𝐉𝐮𝐬𝐭𝐢𝐜𝐞 𝐨𝐟 𝐆𝐨𝐝 𝐨𝐟 𝐈𝐬𝐥𝐚𝐦?
Mohamad Mostafa Nassar
Questions are asked about the justice of God in Islam if God simply leaves people to commit crime and then He would forgive them where is the justice in all of that?
the justice is balanced with mercy. There is a hadith in which is said that the Mercy of God prevails over His wrath. So yes, justice must still also be done. If one human being harms another or any of God’s creation, our Muslim understanding is that in order to seek forgiveness from God we must repair the harm we do to His creation.
So, if said a harsh word to somebody we have to say to that person we’re sorry and then ask God also for His forgiveness. If you’ve taken somebody’s property, we have to return that back.
Sometimes it may not be possible for us to repay the harm that we have done but there is also the idea of compensation as God can, on our behalf, compensate the aggrieved victims in ways that we will not be able to do. Of course, the final compensation and equalisation on all things does not necessarily occur in this world but will occur in the life hereafter.
We read in Islamic traditions that a certain person will come on the Day of Judgement with all kinds of good deeds; prayers, fasting, charity, pilgrimages etc. but he has harmed somebody, so God will take his good deeds and give it to the harm individual as a compensation.
But what if this person doesn’t have any good deeds to pay, well, God can compensate the aggrieved person with all the delights and pleasures in Paradise, the life of everlasting bliss which of course will make every hardship and difficulty of this world fade by comparison.
So ultimately, in the Muslim understanding justice is done and that leaves room for the forgiveness of sins. We understand that God forgives us. If we sin and we ask God to forgive us, then God is willing to forgive us and He does not lose anything by doing so. It is not contrary to justice at all.
We have the story of Adam in the Qur’an which is similar to the Bible except that the Qur’an says God forgave Adam. So we don’t have the story of original sin but it is the original blessing.
The lesson seems to be is that you have to watch out for the devil, he will try to mislead you and at times he will succeed but you as a believer in God can always turn back to God, ask for forgiveness and just as God forgave Adam; God will forgive you as well and you can be back on your feet ready for another battle with Satan because he will not give up, he will keep coming after you and sometimes he will win but ultimately you win because God is on your side and you are returning to God. So that is the Qur’anic message.
Allah knows Best.