How should a Muslim answer, who created God?

How should a Muslim answer, who created God?

In Islamic theology the most solid and concrete argument to the question, ‘Who created God’ is given by known theological scholars such as Ibn Sina, Al-Farabi, Ibn Arabi, Shah Wali Allah of Delhi and so on. They have proposed or forwarded a variety of versions of this argument. This argument is known as proof of the veracity.

The proofs or argumentations surrounding God’s existence can be divided into two sets: One set of the proofs consider the creatures as means for argument using the creatures to reach God.

But in the other set of arguments, the creatures do not serve as means for proving God’s existence; rather they reach God through the very reality of existence and concept of existence.

The first set of proofs are called inni (which is an inference from effect to cause) and the second set of proofs are called limmi (which is an inference from the cause to cause) or partially inni.

The proof of the veracity is from the second category. The proof of the veracious is an argumentation which benefits from Truth to argue for truth in order to prove the existence of the Truth, the Exalted. Nothing else other than the Truth is used to substantiate God’s existence.

The Argument: 

The question ‘Who created God’ arises only when the Creator is viewed from the perspective of causality. The principle of causality holds that every effect has a cause. But at the same time there cannot be an infinite regress of cause and effect, since knowledge would become impossible, and we enter a paradox.

The Necessary Existent/First Cause cannot therefore be adequately explained in terms of cause and effect, unless we force ourselves to do so by resorting to the law of non-contradiction – reasoning that since infinite regress is impossible, regress must then be finite, ending with the First Cause (God) – but this line of reasoning is weak since we are compelled to accept the antithesis.

The Muslim philosophers view the question in a completely different manner, that is, by explaining the First Cause in terms of ‘reason’ rather than ‘causality’. Very briefly, the explanation is based on the idea that all things can either be necessary, contingent, or impossible.

The impossible obviously cannot exist, a square circle, for instance. The contingent can either exist or not exist; you as an individual could have equally not existed, had your parents never met, for example.

The necessary must exist by virtue of its very nature, as we will see. All things whatever they are can therefore be classified into these three categories.

In viewing the world, we see that in fact all things belong to the ‘contingent’ – they don’t have to exist, they just happen to exist. However, in order to exist, these ‘things’ which we can call ‘essences’ (the identity and nature of a thing) require an ingredient/inner reality called existence in order to ‘become’. An essence is what characterizes a thing, for example the essence of a triangle is that it has three sides.

All essences, whatever they are, require existence they come into being. What is interesting is that all essences have one common denominator, that is existence. In considering ‘existence itself’ we find that it is the only thing whose essence is existence.

The very nature of existence is therefore existence and being such requires no external cause, that is, existence unlike all other things, does not require existence in order to exist, since existence is by default its very nature. Existence is thus the Necessary Being and by implication the First Cause.

To ask “who created God” is thus synonymous to asking the question “why does existence exist?” or why does a triangle have three sides, or “who created existence itself”. . Existence/God exists simply because existence is its very nature – it is the nature of existence to exist! The proposed question is therefore rendered invalid.

This argument is derived from Qur’anic verses and several hadith:

Soon We shall show them Our signs in the horizons and in their own souls until it becomes clear to them that He is the real. Is it not sufficient that your Lord is witness to all things? [41:53]

Allah is the Light of the heavens and the earth. [24:35]

I recognized you by you!

Oh, who signifies to its essence by its essence!

How could someone justify your existence based on something which depends on you in its existence!?

Do other things have some kind of appearance or clarification which you lack, till they clarify you?

Muslims do not need to establish the existence or who created ALLAH or GOD.

Let see what God Himself speaks about his creation and existence.

Beliefs

Allah (God)

Allah (God) is the Sole Creator of everything that exists in the Universe including the Universe itself. Allah (God) is above creation, and He is uncreated, no one has created Him. He is also the Sole Cherisher of the universe.


Such is Allah, your Lord, the Creator of all things there is no god but He: then how you are deluded away from the Truth!
Surah (Chapter) al-Mu”min (The Believes) Quran (40:62)

Allah (God) is Self-Existent. He existed even before the existence of time and space and cannot be bound by these parameters. In fact, time and space are also included among His innumerable creations. Allah (God) is Eternal and Imperishable.


everywhere. No place in the entire Universe is empty of His Presence. He possesses no ears and indeed We have created man, and We know what his own self whispers to him. And We are nearer to him than his jugular vein.
Surah Chapter) Qaf Quran (50:16)

Allah (God)’s Perception encompasses everything, but no one can perceive Him. He is above all kind of human imagination. He cannot be compared with anything, for nothing is comparable to Him. He is an Inconceivable Power that owns and pervades throughout the Cosmos.


He can neither be known nor described by human imagination. As a result, He has described Himself in His Own Words in His Last and Final Book, the Holy Quran.


Allah! There is no god but Allah, He is the Living the Self- subsisting Eternal. No slumber can seize him nor sleep. His are all things in the heavens and on earth. Who is there can intercede in His presence except as He permits? He knows what (appears to his creatures as) before or after or behind them.

Nor shall they compass aught of his knowledge except as He wills. His throne does extend over the heavens and the earth, and He feels no fatigue in guarding and preserving them. For He is the Most High the Supreme (in glory).
Surah (Chapter) al-Baqarah (The Cow) Quran 2:255

This famous Ayah (Verse) is known as Ayatul Kursi that means Verse of Power.

The Holy Quran explains the Omnipresence of Allah (God) in the following Ayat (Verses):


“To Allah belong the East and the West: Wherever you turn, there is the Presence of Allah. For Allah is All Pervading, All Knowing.”


Surah (Chapter) al-Baqarah (The Cow) Quran 2:115 


“And verily We shall recount their whole story with knowledge, for We were never absent (at any time or place).
Surah (Chapter) al-A’raf (The Heights) Quran (7:7)

Allah (God) is Incomparable, Unique and Alone. No object of the universe can ever be compared with Him because Allah (God) had created everything. He is the Only Master and Owner of everything in this universe. Only Allah (God) has absolute Control over everything. He has Powers no one can have or even imagine. He has absolute Powers over everything, and He alone can create or put an end to anything or everything whenever He wants.
No one can challenge Allah (God) for anything He does.

Allah (God) is fully Independent and needs no help. He possesses no human weaknesses like sleep, forgetfulness, tiredness, hunger, or thirst. Allah (God) does not need any partners for anything He alone controls everything. He does not depend on anything, but everything depends on Him. Only Allah (God) is Perfect, He is above any mistakes or faults.


(Say: “Praise be to Allah, who begets no son, and has no partner in (His) dominion: nor (needs) He any to protect Him from humiliation: Yes, magnify Him for His greatness and glory!”)


Surah (Chapter) Bani Israel (children of Israel) Quran (17:1)


(Allah! There is no god but Allah, He is the Living the Self- subsisting Eternal. No slumber can seize him nor sleep. His are all things in the heavens and on earth. Who is there can intercede in His presence except as He permits? He knows what (appears to His creatures as) before or after or behind them.

Nor shall they compass aught of his knowledge except as He wills. His throne does extend over the heavens and the earth, and He feels no fatigue in guarding and preserving them. For He is the Most High the Supreme (in glory).


Surah (Chapter) al-Baqarah (The Cow) Quran (2:255)

Nothing is hidden from Allah (God). He knows everything that we do, think, or intend to do. He knows all about everything big or small which happens anywhere in this universe.


No doubt! They did fold up their breasts that they may hide from Him. Surely, even when they cover themselves with their garments, He knows what they conceal and what they reveal. Verily, He is the All-Knower of the (innermost secrets) of the breasts.
Surah (Chapter) Hud Quran 11:5

Allah (God) cares about His creation, and He is always very close to all his creations.


“And indeed, we have created man, and We know what his own self whispers to him. And We are nearer to him than his jugular vein.”


Surah (Chapter) Qaf Quran (50:16)

Islam believes in the Unity of Allah (God) and negates the multiplicity of gods. The following Surah (Chapter) clearly explains the concept of Tawhid (The Unity of Allah) in a very simple manner.


Say: He is Allah, the One and Only. Allah, the Eternal and Absolute, He begets not, nor is He begotten, and there is none like unto Him.


Surah (Chapter) al-Ikhlas (The Purity) Quran (112:1-4)

The following verse confirms the impossibility of the multiplicity of gods.


“If there were many gods, there would have been utter chaos. But glory to Allah the Lord of the Throne, High above is what they attribute to Him.”


Surah (Chapter) al-Ambiya’ (The Messengers) Quran (21:22)

“Who believe in the Unseen and perform Prayers and spend out of what we have provided for them.” “They are on true guidance from their Lord, and they are successful.”


Surah (Chapter) al-Baqarah (The Cow) Quran 2:2,4,5

No one knows about the schemes of Allah (God). Everything Allah (God) does is meaningful. No one has the wisdom to second-guess Allah (God).

Islam has offered a unique concept of the Oneness of Allah (God), which is known as Tawhid. Tawhid means the Oneness of Allah (God). This Oneness does not indicate towards One Object who is called Allah (God), but it means that He is Absolutely One, Absolutely Pure i.e.

He is not composed of any element or matter. It is essential for perception that the object of perception should be composed of some elements. And since Allah (God) is not composed of any element or matter, it is impossible to perceive Him.

No son did Allah beget, nor is there any god along with Him: (if there were many gods), behold, each god would have taken away what he had created, and some would have lorded it over others! Glory to Allah (He is free) from the (sort of) things they attribute to Him!


Surah (Chapter) al-Mu”minun (The Believers) Quran 2

Allah (God) has always been there since nothing existed and He would always be there when everything would cease to exist.

Allah (God) had created humans for the purpose of worshipping only Him.


Your Lord has decreed that you worship none but Him, and that you be kind to parents. Whether one or both of them attain old age in your life, say not to them a word of contempt, nor repel them, but address them in terms of honor.
Surah (Chapter) Bani Israel (children of Israel) Quran (17:23)

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Reference:

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Reference:

1)    Analysing the so-called ‘Wife Beating Verse’: 4:34 of the Holy Quran.

2)    Darwinism The Refutation of a Myth

Allah knows Best. 

Almighty Allah is the highest and most knowledgeable, and the attribution of knowledge to him is the safest.

Right from Almighty Allah and wrong from me and Satan

Prepared by Mohamad Mostafa Nassar- Australia.

www.IslamCompass.com 

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