𝐂𝐥𝐚𝐫𝐢𝐟𝐢𝐜𝐚𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧 𝐚𝐛𝐨𝐮𝐭 𝐝𝐢𝐯𝐢𝐧𝐞 𝐰𝐢𝐥𝐥 𝐚𝐧𝐝 𝐝𝐞𝐜𝐫𝐞𝐞- 𝐤𝐧𝐨𝐰𝐧 𝐢𝐧 𝐀𝐫𝐚𝐛𝐢𝐜 𝐛𝐲 𝐐𝐚𝐝𝐚𝐫
I have spoken with many non-Muslims who have heard about divine will and decree and will use it as an EXCUSE to say that they are not Muslims because Almighty Allah did not decide for them to be Muslims
On the Other Hand, some of those who claim to be Muslims who do not do their Islamic duties will say similar sayings such as Insha’Allah when Allah guides me, I will do my religious duties or pray for me so Almighty Allah guides me to be more of a Good Muslim
The very same non-Muslims or Muslims who will try to use the EXCUSE of divine will and decree =Qadar to avoid abiding by Islam fully and completely. Are chasing this world=Dunya hard enough and they are NOT sitting and accepting their economic, financial, or educational situations and they are NOT using divine will and decree =Qadar as an excuse to not go out and chase the money.
In fact, their chase after anything in this world has made them blind to the fact, that they CONTRADICTING themselves and their actions in chasing money through work, business, or further studies is a crystal clear evidence that they have free will:
“They state˺ that no soul burdened with sin will bear the burden of another and that each person will only have what they endeavored towards, and that ˹the outcome of˺ their endeavors will be seen ˹in their record, then they will be fully rewarded”
Surah An-Najm=Chapter the Star Quran (53:38-41)
𝐁𝐞𝐥𝐢𝐞𝐟 𝐢𝐧 𝐃𝐢𝐯𝐢𝐧𝐞 𝐚𝐧𝐝 𝐅𝐫𝐞𝐞 𝐰𝐢𝐥𝐥=𝐐𝐚𝐝𝐚𝐫 𝐚𝐧𝐝 𝐟𝐫𝐞𝐞 𝐰𝐢𝐥𝐥
Qadar=divine will and decree does not contradict the idea that a person has free will with regard to actions in which he has free choice. He can choose whether or not to do things that he is able to do of acts of worship or sinful actions. Shari’ah and real life both indicate that people have this will.
With regard to shari’ah, Allah says concerning man’s will (interpretation of the meaning):
“That is (without doubt) the True Day. So, whosoever wills, let him seek a place with (or a way to) His Lord (by obeying Him in this worldly life)!.” [al-Naba 78:39]
“so go to your tilth, when or how you will.” [al-Baqarah 2:223]
𝐀𝐧𝐝 𝐇𝐞 𝐬𝐚𝐲𝐬 𝐜𝐨𝐧𝐜𝐞𝐫𝐧𝐢𝐧𝐠 𝐦𝐚𝐧’𝐬 𝐚𝐛𝐢𝐥𝐢𝐭𝐲 (𝐢𝐧𝐭𝐞𝐫𝐩𝐫𝐞𝐭𝐚𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧 𝐨𝐟 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐦𝐞𝐚𝐧𝐢𝐧𝐠):
“So keep your duty to Allah and fear Him as much as you can.” [al-Taghabun 64:16]
“Allah burdens not a person beyond his scope. He gets reward for that (good) which he has earned, and he is punished for that (evil) which he has earned.” [al-Baqarah 2:286]
These verses confirm that man has a will and the ability to do what he wants and not to do what he does not want.
With regard to real life, everyone knows that he has a will and the ability to do what he wants and not to do what he does not want. And he can distinguish between the things that happen when he wants them to, such as walking, and those that happen without him wanting them to, such as shivering.
𝐁𝐮𝐭 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐰𝐢𝐥𝐥 𝐚𝐧𝐝 𝐚𝐛𝐢𝐥𝐢𝐭𝐲 𝐨𝐟 𝐦𝐚𝐧 𝐚𝐫𝐞 𝐬𝐮𝐛𝐣𝐞𝐜𝐭 𝐭𝐨 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐰𝐢𝐥𝐥 𝐚𝐧𝐝 𝐝𝐞𝐜𝐫𝐞𝐞 𝐨𝐟 𝐀𝐥𝐥𝐚𝐡 𝐛𝐞𝐜𝐚𝐮𝐬𝐞 𝐀𝐥𝐥𝐚𝐡 𝐬𝐚𝐲𝐬 (𝐢𝐧𝐭𝐞𝐫𝐩𝐫𝐞𝐭𝐚𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧 𝐨𝐟 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐦𝐞𝐚𝐧𝐢𝐧𝐠):
“To whomsoever among you who wills to walk straight. And you cannot will unless (it be) that Allah wills the Lord of the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinn, and all that exists).” [al-Takwir 81:28-29]
But the entire universe is the dominion of Allah, and nothing can happen in His dominion without His knowledge and will.
Allah knows Best.
Why should a Muslim act if everything is already decreed by Allah?
Why did Allah create mankind when He knows what their destiny will be, in Paradise or Hell?
The Muslim belief concerning the destiny of non-Muslim monotheists in the Hereafter
Allah is the Creator of all things
Risalat Sharh Usul al-Iman by Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymin.
Almighty Allah is the highest and most knowledgeable, and the attribution of knowledge to him is the safest.
Right from Almighty Allah and wrong from me and Satan
Prepared by Mohamad Mostafa Nassar
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Arrogance is not only a sign of insecurity, but also a sign of immaturity. Mature and fully realised persons can get their points across, even emphatically without demeaning or intimidating others.