“Surely (the ones) who have believed and the ones who have Judaized and the Nasara (Christians) and the Sabi’in, (Sabaeans) whoever have believed in Allah and the Last Day and done righteousness, then they will have their reward in the Providence of their Lord, and no fear will be on them, neither will they grieve.”
Surah Al-Baqarah=Chapter the Cow (2:62)
إِنَّ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَالَّذِينَ هَادُوا وَالنَّصَارَىٰ وَالصَّابِئِينَ مَنْ آمَنَ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِ وَعَمِلَ صَالِحًا فَلَهُمْ أَجْرُهُمْ عِندَ رَبِّهِمْ وَلَا خَوْفٌ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلَا هُمْ يَحْزَنُونَ (62)
First, Islam has been stating in multiple Qur’anic verses that Christians and Jews have had their book’s part corrupted, and this is one of the reason Islam was sent. Islam was sent to rectify those corruptions occurred to the Bible.
It is ironic, sad and tragic how non-Muslims particularly those who quote this verse from chapter the cow (2:62) , try to confirm that Almighty Allah will grant them paradise. But the very same non-Muslims who quote this verse also indicate the Muslims themselves are not going to paradise.
What is even worse is when non-Muslims, especially Christians quote this verse and forget about their constant claim that they are saved through Prophet Jesus son of Mary who considers him either God, or Son of God or both plus the holy spirit.
“And whoever seeks a religion other than Islam, it will never be accepted of him, and in the Hereafter, he will be one of the losers.” Surah Al-Imran= Chapter Family of Imran (3: 85)
This statement by Ibn ‘Abbas indicates that Almighty Allah does not accept any deed or work from anyone unless it conforms to the Law of Muhammad peace be upon him that is after he was sent. Before that, every person who followed the guidance of his own prophet was on the correct path, following the correct guidance and was saved.
When Almighty Allah sent Muhammad peace be upon him as the Last and Final Prophet and Messenger to all of the Children of Adam, mankind was required to believe in him, obey him and refrain from what he prohibited them; those who do this are true believers.
The Ummah of Muhammad was called Mumineen (believers), because of the depth of their faith and certainty, and because they believe in all of the previous Prophets and matters of the Unseen.
Abu Huraira reported:
The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “By the one in whose hand is the soul of Muhammad, none from this nation of Jews and Christians hears of me, and then dies without having faith in my message, but that he will be an inhabitant of Hellfire.”
Source: Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 153
Grade: Sahih (authentic) according to Muslim
The context of the verse in the question makes it clear that it is not attempting to enumerate in detail all the articles of faith in which one should believe, or all the principles of conduct which one should follow in order to merit reward from God. These matters are mentioned elsewhere, in their appropriate places.
The aim of the verse is merely to repudiate the illusion cherished by the Jews that, by virtue of their being Jews, they have a monopoly of salvation.
They had long entertained the notion that a special and exclusive relationship existed between them and God. They thought, therefore, that all who belonged to their group were predestined to salvation regardless of their beliefs and actions, whereas all non-Jews were predestined to serve as fodder for hellfire.
To clarify this misgiving the Jews are told that what really matters in the sight of God is true faith and good deeds rather than formal affiliation with a certain religious community. Whoever has true faith and good deeds to his credit is bound to receive his reward, since God will judge people on the basis of merit rather than on the grounds that a man’s name happens to be listed in the world as a member of one religious community or the other.
Verse 62 in the question confirms – Faith and doing Righteous Deeds equal Salvation.
After Almighty Allah described the condition – and punishment – of those who defy His commands, fall into His prohibitions, and transgress set limits by committing prohibited acts, He stated that the earlier nations who were righteous and obedient received the rewards for their good deeds.
This shall be the case, until the Day of Judgment. Therefore, whoever follows the unlettered Messenger and Prophet peace be upon him shall acquire eternal happiness and shall neither fear from what will happen in the future nor become sad for what has been lost in the past.
Jews,Christians and Sabaeans who are mentioned in the verse in the question Surah Al-Baqarah=Chapter the Cow (2:62) are the those who believed in the oneness of Almighty Allah and never associated any partners or sons with him, and who lived before Prophet Muhammed peace be upon him or even during his life and NEVER heard about him or Islam.
Hypothetically if there is anyone who lived after Prophet Muhammed and Islam and believed in Almighty God as a one God without associating any sons or partners with Almighty God and NEVER heard about Prophet Muhammed and Islam.
Example: Someone lives in the Amazon jungle or the snowy continent of Antarctica. Well, this person or people will be judged on the judgement day based on the belief and Almighty Allah will judge them based on what he knows.
Again, anyone who have heard about Prophet Muhammed and Islam and die not Muslim will be heading to eternal hellfire.
Allah knows Best.
Almighty Allah is the highest and most knowledgeable, and the attribution of knowledge to him is the safest.
Right from Almighty Allah and wrong from me and Satan
Prepared by Mohamad Mostafa Nassar- Australia.
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Arrogance is not only a sign of insecurity, but also a sign of immaturity. Mature and fully realised persons can get their points across, even emphatically without demeaning or intimidating others.