 600 years only to later reveal this to Prophet Muhammed?
Did the substitute person pay for anyone else’s sins when he was killed on the cross or was, he an innocent unfairly and unjustly killed?
Early Christians rejected Trinity. They also had major problems and disagreements about who truly Jesus was and whether or not he got crucified or not
Almighty Allah is the highest and most knowledgeable, and the attribution of knowledge to him is the safest.
Right from Almighty Allah and wrong from me and Satan
Prepared by Mohamad Mostafa Nassar-
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Arrogance is not only a sign of insecurity, but also a sign of immaturity. Mature and fully realised persons can get their points across, even emphatically without demeaning or intimidating others.