Could Allah have a son? Quran (39:4) affirms and Quran (6:101) denies this possibility.
Mohamad Mostafa Nassar
Why does Allah say in Quran 6:101 that he can’t have a son without consort although he is able of doing everything?
It’s not saying that He can’t have a son without a wife. Christians have cherry picked the verse and have misrepresented it to be referring to their ideology. But reading the previous verses shows that the verse in question is not even talking about Jesus exclusively.
Yet they associate the jinn with Allah ˹in worship˺, even though He created them, and they falsely attribute to Him sons and daughters out of ignorance. Glorified and Exalted is He above what they claim! ˹He is˺ the Originator of the heavens and earth. How could He have children when He has no consort? He created all things and has ˹perfect˺ knowledge of everything. Quran (Surah 6:100-101).
Why don’t Christians quote the verse 100 and say that we don’t believe the jinns to be gods? We don’t believe God have daughters. We don’t believe God have multiple sons.
In fact the verse 101 doesn’t even use the word son, it says child.
And Allah is not asking how is it possible for Him to have a child without a consort. It’s more like “Why would He?”
For example: when someone does something horrible, we say “how can you do this!?”If Jeff Bezos, the richest man in the world was to steal something, we would say “How could he do that when he’s the richest man in the world!?”
Now does this mean it’s not possible for the richest man to steal? No, it means that it’s not befitting for the richest person in the world to steal.
So, the meaning behind the verse is that it doesn’t befit God to have a child, He is so great that He created everything without any partner.
HOW CAN HE HAVE A CHILD THEN??
I highly recommend you watch the following short video first that describes the particle “law”.
Arabic Grammar: Forming Conditional Sentences in Arabic الشرط
There are 2 words that are translated into “if”:
- “Idhaa”: When a sentence starts with “idhaa”, the next clause shows a possible condition.
- “Law”: When a sentence starts with “law”, the next clause shows an impossible condition. The clause will be present in the sentence just to show that this condition is never going to happen. That is the case of 39:4. It says: If (“law”) Allah wanted to have a son- that means it is an impossible condition and Allah will never ever want to have that. This clause is only present (with “law”) to describe to the reader about the impossibility of such situation to happen.
- 39:4 uses the verb “akhadhaa” (took). It is talking about holding someone from his created being as his “son”. It’s more like selecting a created body instead of begetting a real godly figure.
- 6:101 uses the verb “kanaa” (be). It is talking more like producing a real godly son with a godly mother. That is why the verse says: “How can god has son when he has no wife!”
- 42:11, 112:4 says “there is nothing like him”. 112:3 says “he doesn’t beget”.
- Thus, 39:4 describes the impossibility of selecting someone from a created being as his son and 6:101, 42:11, 112:3–4 directly cancel the possibility of begetting a godly son.
- 39: 4 uses the word “subhanahu” or “glory be to him”- it describes the real reason for him to not have an son within created being. He is too holy to have a created body that is limited by hunger, thirst, sleep, lust, excretion etc. 6:100 similarly negates his need of sex, wife and son.
Quran’ stance is clear that Allah is above taking a son. He is above anything that polytheist associate with Him.
The chapter Ikhlas that is considered as the corner stone of Islamic monotheism describes it thus.
1. Say, “He is God, the One.
2. God, the Absolute.
3. He begets not, nor was He begotten.
4. And there is nothing comparable to Him.”
The value of Chapter Ikhlas is described in the words of the Prophet Muhammad as ‘equalant to be one third of Quran’.
The verse you quoted comes in this way
But they have attributed to Allah partners – the jinn, while He has created them – and have fabricated for Him sons and daughters. Exalted is He and high above what they describe Quran Quran (6:100)
[He is] Originator of the heavens and the earth. How could He have a son when He does not have a companion and He created all things? And He is, of all things, Knowing. Quran Quran (6:101)
That is Allah, your Lord; there is no deity except Him, the Creator of all things, so worship Him. And He is Disposer of all things. Quran Quran (6:102)
Allah questions polytheist belief in many logical ways. One of the logical question is what you see in the verse above. There are two ways in Allah makes people reflect:
- Allah questions if you attribute a son to God, what do you say about the wife of God. Allah points out at the half-baked fabrication on the His part where people talk about a son of God and have nothing to say about consort of God.
- Allah created everything, so why He could not create a messenger without a father.
In other parts, Allah compares Jesus with Adam. He make people reflect that if Jesus is to be considered son of God because he did not have a father, why do you ignore the status of Adam who was created without a son and mother.
Indeed, the example of Jesus to Allah is like that of Adam. He created Him from dust; then He said to him, “Be,” and he was. Quran (3:59)
In other parts of Quran, Allah questions the belief of polytheist of Makkah who believed that their gods were angels and daughters of Allah. They are questioned that they like to have sons as strengths for their tribe and attribute daughters to God. The verse is as follows:
Then, has your Lord chosen you for [having] sons and taken from among the angels daughters? Indeed, you say a grave saying. Quran (17:40)
These are all eloquent ways of Allah through which He makes people reflection upon the gaps in the fabrications of polytheist so that they may turn to monotheism.
Comparatively, by issuing a judgment on two living beings, people are mistaken if they compare a monkey to a man. They are of different nature.
To avoid making any assumptions, Allah (swt) says to be different from anything that a sane person can imagine.
Quran (112 :4) Nor is there to Him any equivalent.”
Now if the man gets married, it is because naturally is incomplete, when being still single, his imbalance pushes him to seek for a partner. Furthermore, if he’s still in the unsteadiness, it pushes him to be in permanent adultery.
Allah Exalted He is complete, and is above all need:
Quran (2 :255) Allah – there is no deity except Him, the Ever-Living, the Sustainer of [all] existence. Neither drowsiness overtakes Him nor sleep. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth. Who is it that can intercede with Him except by His permission?
He knows what is [presently] before them and what will be after them, and they encompass not a thing of His knowledge except for what He wills. His Kursi extends over the heavens and the earth, and their preservation tires Him not. And He is the Most High, the Most Great.
That’s why he does not need a partner!
Praise be to Allah, The Lord of the Worlds.
Allah knows Best