The Legal Authority of the Sunnah of the Messenger

๐“๐ก๐ž ๐‹๐ž๐ ๐š๐ฅ ๐€๐ฎ๐ญ๐ก๐จ๐ซ๐ข๐ญ๐ฒ ๐จ๐Ÿ ๐ญ๐ก๐ž ๐’๐ฎ๐ง๐ง๐š๐ก ๐จ๐Ÿ ๐ญ๐ก๐ž ๐Œ๐ž๐ฌ๐ฌ๐ž๐ง๐ ๐ž๐ซ

Mohamad Mostafa Nassar


The Highest rank of our Beloved Prophet Muhammed peace be upon him IS SLAVE and SERVANT of Allah. There is NO deity worthy of worship except Allah and Prophet Muhammed is his LAST MESSENGER. Yes, they can be in ONE SENTENCE as it clearly states that Prophet Muhammed IS MESSENGER and NOT God or son of God.

However, Allah Exalted He in The Glorious Holy Quran has stated that we MUST follow his final and last messenger = Prophet Muhammed peace be upon him.

Allah Exalted He says in the meaning of the Quran (2:151):

โ€œSince We have sent you a messenger from among yourselvesโ€”reciting to you Our revelations, purifying you, teaching you the Book and wisdom, and teaching you what you never knewโ€”โ€

The wisdom here is The Authentic Hadith and Sunnah in general.

And  Quran (3:164)

โ€œIndeed, Allah has done the believers a หนgreatหบ favour by raising a messenger from among themโ€”reciting to them His revelations, purifying them, and teaching them the Book and wisdom. For indeed they had previously been clearly astray.โ€

Again, the wisdom=The Authentic Sunnah and Hadith as you can see follow the Book= The Glorious Quran

And Quran (62:2) again wisdom is additional to the Book=The Glorious Quran as you can see:

He is the One Who raised for the illiterate หนpeopleหบ a messenger from among themselvesโ€”reciting to them His revelations, purifying them, and teaching them the Book and wisdom, for indeed they had previously been clearly astrayโ€”

: โ€œMajmooโ€™ Fataawa wa Maqaalaatโ€ (vol. 1/pg. 215-219) quoted from โ€œTuhfatul-Muslimโ€ (pg. 20-22)

Ahmad, Aboo Daawood, and al-Haakim have all collected an authentic isnaad the narration of Miqdaam Ibn Maโ€™deekarib, who reported that the Messenger of Allaah (sal-Allaahu โ€˜alayhi wa sallam) said:

ยซIndeed, I have been given the Book [the Qurโ€™aan] and the likes of it along with it. Indeed, there will certainly come a time in which there will be a man whose belly is full reclining on his raised couch saying, โ€˜Only adhere to this Qurโ€™aan, whatever you find therein that is lawful then deem it to be lawful and whatever you find therein to be unlawful then deem it to be unlawful.โ€™ยป

Ibn Abee Raafiโ€™ narrated from his father who reported that the Prophet (sal-Allaahu โ€˜alayhi wa sallam) said:

ยซI should not find any of you reclining upon his raised couch and a command or prohibition that I have made comes to him and he replies, โ€˜We donโ€™t know about this! Whatever we find in the Book of Allaah we will follow.โ€™ยป

Narrated Hasan Ibn Jaabir: โ€˜I heard al-Miqdaam Ibn Maโ€™deekarib, radiyallaahu โ€˜anhu, saying: โ€˜The Messenger of Allaah (sal-Allaahu โ€˜alayhi wa sallam) declared several things to be unlawful on the day of the Battle of Khaybar and said:

ยซThere will certainly come the time in which one of you will belie me while reclining upon his raised couch, and a hadeeth that I stated is being narrated to him and he says, โ€˜Between us and you is the Book of Allaah.

So whatever we find therein which is lawful we will deem it to be lawful and whatever we find therein to be unlawful we will deem it to be unlawfulโ€™. Surely, that which the Messenger of Allaah has declared to be unlawful is the exact same as what Allaah has made unlawful.ยป

The ahaadeeth [pl. of hadeeth] states that the Messenger of Allaah (sal-Allaahu โ€˜alayhi wa sallam) used to counsel his companions in his sermons and order those who were present to convey to those who were absent and say:

ยซPerhaps the one who receives the message could comprehend more than the one who actually heard it.ยป, has been reported by mass narration.

Similarly, regarding this affair is the hadeeth that is collected in the two authentic books [of al-Bukhaaree and Muslim] that reads: When the Prophet (sal-Allaahu โ€˜alayhi wa sallam) delivered his sermon to the people during the farewell Hajj on the day of โ€˜Arafah and sacrificial slaughter he said:

ยซLet the one who is present convey to the one who is absent, since the one who is conveyed unto could possibly comprehend better than the one who heard it directly from me.ยป

So if his Sunnah wasnโ€™t a legal proof upon those who hear it and upon those whom it reaches, and if it wouldnโ€™t remain preserved until the Day of Judgment, he would not have commanded that it be delivered and conveyed.

Conversely, with this point we come to know the reality that the Sunnah is a legal proof, by itself, upon those who hear it from his noble mouth, may prayers and peace be upon him, and upon those whom it reaches via the authentic chains of narration.

Al-Bayhaqi has collected the narration of the noble taabiโ€™ee [Singular of Taabiโ€™oon], Ayoob as-Sakhtiyaani that reads, โ€œWhen you narrate the Sunnah to a man and he says, โ€˜Leave us be with regards to this, instead tell us about the Qurโ€™aanโ€™, then know for sure that he is misguided.โ€

Said, al-Auzaaโ€™iee, may Allaah have mercy on him, โ€œThe Sunnah is in authority over the Qurโ€™aan.โ€ Meaning that it [the Sunnah] restricts that which is unrestricted in the Qurโ€™aan, and or by laying down rulings that are not mentioned in the Qurโ€™aan, just as Allaah, the Exalted, has stated:

{And We have also sent down unto you the Dhikr that you may explain clearly to men what is sent down to them, and that they may give thought.} [Soorah an-Nahl (16): 44]

And just we have already mentioned the statement of his (sal-Allaahu โ€˜alayhi wa sallam):

ยซIndeed, I have been granted the Book and the likes of it along with it.ยป

Al-Bayhaqi has also reported that โ€˜Aamir ash-Shaโ€™bee, rahimahullaah, said to some people once: โ€œYou have only become destroyed and ruined once you left off the aathar.โ€ In other words, the authentic ahaadeeth.

ุญุฌูŠุฉ ุงู„ุณู†ุฉ

ุงู„ู…ุฑุฌุน: ู…ุฌู…ูˆุน ูุชุงูˆู‰ ูˆู…ู‚ุงู„ุงุช ู…ุชู†ูˆุนุฉ โ€“ 1/215-219

ุฎุฑุฌ ุฃุญู…ุฏ ูˆุฃุจูˆ ุฏุงูˆุฏ ูˆุงู„ุญุงูƒู… ุจุฅุณู†ุงุฏ ุตุญูŠุญ ุนู† ุงู„ู…ู‚ุฏุงู… ุจู† ู…ุนุฏูŠ ูƒุฑุจ , ุนู† ุฑุณูˆู„ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ุฃู†ู‡ ู‚ุงู„: ยซ ุฃู„ุง ุฅู†ูŠ ุฃูˆุชูŠุช ุงู„ูƒุชุงุจ ูˆู…ุซู„ู‡ ู…ุนู‡ ุฃู„ุง ูŠูˆุดูƒ ุฑุฌู„ ุดุจุนุงู† ุนู„ู‰ ุฃุฑูŠูƒุชู‡ ูŠู‚ูˆู„ : ุนู„ูŠูƒู… ุจู‡ุฐุง ุงู„ู‚ุฑุขู† ูู…ุง ูˆุฌุฏุชู… ููŠู‡ ู…ู† ุญู„ุงู„ ูุฃุญู„ูˆู‡ ูˆู…ุง ูˆุฌุฏุชู… ููŠู‡ ู…ู† ุญุฑุงู… ูุญุฑู…ูˆู‡ ยป.

ูˆุฎุฑุฌ ุฃุจูˆ ุฏุงูˆุฏ ูˆุงุจู† ู…ุงุฌู‡ ุจุณู†ุฏ ุตุญูŠุญ: ุนู† ุงุจู† ุฃุจูŠ ุฑุงูุน ุนู† ุฃุจูŠู‡ ุนู† ุงู„ู†ุจูŠ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ู‚ุงู„: ยซ ู„ุง ุฃู„ููŠู† ุฃุญุฏูƒู… ู…ุชูƒุฆุง ุนู„ู‰ ุฃุฑูŠูƒุชู‡ ูŠุฃุชูŠู‡ ุงู„ุฃู…ุฑ ู…ู† ุฃู…ุฑูŠ ู…ู…ุง ุฃู…ุฑุช ุจู‡ ุฃูˆ ู†ู‡ูŠุช ุนู†ู‡ ููŠู‚ูˆู„ ู„ุง ู†ุฏุฑูŠ ู…ุง ูˆุฌุฏู†ุง ููŠ ูƒุชุงุจ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุงุชุจุนู†ุงู‡ ยป . ูˆุนู† ุงู„ุญุณู† ุจู† ุฌุงุจุฑ ู‚ุงู„: ุณู…ุนุช ุงู„ู…ู‚ุฏุงู… ุจู† ู…ุนุฏูŠ ูƒุฑุจ ุฑุถูŠ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู†ู‡ ูŠู‚ูˆู„: ยซ ุญุฑู… ุฑุณูˆู„ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ูŠูˆู… ุฎูŠุจุฑ ุฃุดูŠุงุก ุซู… ู‚ุงู„ : ูŠูˆุดูƒ ุฃุญุฏูƒู… ุฃู† ูŠูƒุฐุจู†ูŠ ูˆู‡ูˆ ู…ุชูƒุฆ ูŠุญุฏุซ ุจุญุฏูŠุซูŠ ููŠู‚ูˆู„ ุจูŠู†ู†ุง ูˆุจูŠู†ูƒู… ูƒุชุงุจ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ูู…ุง ูˆุฌุฏู†ุง ููŠู‡ ู…ู† ุญู„ุงู„ ุงุณุชุญู„ู„ู†ุงู‡ ูˆู…ุง ูˆุฌุฏู†ุง ููŠู‡ ู…ู† ุญุฑุงู… ุญุฑู…ู†ุงู‡ ุฃู„ุง ุฅู† ู…ุง ุญุฑู… ุฑุณูˆู„ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ู…ุซู„ ู…ุง ุญุฑู… ุงู„ู„ู‡ ยป ุฃุฎุฑุฌู‡ ุงู„ุญุงูƒู… ูˆุงู„ุชุฑู…ุฐูŠ ูˆุงุจู† ู…ุงุฌู‡ ุจุฅุณู†ุงุฏ ุตุญูŠุญ. ูˆู‚ุฏ ุชูˆุงุชุฑุช ุงู„ุฃุญุงุฏูŠุซ ุนู† ุฑุณูˆู„ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ุจุฃู†ู‡ ูƒุงู† ูŠูˆุตูŠ ุฃุตุญุงุจู‡ ููŠ ุฎุทุจุชู‡, ุฃู† ูŠุจู„ุบ ุดุงู‡ุฏู‡ู… ุบุงุฆุจู‡ู…ุŒ ูˆูŠู‚ูˆู„ ู„ู‡ู…: ยซ ุฑุจ ู…ุจู„ุบ ุฃูˆุนู‰ ู…ู† ุณุงู…ุน ยป ูˆู…ู† ุฐู„ูƒ ู…ุง ููŠ ุงู„ุตุญูŠุญูŠู† ุฃู† ุงู„ู†ุจูŠ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ู„ู…ุง ุฎุทุจ ุงู„ู†ุงุณ ููŠ ุญุฌุฉ ุงู„ูˆุฏุงุน ููŠ ูŠูˆู… ุนุฑูุฉ ูˆููŠ ูŠูˆู… ุงู„ู†ุญุฑ ู‚ุงู„ ู„ู‡ู…: ยซ ูู„ูŠุจู„ุบ ุงู„ุดุงู‡ุฏ ุงู„ุบุงุฆุจ ูุฑุจ ู…ู† ูŠุจู„ุบู‡ ุฃูˆุนู‰ ู„ู‡ ู…ู…ู† ุณู…ุนู‡ ยป ูู„ูˆู„ุง ุฃู† ุณู†ุชู‡ ุญุฌุฉ ุนู„ู‰ ู…ู† ุณู…ุนู‡ุง ูˆุนู„ู‰ ู…ู† ุจู„ุบุชู‡, ูˆู„ูˆู„ุง ุฃู†ู‡ุง ุจุงู‚ูŠุฉ ุฅู„ู‰ ูŠูˆู… ุงู„ู‚ูŠุงู…ุฉ, ู„ู… ูŠุฃู…ุฑู‡ู… ุจุชุจู„ูŠุบู‡ุง, ูุนู„ู… ุจุฐู„ูƒ ุฃู† ุงู„ุญุฌุฉ ุจุงู„ุณู†ุฉ ู‚ุงุฆู…ุฉ ุนู„ู‰ ู…ู† ุณู…ุนู‡ุง ู…ู† ููŠู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุตู„ุงุฉ ูˆุงู„ุณู„ุงู… ูˆุนู„ู‰ ู…ู† ู†ู‚ู„ุช ุฅู„ูŠู‡ ุจุงู„ุฃุณุงู†ูŠุฏ ุงู„ุตุญูŠุญุฉ.

ูˆุฃุฎุฑุฌ ุงู„ุจูŠู‡ู‚ูŠ ุนู† ุฃูŠูˆุจ ุงู„ุณุฎุชูŠุงู†ูŠ ุงู„ุชุงุจุนูŠ ุงู„ุฌู„ูŠู„, ุฃู†ู‡ ู‚ุงู„: ุฅุฐุง ุญุฏุซุช ุงู„ุฑุฌู„ ุจุณู†ุฉ ูู‚ุงู„: ุฏุนู†ุง ู…ู† ู‡ุฐุง ูˆุฃู†ุจุฆู†ุง ุนู† ุงู„ู‚ุฑุขู† ูุงุนู„ู… ุฃู†ู‡ ุถุงู„.

ูˆู‚ุงู„ ุงู„ุฃูˆุฒุงุนูŠ ุฑุญู…ู‡ ุงู„ู„ู‡: ุงู„ุณู†ุฉ ู‚ุงุถูŠุฉ ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ูƒุชุงุจ, ุฃูŠ ุชู‚ูŠุฏ ู…ุง ุฃุทู„ู‚ู‡, ุฃูˆ ุจุฃุญูƒุงู… ู„ู… ุชุฐูƒุฑ ููŠ ุงู„ูƒุชุงุจ, ูƒู…ุง ููŠ ู‚ูˆู„ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุณุจุญุงู†ู‡: { ูˆูŽุฃูŽู†ู’ุฒูŽู„ู’ู†ูŽุง ุฅูู„ูŽูŠู’ูƒูŽ ุงู„ุฐูู‘ูƒู’ุฑูŽ ู„ูุชูุจูŽูŠูู‘ู†ูŽ ู„ูู„ู†ูŽู‘ุงุณู ู…ูŽุง ู†ูุฒูู‘ู„ูŽ ุฅูู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ูู…ู’ ูˆูŽู„ูŽุนูŽู„ูŽู‘ู‡ูู…ู’ ูŠูŽุชูŽููŽูƒูŽู‘ุฑููˆู†ูŽ}.

ูˆุณุจู‚ ู‚ูˆู„ู‡ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู…: ยซ ุฃู„ุง ุฅู†ูŠ ุฃูˆุชูŠุช ุงู„ูƒุชุงุจ ูˆู…ุซู„ู‡ ู…ุนู‡ ยป ูˆุฃุฎุฑุฌ ุงู„ุจูŠู‡ู‚ูŠ ุนู† ุนุงู…ุฑ ุงู„ุดุนุจูŠ ุฑุญู…ู‡ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุฃู†ู‡ ู‚ุงู„ ู„ุจุนุถ ุงู„ู†ุงุณ: (ุฅู†ู…ุง ู‡ู„ูƒุชู… ููŠ ุญูŠู† ุชุฑูƒุชู… ุงู„ุขุซุงุฑ) ูŠุนู†ูŠ ุจุฐู„ูƒ ุงู„ุฃุญุงุฏูŠุซ ุงู„ุตุญูŠุญุฉ.