Does Quran 10:94 order Muslims, to ask People of Book if they are in doubt ?
Mohamad Mostafa Nassar
There are two explanation of this Verse Quran (10:94)
Many Christians claims that Quran Surah 10:94 tells Muslims to ask People of Book that is Christians and Jews if they are in doubt about Quran.
Quran 10:94 states
“If thou wert in doubt as to what We have revealed unto thee, then ask those who have been reading the Book from before thee: the Truth hath indeed come to thee from thy Lord: so be in no wise of those in doubt.”
From all of the context they just pick up this verse saying that Muslims should ask People of Book if they are in Doubt. Well let us read the whole passage.
We took the Children of Israel across the sea: Pharaoh and his hosts followed them in insolence and spite. At length, when overwhelmed with the flood, he said: “I believe that there is no god except Him Whom the Children of Israel believe in: I am of those who submit (to Allah in Islam).”
(It was said to him): “Ah now!- But a little while before, wast thou in rebellion!- and thou didst mischief (and violence)!
“This day shall We save thee in the body, that thou mayest be a sign to those who come after thee! but verily, many among mankind are heedless of Our Signs!”
We settled the Children of Israel in a beautiful dwelling-place, and provided for them sustenance of the best: it was after knowledge had granted to them, that they fell into schisms. Verily Allah will judge between them as to the schisms amongst them, on the Day of Judgment.
If thou wert in doubt as to what We have revealed unto thee, then ask those who have been reading the Book from before thee: the Truth hath indeed come to thee from thy Lord: so be in no wise of those in doubt.
From Reading the Above Passages we can conclude that Allah helped the People of Israel and saved them from Pharaoh. He showerd His blessings upon the People of Israel and settled them in a beautiful place of Jerusalem. Yet they fell into groups and worked against Allah’s order and were arrogant.
This is the mischeif that Quran says to be asked by People of the Book. And thus, this mischeif are also a part of Bible.
Moreover another explanation of this verse is according to Sami Zaatri is that
The Quran makes it clear that Muhammad (AS) is prophesised in the previous scripture:
“Those who follow the messenger, the unlettered Prophet, whom they find mentioned in their own (scriptures),- in the law and the Gospel;-
for he commands them what is just and forbids them what is evil; he allows them as lawful what is good (and pure) and prohibits them from what is bad (and impure); He releases them from their heavy burdens and from the yokes that are upon them. So it is those who believe in him, honour him, help him, and follow the light which is sent down with him,- it is they who will prosper.” (7:157)
Ibn Jarir at-Tabari (d.311 A.H.-923 A.D.) comments on the verse: “God says to His Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) that if you are in doubt about the truthfulness of what We told you in Revelations – that the children of Israel had not differed concerning your prophet hood before you were sent by God as an Apostle to His people, for they found you prophesied in their scripture, and they knew you from the description of you given in the Torah and Injil –
you must confer with those who read the sacred book before you, that is, the people of the Torah and the people of the Gospel, such as Abdullah Ibn Salam and those who, like him, were honest and had faith in you: do not ask those who are dishonest or are unbelievers.” (At-Tabari, Jami’, vol. II, p. 115)
At-Tabari reported Ibn Abbas as saying that the book referred to in the verse was the Torah and the Gospel; the people with whom Muhammad (peace be upon him) was commanded to confer were those who lived in Muhammad’s time and believed in him. The Prophet was to turn to them if questions as to the foretelling of his own prophet hood in those books arose.
The only object of possible doubt was then Muhammad (peace be upon him) himself, and the people with whom he was to confer were restricted to those who believed in his mission.Furthermore, Muhammad (peace be upon him) had been prophesied in the scriptures – Jewish and Christian – but these prophecies had been denied by the majority of Jews and Christians except for those who had come to accept that such prophecies were truthful and had become Muslim.
So this is the context of Surah 10:94, it has all to do with asking the people of scripture about the advent of Muhammad (AS) found within the Bible.
Now some Christians and Jews will say that ? Well Muhammad is not in the Bible’, well if they do say that then all that proves is that the Bible is corrupt!
The Quran states that the prophet Muhammad is in the Bible, if he is not according to what they say, then this cannot be the same Bible that the Quran is referring to. As they so often say, you can’t have your cake and eat.
Almighty Allah is the highest and most knowledgeable, and the attribution of knowledge to him is the safest.
Right from Almighty Allah and wrong from me and Satan
Prepared by Mohamad Mostafa Nassar-
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Arrogance is not only a sign of insecurity, but also a sign of immaturity. Mature and fully realised persons can get their points across, even emphatically without demeaning or intimidating others.