Does the Quran mistake Mary as sister of Aaron?

Does the Quran mistake Mary as sister of Aaron?

Mohamad Mostafa Nassar


In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

The Quran refers to Mary, upon her be peace, as the โ€œsister of Aaronโ€ in reference to her descent from the lineage of the Prophet Aaron, upon him be peace. This type of reference is common in ancient Semitic languages and in the Bible.

Allah said:

ูŠูŽุง ุฃูุฎู’ุชูŽ ู‡ูŽุงุฑููˆู†ูŽ ู…ูŽุง ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ุฃูŽุจููˆูƒู ุงู…ู’ุฑูŽุฃูŽ ุณูŽูˆู’ุกู ูˆูŽู…ูŽุง ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽุชู’ ุฃูู…ูู‘ูƒู ุจูŽุบููŠู‹ู‘ุง

O sister of Aaron, your father was not a man of evil, nor was your mother unchaste.

Surah Maryam 19:28

The Christians at the time of the Prophet objected to this verse on the grounds that it was meant literally, but the Prophet answered their question.

Mughira ibn Shuโ€™ba reported: When I came to Najran, the Christian monks asked me, โ€œYou recite the verse: O sister of Aaron (19:28), whereas Moses was born long before Jesus by such-and-such years.โ€ When I came back to the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, I asked him about it and he said:

ุฅูู†ูŽู‘ู‡ูู…ู’ ูƒูŽุงู†ููˆุง ูŠูุณูŽู…ูู‘ูˆู†ูŽ ุจูุฃูŽู†ู’ุจููŠูŽุงุฆูู‡ูู…ู’ ูˆูŽุงู„ุตูŽู‘ุงู„ูุญููŠู†ูŽ ู‚ูŽุจู’ู„ูŽู‡ูู…ู’

Verily, they would name people with the names of prophets and righteous people who had gone before them.

Source: Sahih Muslim 2135, Grade: Sahih

Ibn Kathir reported:

ุนู„ูŠ ุจู† ุฃุจูŠ ุทู„ุญุฉ ูˆุงู„ุณุฏูŠ ู‚ูŠู„ ู„ู‡ุง ูŠูฐุฃูุฎู’ุชูŽ ู‡ูŽู€ูฐุฑููˆู†ูŽ ุฃูŠ ุฃุฎูŠ ู…ูˆุณู‰ ูˆูƒุงู†ุช ู…ู† ู†ุณู„ู‡

Alli ibn Abu Talha and As-Suddi said: It was said to her: O sister of Aaron (19:28), meaning the brother of Moses because she was from among his descendants.

Ibn Kathir added:

ูƒู…ุง ูŠู‚ุงู„ ู„ู„ุชู…ูŠู…ูŠ ูŠุง ุฃุฎุง ุชู…ูŠู… ูˆู„ู„ู…ุถุฑูŠ ูŠุง ุฃุฎุง ู…ุถุฑ

This is like saying to somebody from the Tamimi tribe: O brother of at-Tamim, or to somebody from the al-Mudari tribe: O brother of Mudar.

Source: Tafseer Ibn Kathir, verse 19:28

Muhammad Asad comments on the verse, saying:

In ancient Semitic usage, a personโ€™s name was often linked with that of a renowned ancestor or founder of the tribal line. Thus, for instance, a man of the tribe of Banu Tamim was sometimes addressed as โ€œson of Tamimโ€ or โ€œbrother of Tamim.โ€ Since Mary belonged to the priestly caste, and hence descended from Aaron, the brother of Moses, she was called a โ€œsister of Aaron,โ€ in the same way as her cousin Elizabeth, the wife of Zachariah, is spoken of in Luke 1:5 as one of โ€œthe daughters of Aaron.โ€

Source: Message of the Quran

Therefore, the verse is not a historical mistake, but rather it is in perfect agreement with the Semitic languages and ancient custom.

Success comes from Allah, and Allah knows best.

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