Golden rule in Islam: Love for humanity what you love for yourself


Golden rule in Islam: Love for humanity what you love for yourself


Mohamad Mostafa Nassar

Twitter:@NassarMohamadMR

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

The golden rule, or the ethics of reciprocity, is an Islamic moral principle that calls upon Muslims to treat others the way they would like to be treated. According to the Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy, the golden rule is defined as follows:

Any form of the dictum: Do unto others as you would have them do unto you. In some form this is found in almost all religions and ethical systems.

Source: Blackburn, Simon. โ€œGolden Rule.โ€

This principle was stated several times by our Prophet, so Muslims shouldย use it as a point of agreementย when sharing Islam with people of other religions.ย In fact, An-Nawawi states that this principle is theย root of all good character and manners.

The primary expression of this teaching is stated in the following authoritative tradition:

Anas ibn Malik reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

ู„ูŽุง ูŠูุคู’ู…ูู†ู ุฃูŽุญูŽุฏููƒูู…ู’ ุญูŽุชูŽู‘ู‰ ูŠูุญูุจูŽู‘ ู„ูุฃูŽุฎููŠู‡ู ุฃูŽูˆู’ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ู„ูุฌูŽุงุฑูู‡ู ู…ูŽุง ูŠูุญูุจูู‘ ู„ูู†ูŽูู’ุณูู‡ู

None of you has faith until he loves for his brother what he loves for himself.

Source: แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ al-Bukhฤrฤซ 13,ย Grade:ย Muttafaqunย Alayhi

Many scholars interpreted โ€œbrotherโ€ in this and other traditions to mean universal brotherhood that includes all of humanity.

An-Nawawi comments on this tradition, saying:

ย ุงู„ุฃูˆู„ู‰ ุฃู† ูŠุญู…ู„ ุฐู„ูƒ ุนู„ู‰ ุนู…ูˆู… ุงู„ุฃุฎูˆุฉ ุญุชู‰ ูŠุดู…ู„ ุงู„ูƒุงูุฑ ูˆุงู„ู…ุณู„ู… ููŠุญุจ ู„ุฃุฎูŠู‡ ุงู„ูƒุงูุฑ ู…ุง ูŠุญุจ ู„ู†ูุณู‡ ู…ู† ุฏุฎูˆู„ู‡ ููŠ ุงู„ุฅุณู„ุงู… ูƒู…ุง ูŠุญุจ ู„ุฃุฎูŠู‡ ุงู„ู…ุณู„ู… ุฏูˆุงู…ู‡ ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ุฅุณู„ุงู… ูˆู„ู‡ุฐุง ูƒุงู† ุงู„ุฏุนุงุก ุจุงู„ู‡ุฏุงูŠุฉ ู„ู„ูƒุงูุฑ ู…ุณุชุญุจุง ูˆุงู„ู…ุฑุงุฏ ุจุงู„ู…ุญุจุฉ ุฅุฑุงุฏุฉ ุงู„ุฎูŠุฑ ูˆุงู„ู…ู†ูุนุฉ ุซู… ุงู„ู…ุฑุงุฏ ุงู„ู…ุญุจุฉ ุงู„ุฏูŠู†ูŠุฉ ู„ุง ุงู„ู…ุญุจุฉ ุงู„ุจุดุฑูŠุฉ

This is interpreted as brotherhood in general, such that it includes the disbeliever and the Muslim. So he should love for his brother, the disbeliever, what he loves for himself which is his entering Islam, just as he should love for his brother Muslim that he remains in Islam.

For this reason, it is recommended to supplicate for the disbeliever to be guided. The meaning of love here is an intention for good and benefit, and this meaning is religious love, not human love.

Source: Sharแธฅ al-Arbaโ€™ฤซn 13

And Ibn Hajar Al-Haytami writes:

ูˆุงู„ุฐูŠ ูŠุธู‡ุฑ ุฃู† ุชุนุจูŠุฑู‡ ุจุงู„ุฃุฎ ุฌุฑูŠ ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ุบุงู„ุจ ู„ุฃู†ู‡ ูŠู†ุจุบูŠ ู„ูƒู„ ู…ุณู„ู… ุฃู† ูŠุญุจ ู„ู„ูƒูุงุฑ ุงู„ุฅุณู„ุงู… ูˆู…ุง ูŠุชูุฑุน ุนู„ูŠู‡ ู…ู† ุงู„ูƒู…ุงู„ุงุช โ€ฆ ู‚ูˆู„ู‡ ูŠุญุจ ู„ู†ูุณู‡ ุฃูŠ ู…ู† ุงู„ุฎูŠุฑ ููŠูƒูˆู† ู…ุนู‡ ูƒุงู„ู†ูุณ ุงู„ูˆุงุญุฏุฉ

What is apparent is that the use of the word brother is based upon its widest meaning, such that it is befitting for every Muslim to love for the unbeliever to have Islam and the virtues that derive from itโ€ฆ His saying to love for himself means of what is good, so that he will be together with them as if they were one person.

Source: al-Fatแธฅ al-Mubฤซn 1/305

And Hamza Muhammad Qasim writes:

ุงู„ุฃูˆู„ู‰ ุฃู† ูŠุญู…ู„ ู‚ูˆู„ู‡ ุญุชู‰ ูŠุญุจ ู„ุฃุฎูŠู‡ ุนู„ู‰ ุนู…ูˆู… ุงู„ุฃุฎูˆุฉ ุญุชู‰ ูŠุดู…ู„ ุงู„ูƒุงูุฑ ูˆ ุงู„ู…ุณู„ู… ููŠุญุจ ู„ุฃุฎูŠู‡ ุงู„ูƒุงูุฑ ู…ุง ูŠุญุจ ู„ู†ูุณู‡ ู…ู† ุงู„ุฏุฎูˆู„ ููŠ ุงู„ุฅุณู„ุงู… ูˆู„ุฐู„ูƒ ู†ุฏุจ ุงู„ุฏุนุงุก ู„ู‡ ุจุงู„ู‡ุฏุงูŠุฉ ูˆู‚ุฏ ูƒุงู† ุงู„ู†ุจูŠ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ูŠุฏุนูˆ ู„ูƒูุงุฑ ู‚ุฑูŠุด ุจุงู„ุฎูŠุฑ ูˆ ูŠุญุจู‡ ู„ู‡ู… ูˆ ูŠู‚ูˆู„ ุงู„ู„ู‡ู… ุงู‡ุฏ ู‚ูˆู…ูŠ ูุฅู†ู‡ู… ู„ุง ูŠุนู„ู…ูˆู† ูˆู…ู…ุง ูŠุคูƒุฏ ุฃู† ุงู„ู…ุฑุงุฏ ู…ุญุจุฉ ุงู„ุฎูŠุฑ ู„ู„ู†ุงุณ ุฌู…ูŠุนุงู‹ ู„ุง ูุฑู‚ ุจูŠู† ู…ุณู„ู… ูˆูƒุงูุฑ ู‚ูˆู„ู‡ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ุฃูุถู„ ุงู„ุฅูŠู…ุงู† ุฃู† ุชุญุจ ู„ู„ู†ุงุณ ู…ุง ุชุญุจ ู„ู†ูุณูƒ ูˆ ุชูƒุฑู‡ ู„ู‡ู… ู…ุง ุชูƒุฑู‡ ู„ู†ูุณูƒ

The Prophetโ€™s saying to love for his brother what he loves for himself is interpreted as universal brotherhood, such that it includes the disbeliever and the Muslim, and he should love for his brother the disbeliever what he loves for himself which is his entering Islam.

For this reason it is recommended to supplicate for their guidance. The Prophet invited the unbelievers of the Quraish to goodness and he loved good for them. He would say: O Allah, guide my people for they do not know. This confirms that the meaning is to love good for all people.

There is no difference between a Muslim and a disbeliever in his saying that the best faith is to love for people what you love for yourself and to hate for people what you hate for yourself.

Source: Manฤr al-Qฤrฤซ 1/91

In another narration, the Prophet said:

ู„ูŽุง ูŠูุคู’ู…ูู†ู ุฃูŽุญูŽุฏููƒูู…ู’ ุญูŽุชูŽู‘ู‰ ูŠูุญูุจูŽู‘ ู„ูุฃูŽุฎููŠู‡ู ุฃูŽูˆู’ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ู„ูุฌูŽุงุฑูู‡ู ู…ูŽุง ูŠูุญูุจูู‘ ู„ูู†ูŽูู’ุณูู‡ู

None of you has faith until he loves for his brother or his neighbor what he loves for himself.

Source: แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ Muslim 45, Grade:ย Sahih

And in another narration, the Prophet said:

ูˆูŽุงู„ูŽู‘ุฐููŠ ู†ูŽูู’ุณููŠ ุจููŠูŽุฏูู‡ู ู„ูŽุง ูŠูุคู’ู…ูู†ู ุนูŽุจู’ุฏูŒ ุญูŽุชูŽู‘ู‰ ูŠูุญูุจูŽู‘ ู„ูุฃูŽุฎููŠู‡ู ู…ูŽุง ูŠูุญูุจูู‘ ู„ูู†ูŽูู’ุณูู‡ู ู…ูู†ู’ ุงู„ู’ุฎูŽูŠู’ุฑู

By Him in whose Hand is my soul, a servant does not believe until he loves for his brother what he loves for himself of goodness.

Source: Sunan al-Nasฤโ€™ฤซ 5017, Grade:ย Sahih

And in another narration, the Prophet said:

ู„ูŽุง ูŠูŽุฌูุฏู ุฃูŽุญูŽุฏูŒ ุญูŽู„ูŽุงูˆูŽุฉูŽ ุงู„ู’ุฅููŠู…ูŽุงู†ู ุญูŽุชูŽู‘ู‰ ูŠูุญูุจูŽู‘ ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุฑู’ุกูŽ ู„ูŽุง ูŠูุญูุจูู‘ู‡ู ุฅูู„ูŽู‘ุง ู„ูู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู

None of you will find the sweetness of faith until he loves a person only for the sake of Allah.

Source: แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ al-Bukhฤrฤซ 5694,ย Grade:ย Muttafaqun Alayhi

And in another narration, the Prophet said:

ู„ูŽุง ูŠูุคู’ู…ูู†ู ุฃูŽุญูŽุฏููƒูู…ู’ ุญูŽุชูŽู‘ู‰ ูŠูุญูุจูŽู‘ ู„ูู„ู†ูŽู‘ุงุณู ู…ูŽุง ูŠูุญูุจูู‘ ู„ูู†ูŽูู’ุณูู‡ู ูˆูŽุญูŽุชูŽู‘ู‰ ูŠูุญูุจูŽู‘ ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุฑู’ุกูŽ ู„ูŽุง ูŠูุญูุจูู‘ู‡ู ุฅูู„ูŽู‘ุง ู„ูู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุนูŽุฒูŽู‘ ูˆูŽุฌูŽู„ูŽู‘

None of you has faith until he loves for the people what he loves for himself, and until he loves a person only for the sake of Allah the Exalted.

Source: Musnad Aแธฅmad 13463, Grade:ย Sahih

And in another narration, the Prophet said:

ู„ุง ูŠูŽุจู’ู„ูุบู ุนูŽุจู’ุฏูŒ ุญูŽู‚ููŠู‚ูŽุฉูŽ ุงู„ุฅููŠู…ูŽุงู†ู ุญูŽุชูŽู‘ู‰ ูŠูุญูุจูŽู‘ ู„ูู„ู†ูŽู‘ุงุณู ู…ูŽุง ูŠูุญูุจูู‘ ู„ูู†ูŽูู’ุณูู‡ู ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุฎูŽูŠู’ุฑู

The servant does not reach the reality of faith until he loves for the people what he loves for himself of goodness.

Source: แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ Ibn แธคibbฤn 238, Grade:ย Sahih

The reference to โ€œpeopleโ€ in this and other versions of this tradition indicate that this principle applies to all of humanity.

Al-Munawi writes:

ูˆู„ูุธ ุงู„ู†ุงุณ ูŠุดู…ู„ ุงู„ูƒูุงุฑ ููŠู†ุจุบูŠ ู„ูƒู„ ู…ุณู„ู… ุฃู† ูŠุญุจ ู„ู„ูƒุงูุฑ ุงู„ุฅุณู„ุงู… ูˆู…ุง ูŠุชูุฑุน ุนู„ูŠู‡ ู…ู† ุงู„ูƒู…ุงู„ุงุช

The use of the word people includes the unbeliever, so it is befitting for every Muslim to love for the unbeliever to have Islam and the virtues that derive from it.

Source: Fayแธ al-Qadฤซr 1/228

There are many traditions on the authority of several companions in which the Prophet taught us to treat people the way we would love to be treated, to hate for evil things to happen to others, and to spread peace on earth.

Abdullah ibn Amr reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

ู…ูŽู†ู’ ุฃูŽุญูŽุจูŽู‘ ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูุฒูŽุญู’ุฒูŽุญูŽ ุนูŽู†ู’ ุงู„ู†ูŽู‘ุงุฑู ูˆูŽูŠูŽุฏู’ุฎูู„ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽู†ูŽู‘ุฉูŽ ููŽู„ู’ุชูุฏู’ุฑููƒู’ู‡ู ู…ูŽู†ููŠูŽู‘ุชูู‡ู ูˆูŽู‡ููˆูŽ ูŠูุคู’ู…ูู†ู ุจูุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ู ุงู„ู’ุขุฎูุฑู ูˆูŽูŠูŽุฃู’ุชููŠ ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู†ูŽู‘ุงุณู ู…ูŽุง ูŠูุญูุจูู‘ ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูุคู’ุชูŽู‰ ุฅูู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู

Whoever would love to be delivered from the Hellfire and entered into Paradise, then let him die with faith in Allah and the Last Day, and let him treat the people the way he would love to be treated.

Source: แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ Muslim 1844,ย Grade:ย Sahih

An-Nawawi comments on this tradition, saying:

ู‡ูŽุฐูŽุง ู…ูู†ู’ ุฌูŽูˆูŽุงู…ูุนู ูƒูŽู„ูู…ูู‡ู ุตูŽู„ูŽู‘ู‰ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูˆูŽุณูŽู„ูŽู‘ู…ูŽ ูˆูŽุจูŽุฏููŠุนู ุญููƒูŽู…ูู‡ู ูˆูŽู‡ูŽุฐูู‡ู ู‚ูŽุงุนูุฏูŽุฉูŒ ู…ูู‡ูู…ูŽู‘ุฉูŒ ููŽูŠูŽู†ู’ุจูŽุบููŠ ุงู„ูุงุนู’ุชูู†ูŽุงุกู ุจูู‡ูŽุง ูˆูŽุฃูŽู†ูŽู‘ ุงู„ู’ุฅูู†ู’ุณูŽุงู†ูŽ ูŠูŽู„ู’ุฒูŽู…ู ุฃูŽู„ูŽู‘ุง ูŠูŽูู’ุนูŽู„ูŽ ู…ูŽุนูŽ ุงู„ู†ูŽู‘ุงุณู ุฅูู„ูŽู‘ุง ู…ูŽุง ูŠูุญูุจูู‘ ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูŽูู’ุนูŽู„ููˆู‡ู ู…ูŽุนูŽู‡ู

This is among the comprehensive sayings of the Prophet, his marvelous wisdom, and an important rule. It deserves to be given close attention, that the human being must not deal with people except in a way he would love to be treated by them.

Source: Sharแธฅ แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ Muslim 1844

Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

ู„ูŽุง ุชูŽุฏู’ุฎูู„ููˆู†ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽู†ูŽู‘ุฉูŽ ุญูŽุชูŽู‘ู‰ ุชูุคู’ู…ูู†ููˆุง ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ุชูุคู’ู…ูู†ููˆุง ุญูŽุชูŽู‘ู‰ ุชูŽุญูŽุงุจูู‘ูˆุง ุฃูŽูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ุฃูŽุฏูู„ูู‘ูƒูู…ู’ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุดูŽูŠู’ุกู ุฅูุฐูŽุง ููŽุนูŽู„ู’ุชูู…ููˆู‡ู ุชูŽุญูŽุงุจูŽุจู’ุชูู…ู’ ุฃูŽูู’ุดููˆุง ุงู„ุณูŽู‘ู„ูŽุงู…ูŽ ุจูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽูƒูู…ู’

You will not enter Paradise until you believe and you will not believe until you love each other. Shall I show you something that, if you did, you would love each other? Spread peace between yourselves.

Source: แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ Muslim 54,ย Grade:ย Sahih

In another narration, the Prophet said:

ูˆูŽุงู„ูŽู‘ุฐููŠ ู†ูŽูู’ุณููŠ ุจููŠูŽุฏูู‡ู ู„ุง ุชูŽุฏู’ุฎูู„ููˆุง ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽู†ูŽู‘ุฉูŽ ุญูŽุชูŽู‘ู‰ ุชูุณู’ู„ูู…ููˆุง ูˆูŽู„ุง ุชูุณู’ู„ูู…ููˆุง ุญูŽุชูŽู‘ู‰ ุชูŽุญูŽุงุจูู‘ูˆุงย  ูˆูŽุฃูŽูู’ุดููˆุง ุงู„ุณูŽู‘ู„ุงู…ูŽ ุชูŽุญูŽุงุจูู‘ูˆุง ูˆูŽุฅููŠูŽู‘ุงูƒูู…ู’ ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุจูุบู’ุถูŽุฉูŽ ููŽุฅูู†ูŽู‘ู‡ูŽุง ู‡ููŠูŽ ุงู„ู’ุญูŽุงู„ูู‚ูŽุฉู ู„ุง ุฃูŽู‚ููˆู„ู ู„ูŽูƒูู…ู’ ุชูŽุญู’ู„ูู‚ู ุงู„ุดูŽู‘ุนู’ุฑูŽ ูˆูŽู„ูŽูƒูู†ู’ ุชูŽุญู’ู„ูู‚ู ุงู„ุฏูู‘ูŠู†ูŽ

By the one in whose hand is my soul, you will not enter Paradise until you submit, and you will not submit until you love one another. Greet each other with peace and you will love one another. Beware of hatred, for it is the razor. I do not say it shaves hair, but rather it shaves away the religion.

Source: al-Adab al-Mufrad 260,ย Grade:ย Hasan

And in another narration, the Prophet said:

ูˆูŽุฃูŽุญูุจูŽู‘ ู„ูู„ู†ูŽู‘ุงุณู ู…ูŽุง ุชูุญูุจูู‘ ู„ูู†ูŽูู’ุณููƒูŽ ุชูŽูƒูู†ู’ ู…ูุคู’ู…ูู†ู‹ุง ูˆูŽุฃูŽุญู’ุณูู†ู’ ุฌููˆูŽุงุฑูŽ ู…ูŽู†ู’ ุฌูŽุงูˆูŽุฑูŽูƒูŽ ุชูŽูƒูู†ู’ ู…ูุณู’ู„ูู…ู‹ุง

Love for the people what you love for yourself and you will be a believer. Behave well with your neighbors and you will be a Muslim.

Source: Sunan Ibn Mฤjah 4217,ย Source:ย Sahih

And in another narration, the Prophet said:

ูˆูŽุฃูŽุญู’ุณูู†ู’ ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุฌูŽุงุฑููƒูŽ ุชูŽูƒูู†ู’ ู…ูุคู’ู…ูู†ู‹ุง ูˆูŽุฃูŽุญูุจูŽู‘ ู„ูู„ู†ูŽู‘ุงุณู ู…ูŽุง ุชูุญูุจูู‘ ู„ูู†ูŽูู’ุณููƒูŽ ุชูŽูƒูู†ู’ ู…ูุณู’ู„ูู…ู‹ุง

Be kind to your neighbor and you will be a believer. Love for the people what you love for yourself and you will be a Muslim.

Source: Sunan al-Tirmidhฤซ 2305,ย Grade:ย Hasan

Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

ุณูŽุฃูŽู„ูŽ ู…ููˆุณูŽู‰ ุฑูŽุจูŽู‘ู‡ู ูˆู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ููŽุฃูŽูŠูู‘ ุนูุจูŽุงุฏููƒูŽ ุฃูŽุญู’ูƒูู…ู ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุงู„ูŽู‘ุฐููŠ ูŠูŽุญู’ูƒูู…ู ู„ูู„ู†ูŽู‘ุงุณู ูƒูŽู…ูŽุง ูŠูŽุญู’ูƒูู…ู ู„ูู†ูŽูู’ุณูู‡ู ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ููŽุฃูŽูŠูู‘ ุนูุจูŽุงุฏููƒูŽ ุฃูŽุนูŽุฒูู‘ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุงู„ูŽู‘ุฐููŠ ุฅููุฐูŽุง ู‚ูŽุฏูŽุฑูŽ ุบูŽููŽุฑูŽ

Moses said: Who is the best in judgment of your servants? Allah said: Those who judge people as they would love to be judged themselves.ย Moses said: Who are the most honored of your servants? Allah said: Those who forgive when they have power over others.

Source: แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ Ibn แธคibbฤn 6352, Grade:ย Hasan

Az-Zubair ibn Awwam reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

ุฏูŽุจูŽู‘ ุฅูู„ูŽูŠู’ูƒูู…ู’ ุฏูŽุงุกู ุงู„ู’ุฃูู…ูŽู…ู ู‚ูŽุจู’ู„ูŽูƒูู…ู’ ุงู„ู’ุญูŽุณูŽุฏู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุจูŽุบู’ุถูŽุงุกู ู‡ููŠูŽ ุงู„ู’ุญูŽุงู„ูู‚ูŽุฉู ู„ูŽุง ุฃูŽู‚ููˆู„ู ุชูŽุญู’ู„ูู‚ู ุงู„ุดูŽู‘ุนูŽุฑูŽ ูˆูŽู„ูŽูƒูู†ู’ ุชูŽุญู’ู„ูู‚ู ุงู„ุฏูู‘ูŠู†ูŽ ูˆูŽุงู„ูŽู‘ุฐููŠ ู†ูŽูู’ุณููŠ ุจููŠูŽุฏูู‡ู ู„ูŽุง ุชูŽุฏู’ุฎูู„ููˆุง ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽู†ูŽู‘ุฉูŽ ุญูŽุชูŽู‘ู‰ ุชูุคู’ู…ูู†ููˆุง ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ุชูุคู’ู…ูู†ููˆุง ุญูŽุชูŽู‘ู‰ ุชูŽุญูŽุงุจูู‘ูˆุง ุฃูŽููŽู„ูŽุง ุฃูู†ูŽุจูู‘ุฆููƒูู…ู’ ุจูู…ูŽุง ูŠูุซูŽุจูู‘ุชู ุฐูŽุงูƒูู…ู’ ู„ูŽูƒูู…ู’ ุฃูŽูู’ุดููˆุง ุงู„ุณูŽู‘ู„ูŽุงู…ูŽ ุจูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽูƒูู…ู’

There have come to you the diseases of the nations before you: envy and hatred, and hatred is the razor. It shaves the religion and it does not shave hair.

By the one in whose hand is the soul of Muhammad, you will not believe until you love one another. Shall I tell you something which, if you did, you would love each other? Spread peace between yourselves.

Source: Musnad Aแธฅmad 1415,ย Grade:ย Sahih

Abdullah ibn Al-Muntafiq reported: He said, โ€œO Messenger of Allah, teach me what will save me from Allahโ€™s punishment and enter me into Paradise.โ€ The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

ุงุนู’ุจูุฏู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ูŽ ูˆูŽู„ุง ุชูุดู’ุฑููƒู’ ุจูู‡ู ุดูŽูŠู’ุฆู‹ุง ูˆูŽุฃูŽู‚ูู…ู ุงู„ุตูŽู‘ู„ุงุฉูŽ ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽูƒู’ุชููˆุจูŽุฉูŽ ูˆูŽุฃูŽุฏูู‘ ุงู„ุฒูŽู‘ูƒูŽุงุฉูŽ ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽูู’ุฑููˆุถูŽุฉูŽ ูˆูŽุญูุฌูŽู‘ ูˆูŽุงุนู’ุชูŽู…ูุฑู’ ูˆูŽุฃูŽุธูู†ูู‘ู‡ู ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ูˆูŽุตูู…ู’ ุฑูŽู…ูŽุถูŽุงู†ูŽ ูˆูŽุงู†ู’ุธูุฑู’ ู…ูŽุง ุชูุญูุจูู‘ ู„ูู„ู†ูŽู‘ุงุณู ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูŽุฃู’ุชููˆู‡ู ุฅูู„ูŽูŠู’ูƒูŽ ููŽุงูู’ุนูŽู„ู’ู‡ู ุจูู‡ูู…ู’ ูˆูŽู…ูŽุง ุชูŽูƒู’ุฑูŽู‡ู ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูŽุฃู’ุชููˆู‡ู ุฅูู„ูŽูŠู’ูƒูŽ ููŽุฐูŽุฑู’ู‡ูู…ู’ ู…ูู†ู’ู‡ู

Worship Allah and do not associate anything with Him. Establish the prescribed prayers, give the obligatory charity,ย fast the month of Ramadan. However you love for the people to treat you, then treat them that way. However you hate for the people to treat you, then do not treat them that way.

Source: al-Muโ€™jam al-Kabฤซr 15833, Grade:ย Sahih

Yazeed ibn Asad reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

ูŠูŽุง ูŠูŽุฒููŠุฏู ุฃูŽุญูุจูŽู‘ ู„ูู„ู†ูŽู‘ุงุณู ู…ูŽุง ุชูุญูุจูู‘ ู„ูู†ูŽูู’ุณููƒูŽ

O Yazeed, love for people what you love for yourself.

Source: Musnad Aแธฅmad 16220, Grade:ย Sahih

In another narration, the Prophetย said:

ุฃูŽุชูุญูุจูู‘ ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽู†ูŽู‘ุฉูŽ

Do you love Paradise?

Yazeed said yes. The Prophet said:

ููŽุฃูŽุญูุจูŽู‘ ู„ูุฃูŽุฎููŠูƒูŽ ู…ูŽุง ุชูุญูุจูู‘ ู„ูู†ูŽูู’ุณููƒูŽ

Then love for your brother what you love for yourself.

Source: Musnad Aแธฅmad 16219,ย Grade:ย Hasan

Abu Al-Mughirah reported: I said, โ€œO Messenger of Allah, tell me about a deed that will bring me near Paradise and distance me from the Hellfire.โ€ The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

ุชูู‚ููŠู…ู ุงู„ุตูŽู‘ู„ูŽุงุฉูŽ ูˆูŽุชูุคู’ุชููŠ ุงู„ุฒูŽู‘ูƒูŽุงุฉูŽ ูˆูŽุชูŽุญูุฌูู‘ ุงู„ู’ุจูŽูŠู’ุชูŽ ูˆูŽุชูŽุตููˆู…ู ุฑูŽู…ูŽุถูŽุงู†ูŽ ูˆูŽุชูุญูุจูู‘ ู„ูู„ู†ูŽู‘ุงุณู ู…ูŽุง ุชูุญูุจูู‘ ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูุคู’ุชูŽู‰ ุฅูู„ูŽูŠู’ูƒูŽ ูˆูŽุชูŽูƒู’ุฑูŽู‡ู ู„ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ู…ูŽุง ุชูŽูƒู’ุฑูŽู‡ู ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูุคู’ุชูŽู‰ ุฅูู„ูŽูŠู’ูƒูŽ

Establish the prayer, give the charity, perform pilgrimage to the House, fast the month of Ramadan, and love for people what you would love for yourself, and hate for people what you would hate for yourself.

Source: Musnad Aแธฅmad 15453, Grade:ย Hasan

Ibn Masโ€™ud reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

ููŽู…ูŽู†ู’ ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ูŠูุคู’ู…ูู†ู ุจูุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ู ุงู„ุขุฎูุฑู ููŽู„ู’ูŠูŽุฃู’ุชูู‡ู ู…ูŽู†ููŠูŽู‘ุชูู‡ู ูˆูŽู‡ููˆูŽ ูŠูŽุฃู’ุชููŠ ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู†ูŽู‘ุงุณู ู…ูŽุง ูŠูุญูุจูู‘ ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูุคู’ุชูŽู‰ ุฅูู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู

Whoever has faith in Allah and the Last Day, then let him meet his end while he treats people the way he would love to be treated.

Source: al-Muโ€™jam al-Kabฤซr 10370,ย Grade:ย Hasan

Muโ€™adh ibn Anas reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

ุฃูŽูู’ุถูŽู„ู ุงู„ู’ุฅููŠู…ูŽุงู†ู ุฃูŽู†ู’ ุชูุญูุจูŽู‘ ู„ูู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ูˆูŽุชูุจู’ุบูุถูŽ ูููŠ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ูˆูŽุชูุนู’ู…ูู„ูŽ ู„ูุณูŽุงู†ูŽูƒูŽ ูููŠ ุฐููƒู’ุฑู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู

The best faith is to love for the sake of Allah, to hate for the sake of Allah, and to work your tongue in the remembrance of Allah.

Muโ€™adh said, โ€œHow is it, O Messenger of Allah?โ€ The Prophet said:

ูˆูŽุฃูŽู†ู’ ุชูุญูุจูŽู‘ ู„ูู„ู†ูŽู‘ุงุณู ู…ูŽุง ุชูุญูุจูู‘ ู„ูู†ูŽูู’ุณููƒูŽ ูˆูŽุชูŽูƒู’ุฑูŽู‡ูŽ ู„ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ู…ูŽุง ุชูŽูƒู’ุฑูŽู‡ู ู„ูู†ูŽูู’ุณููƒูŽ ูˆูŽุฃูŽู†ู’ ุชูŽู‚ููˆู„ูŽ ุฎูŽูŠู’ุฑู‹ุง ุฃูŽูˆู’ ุชูŽุตู’ู…ูุชูŽ

That you love for the people what you love for yourself, and you hate for the people what you hate for yourself, and that you speak goodness or remain silent.

Source: Musnad Aแธฅmad 21627, Grade:ย Sahih li ghayri

Aisha reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

ุฃูŽุชูŽุฏู’ุฑููˆู†ูŽ ู…ูŽู†ู’ ุงู„ุณูŽู‘ุงุจูู‚ููˆู†ูŽ ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุธูู„ูู‘ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุนูŽุฒูŽู‘ ูˆูŽุฌูŽู„ูŽู‘ ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ูŽ ุงู„ู’ู‚ููŠูŽุงู…ูŽุฉู

Do you know who are the foremost to the shade of Allah the Exalted on the Day of Resurrection?

They said, โ€œAllah and his Messenger knows best.โ€ The Prophet said:

ุงู„ูŽู‘ุฐููŠู†ูŽ ุฅูุฐูŽุง ุฃูุนู’ุทููˆุง ุงู„ู’ุญูŽู‚ูŽู‘ ู‚ูŽุจูู„ููˆู‡ู ูˆูŽุฅูุฐูŽุง ุณูุฆูู„ููˆู‡ู ุจูŽุฐูŽู„ููˆู‡ู ูˆูŽุญูŽูƒูŽู…ููˆุง ู„ูู„ู†ูŽู‘ุงุณู ูƒูŽุญููƒู’ู…ูู‡ูู…ู’ ู„ูุฃูŽู†ู’ููุณูู‡ูู…ู’

They are those who accept the truth when they receive it, who offer the truth when they are asked for it, and who judge people the way they judge themselves.

Source: Musnad Aแธฅmad 23858,ย Grade:ย Hasan

An-Nuโ€™man ibn Basheer reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

ุงู„ู’ู…ูุณู’ู„ูู…ููˆู†ูŽ ูƒูŽุฑูŽุฌูู„ู ูˆูŽุงุญูุฏู ุฅูู†ู’ ุงุดู’ุชูŽูƒูŽู‰ ุนูŽูŠู’ู†ูู‡ู ุงุดู’ุชูŽูƒูŽู‰ ูƒูู„ูู‘ู‡ู ูˆูŽุฅูู†ู’ ุงุดู’ุชูŽูƒูŽู‰ ุฑูŽุฃู’ุณูู‡ู ุงุดู’ุชูŽูƒูŽู‰ ูƒูู„ูู‘ู‡ู

The Muslims are like a single man. If the eye is afflicted, then the whole body is afflicted. If the head is afflicted, then the whole body is afflicted.

Source: แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ Muslim 2586, Grade:ย Sahih

Al-Halimi commented on this tradition, saying:

ูˆูŽูƒูŽุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽ ูŠูŽู†ู’ุจูŽุบููŠ ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูŽูƒููˆู†ููˆุง ูˆูŽูƒูŽู…ูŽุง ู„ุง ูŠูุญูุจูู‘ ุฃูŽุญูŽุฏูŒ ู„ุฅูุญู’ุฏูŽู‰ ูŠูŽุฏูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ุฅูู„ุง ู…ูŽุง ูŠูุญูุจูู‘ ู„ูู„ุฃูุฎู’ุฑูŽู‰ ูˆูŽู„ุง ู„ุฅูุญู’ุฏูŽู‰ ุนูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ุฃูŽูˆู’ ุฑูุฌู’ู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ุฃูŽูˆู’ ุฃูุฐูู†ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ุฅูู„ุง ู…ูŽุง ูŠูุญูุจูู‘ ู„ูู„ุฃูุฎู’ุฑูŽู‰ ููŽูƒูŽุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽ ูŠูŽู†ู’ุจูŽุบููŠ ู„ูŽู‡ู ุฃูŽู†ู’ ู„ุง ูŠูุญูุจูŽู‘ ู„ุฃูŽุฎููŠู‡ู ุงู„ู’ู…ูุณู’ู„ูู…ู ุฅูู„ุง ู…ูŽุง ูŠูุญูุจูู‘ ู„ูู†ูŽูู’ุณูู‡ู

It is befitting for them to be like that. As one hand would not love but what the other loves, and one eye or one leg or one ear would not love but what the other loves. Likewise, he should not love for his Muslim brother except what he loves for himself.

Source: Shuโ€™b al-Imฤn 10379

Ali ibn Abi Talib reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

ู„ูู„ู’ู…ูุณู’ู„ูู…ู ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู’ู…ูุณู’ู„ูู…ู ุณูุชูŽู‘ุฉูŒ ุจูุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุนู’ุฑููˆูู ูŠูุณูŽู„ูู‘ู…ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ุฅูุฐูŽุง ู„ูŽู‚ููŠูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽูŠูุฌููŠุจูู‡ู ุฅูุฐูŽุง ุฏูŽุนูŽุงู‡ู ูˆูŽูŠูุดูŽู…ูู‘ุชูู‡ู ุฅูุฐูŽุง ุนูŽุทูŽุณูŽ ูˆูŽูŠูŽุนููˆุฏูู‡ู ุฅูุฐูŽุง ู…ูŽุฑูุถูŽ ูˆูŽูŠูŽุชู’ุจูŽุนู ุฌูู†ูŽุงุฒูŽุชูŽู‡ู ุฅูุฐูŽุง ู…ูŽุงุชูŽ ูˆูŽูŠูุญูุจูู‘ ู„ูŽู‡ู ู…ูŽุง ูŠูุญูุจูู‘ ู„ูู†ูŽูู’ุณูู‡ู

A Muslim has six rights over another Muslim regarding good conduct: to greet him with peace when he meets him, to respond to his invitation, to respond to his sneeze, to visit him when he is sick, to follow his funeral prayer when he dies, and to love for him what he loves for himself.

Source: Sunan al-Tirmidhฤซ 2736, Grade:ย Hasan

Abu Umamah reported: A young man came to the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, and he said, โ€œO Messenger of Allah, give me permission to commit adultery.โ€ ย 

The Prophet said:

ุฃูŽุชูุญูุจูู‘ู‡ู ู„ูุฃูู…ูู‘ูƒูŽ

Would you like that for your mother?

The man said, โ€œNo, by Allah, may I be sacrificed for you. People would not like it for their mothers.โ€

The Prophet said:

ุฃูŽููŽุชูุญูุจูู‘ู‡ู ู„ูุงุจู’ู†ูŽุชููƒูŽ

Would you like that for your daughter?

The man said, โ€œNo, by Allah, may I be sacrificed for you. People would not like it for their daughters.โ€ The Prophet said:

ุฃูŽููŽุชูุญูุจูู‘ู‡ู ู„ูุฃูุฎู’ุชููƒูŽ

Would you like that for your sister?

The man said, โ€œNo, by Allah, may I be sacrificed for you. People would not like it for their sisters.โ€ The Prophet said:

ุฃูŽููŽุชูุญูุจูู‘ู‡ู ู„ูุนูŽู…ูŽู‘ุชููƒูŽ

Would you like that for your aunts?

The man said, โ€œNo, by Allah, may I be sacrificed for you. People would not like it for their aunts.โ€ The Prophet placed his hand on him and he said:

ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ูู…ูŽู‘ ุงุบู’ููุฑู’ ุฐูŽู†ู’ุจูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽุทูŽู‡ูู‘ุฑู’ ู‚ูŽู„ู’ุจูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽุญูŽุตูู‘ู†ู’ ููŽุฑู’ุฌูŽู‡ู

O Allah, forgive his sins, purify his heart, and guard his chastity.

Source: Musnad Aแธฅmad 21708,ย Grade:ย Sahih

In another narration, the Prophet said to him:

ููŽุงูƒู’ุฑูŽู‡ู’ ู…ูŽุง ูƒูŽุฑูู‡ูŽ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ูˆูŽุฃูŽุญูุจูŽู‘ ู„ุฃูŽุฎููŠูƒูŽ ู…ูŽุง ุชูุญูุจูู‘ ู„ูู†ูŽูู’ุณููƒูŽ

Then hate what Allah has hated, and love for your brother what you love for yourself.

Source: Sunan al-Kubrฤ 17025, Grade: Sahih

Abu Dharr reported: I said, โ€œO Messenger of Allah, will you not appoint me as a leader?โ€ The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

ูŠูŽุง ุฃูŽุจูŽุง ุฐูŽุฑูู‘ ุฅูู†ูู‘ูŠ ุฃูŽุฑูŽุงูƒูŽ ุถูŽุนููŠูู‹ุง ูˆูŽุฅูู†ูู‘ูŠ ุฃูุญูุจูู‘ ู„ูŽูƒูŽ ู…ูŽุง ุฃูุญูุจูู‘ ู„ูู†ูŽูู’ุณููŠ ู„ูŽุง ุชูŽุฃูŽู…ูŽู‘ุฑูŽู†ูŽู‘ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุงุซู’ู†ูŽูŠู’ู†ู ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ุชูŽูˆูŽู„ูŽู‘ูŠูŽู†ูŽู‘ ู…ูŽุงู„ูŽ ูŠูŽุชููŠู…ู

O Abu Dharr, I see you are weak and I love for you what I love for myself. Do not command even two people and do not manage the property of an orphan.

Source: แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ Muslim 1825,ย Grade:ย Sahih

All of these traditions and others led to the development among the righteous predecessors (as-salaf as-salih) of the principle that Muslims shouldย hate sin but love the sinner.

Anas ibn Malik reported: I went out with a man to the market and some merchandise was being sold, so I bartered with him. The seller said, โ€œThirty coins.โ€ The man thought to himself and said, โ€œI will take it for forty coins.โ€

The seller said, โ€œWhat makes you say this when I would give it to you for less?โ€ The man thought to himself again and he said, โ€œI will take it for fifty coins.โ€ The seller said, โ€œWhat makes you say this when I would give it to you for less?โ€ The man said:

ุฅูู†ูู‘ูŠ ุณูŽู…ูุนู’ุชู ุฑูŽุณููˆู„ูŽ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุตูŽู„ูŽู‘ู‰ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูˆูŽุณูŽู„ูŽู‘ู…ูŽ ูŠูŽู‚ููˆู„ู ู„ูŽุง ูŠูุคู’ู…ูู†ู ุนูŽุจู’ุฏูŒ ุญูŽุชูŽู‘ู‰ ูŠูุญูุจูŽู‘ ู„ูุฃูŽุฎููŠู‡ู ู…ูŽุง ูŠูุญูุจูู‘ ู„ูู†ูŽูู’ุณูู‡ู ูˆูŽุฃูŽู†ูŽุง ุฃูŽุฑูŽู‰ ุฃูŽู†ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุตูŽุงู„ูุญูŒ ุจูุฎูŽู…ู’ุณููŠู†ูŽ

I heard the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, say that a servant does not have faith until he loves for his brother what he loves for himself, and I thought you would do better with fifty coins.

Source: Musnad al-Bazzฤr 7548,ย Grade:ย Sahih

Ammar ibn Nusair reported: Jesus the son of Mary, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

ูŠูŽุงุจู’ู†ูŽ ุขุฏูŽู…ูŽ ูƒูู†ู’ ูˆูŽุฏููŠุนู‹ุง ูŠูุญูุจูŽู‘ูƒูŽ ุงู„ู†ูŽู‘ุงุณู ูˆูŽุงุฑู’ุถูŽ ุจูู…ูŽุง ู‚ูŽุณูŽู…ูŽ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ู„ูŽูƒูŽ ุชูŽูƒูู†ู’ ุฃูŽุบู’ู†ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู†ูŽู‘ุงุณู ูˆูŽุฃูŽุญูุจูŽู‘ ู„ูู„ู†ูŽู‘ุงุณู ู…ูŽุง ุชูุญูุจูู‘ ู„ูู†ูŽูู’ุณููƒูŽ ุชูŽูƒูู†ู’ ู…ูุคู’ู…ูู†ู‹ุง ูˆูŽู„ุง ุชูุคู’ุฐู ุฌูŽุงุฑูŽูƒูŽ ุชูŽูƒูู†ู’ ู…ูุณู’ู„ูู…ู‹ุง ูˆูŽู„ุง ุชููƒู’ุซูุฑู ุงู„ุถูŽู‘ุญููƒูŽ ููŽุฅูู†ูŽู‘ู‡ู ูŠูู…ููŠุชู ุงู„ู’ู‚ูŽู„ู’ุจูŽ

O son of Adam, be disinterested in what people own and they will love you, be content with what Allah has allotted for you and you will be the wealthiest of people, love for people what you love for yourself and you will be a believer, do not harm your neighbor and you will be a Muslim, and do not laugh too much as it will deaden the heart.

Source:ย Tฤrฤซkh Dimashq 51199

Ibn Asakir reported: Saโ€™eed ibn Amir said to Umar ibn Al-Khattab, may Allah be pleased with him:

ูŠูŽุง ุฃูŽู…ููŠุฑูŽ ุงู„ู’ู…ูุคู’ู…ูู†ููŠู†ูŽ ุงุฎู’ุดูŽ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ูŽ ูููŠ ุงู„ู†ูŽู‘ุงุณู ูˆูŽู„ุง ุชูŽุฎู’ุดูŽ ุงู„ู†ูŽู‘ุงุณูŽ ูููŠ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ูˆูŽุฃูŽุญูุจูŽู‘ ู„ูู„ู’ู…ูุณู’ู„ูู…ููŠู†ูŽ ู…ูŽุง ุชูุญูุจูู‘ ู„ูู†ูŽูู’ุณููƒูŽ ูˆูŽุฃูŽู‡ู’ู„ู ุจูŽูŠู’ุชููƒูŽ ูˆูŽุงูƒู’ุฑูŽู‡ู’ ู„ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ู…ูŽุง ุชูŽูƒู’ุฑูŽู‡ู ู„ูู†ูŽูู’ุณููƒูŽ ูˆูŽุฃูŽู‡ู’ู„ู ุจูŽูŠู’ุชููƒูŽ

O commander of the faithful! Fear Allah regarding people, yet do not fear people regarding Allah. Love for the Muslims what you love for yourself and your household, and hate for them what you hate for yourself and your household.

Source:ย Tฤrฤซkh Dimashq 20103

Umar ibn Al-Khattab, may Allah be pleased with him, said:

ู„ูู…ูŽ ุชูŽู…ู’ู†ูŽุนู ุฃูŽุฎูŽุงูƒูŽ ู…ูŽุง ูŠูŽู†ู’ููŽุนูู‡ู ูˆูŽู‡ููˆูŽ ู„ูŽูƒูŽ ู†ูŽุงููุนูŒ

Why would you prevent your brother from what benefits him, while you yourself benefit from it?

Source: Sunan al-Kubrฤ 10985, Grade:ย Sahih

Ali ibn Abi Talib, may Allah be pleased with him, said:

ู…ูŽู†ู’ ุฃูŽุฑูŽุงุฏูŽ ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูŽู†ู’ุตูููŽ ุงู„ู†ูŽู‘ุงุณูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ ู†ูŽูู’ุณูู‡ู ููŽู„ู’ูŠูุญูุจูŽู‘ ู„ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ู…ูŽุง ูŠูุญูุจูŽู‘ ู„ูู†ูŽูู’ุณูู‡ู

Whoever intends from himself to be fair to people, then let him love for them as he loves for himself.

Source: Tฤrฤซkh Dimashq 44955

Ibnย Masโ€™ud, may Allah be pleased with him, said:

ู…ูŽู†ู’ ุฃูŽุญูŽุจูŽู‘ ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูู†ู’ุตูููŽ ุงู„ู†ูŽู‘ุงุณูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ ู†ูŽูู’ุณูู‡ู , ููŽู„ู’ูŠูŽุฃู’ุชู ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู†ูŽู‘ุงุณู ู…ูŽุง ูŠูุญูุจูู‘ ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูุคู’ุชูŽู‰ ุฅูู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู

Whoever would love for himself to be just with people, then let him treat people the way he would love to be treated.

Source:ย Shuโ€™b al-Imฤn 10375

Ibn Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, said:

ุฅูู†ูู‘ูŠ ู„ูŽุฃูŽู…ูุฑูู‘ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู’ุขูŠูŽุฉู ู…ูู†ู’ ูƒูุชูŽุงุจู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ููŽุฃูŽูˆูŽุฏูู‘ ุฃูŽู†ูŽู‘ ุงู„ู†ูŽู‘ุงุณูŽ ูƒูู„ูŽู‘ู‡ูู…ู’ ูŠูŽุนู’ู„ูŽู…ููˆู†ูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ู‡ูŽุง ู…ูŽุง ุฃูŽุนู’ู„ูŽู…ู

Verily, I will pass over a verse from the Book of Allah and I would love for all of the people to know it as I know it.

Source:ย Jฤmiโ€™ al-โ€˜Ulลซm wal-แธคikam 13

Muโ€™adh ibn Jabal, may Allah be pleased with him, said:

ู„ูŽุง ูŠูŽุจู’ู„ูุบู ุนูŽุจู’ุฏูŒ ุฐูุฑูŽู‰ ุงู„ู’ุฅููŠู…ูŽุงู†ู ุญูŽุชูŽู‘ู‰ ูŠูŽูƒููˆู†ูŽ ุงู„ุชูŽู‘ูˆูŽุงุถูุนู ุฃูŽุญูŽุจูŽู‘ ุฅูู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ุดูŽู‘ุฑูŽูู ูˆูŽู…ูŽุง ู‚ูŽู„ูŽู‘ ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ุฏูู‘ู†ู’ูŠูŽุง ุฃูŽุญูŽุจูŽู‘ ุฅูู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ู…ูู…ูŽู‘ุง ูƒูŽุซูุฑูŽ ูˆูŽูŠูŽูƒููˆู†ู ู…ูŽู†ู’ ุฃูŽุญูŽุจูŽู‘ ูˆูŽุฃูŽุจู’ุบูŽุถูŽ ูููŠ ุงู„ู’ุญูŽู‚ูู‘ ุณูŽูˆูŽุงุกู‹ ูŠูŽุญู’ูƒูู…ู ู„ูู„ู†ูŽู‘ุงุณู ูƒูŽู…ูŽุง ูŠูŽุญู’ูƒูู…ู ู„ูู†ูŽูู’ุณูู‡ู ูˆูŽุฃูŽู‡ู’ู„ู ุจูŽูŠู’ุชูู‡ู

A servant will not reach the heights of faith until humility is more beloved to him than nobility, until less in the world is more beloved to him than more, until it is the same whether he is loved or hated for the truth, and until he judges people the way he would love to be judged for himself and his household.

Source:ย al-Zuhd li-Ibn แธคammฤd 191

Abdullah Al-Hashimi reported: I came to Tawus, may Allah have mercy on him, and he said to me, โ€œWould you like me to summarize in this sitting all of the Torah, the Gospel, the Psalms, and the Quran?โ€ I said yes. Tawus said:

ุฎูŽูู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ูŽ ุชูŽุนูŽุงู„ูŽู‰ ู…ูŽุฎูŽุงููŽุฉู‹ ู„ุง ูŠูŽูƒููˆู†ู ุนูู†ู’ุฏูŽูƒูŽ ุดูŽูŠู’ุกูŒ ุฃูŽุฎู’ูˆูŽููŽ ู…ูู†ู’ู‡ู ูˆูŽุงุฑู’ุฌูู‡ู’ ุฑูŽุฌูŽุงุกู‹ ู‡ููˆูŽ ุฃูŽุดูŽุฏูู‘ ู…ูู†ู’ ุฎูŽูˆู’ูููƒูŽ ุฅููŠูŽู‘ุงู‡ู ูˆูŽุฃูŽุญูุจูŽู‘ ู„ูู„ู†ูŽู‘ุงุณู ู…ูŽุง ุชูุญูุจูู‘ ู„ูู†ูŽูู’ุณููƒูŽ

Fear Allah the Exalted more than anything else, hope in Allah more intensely than you fear him, and love for people what you love for yourself.

Source:ย Hilyat al-Awliyฤ 4693

Hasan Al-Basri, may Allah have mercy on him, said:

ุฃูŽู†ูŽู‘ ู…ููˆุณูŽู‰ ุตูŽู„ูŽู‘ู‰ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูˆูŽุณูŽู„ูŽู‘ู…ูŽ ุณูŽุฃูŽู„ูŽ ุฑูŽุจูŽู‘ู‡ู ุฌูู…ูŽุงุนู‹ุง ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุฎูŽูŠู’ุฑู ููŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุงุตู’ุญูŽุจู ุงู„ู†ูŽู‘ุงุณูŽ ุจูู…ูŽุง ุชูุญูุจูู‘ ุฃูŽู†ู’ ุชูุตู’ุญูŽุจูŽ ุจูู‡ู

Moses, peace and blessings be upon him, asked his Lord about what encompasses all goodness. Allah said: Be a companion to people in the way you would love to be accompanied yourself.

Source:ย Shuโ€™b al-Imฤn 10374

Fadalah ibn Ubaid reported: David, peace be upon him, asked his Lord the Exalted about the most beloved peopleย to him. Allah said:

ุฐููˆ ุณูู„ู’ุทูŽุงู†ู ูŠูŽุฑู’ุญูŽู…ู ุงู„ู†ูŽู‘ุงุณูŽ ูˆูŽูŠูŽุญู’ูƒูู…ู ู„ูู„ู†ูŽู‘ุงุณู ูƒูŽู…ูŽุง ูŠูŽุญู’ูƒูู…ู ู„ูู†ูŽูู’ุณูู‡ู

Among them is a ruler who is merciful with people and he judges for people as he would judge himself.

Source:ย al-Zuhd wal-Raqฤโ€™iq 471

Ibn Al-Mubarak reported: Maymun ibn Mihran wrote to Yunus ibn Ubaid, saying, โ€œI would love for you to write to me about what you do that I might do it.โ€ Yunus wrote back to him, saying:

ุฅูู†ูู‘ูŠ ุฌูŽู‡ูŽุฏู’ุชู ุจูู†ูŽูู’ุณููŠ ุฃูŽู†ู’ ุชูุญูุจูŽู‘ ู„ูู„ู†ูŽู‘ุงุณู ู…ูŽุง ุชูุญูุจูู‘ ู„ูŽู‡ูŽุง ูˆูŽุชูŽูƒู’ุฑูŽู‡ู ู„ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ู…ูŽุง ุชูŽูƒู’ุฑูŽู‡ู ู„ูŽู‡ูŽุง

Verily, I strive for my soul to love for people what it loves for itself, and to hate for people what it hates for itself.

Al-Halimi, may Allah have mercy on him, said:

ูˆูŽู„ุง ูŠูŽู†ู’ุจูŽุบููŠ ู„ูู…ูุณู’ู„ูู…ู ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูŽุชูŽู…ูŽู†ูŽู‘ู‰ ุจูู‚ูŽู„ู’ุจูู‡ู ู„ุฃูŽุฎููŠู‡ู ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ุดูŽู‘ุฑูู‘ ู…ูŽุง ูŠูŽูƒู’ุฑูŽู‡ู ู„ูู†ูŽูู’ุณูู‡ู ุฃูŽูˆู’ ูŠูŽูƒู’ุฑูŽู‡ู ู„ูŽู‡ู ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุฎูŽูŠู’ุฑู ู…ูŽุง ูŠูŽุชูŽู…ูŽู†ูŽู‘ุงู‡ู ูˆูŽูŠูุญูุจูู‘ู‡ู ู„ูู†ูŽูู’ุณูู‡ู

It is not befitting for a Muslim to wish evil in his heart for his brother that he would hate for himself, or to hate good that he wishes and loves for himself.

Source:ย Shuโ€™b al-Imฤn 10379

Qatadah, may Allah have mercy on him, said:

ุงุนู’ุฏูู„ู’ ูŠูŽุง ุงุจู’ู†ูŽ ุขุฏูŽู…ูŽ ูƒูŽู…ูŽุง ุชูุญูุจูู‘ ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูุนู’ุฏูŽู„ูŽ ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ูƒูŽ ูˆูŽุฃูŽูˆู’ูู ูƒูŽู…ูŽุง ุชูุญูุจูู‘ ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠููˆูŽููŽู‘ู‰ ู„ูŽูƒูŽ ููŽุฅูู†ูŽู‘ ุจูุงู„ู’ุนูŽุฏู’ู„ู ุตูŽู„ูŽุงุญูŽ ุงู„ู†ูŽู‘ุงุณู

O son of Adam, be just as you would love justice for yourself and fulfill the measure as you would love for it to be fulfilled for yourself. Verily, with justice is the well-being of people.

Source:ย Tafsฤซr al-แนฌabarฤซ 55:8

Hudhaifa ibn Qatadah, may Allah have mercy on him, said:

ุซูŽู„ุงุซู ุฎูุตูŽุงู„ู ุฅูู†ู’ ูƒูู†ูŽู‘ ูููŠูƒูŽ ู„ูŽู…ู’ ูŠูŽู†ู’ุฒูู„ู’ ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ุณูŽู‘ู…ูŽุงุกู ุฎูŽูŠู’ุฑูŒ ุฅูู„ุง ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ู„ูŽูƒูŽ ูููŠู‡ู ู†ูŽุตููŠุจูŒ ูŠูŽูƒููˆู†ู ุนูŽู…ูŽู„ููƒูŽ ู„ูู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ูˆูŽุชูุญูุจูู‘ ู„ูู„ู†ูŽู‘ุงุณู ู…ูŽุง ุชูุญูุจูู‘ ู„ูู†ูŽูู’ุณููƒูŽ ูˆูŽู‡ูŽุฐูู‡ู ุงู„ู’ูƒูŽุณู’ุฑูŽุฉู ุชูŽุญูŽุฑูŽู‘ ูููŠู‡ูŽุง ู…ูŽุง ู‚ูŽุฏูŽุฑู’ุชูŽ

If you have three qualities, then no good will descend from the heavens but that you will have a share of it: that your deeds be for the sake of Allah, that you love for people what you love for yourself, and that you are careful with food as much as you can.

Source:ย Hilyat al-Awliyฤ 12570

Ash-Shafiโ€™ee, may Allah have mercy on him, said:

ู…ูŽุง ู†ูŽุงุธูŽุฑู’ุชู ุฃูŽุญูŽุฏู‹ุง ููŽุฃูŽุญู’ุจูŽุจู’ุชู ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูุฎู’ุทูุฆูŽ ูˆูŽู…ูŽุง ูููŠ ู‚ูŽู„ู’ุจููŠ ู…ูู†ู’ ุนูู„ู’ู…ู ุฅูู„ุง ูˆูŽุฏูุฏู’ุชู ุฃูŽู†ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุนูู†ู’ุฏูŽ ูƒูู„ูู‘ ุฃูŽุญูŽุฏู ูˆูŽู„ุง ูŠูู†ู’ุณูŽุจู ุฅูู„ูŽูŠูŽู‘

I never debated anyone while desiring them to be wrong. There is no knowledge in my heart except that I would love for everyone to have it and attribute none of it to me.

Source:ย ฤ€dฤb al-Shฤfiโ€™ฤซ 78

Ibn โ€˜Asฤkir reported: Abu Al-Hasan Al-Bushanji, may Allah have mercy on him, was asked about chivalry and he said:

ุงู„ู’ููŽุชู’ูˆูŽุฉู ุนูู†ู’ุฏูŽูƒูŽ ูููŠ ุขูŠูŽุฉู ู…ูู†ู’ ูƒูุชูŽุงุจู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ูˆูŽุฎูŽุจูŽุฑู ุนูŽู†ู ุงู„ู†ูŽู‘ุจููŠูู‘ ุตูŽู„ูŽู‘ู‰ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูˆูŽุณูŽู„ูŽู‘ู…ูŽ ุŒ ููŽุฃูŽู…ูŽู‘ุง ู‚ูŽูˆู’ู„ู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุชูŽุนูŽุงู„ูŽู‰ย ูŠูุญูุจูู‘ูˆู†ูŽ ู…ูŽู†ู’ ู‡ูŽุงุฌูŽุฑูŽ ุฅูู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ูู…ู’ ูˆูŽู„ุง ูŠูŽุฌูุฏููˆู†ูŽ ูููŠ ุตูุฏููˆุฑูู‡ูู…ู’ ุญูŽุงุฌูŽุฉู‹ ู…ูู…ูŽู‘ุง ุฃููˆุชููˆุง ูˆูŽูŠูุคู’ุซูุฑููˆู†ูŽ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุฃูŽู†ู’ููุณูู‡ูู…ู’ ูˆูŽู„ูŽูˆู’ ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ุจูู‡ูู…ู’ ุฎูŽุตูŽุงุตูŽุฉูŒย ูˆูŽุฎูŽุจูŽุฑู ุงู„ู†ูŽู‘ุจููŠูู‘ ุตูŽู„ูŽู‘ู‰ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูˆูŽุณูŽู„ูŽู‘ู…ูŽย ู„ุง ูŠูุคู’ู…ูู†ู ุงู„ู’ุนูŽุจู’ุฏู ุญูŽุชูŽู‘ู‰ ูŠูุญูุจูŽู‘ ู„ุฃูŽุฎููŠู‡ู ู…ูŽุง ูŠูุญูุจูู‘ ู„ูู†ูŽูู’ุณูู‡ูย ูŠูŽุนู’ู†ููŠ ู…ูู†ู’ ุฎูŽูŠู’ุฑู ูˆูŽูŠูŽูƒู’ุฑูŽู‡ูŽ ู„ุฃูŽุฎููŠู‡ู ู…ูŽุง ูŠูŽูƒู’ุฑูŽู‡ู ู„ูู†ูŽูู’ุณูู‡ู ููŽู…ูŽู†ู ุงุฌู’ุชูŽู…ูŽุนูŽ ูููŠู‡ู ู‡ูŽุงุชูŽุงู†ู ุงู„ู’ุญูŽุงู„ูŽุชูŽุงู†ู ููŽู„ูŽู‡ู ุงู„ู’ููŽุชู’ูˆูŽุฉู

Chivalry is with you in a verse from the Book of Allah and a report from the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him. As for the saying of Allah, it is:ย They love those who emigrated to them and do not find any want in their hearts for what they were given, for they prefer them over their own selves even though they were in deprivation.(59:9)

As for the report of the Prophet, it is:ย No servant has faith until he loves for his brother what he loves for himself. It means to love what is good, and to hate for his brother what he hates for himself. Whoever combines these two traits will beย chivalrous.

Source:ย Tฤrฤซkh Dimashq 42964

Al-Ghazฤlฤซ reported: Ibn Al-Muqaffa heard that some people complained of the many rats in his house. It was said to him, โ€œIf only you had a cat!โ€

Ibn Al-Muqaffa said:

ุฃุฎุดู‰ ุฃู† ูŠุณู…ุน ุงู„ูุฃุฑ ุตูˆุช ุงู„ู‡ุฑ ููŠู‡ุฑุจ ุฅู„ู‰ ุฏูˆุฑ ุงู„ุฌูŠุฑุงู† ูุฃูƒูˆู† ู‚ุฏ ุฃุญุจุจุช ู„ู‡ู… ู…ุง ู„ุง ุฃุญุจ ู„ู†ูุณูŠ

I am afraid that the rats would hear the sound of the cat and flee to the houses of my neighbors, for then I would have loved for them what I do not love for myself.

Source:ย Iแธฅyฤสผ Ulลซm al-Dฤซn 2/213

Ibrahim ibn Adham reported: Were passing through some cities and I saw two people among the ascetics on a journey. One of them said to the other, โ€œO brother, what do the people who love Allah inherit from their beloved?โ€

The other said, โ€œThey inherit insight from the light of Allah the Exalted and compassion for those who disobey Allah.โ€ I said, โ€œHow can he have compassion for people who contradict their beloved?โ€ He looked to me and said:

ู…ูŽู‚ูŽุชูŽ ุฃูŽุนู’ู…ูŽุงู„ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ูˆูŽุนูŽุทูŽููŽ ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ูู…ู’ ู„ููŠูŽุฑูุฏูŽู‘ู‡ูู…ู’ ุจูุงู„ู’ู…ูŽูˆูŽุงุนูุธู ุนูŽู†ู’ ููุนูŽุงู„ูู‡ูู…ู’ ูˆูŽุฃูŽุดู’ููŽู‚ูŽ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุฃูŽุจู’ุฏูŽุงู†ูู‡ูู…ู’ ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ู†ูŽู‘ุงุฑู ู„ุง ูŠูŽูƒููˆู†ู ุงู„ู’ู…ูุคู’ู…ูู†ู ู…ูุคู’ู…ูู†ู‹ุง ุญูŽู‚ู‹ู‘ุง ุญูŽุชูŽู‘ู‰ ูŠูŽุฑู’ุถูŽู‰ ู„ูู„ู†ูŽู‘ุงุณู ู…ูŽุง ูŠูŽุฑู’ุถูŽู‰ ู„ูู†ูŽูู’ุณูู‡ู

They abhor their sinful deeds and have compassion for them that by their admonition they might leave their deeds, and they feel sympathy that their bodies might be burned in Hellfire. The believer is not truly a believer until he is pleased for people to have what he is pleased for himself.

Source:ย Hilyat al-Awliyฤ 11441

Ibn Rajab reported:

ููŽุถููŠู„ูŽุฉู‹ ููŽุงู‚ูŽ ุจูู‡ูŽุง ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ููŽุชูŽู…ูŽู†ูŽู‘ู‰ ู„ูู†ูŽููŽุณูู‡ู ู…ูุซู’ู„ูŽู‡ูŽุง ููŽุฅูู†ู’ ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽุชู’ ุชูู„ู’ูƒูŽ ุงู„ู’ููŽุถููŠู„ูŽุฉู ุฏููŠู†ููŠูŽู‘ุฉู‹ ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ุญูŽุณูŽู†ู‹ุง

Some of the righteous predecessors said: The people who love Allah look by the light of Allah, and they are compassionate with those who disobey Allah. They hate their actions but show mercy to them so that through their admonitions they might leave their actions.

They are afraid that the Hellfire will consume their bodies. The believer will not truly be a believer until he is pleased for people to have what he is pleased for himself. If he sees in someone else some merit by which they excel him, then he wishes the like of it for himself. If that merit is related to the religion then it is good.

Source:ย Jฤmiโ€™ al-โ€˜Ulลซm wal-แธคikam 13

And Ibn Rajab writes:

ูุฃูุถู„ ุงู„ุฃุนู…ุงู„ ุณู„ุงู…ุฉ ุงู„ุตุฏุฑ ู…ู† ุฃู†ูˆุงุน ุงู„ุดุญู†ุงุก ูƒู„ู‡ุง ูˆุฃูุถู„ู‡ุง ุงู„ุณู„ุงู…ุฉ ู…ู† ุดุญู†ุงุก ุฃู‡ู„ ุงู„ุฃู‡ูˆุงุก ูˆุงู„ุจุฏุน ุงู„ุชูŠ ุชู‚ุชุถูŠ ุงู„ุทุนู† ุนู„ู‰ ุณู„ู ุงู„ุฃู…ุฉ ูˆุจุบุถู‡ู… ูˆุงู„ุญู‚ุฏ ุนู„ูŠู‡ู… ูˆุงุนุชู‚ุงุฏ ุชูƒููŠุฑู‡ู… ุฃูˆ ุชุจุฏูŠุนู‡ู… ูˆุชุถู„ูŠู„ู‡ู… ุซู… ูŠู„ูŠ ุฐู„ูƒ ุณู„ุงู…ุฉ ุงู„ู‚ู„ุจ ู…ู† ุงู„ุดุญู†ุงุก ู„ุนู…ูˆู… ุงู„ู…ุณู„ู…ูŠู† ูˆุฅุฑุงุฏุฉ ุงู„ุฎูŠุฑ ู„ู‡ู… ูˆู†ุตูŠุญุชู‡ู… ูˆุฃู† ูŠุญุจ ู„ู‡ู… ู…ุง ูŠุญุจ ู„ู†ูุณู‡ ูˆู‚ุฏ ูˆุตู ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุชุนุงู„ู‰ ุงู„ู…ุคู…ู†ูŠู† ุนู…ูˆู…ุง ุจุฃู†ู‡ู… ูŠู‚ูˆู„ูˆู†ย ุฑูŽุจูŽู‘ู†ูŽุง ุงุบู’ููุฑู’ ู„ูŽู†ูŽุง ูˆูŽู„ูุฅูุฎู’ูˆูŽุงู†ูู†ูŽุง ุงู„ูŽู‘ุฐููŠู†ูŽ ุณูŽุจูŽู‚ููˆู†ูŽุง ุจูุงู„ู’ุฃููŠู…ูŽุงู†ู ูˆูŽู„ุง ุชูŽุฌู’ุนูŽู„ู’ ูููŠ ู‚ูู„ููˆุจูู†ูŽุง ุบูู„ู‘ุงู‹ ู„ูู„ูŽู‘ุฐููŠู†ูŽ ุขู…ูŽู†ููˆุง ุฑูŽุจูŽู‘ู†ูŽุง ุฅูู†ูŽู‘ูƒูŽ ุฑูŽุคููˆููŒ ุฑูŽุญููŠู…ูŒ

The best of deeds is to secure the heart from every type of enmity, and the best of it is to be secure from the enmity of the people of desires and heretical innovations that demands challenge against the righteous predecessors of the nation, their hatred and malice towards them, and belief in their charges of unbelief, heresy, and misguidance against them.

Thereafter, following that is to secure the heart from enmity against the Muslim in general, to intend good for them, to give them sincere counsel, and to love for them what he loves for himself.

Allah the Exalted has described the believers in general, that they say:ย Our Lord, forgive us and our brothers who preceded us in faith, and do not make any animosity in our hearts towards those who believe. Our Lord, you are kind and merciful.ย Quran (59:10)

Source:ย Laแนญฤโ€™if al-Maโ€™ฤrif 1/139

Ibn Taymiyyah writes:

ูˆูŽุฃูŽู…ูŽู‘ุง ุทูู…ูŽุฃู’ู†ููŠู†ูŽุฉู ุงู„ู’ู‚ูŽู„ู’ุจู ุจูู…ูŽุญูŽุจูŽู‘ุชูู‡ู ูˆูŽุญู’ุฏูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูŽูƒููˆู†ูŽ ุฃูŽุญูŽุจูŽู‘ ุฅู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ู…ูู…ูŽู‘ุง ุณููˆูŽุงู‡ูู…ูŽุง ูˆูŽุจูุงู„ุชูŽู‘ูˆูŽูƒูู‘ู„ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูˆูŽุญู’ุฏูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽุจูุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูุญูุจูŽู‘ ู„ูุฃูŽุฎููŠู‡ู ุงู„ู’ู…ูุคู’ู…ูู†ู ู…ูŽุง ูŠูุญูุจูู‘  ู„ูู†ูŽูู’ุณูู‡ู ููŽู‡ูŽุฐูู‡ู ู…ูู†ู’ ุญูŽู‚ูŽุงุฆูู‚ู ุงู„ู’ุฅููŠู…ูŽุงู†ู ุงู„ูŽู‘ุชููŠ ุชูŽุฎู’ุชูŽุตูู‘ ุจูู‡ู

As for what reassures the heart, it is in love for Allah alone and that he is beloved more than anything else, and it is in reliance upon Allah alone, and it is in loving for his faithful brother what he loves for himself. Hence, these are among the realities of faith with which it has been specified.

Source: Majmลซโ€™ al-Fatฤwรก 7/426

Ibn Al-Qayyim writes:

ููŽุฅูู†ูŽู‘ ุงู„ู’ุฅูู†ู’ุตูŽุงููŽ ูŠููˆุฌูุจู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ุฃูŽุฏูŽุงุกูŽ ุญูู‚ููˆู‚ู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ูƒูŽุงู…ูู„ูŽุฉู‹ ู…ููˆูŽููŽู‘ุฑูŽุฉู‹ ูˆูŽุฃูŽุฏูŽุงุกูŽ ุญูู‚ููˆู‚ู ุงู„ู†ูŽู‘ุงุณู ูƒูŽุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽ ูˆูŽุฃูŽู†ู’ ู„ูŽุง ูŠูุทูŽุงู„ูุจูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ุจูู…ูŽุง ู„ูŽูŠู’ุณูŽ ู„ูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ูŠูุญูŽู…ูู‘ู„ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ููŽูˆู’ู‚ูŽ ูˆูุณู’ุนูู‡ูู…ู’ ูˆูŽูŠูุนูŽุงู…ูู„ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ุจูู…ูŽุง ูŠูุญูุจูู‘ ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูุนูŽุงู…ูู„ููˆู‡ู ุจูู‡ู ูˆูŽูŠูุนู’ูููŠูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ู…ูู…ูŽู‘ุง ูŠูุญูุจูู‘ ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูุนู’ูููˆู‡ู ู…ูู†ู’ู‡ู ูˆูŽูŠูŽุญู’ูƒูู…ูŽ ู„ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ูˆูŽุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ูู…ู’ ุจูู…ูŽุง ูŠูŽุญู’ูƒูู…ู ุจูู‡ู ู„ูู†ูŽูู’ุณูู‡ู ูˆูŽุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ูŽุง

Indeed, a sense of justice is required to fulfill the rights of Allah with complete respect, as well as fulfill the rights of people. It is that he does not demand from them what they cannot do, he does not burden them beyond their capacity, he deals with them as he would love to be dealt with by them, he pardons them as he would love to be pardoned by them, and he judges for them and over them as he would judge for himself and over himself.

Source: Zฤd al-Maโ€™ฤd 2/371

And Ibn Al-Qayyim writes:

ู…ูู„ูŽุงุทูŽููŽุฉู ุงู„ู’ุฎูŽู„ู’ู‚ู ูˆูŽู‡ููŠูŽ ู…ูุนูŽุงู…ูŽู„ูŽุชูู‡ูู…ู’ ุจูู…ูŽุง ูŠูุญูุจูู‘ ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูุนูŽุงู…ูู„ููˆู‡ู ุจูู‡ู ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ู„ูู‘ุทู’ูู ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ูŠูุนูŽุงู…ูู„ูู‡ูู…ู’ ุจูุงู„ู’ุนูู†ู’ูู ูˆูŽุงู„ุดูู‘ุฏูŽู‘ุฉู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุบูู„ู’ุธูŽุฉู ููŽุฅูู†ูŽู‘ ุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽ ูŠูู†ูŽููู‘ุฑูู‡ูู…ู’ ุนูŽู†ู’ู‡ู ูˆูŽูŠูุบู’ุฑููŠู‡ูู…ู’ ุจูู‡ู ูˆูŽูŠููู’ุณูุฏู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ู‚ูŽู„ู’ุจูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽุญูŽุงู„ูŽู‡ู ู…ูŽุนูŽ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู

A mark of tranquility and dignity is kindness with the creation. It is dealing with them in a way he would love to be treated kindly by them, and not treating them harshly, strictly, or roughly, for that would alienate them from him, estrange them, and corrupt his heart and his relationship with Allah.

Source: Madฤrij al-Sฤlikฤซn 2/478

And Ibn Al-Qayyim writes:

ููŽุฅูู† ุงู„ู†ูŽู‘ุตููŠุญูŽุฉ ู„ูŽุง ุชุฌุงู…ุน ุงู„ุบู„ ุฅูุฐู’ ู‡ููŠูŽ ุถูุฏู‘ู‡ ููŽู…ู† ู†ุตุญ ุงู„ุงุฆู…ุฉ ูˆุงู„ุงู…ุฉ ูู‚ุฏ ุจุฑูุฆ ู…ู† ุงู„ุบู„ โ€ฆ ููŽุฅูู† ุตูŽุงุญุจู‡ ู„ู„ุฒูˆู…ู‡ ุฌู…ูŽุงุนูŽุฉ ุงู„ู’ู…ูุณู„ู…ูŠู† ูŠุญุจ ู„ูŽู‡ูู… ู…ูŽุง ูŠุญุจ ู„ู†ูŽูุณูู‡ู ูˆูŽูŠูƒุฑู‡ู ู„ูŽู‡ูู… ู…ูŽุง ูŠูƒุฑู‡ ู„ูŽู‡ูŽุง ูˆูŠุณูˆุคู‡ ู…ูŽุง ูŠุณุคูˆู‡ู… ูˆูŠุณุฑู‡ ู…ูŽุง ูŠุณุฑู‡ู…

Indeed, sincere good will does not include animosity, but is against it. Thus, whoever is sincere to the leaders and the nation is free from animosityโ€ฆ The one who is sincere to the Muslim community must love for them what he loves for himself, hate for them what he hates for himself, be displeased by what displeases them, and be happy by what makes them happy.

Source: Miftฤแธฅ Dฤr al-Saโ€™ฤdah 1/72

Al-Muhฤsibฤซ writes:

ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ุงุญูˆุท ูููŠ ุงู„ู’ุญู‚ ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุนุฏู’ู„ ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ุงุฑุถู‰ ุนูู†ู’ุฏ ุงู„ู’ุฎูŽุงุตูŽู‘ุฉ ูˆุงู„ุนุงู…ุฉ ูˆูŽู‡ููˆูŽ ุงู† ุชุญุจ ู„ู„ู†ูŽู‘ุงุณ ู…ูŽุง ุชุญุจ ู„ู†ูŽูุณูƒ ูˆูŽุชูƒุฑู‡ ู„ู„ู†ูŽู‘ุงุณ ู…ูŽุง ุชูƒุฑู‡ู‡ู ู„ูŽู‡ูŽุง

There is nothing better to guard truth and justice, and nothing more pleasing specifically and generally than that you love for people what you love in your soul and hate for people what you hate in your soul.

Source: ฤ€dฤb al-Nufลซs 1/125

Al-Ghazฤlฤซ writes:

ูˆูŽู…ูู†ู’ู‡ูŽุง ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูู†ู’ุตูููŽ ุงู„ู†ูŽู‘ุงุณูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ ู†ูŽูู’ุณูู‡ู ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ูŠูŽุฃู’ุชููŠูŽ ุฅูู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ูู…ู’ ุฅูู„ูŽู‘ุง ุจูู…ูŽุง ูŠูุญูุจูู‘ ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูุคู’ุชูŽู‰ ุฅูู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู

Among the duties of a Muslim are to have a sense of justice within himself for people, and to not treat them except in a way that he would love to be treated by them.

Source: Iแธฅyฤโ€™ Ulลซm al-Dฤซn 2/198

And Al-Ghazฤlฤซ writes:

ูƒู„ู…ุง ุนู…ู„ุช ุจุงู„ู†ุงุณ ุงุฌุนู„ู‡ ูƒู…ุง ุชุฑุถู‰ ู„ู†ูุณูƒ ู…ู†ู‡ู… ู„ุฃู†ู‡ ู„ุง ูŠูƒู…ู„ ุฅูŠู…ุงู† ุงู„ุนุจุฏ ุญุชู‰ ูŠุญุจ ู„ุณุงุฆุฑ ุงู„ู†ุงุณ ู…ุง ูŠุญุจ ู„ู†ูุณู‡

Every time you deal with people, treat them as you would be pleased to be treated by them, for the faith of a servant is not complete until he loves for all people what he loves for himself.

Source: Ayyuhฤ al-Walad 1/145

And Al-Ghazฤlฤซ writes:

ุงู„ู’ูˆูŽุฏููˆุฏ ู…ู† ุนุจุงุฏ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ู…ู† ูŠูุฑููŠุฏ ู„ุฎู„ู‚ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ูƒู„ ู…ูŽุง ูŠูุฑูŠุฏู‡ู ู„ู†ูŽูุณูู‡ู ูˆูŽุฃูŽุนู’ู„ูŽู‰ ู…ู† ุฐูŽู„ููƒ ู…ู† ูŠุคุซุฑู‡ู… ุนู„ู‰ ู†ูŽูุณู‡ ูƒู…ู† ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ู‡ูู… ุฃูุฑููŠุฏ ุฃูŽู† ุฃูƒูˆู† ุฌูุณู’ุฑู‹ุง ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ู†ูŽู‘ุงุฑ ูŠุนุจุฑ ุนูŽู„ูŠู‘ ุงู„ู’ุฎู„ู‚ ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ูŠุชุฃุฐูˆู† ุจู‡ูŽุง ูˆูŽูƒูŽู…ูŽุงู„ ุฐูŽู„ููƒ ุฃูŽู† ู„ูŽุง ูŠู…ู†ุนู‡ู ุนูŽู† ุงู„ุฅูŠุซุงุฑ ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุฅูุญู’ุณูŽุงู† ุงู„ู’ุบูŽุถูŽุจ ูˆุงู„ุญู‚ุฏ ูˆูŽู…ูŽุง ู†ุงู„ู‡ ู…ู† ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽุฐูŽู‰

Loving kindness among the servants of Allah is one who desires for the creation of Allah what he desires for himself, and the highest part of that is to prefer them over himself. As if one of them said: I wish I could be a bridge over Hellfire so that the creation would cross over me and not be harmed by it.

The perfection of this is that anger, malice, and what he endures of harm will not prevent him from altruism and excellent behavior.

Source: al-Maqแนฃad al-Asnรก 1/122

Al-แนฌลซfฤซ writes:

ูู…ู‚ุตูˆุฏู‡ ุงุฆุชู„ุงู ู‚ู„ูˆุจ ุงู„ู†ุงุณ ูˆุงู†ุชุธุงู… ุฃุญูˆุงู„ู‡ู… ูˆู‡ูˆ ู‚ุงุนุฏุฉ ุงู„ุฅุณู„ุงู… ุงู„ูƒุจุฑู‰ ุงู„ุชูŠ ุฃูˆุตู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนุฒูŽู‘ ูˆุฌู„ูŽู‘ ุจู‡ุง โ€ฆ ูˆุจูŠุงู† ุฐู„ูƒ ุฃู†ู‡ ุฅุฐุง ุฃุญุจูŽู‘ ูƒู„ ูˆุงุญุฏ ู…ู† ุงู„ู†ุงุณ ู„ุจุงู‚ูŠู‡ู… ู…ุง ูŠุญุจ ู„ู†ูุณู‡ ุฃุญุณู† ุฅู„ูŠู‡ู… ูˆู„ู… ูŠุคุฐู‡ู… ู„ุฃู†ู‡ ู‡ูˆ ูŠุญุจ ู„ู†ูุณู‡ ุฃู† ูŠูุญุณูŽู†ูŽ ุฅู„ูŠู‡ ูˆู„ุง ูŠูุคุฐูŽู‰ ูˆุฅุฐุง ุฃุญุณู† ุฅู„ูŠู‡ู… ูˆู„ู… ูŠุคุฐู‡ู… ุฃุญุจูˆู‡ ูุชุณุฑูŠ ุจุฐู„ูƒ ุงู„ู…ุญุจุฉ ุจูŠู† ุงู„ู†ุงุณ ูˆุจุณุฑูŠุงู† ุงู„ู…ุญุจุฉ ุจูŠู†ู‡ู… ูŠุณุฑู‰ ุงู„ุฎูŠุฑ ูˆูŠุฑุชูุน ุงู„ุดุฑ ูˆุจุฐู„ูƒ ูŠู†ุชุธู… ุฃู…ุฑ ุงู„ู…ุนุงุด ูˆุงู„ู…ุนุงุฏ ูˆุชุตู„ุญ ุฃุญูˆุงู„ ุงู„ุนุจุงุฏ

The objective of this tradition is to unite the hearts of people and rectify their circumstances, and it is a major principle in Islam that Allah the Exalted has enjoinedโ€ฆ In clarification of that, if every person loved for others what he loves for himself he would treat them in the best manner, he would not harm them because he loves for himself to be treated well, and he himself would not be harmed.

If he treats them well and does not harm those he loves, then love will emanate from that between people, and with the emanation of love between them will be the emanation of good and removal of evil, and with that the rectification of daily life and habits and the improvement of the servantsโ€™ circumstances.

Source: al-Taโ€™yฤซn fฤซ Sharแธฅ al-Arbaโ€™ฤซn 1/124-125

Al-Saffarฤซnฤซ writes:

ู…ูู…ูŽู‘ุง ู„ูู„ู’ู…ูุณู’ู„ูู…ู ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู’ู…ูุณู’ู„ูู…ู ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูŽุณู’ุชูุฑูŽ ุนูŽูˆู’ุฑูŽุชูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽูŠูŽุบู’ููุฑูŽ ุฒูŽู„ูŽู‘ุชูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽูŠูŽุฑู’ุญูŽู…ูŽ ุนูŽุจู’ุฑูŽุชูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽูŠูู‚ููŠู„ูŽ ุนูŽุซู’ุฑูŽุชูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽูŠูŽู‚ู’ุจูŽู„ูŽ ู…ูŽุนู’ุฐูุฑูŽุชูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽูŠูŽุฑูุฏูŽู‘ ุบููŠุจูŽุชูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽูŠูุฏููŠู…ูŽ ู†ูŽุตููŠุญูŽุชูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽูŠูŽุญู’ููŽุธูŽ ุฎูู„ูŽู‘ุชูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽูŠูŽุฑู’ุนูŽู‰ ุฐูู…ูŽู‘ุชูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽูŠูุฌููŠุจูŽ ุฏูŽุนูŽูˆู’ุชูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽูŠูŽู‚ู’ุจูŽู„ูŽ ู‡ูŽุฏููŠูŽู‘ุชูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽูŠููƒูŽุงููุฆูŽ ุตูู„ูŽุชูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽูŠูŽุดู’ูƒูุฑูŽ ู†ูุนู’ู…ูŽุชูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽูŠูุญู’ุณูู†ูŽ ู†ูุตู’ุฑูŽุชูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽูŠูŽู‚ู’ุถููŠูŽ ุญูŽุงุฌูŽุชูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽูŠูŽุดู’ููŽุนูŽ ู…ูŽุณู’ุฃูŽู„ูŽุชูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽูŠูุดูŽู…ูู‘ุชูŽ ุนูŽุทู’ุณูŽุชูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽูŠูŽุฑูุฏูŽู‘ ุถูŽุงู„ูŽู‘ุชูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽูŠููˆูŽุงู„ููŠูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ูŠูุนูŽุงุฏููŠูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽูŠูŽู†ู’ุตูุฑูŽู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุธูŽุงู„ูู…ูู‡ู ูˆูŽูŠูŽูƒูููŽู‘ู‡ู ุนูŽู†ู’ ุธูู„ู’ู…ู ุบูŽูŠู’ุฑูู‡ู ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ูŠูุณู’ู„ูู…ูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ูŠูŽุฎู’ุฐูู„ูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽูŠูุญูุจูŽู‘ ู„ูŽู‡ู ู…ูŽุง ูŠูุญูุจูู‘ ู„ูู†ูŽูู’ุณูู‡ู

Among the rights of a Muslim over another Muslim are that he cover his faults, forgive his mistakes, have mercy for his errors, overlook his missteps, reject his backbiting, always give him sincere advice, preserve his good traits, guard his covenants, answer his invitations, accept his guidance, repay his gifts, show gratitude for his favors, assist him in the best manner, fulfill his needs, intercede for his problems, respond to his sneeze, refuse his misguided advice, protect him.

And not take him as an enemy, support him against his oppressors, restrain him from oppressing others, not surrender him, not abandon him, and to love for him what he loves for himself.

Source: Ghidhฤ al-Albฤb 1/266

Al-Qurtubฤซ writes:

ุงู„ู’ู…ูุณู’ู„ูู…ูŽ ูŠูŽุฌูุจู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูุญูŽุฐูู‘ุฑูŽ ุฃูŽุฎูŽุงู‡ู ู…ูู…ูŽู‘ุง ูŠูŽุฎูŽุงูู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูˆูŽูŠูุฑู’ุดูุฏูŽู‡ู ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ู…ูŽุง ูููŠู‡ู ุทูŽุฑููŠู‚ู ุงู„ุณูŽู‘ู„ูŽุงู…ูŽุฉู ูˆูŽุงู„ู†ูŽู‘ุฌูŽุงุฉู ููŽุฅูู†ูŽู‘ ุงู„ุฏูู‘ูŠู†ูŽ ุงู„ู†ูŽู‘ุตููŠุญูŽุฉู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ู…ูุณู’ู„ูู…ู ุฃูŽุฎููˆ ุงู„ู’ู…ูุณู’ู„ูู…ู

The Muslim must warn his brother of what he fears for himself, and guide him to ways of safety and salvation. Indeed, the religion is sincere good will and the Muslim is the brother of another Muslim.

Source: Tafsฤซr al-Qurแนญubฤซ 12:68

Abu Abbas Al-Qurtubฤซ writes:

ู„ุง ูŠุชู… ุฅูŠู…ุงู†ู ุฃุญุฏ ุงู„ุฅูŠู…ุงู† ุงู„ุชุงู… ุงู„ูƒุงู…ู„ ุญุชู‰ ูŠุถู… ุฅู„ู‰ ุฅุณู„ุงู…ู‡ ุณู„ุงู…ุฉ ุงู„ู†ุงุณ ู…ู†ู‡ ูˆุฅุฑุงุฏุฉ ุงู„ุฎูŠุฑ ู„ู‡ู… ูˆุงู„ู†ุตุญ ู„ุฌู…ูŠุนู‡ู… ููŠู…ุง ูŠุญุงูˆู„ู‡ ู…ุนู‡ู…

The faith on no one will be complete and perfected until his Islam includes safety for people, desire to do good to them, and good will for all of them in his dealings with them.

Source: Kitฤb al-Mufhim 1/224

Ibn Al-Arabi writes:

ู„ูŽุง ูŠูŽูƒููˆู†ู ุงู„ู’ู‚ูŽู„ู’ุจู ุณูŽู„ููŠู…ู‹ุง ุฅุฐูŽุง ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ุญูŽู‚ููˆุฏู‹ุง ุญูŽุณููˆุฏู‹ุง ู…ูุนู’ุฌูŽุจู‹ุง ู…ูุชูŽูƒูŽุจูู‘ุฑู‹ุง ูˆูŽู‚ูŽุฏู’ ุดูŽุฑูŽุทูŽ ุงู„ู†ูŽู‘ุจููŠูู‘ ุตูŽู„ูŽู‘ู‰ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูˆูŽุณูŽู„ูŽู‘ู…ูŽ ูููŠ ุงู„ู’ุฅููŠู…ูŽุงู†ู ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูุญูุจูŽู‘ ู„ูุฃูŽุฎููŠู‡ู ู…ูŽุง ูŠูุญูุจูู‘ ู„ูู†ูŽูู’ุณูู‡ู

He cannot have a pure heart if it holds malice, envy, pride, and arrogance. The Prophet made it a requirement of faith that he love for his brother what he loves for himself.

Source: Aแธฅkฤm al-Qurสผฤn 26:89

Ibn Abdul Barr writes:

ู…ูู†ู’ ุนูŽู„ูŽุงู…ูŽุฉู ุงู„ู’ู…ููˆู…ูู†ู ุณูุฑููˆุฑูู‡ู ู„ูุฃูŽุฎููŠู‡ู ุจูู…ูŽุง ูŠูุณูŽุฑูู‘ ุจูู‡ู ู„ูู†ูŽูู’ุณูู‡ู

Among the signs of a true believer is that he is happy for his brother to have what makes himself happy.

Source: al-Tamhฤซd 1011

Ibn Hazm writes:

ู„ุง ุชูƒู„ู ุตุฏูŠู‚ูƒ ุฅู„ุง ู…ุซู„ ู…ุง ุชุจุฐู„ ู„ู‡ ู…ู† ู†ูุณูƒ ูุฅู† ุทู„ุจุช ุฃูƒุซุฑ ูุฃู†ุช ุธุงู„ู…

Do not hold your friend responsible except with what you would have him offer yourself. If you demand more, then you have done wrong.

Source: Rasฤโ€™il Ibn แธคazm 1/364

Al-แนฌฤซbฤซ writes:

ูุนู„ูŠ ุงู„ู…ุคู…ู† ุฃู† ูŠุญุจ ู„ุตุงุญุจู‡ ู…ุง ูŠุญุจ ู„ู†ูุณู‡ ูˆูŠูƒุฑู‡ ู„ู‡ ู…ุง ูŠูƒุฑู‡ ู„ู†ูุณู‡

It is a duty upon the believer to love for his companion what he loves for himself and to hate for him what he hates for himself.

Source: Sharแธฅ al-Mishkฤh 3/968

And Al-แนฌฤซbฤซ writes:

ู…ู† ุฃุตุงุจ ุฎูŠุฑู‹ุง ูŠู†ุจุบูŠ ู„ู‡ ุฃู† ูŠุญุจ ู„ุบูŠุฑู‡ ู…ุง ูŠุญุจ ู„ู†ูุณู‡ ููŠุฃุฎุฐ ุจุงู„ุฃู‚ุฑุจ ูุงู„ุฃู‚ุฑุจ

Whoever would earn good, then he should love for others what he loves for himself, for he will keep coming closer and closer.

Source: al-Tanwฤซr Sharแธฅ al-Jฤmiโ€™ al-แนขaghฤซr 6/242

Ibn al-โ€˜Imฤd writes:

ุงู„ุฃูˆู„ู‰ ุฃู† ูŠุญู…ู„ ุนู„ู‰ ุนู…ูˆู… ุงู„ุฃุฎูˆุฉ ุญุชู‰ ูŠุดู…ู„ ุงู„ูƒุงูุฑ ููŠุญุจู‘ ู„ุฃุฎูŠู‡ ุงู„ูƒุงูุฑ ู…ุง ูŠุญุจูู‘ ู„ู†ูุณู‡ ู…ู† ุฏุฎูˆู„ู‡ ููŠ ุงู„ุฅุณู„ุงู… ูƒู…ุง ูŠุญุจู‘ ู„ู„ู…ุณู„ู… ุฏูˆุงู…ู‡ ูˆู…ู† ุซู… ูƒุงู† ุงู„ุฏุนุงุก ุจุงู„ู‡ุฏุงูŠุฉ ู…ุณุชุญุจุงู‹

The Prophetโ€™s saying to love for his brother what he loves for himself is interpreted as universal brotherhood, such that it includes the unbeliever, so he should love for his brother the unbeliever what he loves for himself, part of which is his entering Islam and just as he loves for the Muslim to stay in Islam. Hence, it is preferred to supplicate for their guidance.

Source: Dalฤซl al-Fฤliแธฅฤซn 3/26

Al-Qฤsimฤซ writes:

ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุจูŽุนู’ุถู ุงู„ู’ู…ูููŽุณูู‘ุฑููŠู†ูŽ ุฅูู†ูŽู‘ู‡ู ูŠูŽุฌูุจู ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูุญูุจูŽู‘ ุงู„ู’ุฅูู†ู’ุณูŽุงู†ู ู„ูุฃูŽุฎููŠู‡ู ู…ูŽุง ูŠูุญูุจูู‘ ู„ูู†ูŽูู’ุณูู‡ู ูˆูŽูŠูุญูุจูŽู‘ ู„ูุฐูุฑูู‘ูŠูŽู‘ุฉู ุบูŽูŠู’ุฑูู‡ู ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ู’ู…ูุคู’ู…ูู†ููŠู†ูŽ ู…ูŽุง ูŠูุญูุจูู‘ ู„ูุฐูŽุฑูู‘ูŠูŽู‘ุชูู‡ู

Some of the commentators said that it is an obligation upon humanity to love for his brother what he loves for himself, and to love for the offspring of others among the believers what he would love for his own offspring.

Source: Tafsฤซr al-Qฤsimฤซ 4:9

Al-Saโ€™dฤซ writes:

ูˆู…ุชุถู…ู† ู„ู„ุนู…ู„ ู„ู„ุขุฎุฑุฉ ูˆุงู„ุงุณุชุนุฏุงุฏ ู„ู‡ุง ู„ุฃู† ุงู„ุฅูŠู…ุงู† ุงู„ุตุญูŠุญ ูŠู‚ุชุถูŠ ุฐู„ูƒ ูˆูŠุณุชู„ุฒู…ู‡ ูˆุงู„ุฅุญุณุงู† ุฅู„ู‰ ุงู„ู†ุงุณ ูˆุฃู† ูŠุตู„ ุฅู„ูŠู‡ู… ู…ู† ุงู„ู‚ูˆู„ ูˆุงู„ูุนู„ ูˆุงู„ู…ุงู„ ูˆุงู„ู…ุนุงู…ู„ุฉ ู…ุง ูŠุญุจ ุฃู† ูŠุนุงู…ู„ูˆู‡ ุจู‡ ูู‡ุฐุง ู‡ูˆ ุงู„ู…ูŠุฒุงู† ุงู„ุตุญูŠุญ ู„ู„ุฅุญุณุงู† ูˆู„ู„ู†ุตุญ ููƒู„ ุฃู…ุฑ ุฃุดูƒู„ ุนู„ูŠูƒ ู…ู…ุง ุชุนุงู…ู„ ุจู‡ ุงู„ู†ุงุณุŒ ูุงู†ุธุฑ ู‡ู„ ุชุญุจ ุฃู† ูŠุนุงู…ู„ูˆูƒ ุจุชู„ูƒ ุงู„ู…ุนุงู…ู„ุฉ ุฃู… ู„ุง ูุฅู† ูƒู†ุช ุชุญุจ ุฐู„ูƒ ูƒู†ุช ู…ุญุจุง ู„ู‡ู… ู…ุง ุชุญุจ ู„ู†ูุณูƒ ูˆุฅู† ูƒู†ุช ู„ุง ุชุญุจ ุฃู† ูŠุนุงู…ู„ูˆูƒ ุจุชู„ูƒ ุงู„ู…ุนุงู…ู„ุฉ ูู‚ุฏ ุถูŠุนุช ู‡ุฐุง ุงู„ูˆุงุฌุจ ุงู„ุนุธูŠู…

Included in faith is work for the Hereafter and preparation for it, as sound faith requires and obligates it, and to treat people well, to maintain good relations with them in words, deeds, charity, and dealing with them in a way he would love to be dealt with by them.

Hence, this is the true measure of excellence and good will. For every matter about which you are unsure how to deal with people, then ask yourself:

Would you love for them to deal with you this way or not? If you love it, then you love for them what you love for yourself. If you do not love for them to deal with you this way, then you have failed this important obligation.

Source: Bahjat Qulลซb al-Abrฤr 1/187

Aแธฅmad แธคuแนญaybah writes:

ูุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ุฅู†ุณุงู† ุงู„ู…ุคู…ู† ุฃู† ูŠุญุจ ุงู„ู†ุงุณ ูˆูŠุญุจ ุงู„ุฎูŠุฑ ู„ู‡ู… ูˆูŠุญุจ ุฃู† ูŠู†ูุนู‡ู… ูู‡ุฐู‡ ู‡ูŠ ุนู„ุงู…ุฉ ุงู„ุฅู†ุณุงู† ุงู„ู…ุคู…ู†

It is the duty of the believing human being to love people, to love good for them, and to love to benefit them. This is a sign of faith in the human being.

Source: Sharแธฅ al-Targhฤซb wal-Tarhฤซb 8/26

May Allah bless us with the will and ability to fulfill this most important Islamic teaching.

Success comes from Allah, and Allah knows best.

Abu Amina