𝐌𝐚𝐭𝐡𝐞𝐦𝐚𝐭𝐢𝐜𝐚𝐥 𝐞𝐫𝐫𝐨𝐫 𝐢𝐧 𝐡𝐞𝐫𝐞𝐝𝐢𝐭𝐚𝐫𝐲 𝐥𝐚𝐰𝐬 -𝐐𝐮𝐫𝐚𝐧 𝐞𝐫𝐫𝐨𝐫 𝐫𝐞𝐟𝐮𝐭𝐞𝐝.
Mohamad Mostafa Nassar
𝐁𝐞𝐟𝐨𝐫𝐞 𝐰𝐞 𝐝𝐞𝐥𝐯𝐞 𝐢𝐧𝐭𝐨 𝐨𝐮𝐫 𝐦𝐚𝐢𝐧 𝐭𝐨𝐩𝐢𝐜 , 𝐰𝐞 𝐰𝐨𝐮𝐥𝐝 𝐥𝐢𝐤𝐞 𝐭𝐨 𝐬𝐡𝐚𝐫𝐞 𝐚𝐧 𝐢𝐧𝐭𝐞𝐫𝐞𝐬𝐭𝐢𝐧𝐠 𝐬𝐭𝐨𝐫𝐲 𝐚𝐛𝐨𝐮𝐭 𝐨𝐧𝐞 𝐨𝐟 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐩𝐫𝐨𝐦𝐢𝐧𝐞𝐧𝐭 𝐀𝐦𝐞𝐫𝐢𝐜𝐚𝐧𝐬 𝐰𝐡𝐨 𝐚𝐜𝐜𝐞𝐩𝐭𝐞𝐝 𝐈𝐬𝐥𝐚𝐦 𝐛𝐞𝐜𝐚𝐮𝐬𝐞 𝐨𝐟 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐈𝐬𝐥𝐚𝐦𝐢𝐜 𝐢𝐧𝐡𝐞𝐫𝐢𝐭𝐚𝐧𝐜𝐞 𝐥𝐚𝐰𝐬.
𝐃𝐨 𝐲𝐨𝐮 𝐤𝐧𝐨𝐰 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐬𝐢𝐳𝐞 𝐨𝐟 𝐔.𝐒. 𝐢𝐧𝐡𝐞𝐫𝐢𝐭𝐚𝐧𝐜𝐞 𝐥𝐚𝐰? 𝐈𝐭 𝐢𝐬 𝐦𝐨𝐫𝐞 𝐭𝐡𝐚𝐧 𝐞𝐢𝐠𝐡𝐭 𝐯𝐨𝐥𝐮𝐦𝐞𝐬 𝐥𝐨𝐧𝐠. 𝐌𝐨𝐬𝐭 𝐈𝐬𝐥𝐚𝐦𝐢𝐜 𝐥𝐚𝐰 𝐢𝐬 𝐬𝐮𝐦𝐦𝐚𝐫𝐢𝐳𝐞𝐝 𝐢𝐧 𝐞𝐢𝐠𝐡𝐭 𝐥𝐢𝐧𝐞𝐬 𝐯𝐞𝐫𝐬𝐞𝐬 𝐢𝐧 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐆𝐥𝐨𝐫𝐢𝐨𝐮𝐬 𝐐𝐮𝐫𝐚𝐧 𝐚𝐧𝐝 𝐭𝐡𝐚𝐭 𝐢𝐬 𝐰𝐡𝐚𝐭 𝐬𝐭𝐮𝐧𝐧𝐞𝐝 𝐃𝐫. 𝐑𝐨𝐛𝐞𝐫𝐭 𝐃𝐢𝐜𝐤𝐬𝐨𝐧 𝐂𝐫𝐚𝐧𝐞 𝐭𝐨 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐩𝐨𝐢𝐧𝐭 𝐭𝐡𝐚𝐭 𝐡𝐞 𝐭𝐡𝐨𝐫𝐨𝐮𝐠𝐡𝐥𝐲 𝐬𝐭𝐮𝐝𝐢𝐞𝐝 𝐈𝐬𝐥𝐚𝐦𝐢𝐜 𝐥𝐚𝐰 𝐢𝐧𝐡𝐞𝐫𝐢𝐭𝐚𝐧𝐜𝐞 𝐚𝐧𝐝 𝐟𝐨𝐮𝐧𝐝 𝐭𝐡𝐚𝐭 𝐢𝐭 𝐢𝐦𝐩𝐨𝐬𝐬𝐢𝐛𝐥𝐞 𝐟𝐨𝐫 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐔𝐧𝐥𝐞𝐭𝐭𝐞𝐫𝐞𝐝 𝐏𝐫𝐨𝐩𝐡𝐞𝐭 𝐌𝐮𝐡𝐚𝐦𝐦𝐞𝐝 𝐩𝐞𝐚𝐜𝐞 𝐛𝐞 𝐮𝐩𝐨𝐧 𝐡𝐢𝐦 𝐭𝐨 𝐛𝐞 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐚𝐮𝐭𝐡𝐨𝐫 𝐨𝐟 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐆𝐥𝐨𝐫𝐢𝐨𝐮𝐬 𝐐𝐮𝐫𝐚𝐧.
𝐃𝐫. 𝐑𝐨𝐛𝐞𝐫𝐭 𝐃𝐢𝐜𝐤𝐬𝐨𝐧 𝐂𝐫𝐚𝐧𝐞 𝐧𝐨𝐭 𝐨𝐧𝐥𝐲 𝐚𝐜𝐜𝐞𝐩𝐭𝐞𝐝 𝐈𝐬𝐥𝐚𝐦 𝐛𝐮𝐭 𝐚𝐥𝐬𝐨 𝐢𝐧𝐯𝐢𝐭𝐞𝐝 𝐨𝐧𝐞 𝐨𝐟 𝐡𝐢𝐬 𝐉𝐞𝐰𝐢𝐬𝐡 𝐑𝐚𝐛𝐛𝐢 𝐟𝐫𝐢𝐞𝐧𝐝𝐬 𝐭𝐨 𝐚𝐜𝐜𝐞𝐩𝐭 𝐈𝐬𝐥𝐚𝐦 𝐚𝐧𝐝 𝐡𝐞 𝐚𝐜𝐜𝐞𝐩𝐭𝐞𝐝 𝐈𝐬𝐥𝐚𝐦 𝐚𝐬 𝐰𝐞𝐥𝐥 𝐭𝐡𝐚𝐭 𝐢𝐬 𝐚𝐫𝐨𝐮𝐧𝐝 𝟏𝟗𝟖𝟎.
Dr. Robert Dickson Crane (born March 26, 1929- Passed away 21 December 2021) was adviser to President of the United States Richard Nixon and was the Deputy Director (for Planning) of the United States National Security Council. He has authored or co-authored more than a dozen books and over 50 professional articles on comparative legal systems, global strategy, and information management.
𝐄𝐚𝐫𝐥𝐲 𝐥𝐢𝐟𝐞 𝐚𝐧𝐝 𝐞𝐝𝐮𝐜𝐚𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧
Crane was born in Cambridge, Massachusetts. In 1945, at the age of 16, he entered Harvard University to study Russian as the first step in becoming an international journalist. In 1948, he became the first American permitted to study at a university in Occupied Germany, having been accepted at the University of Munich. While in Germany, he studied the sociology of religion and prepared a book on totalitarian regimes and on the spiritual dynamics of resistance movements against such regimes.
Upon his return to the United States, Dr. Crane got his B.A. from Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois, in 1956, summa cum laude, and his J.D. from Harvard Law School, Cambridge, MA. His thesis was titled “The Accommodation of Ethics in International Commercial Arbitration” and was published in the Arbitration Journal, Fall 1959.
At Harvard, he also founded the Harvard International Law Journal and acted as the first president of the Harvard International Law Society. Dr. Crane was admitted to the District of Columbia Bar in 1960.
𝐈𝐧𝐡𝐞𝐫𝐢𝐭𝐚𝐧𝐜𝐞 𝐢𝐧 𝐈𝐬𝐥𝐚𝐦 – 𝐂𝐎𝐍𝐂𝐄𝐏𝐓𝐒 𝐬𝐢𝐦𝐩𝐥𝐢𝐟𝐢𝐞𝐝 – 𝟏𝟒 𝐒𝐡𝐨𝐫𝐭 𝐕𝐢𝐝𝐞𝐨𝐬
𝐌𝐚𝐭𝐡𝐞𝐦𝐚𝐭𝐢𝐜𝐚𝐥 𝐞𝐫𝐫𝐨𝐫 𝐢𝐧 𝐡𝐞𝐫𝐞𝐝𝐢𝐭𝐚𝐫𝐲 𝐥𝐚𝐰𝐬 -𝐐𝐮𝐫𝐚𝐧 𝐞𝐫𝐫𝐨𝐫 𝐫𝐞𝐟𝐮𝐭𝐞𝐝.
Islam is much more than a religion; it is a way of life. Islam is guidance from God that directs us through life, and God willing into the next life. It is for this reason that God also guides us through the process of death and dying. Death will come to each one of us.
– Do you know the size of U.S. inheritance law? It is more than eight volumes long. Most Islamic law is summarized in eight lines,
Allah Exalted He says in the Glorious Quran:
Allah commands you regarding your children: the share of the male will be twice that of the female.1 If you leave only two ˹or more˺ females, their share is two-thirds of the estate. But if there is only one female, her share will be one-half. Each parent is entitled to one-sixth if you leave offspring.2 But if you are childless and your parents are the only heirs, then your mother will receive one-third.3 But if you leave siblings, then your mother will receive one-sixth4—after the fulfilment of bequests and debts.5 ˹Be fair to˺ your parents and children, as you do not ˹fully˺ know who is more beneficial to you.6 ˹This is˺ an obligation from Allah. Surely Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise.
You will inherit half of what your wives leave if they are childless. But if they have children, then ˹your share is˺ one-fourth of the estate—after the fulfilment of bequests and debts. And your wives will inherit one-fourth of what you leave if you are childless. But if you have children, then your wives will receive one-eighth of your estate—after the fulfilment of bequests and debts. And if a man or a woman leaves neither parents nor children but only a brother or a sister ˹from their mother’s side˺, they will each inherit one-sixth, but if they are more than one, they ˹all˺ will share one-third of the estate1—after the fulfilment of bequests and debts without harm ˹to the heirs˺.2 ˹This is˺ a commandment from Allah. And Allah is All-Knowing, Most Forbearing.” Quran (4:11-12)
In what your wives leave, your share is a half, if they leave no child; but if they leave a child, ye get a fourth; after payment of legacies and debts. In what ye leave, their share is a fourth, if ye leave no child; but if ye leave a child, they get an eighth; after payment of legacies and debts.
If the man or woman whose inheritance is in question, has left neither ascendants nor descendants, but has left a brother or a sister, each one of the two gets a sixth; but if more than two, they share ina third; after payment of legacies and debts; so that no loss is caused (to anyone). Thus is it ordained by Allah; and allah is All-Knowing, Most Forbearing.”
So it proceeded to distribute an inheritance to all parties, in absolute fairness, without oppressing anyone.
The Holy Qur’an is a miraculous book. It is a masterpiece in its words, sentences and rhetoric, as well as in the loftiness of its goals.
These verses were revealed by God to Muhammad at a time when the people of Arabia (and even many of the surrounding nations, such as the Romans, the Hindus, the Persians, etc.) gave very little heed to the rights of women. Many of them, such as the Christian Romans, would continue for many more centuries debating whether or not women even had souls.
It was not until very recently that Western women actually achieved the right to inherit at all. A right which was established for them by God in the Qur’an 1400 years ago. Even such “modern” rights as pre-nuptial agreements were firmly established in Islam 1400 years before they showed up in the West.
During that age, women in many of these surrounding nations were simply property of the men to be inherited with his other material belongings by his male heirs. In the Arabian Peninsula, this very same attitude was held, and the common law was that the male children receive the inheritance, and the father receives inheritance conditional upon explicit verbal bequeathal. All others got nothing.
When Islam came, God commanded Muhammad (pbuh) to return to women their fair share of the inheritance and to further establish the rights of the other relatives in the family of the deceased to receive their just share according to their relationships.
There are many other verses in different locations throughout the Qur’an (Al-Baqarah(2), Al-Nissa(4), Al-Maidah(5), Al-Anfal(8) dealing with this issue.
This is to say nothing about the many multiples of that in the Sunnah (Sayings of the prophet, pbuh). Out of these many verses and sayings of the prophet has been developed the science of “Al-Fara’id”.
It is out of question that the inheritance division by God is not appropriate mathematically. God is the creator of humankind and the science of mathematics. Now then, it is impossible that God proposes an imperfect division mathematically.
If we have an equation of two value known parts (A) & (b) then it is either A=B or A><B
But if B consists of variable*s* (which is the concept of Usbah in the inheritance laws in Islam as will be explained) then it possible to adjust B in order to have A=B.
The ones who want to know the truth about this subject will realize in a little while that they face with a real mathematical miracle rather than an error.
If you ask most of those who attack inheritance laws in Islam among atheists, Christians and others like them about the meaning of the word عول, you will find them opening mouth and saying what !
They are like a doltish pupil at 1st stage of primary school who objects an equation solved by a nuclear Physicist..
This report is directed to anyone who Allah granted him with a slight understanding or some of brain or more than that. the one who lacks these, my report is not for him: –
– Allah the Almighty has enacted a very excellent system concerning heritage that the communist and atheistic country Russia obliged to adopt it in Personal Status Law, after its talented jurists found it precise and perfect. ..
– And if it is worth amazing I am amazed how the falsifiers allege this as a pretext for their disbelief, and in fact it is the reason for conversion to be a believer and this is confirmed by the stories of those who converted to Islam after they were stunned by the greatness of Islamic law. .. and more than one of the wise men witness this while they are still unbelievers.
– And I consider this example as an introduction of the reply:
If the teacher said to his students: for the hard-working pupil from you I will give half, the average third and the lazy a quarter and if something was more give it to the poor. . And then said: according to me justice is the basis and this is my reward for the pupils asking for knowledge in every year. It happened in that year to have one hardworking and two lazy pupils in his course.
They came to the special cashier table and they found that their teacher has prepared the portion and it was 12 thousand dirhams. the hardworking pupil took 6 thousand, and each one of the two lazy pupils took 3 thousand and everyone found his own way to go with thanking Allah and praying for the teacher.
The next year an average pupil joined the course.
At the moment of distributing the portions they came to the special cashier table to get money they found the teacher has put 32 thousand dirhams.
The average pupil said:
Two lazy pupil = 1/2
Average pupil = 1/3
Hardworking pupil =1 / 2
And the sum is = 3 / 4 = 1.3333 !
Here one of the two stupid pupils said: then the teacher made a mistake! The average pupil said to him: No, you stupid!.. did you think that the teacher does not know there are conditions that the amount adds up in counting ? Rather he put a general law and stated that justice is the basis.
The average pupil turned his head to his brother the hard working pupil saying: what we have to do?
The hard working pupil said: we have a general basis + justice law which protects the basis. So let’s apply it together.
The average pupil : how?
The hardworking student: 1/3 + 1/4 + 1/4 + 1/2 …
The amount is outnumber and they acted according to the justice basis that he stated.
When the common denominator is 12.
The dividend of the first lazy pupil = 4/12 = 3 shares
The dividend of the second lazy pupil like the first lazy one is 3 shares
The dividend of the average pupil = 3/12 = 4 shares
The dividend of the hard working pupil = 2/12 = 6 shares
The sum = 3+3+4+6=16
And because our dear teacher left 32 thousand, so the amount of each share = 16/32 = 2 (two thousand)
So the distribution of the portion according to his instructions is like the following
Each one of the two lazy pupils has 3 shares, so the dividend for each one = 6 thousand dirhams.. and both together = 12 thousand.
And for you average pupil fellow there are 4 shares and your dividend = 8 thousand
And for me the hardworking student 6 shares and my dividend according to the teacher’s speech = 12
The sum is 32 thousand… thanks to Allah
Here the average pupil said to the lazy pupil saying: are you still insistent that the teacher is wrong?
And now I will underline the mistakes within atheists, Christians and their followers from the naturally stupid beings after Allah the Almighty wiped their insights, and they deserve the statement by Allah the Almighty: “Indeed, those who dispute concerning the signs of Allah without [any] authority having come to them – there is not within their breasts except pride, [the extent of] which they cannot reach.” Ghafir 56.
1-They do not differentiate between the predicative sentence and attributive sentence:
-The father said to his children: study.. eat.. drink.. and behave on the basis of what is proper to mind and wisdom.. (this is a attributive sentence means specific orders in general, it is not necessary to include all the detailed conditions by writing them..)
-Let’s suppose the teacher told them to divide the cake among them according to the plan number 1 and if your cousin came then according to plan number 2, if your friend came then according to number 3, and if our neighbour came then according to plan number 4 and he put to each plan a dividend.. etc. after that another formation came about that their father did not mention but he gave them the general standard linked with the principle of justice.
(by the way justice: is not equality to have everyone get the same amount of share as many imagine), is it suitable here to say: Was the father right or wrong: this case or this incident happened it needs a solution according to the mathematical standard the father put which is linked with the principal of securing justice for all – and he initially permitted them to do this- ? this is like nice puzzle that needs to be solved.. There is a great difference between puzzle and mistake!
– Now suppose the father said to them: if there is a specific condition demanded merging between the plan number 2 and number 5 so apply it with securing justice.
Is that speech of his a scientific mistake while what is required from this condition is having the same condition of add up happened? Here is the separating line
And depending on what mentioned we compete, if his speech is actually wrong, this is another arguable subject, otherwise Allah the Almighty’s not stating it in specific is more eloquent and correct than hiding the mistake in their saying that what the father stated is wrong as they allege it is incorrect, .. and everyone who practiced some of mathematics understands this and knows it without help to make him understand
2- Rather something is wrong when it contradicts with the informative scientific facts, like saying: if half is collected with a quarter the result is third quarter this is an example and so on
What many do not know (even Muslims themselves regretfully) :
They think that Quran and sunnah: <<supposed>> are:
They did not leave anything in religion without providing full detail about it: but they rather mentioned it clearly and referred to it!!!!!…
And they forgot that if Allah the Almighty did this and ordered His prophet to do this (i.e. clearing the details of everything) :
He did not distinguish the scientist from the ignorant!!!..
And not the seeker of knowledge from the lazy and the careless !!!.
And you would not see all these intellectual activity in nation of Islam:
Which is asked for in every century, every year and every time:
Tens of minds and comprehensions from scholars, experts, sheikhs and preachers:
They vie amongst themselves for reaching the most fair laws and the nearest to Allah’s satisfaction.
There is a reward for the hardworking .. and the right hardworking is rewarded twice!!!.
And according to this:
Allah the Almighty has kept (not clearing the details of everything at once): He kept this for the Islam nation:
To have his wisdom always active and sharp:
In this way the nation stays away from tameness, reliance and dependence in all of its circumstances and conditions…….
And we in our practical life:
We can touch and feel the touch of these senses through the significant wise men, educators and teachers…
A sword left in its scabbard without using it, will get damaged
And other minerals like it will become rusty.
And thus brains without action : will become slow in thinking and ignorance so to speak!!..
And the brain becomes less concerned about its religion, discussing it and exploring it in depth from time to time and continuously.
To Allah is [due all] praise in the first [life] and the Hereafter…
And concerning the second point which I wanted to mention ….
Those who are slaved by their passions and are depraved (as I am acquainted with all of their groups by experience) their objection is going to be:
Is standing in the way and blocking: the objection is only for the sake of objection!!!!..
It is objection in the same image of the famous story of (Joha) , his son and donkey!!!!..
When both of Joha and his son rode the donkey, the people said to them: merciless!!..
And when Joha and his son come down off from the donkey, the people said: two stupid persons left the donkey useless!!..
And when Joha rode the donkey and his son walked the people said: he is not kind to his son!!..
And when the son rode the donkey, the people said the son : is impious!!..
And when Joha and his son carried the donkey on their shoulders: they said he is insane!!..
So where is the fault then ??!!!..
Suppose that Allah has mentioned the share of everyone in the family:
The son, the daughter, the father, the mother, the grandfather, the grandmother, the brother, the sister, the husband and the wife. etc.
In a way that the total sum of all of these will be a true one…
Does a rational person think that in all the inheritance cases: all of these categories exist together in the heritage?!
Every deceased dies: dies from all of these:
The son, the daughter, the father, the mother, the grandfather, the grandmother, the brother, the sister, and the wife.. etc.
The answer: of course, not
And while it is irrational to have Allah mentioning all the cases of heritage together:
And the quantity shortage : will be distributed among the heirs under the case of add up :
And also it is irrational to mention all the cases of heritage together in every conditions of inheritance:
The extra: will be re-distributed among the survivors (in a condition if the distribution of the heritage was the way I said)..
And the witness:
As mentioned before, some un-Islamic countries which need to adopt the Islamic law of heritage.. and if the Islamic system was not perfect in its own and from its basis: they would not have claimed it and tried to resort it and copy it!!…
And the communists are not the only one started doing this!!.
But before the Catholic Rome did the same thing in asking: from Azhar in Egypt!!
Inheritance is not the only issue that dazzled the Non-Muslims by its statute!!.
But everything in Islam is impressive : only if those atheists explored neutrally and have a true desire to find the truth!..
The Islamic laws concerning economy and trading .. Islamic statute concerning woman and keeping her from unnecessary mixing with men and being alone with men.
And so on, all these are adopted by some unbelievers now: in the meanwhile they demand Muslims to quit it (I do have evidences, statistics and international news about these)!!!.. Glory to Allah the Almighty.
Does the time come that the stubborn and uninformed about the issue: to stop talking about something he knows nothing about.
To respect his mind and ask questions if does not know?
And to be useful when he knew?
Thanks to Allah
We said that Quran did not mention each one of the cases.. the possibilities are a lot, but the basis of the issues are referred to as mentioned before
Previously mentioned (- Now suppose the father said to them: if there is a specific condition demanded merging between the plan number 2 and number 5 so apply it with securing justice.
Is his speech a scientific mistake while what is required from this condition is having the same case of add up happened? Here is the last say about this) if the stubborn objector understood only this, that would have been enough than all these details.
-Newton law is (Hibat Allah Abi barak preceded him, and he may copied the law from him) the amount of a force exerted on a body is equal to the acceleration of the body multiplied by its mass. mathematically F=M*A.. but in high speeds near the speed of light the classic Newton equitation will give wrong results, does anyone of the nature scientists say Newton is wrong in his law?
The answer absolutely: No, because the language of science says: for every context there is discussion, and for every frame there is its own attribute that suits it.. and in science language as well the root of (-X) is imaginary number has no existence in outside world, but with the agreement of all of the mathematic scientists
Y(-X)*Y(-X)=Root of (X^2)=X.. this is a real number that can be represented, what is intended here is the minor members even if any one of them has no existence only if they gather in an equation in a special way will lead to a correct answer in the mathematical abstract mind without any disagreement among its specialists.
And yet, the case with add up is not like this but it is rather from another type far above Newton equitation which the world acclaim Newton because of it! And other else
What the objector did not know is the Islamic experts’ source of jurisprudence, which defines the judgments in Islamic law : The Quran, the Sunnah, consensus and standards.. the consensus and standards are led to by the same Quran and Sunnah..
A-the Quran and Sunnah have explained the case of add up concerning the necessity of applying Allah’s law which is giving each one his or her own right as we have in prophet’s speech: ( give the statutory portions to their owners)narrated from Ibn Abbas in the Two Corrects and the meaning is: pass the statutory portions to the owners determined by Allah, and the statutory portions determined by Allah: half, a quarter, eighth, two thirds, third and one-sixth.. and the word (pass, ilhaq) here means what the companions agreed on because what is the factor of obligation is obligatory. and this is a legal law derived from the Holy Quran and Sunnah
B- Concerning the Islam experts Ibn Qudama Al Muqdasi the Great imam the expert scholar says: “this is the speech of all the companions and who followed them (May Allah be pleased with them).. till he says: we do not know any disagreement between contemporary experts about add up case. Praise be to Allah)
C- So these are the assigned standards that Allah legislated to be as a source of excogitation of what is not mentioned specifically in the light of the legal texts themselves not to be as someone likes and desires or opinions, and the standards (measurements) as Islam Sheikh Ibn Taymiyyah calls, he quoted it from Allah’s speech “It is Allah who has sent down the Book in truth and [also] the balance.”
And measurement is a balance for balancing between the section of occurring case and the origins fixed in the revelation texts… unless this case occurred and the companions gathered, what is understood from the legal speech was going to excogitate all the cases of having add up happening in it because giving everyone’s right what is due to him without oppressing any one is not easy without saying it then it is legally will be decided on according to the origin of the standard as well.
And to make it more clear is someone is indebted to two persons and each one demands him two thousand dinars. and he does not have only one thousand dinars, they both go to the judge and the judge cannot find any of them more a head than the other one in any point and both in need of it so he decided this one to take five hundreds and this one five hundreds..
– In brief what the allegers want is changing the statutory portions but Allah the Almighty fixed six statutory portions mentioned before.
Unavoidably some come together then some will get together with each other like joining of half with two thirds as an example and both are determined by Allah.. like having a husband and two sisters left behind a deceased wife .. Allah the Almighty on purpose gives this one half and the tow females two thirds! In other words, He wants it this way purposely “Do they distribute the mercy of your Lord”??
And Allah the Exalted says “Unquestionably, His is the creation and the command” “and He shares not His legislation with anyone.” And about the inheritance He said “Your parents or your children – you know not which of them are nearest to you in benefit. [These shares are] an obligation [imposed] by Allah.”!
Allah should either follow their desires so to be compatible with what their devils suggest to them and change the statutory portion –Allah is the Exalted – or to cancel the family relationship net.. There is no pursuer to Allah’s rule and no repelling to His judgment… “But if the Truth had followed their inclinations, the heavens and the earth and whoever is in them would have been ruined. Rather, We have brought them their message, but they, from their message, are turning away.”
Allah the Almighty asks to make great efforts to form the wisest statement which we know some of it and most of it is obscure for us… Allah said: “But if they had referred it back to the Messenger or to those of authority among them, then the ones who [can] draw correct conclusions from it” .. and the companions referred this issue back to the experts… and right and correct one remained right and correct, praise be to Allah.
The add up case does not contradict Quran as you claim, it is your doubts that knocked you down and carried you down into a remote place as it is your custom in all the cases not only (add up).. It is answered with full detail and no extra addition is needed; the wrong is when a real disagreement happens not a suspicious disagreement. to say that Holy Quran is contradictory to a fixed scientific truth here we defy you and your leaders to say this.
And please make us happy and stop talking nonsense while you are ignorant of the principals and preferences of inheritance. it is always known wise men agree that it is shame to argue about something you are not good at.. this is not for yourself benefit if you want to be graceful but you rather insist to be disgraceful..
An example: concerning the inheritance and other cases the Holy Quran mentions general rules either in inheritance or in other issues and did not explore the sub details of those subjects, the Sunnah clarified this.. as Allah the Almighty assigned some of it to the Islamic experts’ efforts to affirm His rules’ power and this is texted in Quran “then the ones who [can] draw correct conclusions from it would have known about it”.
And here I give an example about ablution because inheritance is greater than your mind
Allah the Almighty imposed washing forearms to the elbows, face, wipe overhead and wash feet to the ankles..
And if someone has his hand broken and bandage it with splint set.. if he wiped over it, this is going to be –depending on your wrong understanding- against what expressed in Quran. and he has to remove the splint and wash his hand while he is infected with wounds and injuries! This example is very close to your amiss speech.
The summary: You atheists when we hear your speeches our mouths will be filled with laughter and we realize the extent of the ignorance you are lost in and we say Allah the Almighty told the truth “And We have certainly created for Hell many of the jinn and mankind. They have hearts with which they do not understand, they have eyes with which they do not see, and they have ears with which they do not hear. Those are like livestock; rather, they are more astray. It is they who are the heedless.”
The add up case is not opposite to what is written in Holy Quran; while in the division of estate many circumstances are mentioned but it does not include all of the circumstances, because of that when some conditions appeared and Quran did not mention them, the condition is dealt with endeavor. But even endeavor in this case should be confined to the shares that their quantity stated in Quran..
The source of the slander is not correct; because it supposes that these cases that the experts and scholars endeavor to solve it are fixed and stated in Quran , and this is not true! But rather they are new cases and after exploring them it became clear that dividing it according to the known fixed shares is not mathematically possible and because of this they did what is known as add up. And this is endeavor concerned issue in non-Quranic cases that are measured according to Quranic cases and inventing a new standard –based on inheritance division- so that the shares match. Quran is wrong if in it these shares stated particularly for the cases of the husband and two sisters or the case of wife with parents and three daughters, and then objection is justified.
But while the case itself is not stated in Quran, then objection is not right when it is an issue happened after Quran, and not within the cases that are mentioned in Holy Quran. Allah the Almighty knows the best.
your question about why did Allah do this and not that. is outside the logic border. and the reply is enough to be: none of your business, the Holy Quran and Allah the Almighty are greater than any objection but when one is ignorant about something he will fight it, and this is another topic.
the mistake is apparent. to say Quran said this and the correct is this.. and I gave you an example before, so quit the expressive speech.
the answer is not finished yet, this reply of you indicates that you did not understand it already, and I can prove this
Clear how can 1.333 be the share of the average =share of the excellent?
Is having a case that Quran did not mention it and needs a solution = wrong, prove this!
It is shame to cheat your atheist friends in dark rooms and come to answer, this results in loss of trust in your being acknowledged researcher and debater
Allah the Almighty did not state all the cases but rather put apparent clarifying lines and He orders endeavor in the cases He did not mention – and this is not only in inheritance issue- .. in the light of the Quran and Sunna, Allah the Almighty said:
“But if they had referred it back to the Messenger or to those of authority among them, then the ones who [can] draw correct conclusions from it would have known about it”, your cheating atheists is not like our copying from the scholars whose vision are enlightened with Quran and Sunna because your atheism is an odd idea and there is no evidence however weak and powerless supports it , in contemporary history the reasons of rise of capitalism is clear.
But our Islam is assured with irrefutable evidences and obvious proofs but you turn blind eyes to them and the web site is loaded with it as long as with debates so answer is you can, at the same time we are arrogant as you are and we do not rage as you do without knowledge!
Does Allah the Almighty said that the total sum of collecting them in specific = 100% while it is equal to 112.5%?
You answer: Yes – No?
If your answer is Yes – prove it
And if your answer is No.. then I will clarify what you intend to mix (if you understand) or what was mixed actually (if you do not understand)
The unbeliever : No, but it is understood that the sum must be 100%, that is why you resort to (add up) surrounding the cases in which the sum is more that this. ———
As far as you say no.. thank you, the debate, ended
And about what is understood. this is your understanding and we are not obliged, but it is correct to say it is wrong when the answer is yes..
(and by the way if you belittle yourself in the argument and suppose that the Quran is composed by the Prophet himself. does those atheists think themselves more intelligent than the Prophet , whom the west recognized him as the most genius of the geniuses, they realized what he did not?! Did anyone even a child forget the information that half, one third and half is more than one?)
You finally assured that you could prove nothing when you admitted No
Your speech and your leaders are the same and did not change ! You are arrogant and haughty .. I had explained this in my subject:
Allah put some general bases,.. and did not say: in this very special case: give this one half and this one two thirds.. etc.
He rather put general portions that match with most of the cases as it is concerned in Quran, and He left the rest for endeavoring starting from the same bases even it will be wrong if the particular selected case claims its own share and said this is for that but Allah the Almighty mentioned and clarified main cases. the evidence for this comes in two forms:
-The scrutiny evidence: this condition is in Quran concerned issues that mentions the important rules and the apparent clarifying lines that enlightened by
-The method of Quran’s mentioning those cases from the side side of linguistic expression, this needs detailed long explanation, He did not say: if two sisters, a wife and a mother with a son gathered give this one half and give that one eighth and to these two give two thirds!
And it is known that the rules are attributive sentences not predicative, this is the speech of all the experts.. and it is clear you are confused between them
And the judgment: give this one that and this one that and so one.. according to this and that condition.. If an un-stated case was found in special and appears to be problematic this does not mean that it is wrong.. but it is understood that it needs solution because it was not mentioned, and its solution depends on the talented experts as Allah the Almighty speaking in Quran Himself mentions this.. The wrong is stating this group issue and decide the shares as this and that then a mistake occurs during accounting, and concerning this we defy all of you mindless atheists..
Even when seems to be contradiction in appearance it can not be regarded as wrong logically only when the sum is impossible:
If the teacher said to his students: no one goes out from the room.. then he stood up and went outside, why it is true if someone says he is wrong! Because the speech is understood within its context and sphere
And for the sake of atheists, and those who like are them from the Islam enemies, to get involved in Quran issues with an intention to stub, doubt, disproof, hatred and intention to destroy , there is no wonder to regard this as error.
Allah knows Best.