The meaning of the hadeeth which says that the sins of the Muslims will be placed on the kuffaar of the People of the Book

The meaning of the hadeeth which says that the sins of the Muslims will be placed on the kuffaar of the People of the Book



Mohamad Mostafa Nassar

Twitter:@NassarMohamadMR

Question

We would like you to please explain for us the hadeeth Qudsi that follows (some say that how can this be since there is injustice involved): 

In a book entitled 110 Hadith Qudsi, translated by Syed Masood-ul-Hasan, Revision and Commentaries by Ibrahim M. Kunna, published by Darussalam, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia in 1996/1417H, appears a Qudsi Hadith No. 8 on page 19/20.

No. 8:    Narrated Abu Musa may Allah be pleased with him: Allah’s Messenger peace be upon him said: 

On the Day of Resurrection, my Ummah (nation) will be gathered into three groups, one sort will enter Paradise without rendering an account (of their deeds). Another sort will be reckoned on easy account and admitted into Paradise.

Yet another sort will come bearing on their backs heaps of sins like great mountains.
Allah will ask the angels though He knows best about them: Who are these people? They will reply:

They are humble slaves of yours. He will say: Unload the sins from them and put the same over the Jews and Christians; then let the humble slaves get into Paradise by virtue of My Mercy.
(This Hadith is sound and mentioned in Mustadrak of Hakim). 

Please clarify the meaning of this hadeeth. We are doing as Allah commanded us (meaning): ask those of knowledge if you do not know
 
Answer


Praise be to Allah.

This hadeeth is to be found in Sahih Muslim (2767), narrated from Abu Moosa (may Allah be pleased with him) from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), who said:
“On the Day of Resurrection, some of the Muslims will come with sins like mountains, but Allah will forgive them and will put them (the sins) onto the Jews and Christians.” So, this hadeeth is sahih=authentic. 

Regarding its meaning, al-Nawawi said in his commentary: “The meaning of this hadeeth is the same as the hadeeth narrated by Abu Hurayrah: “For each person there is a place in Paradise and a place in Hell.” When the believer enters Paradise, his place in Hell is taken over by the kaafirs=disbeliever because he deserves that because of his kufr=disbelief.

The meaning of the phrase “your ransom from the Fire” is that you could have entered Hell, but this is your ransom because Allah has decreed a certain number to fill it; when the kuffaar enter Hell because of their kufr and sins, this is like a ransom for the Muslims.

Regarding the report, “On the Day of Resurrection, some of the Muslims will come with sins” –
Allah will forgive the Muslims these sins and will absolve them of them, and He will put the like of those sins onto the Jews and Christians because of their kufr and sins.

So, they will enter Hell because of their own actions, not because of the sins of the Muslims. This report has to be interpreted in this manner,
because Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“And no bearer of burdens shall bear another’s burden” Quran [Fatir 35:18]  
It may be that the meaning is: sins which the kuffaar innovated and initiated, because whoever starts a bad thing will bear a burden of sin like that of each person who does that thing.
 
Allah knows Best.