Introduction to the Thematic Tafsir of Imamย al-Saโ€™di

Introduction to the Thematic Tafsir of Imamย al-Saโ€™di

Sheikh โ€˜Abd al-Rahman al-Saโ€™di (1307-1376AH) was one of the great scholars of Saudi Arabia in the past century. He authored many valuable works in the fields of tafsirfiqh, hadeeth, โ€˜aqeedah and usool which remain in wide circulation today due to their great benefit. He combined many of these knowledge areas in his works explaining the Qurโ€™an, both his complete tafsir and later in another two other summarized works of tafsir. What follows is the sheikhโ€™s introduction to his summarized work of thematic tafsir, entitled Taysir al-Lateef al-Mannaan:

ุจุณู… ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุงู„ุฑุญู…ู† ุงู„ุฑุญูŠู… ุŒ ุงู„ุญู…ุฏ ู„ู„ู‡ุŒ ู†ุญู…ุฏู‡ ูˆู†ุณุชุนูŠู†ู‡ ูˆู†ุณุชุบูุฑู‡ ูˆู†ุชูˆุจ ุฅู„ูŠู‡ุŒ ูˆู†ุนูˆุฐ ุจุงู„ู„ู‡ ู…ู† ุดุฑูˆุฑ ุฃู†ูุณู†ุง ูˆุณูŠุฆุงุช ุฃุนู…ุงู„ู†ุงุŒ ู…ู† ูŠู‡ุฏ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ูู„ุง ู…ุถู„ ู„ู‡ุŒ ูˆู…ู† ูŠุถู„ู„ ูู„ุง ู‡ุงุฏูŠ ู„ู‡ุŒ ูˆุฃุดู‡ุฏ ุฃู† ู„ุง ุฅู„ู‡ ุฅู„ุง ุงู„ู„ู‡ ูˆุญุฏู‡ ู„ุง ุดุฑูŠูƒ ู„ู‡ุŒ ูˆุฃุดู‡ุฏ ุฃู† ู…ุญู…ุฏุง ุนุจุฏู‡ ูˆุฑุณูˆู„ู‡ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ุชุณู„ูŠู…ุง ูƒุซูŠุฑุง. ู€

In the Name of Allah, al-Rahman, al-Raheem.

All praise is due to Allah. We praise him, seek His assistance, ask for His forgiveness and repent to Him. And we seek refuge in Allah from the evil of our own selves and the evil of our deeds. Whomever Allah guides, none can misguide him, and whomever Allah leads astray, none can guide him. I bear witness that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah alone with no partners, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and messenger, may Allahโ€™s peace and abundant blessings be upon him.

ุฃู…ุง ุจุนุฏุŒ ูู‚ุฏ ูƒู†ุช ูƒุชุจุช ูƒุชุงุจุง ููŠ ุชูุณูŠุฑ ุงู„ู‚ุฑุขู† ู…ุจุณูˆุทุง ู…ุทูˆู„ุงุŒ ูŠู…ู†ุน ุงู„ู‚ุฑุงุก ู…ู† ุงู„ุงุณุชู…ุฑุงุฑ ุจู‚ุฑุงุกุชู‡ุŒ ูˆูŠูุชุฑ ุงู„ุนุฒู… ุนู† ู†ุดุฑู‡ุŒ ูุฃุดุงุฑ ุนู„ูŠ ุจุนุถ ุงู„ุนุงุฑููŠู† ุงู„ู†ุงุตุญูŠู† ุฃู† ุฃูƒุชุจ ูƒุชุงุจุง ุบูŠุฑ ู…ุทูˆู„ุŒ ูŠุญุชูˆูŠ ุนู„ู‰ ุฎู„ุงุตุฉ ุฐู„ูƒ ุงู„ุชูุณูŠุฑุŒ ูˆู†ู‚ุชุตุฑ ููŠู‡ ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ูƒู„ุงู… ุนู„ู‰ ุจุนุถ ุงู„ุขูŠุงุช ุงู„ุชูŠ ู†ุฎุชุงุฑู‡ุง ูˆู†ู†ุชู‚ูŠู‡ุง ู…ู† ุฌู…ูŠุน ู…ูˆุงุถูŠุน ุนู„ูˆู… ุงู„ู‚ุฑุขู† ูˆู…ู‚ุงุตุฏู‡ุŒ ูุงุณุชุนู†ุช ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ุนู…ู„ ุนู„ู‰ ู‡ุฐุง ุงู„ุฑุฃูŠ ุงู„ู…ูŠู…ูˆู†ุŒ ู„ุฃู…ูˆุฑ ูƒุซูŠุฑุฉ ู…ู†ู‡ุง: ุฃู†ู‡ ุจุฐู„ูƒ ูŠูƒูˆู† ู…ุชูŠุณุฑุง ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ู…ุดุชุบู„ูŠู†ุŒ ู…ุนูŠู†ุง ู„ู„ู‚ุงุฑุฆูŠู†ุŒ ูˆู…ู†ู‡ุง: ุฃู† ุงู„ู‚ุฑุขู† ุงู„ุนุธูŠู… ู„ูŠุณ ูƒุบูŠุฑู‡ ู…ู† ุงู„ูƒุชุจ ููŠ ุงู„ุชุฑุชูŠุจ ูˆุงู„ุชุจูˆูŠุจุŒ ู„ุฃู†ู‡ ุจู„ุบ ููŠ ุงู„ุจู„ุงุบุฉ ู†ู‡ุงูŠุชู‡ุงุŒ ูˆููŠ ุงู„ุญุณู† ุบุงูŠุชู‡ุŒ ูˆููŠ ุงู„ุฃุณู„ูˆุจ ุงู„ุจุฏูŠุนุŒ ูˆุงู„ุชุฃุซูŠุฑ ุงู„ุนุฌูŠุจ ู…ุง ู‡ูˆ ุฃูƒุจุฑ ุงู„ุฃุฏู„ุฉ ุนู„ู‰ ุฃู†ู‡ ูƒู„ุงู… ุงู„ู„ู‡ุŒ ูˆุชู†ุฒูŠู„ ู…ู† ุญูƒูŠู… ุญู…ูŠุฏุŒ ูุชุฌุฏู‡ ููŠ ุขูŠุฉ ูˆุงุญุฏุฉ ูŠุฌู…ุน ุจูŠู† ุงู„ูˆุณุงุฆู„ ูˆุงู„ู…ู‚ุงุตุฏุŒ ูˆุจูŠู† ุงู„ุฏู„ูŠู„ ูˆุงู„ู…ุฏู„ูˆู„ุŒ ูˆุจูŠู† ุงู„ุชุฑุบูŠุจ ูˆุงู„ุชุฑู‡ูŠุจุŒ ูˆุจูŠู† ุงู„ุนู„ูˆู… ุงู„ุฃุตูˆู„ูŠุฉ ูˆุงู„ูุฑูˆุนูŠุฉุŒ ูˆุจูŠู† ุงู„ุนู„ูˆู… ุงู„ุฏูŠู†ูŠุฉ ูˆุงู„ุฏู†ูŠูˆูŠุฉ ูˆุงู„ุฃุฎุฑูˆูŠุฉุŒ ูˆุจูŠู† ุงู„ุฃุบุฑุงุถ ุงู„ู…ุชุนุฏุฏุฉ ูˆุงู„ู…ู‚ุงุตุฏ ุงู„ู†ุงูุนุฉุŒ ูˆูŠุนูŠุฏ ุงู„ู…ุนุงู†ูŠ ุงู„ู†ุงูุนุฉ ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ุนุจุงุฏุŒ ู„ูŠุชู… ุนู„ู…ู‡ู…ุŒ ูˆุชูƒู…ู„ ู‡ุฏุงูŠุชู‡ู…ุŒ ูˆูŠุณุชู‚ูŠู… ุณูŠุฑู‡ู… ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ุตุฑุงุท ุงู„ู…ุณุชู‚ูŠู…ุŒ ุนู„ู…ุง ูˆุนู…ู„ุง. ู€

To proceed: I had previously authored a lengthy book on the explanations of the Qurโ€™an, one whose length prevented readers from continuing with it and broke their resolve to finish it. Some sincere and insightful people encouraged me to author another book on a smaller scale which would contain a summary of that tafsir, and that I should limit the scope of this work to certain ayaat which I would select to cover the various topics and themes of the contents of the Qurโ€™an. So I sought Allahโ€™s aid to follow through on this valuable advice for a number of reasons, one being that it would make things easier for those who are busy with other pursuits and would facilitate its reading.

Another reason is that the Qurโ€™an is not like other books when it comes to its arrangement and organization, as it is the apex of linguistic eloquence and noble purpose, as well as marvelous means of communication and the truly amazing impact that it has on readers, which is the greatest proof that it is Allahโ€™s speech and a revelation from the All-Wise and Most-Praiseworthy.

For in a single ayah, one could find both the means and the ends; both the evidence and the conclusion that it leads to; both encouragement and intimidation; both knowledge of core principles and secondary implications; knowledge of the religion, the worldly life, and the hereafter all together; both numerous goals and beneficial objectives. And these meanings bring about something beneficial for the slaves, for they complete oneโ€™s knowledge and perfect his guidance; they enable him to traverse the Straight Path in an upright manner both in terms of his knowledge and his actions.

ูุงู„ูˆู‚ูˆู ุนู„ู‰ ุชูุณูŠุฑ ุจุนุถ ุงู„ู‚ุฑุขู† ูŠุนูŠู† ุฃุนุธู… ุนูˆู† ุนู„ู‰ ู…ุนุฑูุฉ ุจุงู‚ูŠู‡ุŒ ูˆุงู„ู„ู‡ ุฌุนู„ู‡ ู…ุซุงู†ูŠ ุชุซู†ู‰ ููŠู‡ ุงู„ุนู„ูˆู… ุงู„ู†ุงูุนุฉุŒ ูˆุงู„ู…ุนุงู†ูŠ ุงู„ุฌู„ูŠู„ุฉ ุงู„ูƒุงู…ู„ุฉุŒ ูˆู‡ุฐุง ู…ู† ุชูŠุณูŠุฑู‡ ุชุนุงู„ู‰ ู„ูƒุชุงุจู‡ุŒ ู‚ุงู„ ุชุนุงู„ู‰: {ูˆูŽู„ูŽู‚ูŽุฏู’ ูŠูŽุณูŽู‘ุฑู’ู†ูŽุง ุงู„ู’ู‚ูุฑู’ุขู†ูŽ ู„ูู„ุฐูู‘ูƒู’ุฑู ููŽู‡ูŽู„ู’ ู…ูู†ู’ ู…ูุฏูŽู‘ูƒูุฑู} [ุงู„ู‚ู…ุฑ: 17] ูˆู…ู…ุง ูŠุฏุนูˆ ุฅู„ู‰ ู‡ุฐุง ู…ุง ุชุญุชูˆูŠ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ู‡ุฐู‡ ุงู„ู…ู‚ุฏู…ุฉ ุงู„ู…ุฐูƒูˆุฑุฉ ุจู‚ูˆู„ู†ุง. ู€

So the decision to limit this book to explaining only certain parts of the Qurโ€™an should serve as a great aid in understanding the remainder of the Qurโ€™an. Allah made this Qurโ€™an something oft-repeating, such that it frequently reiterates its beneficial information and its complete and perfect messages, and this is something that Allah has done to make His Book easy for us. Allah says:

ูˆูŽู„ูŽู‚ูŽุฏู’ ูŠูŽุณูŽู‘ุฑู’ู†ูŽุง ุงู„ู’ู‚ูุฑู’ุขู†ูŽ ู„ูู„ุฐูู‘ูƒู’ุฑู ููŽู‡ูŽู„ู’ ู…ูู† ู…ูู‘ุฏูŽู‘ูƒูุฑู

And Allah has made the Qurโ€™an easy for remembrance, so is there any who will remember it? [54:17]

So these reasons which I have mentioned here in this introduction were some of the factors which prompted me to write this work.

[Taysir al-Lateef al-Mannaan pg. 21-22]

Read the next chapter of this book here:ย How The Qurโ€™an Describes Itself: Tafsir al-Saโ€™di

If Allah allows, it is a long-term goal to translate this entire work. Significant portions have already been translated and published on this website at the time of this articleโ€™s publication,ย which you can explore here. We ask for Allahโ€™s assistance to complete the book.

For more similar content, see ourย Thematic Tafsir Article Index

See also:ย Thematic Tafsir: Sheikh Saalih Aal al-Sheikh

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How The Qurโ€™an Describes Itself: Tafsir al-Saโ€™di | Tulayhah