Did Prophet Issa son of Maryam ‘Jesus’ have any biological human father?
Mohamad Mostafa Nassar
The Birth of Prophet Issa Son of Maryam from Quran Chapter Maryam
The Glorious Holy Quran celebrated Prophet Issa son of Maryam ‘Jesus son of Mary’ on numerous occasions, to the point that Allah Exalted he dedicated a whole chapter number nineteen with Maryam name. Moreover Prophet Issa son of Maryam ‘Jesus son of Mary’ was mentioned about twenty-five times in the Glorious Holy Quran.
A question was sent to us by a Christian, asking whether Jesus had a male DNA, and to address this question, we are going to assume to that:
- IF the questioner asking whether Prophet Jesus had male DNA as in human male sperm that was the reason for his mum to conceive him, and the answer is to this is absolute no.
The Glorious Quran denies emphatically denies any human physical sexual or non-sexual intervention. In other words, Mary was conceived by the order and will of Allah Exalted he who sent angel Gabriel to blow at Mary and the Quran sets the example of Prophet Jesus with no male DNA contributed to his creation like Adam, the Quran states:
” Indeed, the example of Jesus in the sight of Allah is like that of Adam. He created him from dust, then said to him, “Be!” And he was! Quran (3:59)
The Quran states the conception and birth of Prophet Jesus as follows:
“And mention in the Book ˹O Prophet, the story of˺ Mary when she withdrew from her family to a place in the east, screening herself off from them. Then We sent to her Our angel, ˹Gabriel, ˺ appearing before her as a man, perfectly formed. She appealed, “I truly seek refuge in the Most Compassionate from you! ˹So leave me alone˺ if you are God-fearing. He responded, “I am only a messenger from your Lord, ˹sent˺ to bless you with a pure son. She wondered, “How can I have a son when no man has ever touched me, nor am I unchaste?
He replied, “So will it be! Your Lord says, ‘It is easy for Me. And so will We make him a sign for humanity and a mercy from Us.’ It is a matter ˹already˺ decreed. So, she conceived him and withdrew with him to a remote place. Then the pains of labour drove her to the trunk of a palm tree. She cried, “Alas! I wish I had died before this, and was a thing long forgotten! So, a voice1 reassured her from below her, “Do not grieve! Your Lord has provided a stream at your feet.
And shake the trunk of this palm tree towards you, it will drop fresh, ripe dates upon you. So, eat and drink, and put your heart at ease. But if you see any of the people, say, ‘I have vowed silence1 to the Most Compassionate, so I am not talking to anyone today. Then she returned to her people, carrying him. They said ˹in shock˺, “O Mary! You have certainly done a horrible thing!
O sister of Aaron [ not Aaron Prophet Moses’s brother] !1 Your father was not an indecent man, nor was your mother unchaste. So, she pointed to the baby. They exclaimed, “How can we talk to someone who is an infant in the cradle?”
˹Jesus˺ declared, “I am truly a servant of Allah. He has destined me to be given the Scripture and to be a prophet. He has made me a blessing wherever I go, and bid me to establish prayer and give alms-tax as long as I live, and to be kind to my mother. He has not made me arrogant or defiant.
Peace be upon me the day I was born, the day I die [ Prophet Jesus will die after his second return] , and the day I will be raised back to life!” That is Jesus, son of Mary. ˹And this is˺ a word of truth, about which they dispute. It is not for Allah to take a son! Glory be to Him. When He decrees a matter, He simply tells it, “Be!” And it is! Quran (19:16:35)
IF the questioner asking whether Prophet Jesus had male DNA in his body once he was created.
To answer this, we would say that from an Islamic perspective, Prophet Jesus is 100% human that as we have stated earlier, was born from a miraculous virgin pregnancy and birth, however there no details from authentic Islamic sources to indicate anything about his DNA, fingerprints nor any other Prophet. It is worth mentioning as well, that is forbidden to draw any Prophets, angels, or any characterization of God.
The Glorious Holy Quran in Quran (3:59-64 is crystal clear that Jesus had no biological fathers:
“Indeed, the example of Jesus in the sight of Allah is like that of Adam. He created him from dust, then said to him, “Be!” And he was! This is the truth from your Lord, so do not be one of those who doubt. Now, whoever disputes with you ˹O Prophet˺ concerning Jesus after full knowledge has come to you, say,
“Come! Let us gather our children and your children, our women, and your women, ourselves and yourselves—then let us sincerely invoke Allah’s curse upon the liars. Certainly, this is the true narrative, and there is no god ˹worthy of worship˺ except Allah.
And indeed, Allah ˹alone˺ is the Almighty, All-Wise. If they turn away, then surely Allah has ˹perfect˺ knowledge of the corruptors. Say, ˹O Prophet, ˺ “O People of the Book! Let us come to common terms: that we will worship none but Allah, associate none with Him, nor take one another as lords instead of Allah.” But if they turn away, then say, “Bear witness that we have submitted ˹to Allah alone˺.” Quran (3:59-64
Definition of miracle in Islam
First Islam defines a miracle as an extraordinary act or event that is contrary to the laws of nature and can only come about through the direct intervention of God Almighty Himself
In our case, Islam view the conception and birth of Prophet Issa son of Maryam ‘Jesus son of Mary’ as a miraculous virgin conception and birth, commonly known by the immaculate conception. Which means Prophet Issa son of Maryam ‘Jesus son of Mary’ had no biological father.
A miracle is not the only measure that would qualify anyone to be a prophet, otherwise hundreds of thousands of people such as astronauts, surgeons, experienced doctors, and the list will grow.
Allah Exalted He alone choses whoever He wants to be his Prophet and Messenger:
“Allah selects messengers from both angels and people, for Allah is truly All-Hearing, All-Seeing.” Quran (22:75)
Islam confirmation of various miracles given to Prophet Issa son of Maryam ‘Jesus son of Mary by Allah Exalted He.
The Glorious Holy Quran clearly states that Prophet Issa son of Maryam ‘Jesus son of Mary” was given miracles from Allah Exalted He as per Quran (5:110-120) as following
And ˹on Judgment Day˺ Allah will say, “O Jesus, son of Mary! Remember My favour upon you and your mother: how I supported you with the holy spirit1 so you spoke to people in ˹your˺ infancy and adulthood. How I taught you writing, wisdom, the Torah, and the Gospel. How you moulded a bird from clay—by My Will—and breathed into it and it became a ˹real˺ bird—by My Will.
How you healed the blind and the lepers—by My Will. How you brought the dead to life—by My Will. How I prevented the Children of Israel from harming you when you came to them with clear proofs and the disbelievers among them said, “This is nothing but pure magic.”
And how I inspired the disciples, “Believe in Me and My messenger!” They declared, “We believe and bear witness that we fully submit ˹to Allah˺.”
˹Remember˺ when the disciples asked, “O Jesus, son of Mary! Would your Lord be willing to send down to us a table spread with food from heaven?” Jesus answered, “Fear Allah if you are ˹truly˺ believers.”
They said, “We ˹only˺ wish to eat from it to reassure our hearts, to verify you are indeed truthful to us, and to become its witnesses.”
Jesus, son of Mary, prayed, “O Allah, our Lord! Send us from heaven a table spread with food as a feast for us—the first and last of us—and as a sign from You. Provide for us! You are indeed the Best Provider.”
Allah answered, “I am sending it down to you. But whoever among you denies afterwards will be subjected to a torment I have never inflicted on anyone of My creation.”
And ˹on Judgment Day˺ Allah will say, “O Jesus, son of Mary! Did you ever ask the people to worship you and your mother as gods besides Allah?” He will answer, “Glory be to You! How could I ever say what I had no right to say?
If I had said such a thing, you would have certainly known it. You know what is ˹hidden˺ within me, but I do not know what is within You. Indeed, You ˹alone˺ are the Knower of all unseen.
I never told them anything except what You ordered me to say: “Worship Allah—my Lord and your Lord!” And I was witness over them as long as I remained among them. But when You took me,1 You were the Witness over them—and You are a Witness over all things.
If You punish them, they belong to You after all.1 But if You forgive them, You are surely the Almighty, All-Wise. Allah will declare, “This is the Day when ˹only˺ the faithful will benefit from their faithfulness.
Theirs are Gardens under which rivers flow, to stay there for ever and ever. Allah is pleased with them and they are pleased with Him. That is the ultimate triumph. To Allah ˹alone˺ belongs the kingdom of the heavens and the earth and everything within. And He is Most Capable of everything.
The Christian Dilemma
Christian theology views the need for God to have a son to forgive you an inescapable necessity, moreover many Christians think that Jesus had a biological human father which Islam consider such Christian views as pure blasphemy for many reasons:
- For Christians to think that God need a son to forgive you or cannot forgive without having a son to be killed is an absolute and utter nonsense, simply that would be considering God is limited in his abilities and capabilities to forgive directly without the need to have a son and allow him to die.
- Thinking that God need a human biological father to impregnate Mary for Jesus to come to life again is a lie and put limits on God’s unlimited abilities and unlimited capabilities, and by the way the Bible itself reject any biological father for Jesus whether human or not.
Mary herself confirms that she had never been with a man (even a pragmatic Jew would agree, this would make her a virgin):
Luke 1:34 KJV “Then said Mary unto the angel, How shall this be, seeing I know not a man?
Luke 1:26-31 (JB) reports that it was to “a virgin” whose name was Mary that the angel Gabriel carried the news: “You are to conceive and bear a son, and you must name him Jesus.”
At this, verse 34 states, “Mary said to the angel, ‘But how can this come about, since I am a virgin [“I do not know man: i.e., as husband,”
“I am having no intercourse with a man,” NW]?’” Matthew 1:22-25 (JB) adds: “Now all this took place to fulfil the words spoken by the Lord through the prophet: The virgin will conceive and give birth to a son, and they will call him Immanuel, a name which means ‘God-is-with-us’.
Be careful as Christians try to take this literally to claim Jesus is God. Kindly read Isaiah 7:14, Immanuel: Prophecy of Jesus?
Which is a refutation for the claim that Jesus is God incarnate
When Joseph woke up, he did what the angel of the Lord had told him to do: he took his wife to his home and, though he had not had intercourse with her, she gave birth to a son; and he named him Jesus.”
Is this reasonable? Surely it was not impossible for the Creator, who designed the human reproductive organs, to bring about the fertilization of an egg cell in the womb of Mary by supernatural means.
Christian Confusion of the whether Jesus had a biological father or not:
Christianity is a complete confusion over the nature of Prophet Issa son of Maryam ‘Jesus’ for centuries, the very fundamental core Christian beliefs are in dispute to the point that, some of Christians would say Jesus is God incarnate, others would say he is only son of God.
Christians till today in dispute over whether Prophet Issa son of Maryam ‘Jesus’ had a biological human father or not.
A summary of some different claims, views, sometimes insane views held by various Christians:
- Some Christians think Joseph is his father. For more reading about this opinion Read Absurdity of Joseph Provided the Seed Starting Jesus’ Physical Body.
- Some Christians think that there is a real possibility for Jesus to have’ biological father. According to Jewish legend this person was a Roman soldier named Pantera. The gravestone of so-named Roman solder was found in Germany, and this solder may have been Jewish and may have served in Palestine.
- Octavius is the biological father of Jesus according to historians. But Octavius was not only a Roman general, but he was also later known as Augustus, the Roman emperor. He fathered John the Baptist and Jesus via Elizabeth and Mary.
A book by a Catholic nun, entitled “Mary Magdalene,” made the case quite clear. Jesus was a man like all other men; he had a father and a mother. Jesus called himself the Son of God. And one of the earlier Popes removed this truth from the Holy Scriptures as well as King James l of England.
- Jesus’ father was a Roman knight. His name, Creolus. He was gone on soldier duty when the child was to be born and Mary’s mother was terrified.
- John the Baptist and Jesus were more than cousins – they were half-brothers, that is, they had the same biological father.
- Saint Joachim’s, father of The Virgin Mary, might have landed in a particular site of her body and been met by her ovum at the proper age, been Blessed by The Holy Spirit that conceived Baby Jesus with Life: He was Son of God and Son of Man, Descendant of David. See attached screenshot, we do not fabricate such mad blasphemous views and attribute it to Christians.
The following section is a quote from Catholic.com which in fact show how Catholics questioning whether they Should Call Joseph the Father of Jesus or not, which is a farce, without direct instructions some guys in the Catholic church in Rome who claim to be infallible making those decisions which Jesus himself knew nothing about or instructed them to do so.
Start of the Quote from a Catholic website:
Should We Call Joseph the Father of Jesus?
There is more than one opinion today on Joseph’s relationship to Jesus. Here are some you may have heard:
- Joseph was possibly the biological father of Jesus, but the Gospels deny it, claiming that Jesus was the product of a virgin birth, making him more than a man.
- Jesus was really the product of a rape, and Joseph stepped up to the plate and helped Mary and her baby.
- Joseph was not the father of Jesus because Jesus had no biological father; he was born to the Virgin Mary by the miraculous overshadowing of the Holy Spirit.
So, what is the truth? Is it theologically and historically correct to call Joseph the father of Jesus? The answer is both yes and no.
Don’t Confuse the Matter
First, let’s look at the reasons against calling Joseph the father of Jesus. One argument is that it’s not prudent given the current widespread theological confusion. Some influential modern theologians contend that the Gospels do not communicate the historical truth of Jesus but only pass on the wishful thinking or prejudices of early Christians. Skeptics now frequently question claims that have been made by the Bible and accepted by Christians for millennia. The Virgin Birth of Jesus often is denied in modern theological circles.
Many writers and theologians try to “rethink” the birth of Christ in order to make it consistent with modern sensibilities. Luke Timothy Johnson gives a biting analysis of such theologians:
“They conceive of their chore in therapeutic terms. They seek to help those still enthralled by faith to find their way to the condition of enlightenment enjoyed by the authors. Each writer also follows the predictable path of rationalist reduction. Historical difficulties in the texts as we have them are construed as hopeless obstacles, which must lead inevitably to skepticism.
The void of skepticism is then filled with inventive speculation. The speculation is not a reasonable alternative reading based on the available evidence but a complete reshuffling of the pieces, yielding a picture more satisfying to the aesthetic or religious sensibilities of the authors” (The Real Jesus, Harper San Francisco, 32).
So, what do these skeptical theologians have to do with Jesus and Joseph? They reject the possibility of miracles, so they necessarily reject the possibility of the Virgin Birth.
Here are just two examples:
- John Shelby Spong in his book Born of a Woman (HarperSanFrancisco) speculates that Mary was a teenager who bore a child conceived by rape and was later taken under Joseph’s wing.
- In his popular book Jesus: The Evidence (Regnery), Ian Wilson says that in his Gospel, Matthew “tries to justify Jesus’ apparent divine origin” (46).
In this skeptical environment, many people would misunderstand if they heard someone call Joseph the father of Jesus. They would think he was his natural, biological father. Even within the Church, many of the poorly catechized would misunderstand the words to mean that Jesus was the result of sexual relations between Joseph and Mary. They might interpret the phrase “father of Jesus” as a denial of the Virgin Birth of our Lord.
Of course, any person of good will can g.asp that a Creator who can create a universe ex nihilo (out of nothing) certainly can arrange a virgin birth, and the Church has held to this teaching firmly and unshakably. The Nicene Creed states: “By the power of the Holy Spirit he was born of the Virgin Mary and became man.”
But given the widespread confusion about this central Christian doctrine, if we call Joseph the father of Jesus, we need to explain clearly what we mean: As Scripture and Tradition inform us, Joseph is not the biological father of Jesus because Jesus was born of a virgin without the participation of a man. Joseph is the father of Jesus through adoption, by the choice of God, and by marriage to Mary.
Scripture and the earliest Tradition of the Christian faith are clear. Mary was a virgin at the time of Jesus’ birth and afterwards, and Jesus was born of the Virgin Mary without sexual relations. As such, Joseph was the foster father of Jesus, the legal, adoptive father of our Lord—the chosen father, specially chosen by God himself (cf. Catechism of the Catholic Church 532).
But with all of this understood, we still must ask: Is it biblically and theologically correct to refer to Joseph as the “father of Jesus”? To answer that, let’s look at several respected authorities.
What Scripture Says
First, Luke informs us that when Joseph and Mary brought Jesus to the temple to be circumcised, “his father and his mother marveled at what was said about him” (Luke 2:33). Luke does not add the words adoptive, foster, or legal. He simply calls Joseph “his father.” The same Luke who had written about the Virgin Birth now calls Joseph the father of Jesus.
Second, when Mary and Joseph turned back to Jerusalem looking for Jesus and found him in the temple questioning the doctors of the law, Mary asked, “Son, why have you treated us so? Behold, your father and I have been looking for you anxiously” (Luke 2:48).
It is certain here that Mary is using the word father to refer to Joseph and not the heavenly Father. Based on this scriptural precedent we are on solid ground.
Augustine and Aquinas
In his Summa Theologiae, Thomas writes, “According to Augustine (De Consensu Evangelistarum ii), Joseph is called the father of Christ just as ‘he is called the husband of Mary, without fleshly mingling, by the mere bond of marriage: being thereby united to him much more closely than if he were adopted from another family.
Consequently, that Christ was not begotten of Joseph by fleshly union is no reason that Joseph should not be called his father, because he would be the father even of an adopted son not born of his wife’” (ST III:28:1 ad 1).
Pope John Paul II
“And while it is important for the Church to profess the virginal conception of Jesus, it is no less important to uphold Mary’s marriage to Joseph, because juridically Joseph’s fatherhood depends on it. Thus, one understands why the generations are listed according to the genealogy of Joseph:
“‘Why,’ St. Augustine asks, ‘should they not be according to Joseph? Was he not Mary’s husband? . . . Scripture states, through the authority of an angel, that he was her husband. Do not fear, says the angel, to take Mary your wife, for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Spirit. Joseph was told to name the child, although not born from his seed.
She will bear a son, the angel says, and you will call him Jesus. Scripture recognizes that Jesus is not born of Joseph’s seed, since in his concern about the origin of Mary’s pregnancy, Joseph is told that it is of the Holy Spirit.
Nonetheless, he is not deprived of his fatherly authority from the moment that he is told to name the child. Finally, even the Virgin Mary, well aware that she has not conceived Christ as a result of conjugal relations with Joseph, still calls him Christ’s father.’
“The Son of Mary is also Joseph’s Son by virtue of the marriage bond that unites them: ‘By reason of their faithful marriage both of them deserve to be called Christ’s parents, not only his mother, but also his father, who was a parent in the same way that he was the mother’s spouse: in mind, not in the flesh.’
In this marriage none of the requisites of marriage were lacking: ‘In Christ’s parents all the goods of marriage were realized—offspring, fidelity, the sacrament: the offspring being the Lord Jesus himself; fidelity, since there was no adultery: the sacrament, since there was no divorce.’
“It is to Joseph, then, that the messenger turns, entrusting to him the responsibilities of an earthly father with regard to Mary’s Son” (Guardian of the Redeemer 3; cf. Augustine, Sermo 51, 10, 16: PL 38, 342; De nuptiis et concupiscentia I, 11, 12–13: PL 44, 421).
Fr. Larry M. Toschi, O.S.J., an expert on Joseph, concludes that “because of his true marriage to Mary, Jesus’ Mother, Joseph is truly Jesus’ father, though not in a natural, biological sense. . . . His legal fatherhood is certainly key to Matthew 1, and it must be understood that in Semitic thought it was as real as biological paternity. .
Besides passing on a name in the line of David, Joseph also gives the faith name Jesus, meaning ‘Savior’ (cf. Matt. 1:20, 25). . . . To all appearances Jesus is known as Joseph’s ‘son,’ so much so that people have difficulty imagining anything different (cf. Matt. 13:55)” (Joseph in the New Testament, Guardian of the Redeemer Books, 38).
Despite the scandal of those who deny the Virgin Birth, we should not deny Joseph his proper place and title as Jesus’ father. It is very clear that within a proper context of Jesus’ divine origin and Virgin Birth—and by rejecting the secularism and skepticism of our current age—we can understand the phrase “Joseph the father of Jesus” as completely faithful to Scripture, Catholic Tradition, the Doctors of the Church, and Pope John Paul II.
With Mary we acknowledge Joseph as the legal father of our Lord—the father chosen by God himself. What a marvelous man he must have been; what a wonderful father he proved to be; what an example for all fathers today.
End of the Quote
Our Muslim Comment:
As above-mentioned shows how polytheist those Christians and Catholics are
Allah knows Best.