Status of the hadith about what is called the โ€œduโ€™aaโ€™ of Jibreelโ€

๐’๐ญ๐š๐ญ๐ฎ๐ฌ ๐จ๐Ÿ ๐ญ๐ก๐ž ๐ก๐š๐๐ข๐ญ๐ก ๐š๐›๐จ๐ฎ๐ญ ๐ฐ๐ก๐š๐ญ ๐ข๐ฌ ๐œ๐š๐ฅ๐ฅ๐ž๐ ๐ญ๐ก๐ž โ€œ๐๐ฎโ€™๐š๐šโ€™ ๐จ๐Ÿ ๐‰๐ข๐›๐ซ๐ž๐ž๐ฅโ€

Mohamad Mostafa Nassar

Twitter@NassarMohamadMR

Question

What is the status of this duโ€™aaโ€™? The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: โ€œJibril=Gabriel came down to me when I was praying behind the Maqam and when I had finished praying, I called upon my Lord, and said: โ€˜My Beloved, teach me something for my ummah so that when I depart this world and leave them, they may call upon Allah and He will forgive them.โ€ Jibril said:

โ€œWhoever among your ummah bears witness that there is no god but Allah and that you are Muhammad the Messenger of Allah, and fasts the three days of al-beed, the thirteenth, fourteenth and fifteenth of each month, then calls upon Allah with this duโ€™aaโ€™, which is written around the Throne. By the power of this duโ€™aaโ€™, O Muhammad, I descend and ascend. By this duโ€™aaโ€™ the Angel of Death takes the souls of the believers. This duโ€™aaโ€™ is written on the covers and pillars of the Kaโ€™bah.

 Whoever among your ummah recites this duโ€™aaโ€™ will be safe from the torment of the grave and he will be one of those who are safe on the day of the great terror and from the death of the evildoers and Allah will grant him independence of means, and he will granted provision from a source he never could imagine,

and you will be his intercessor on the Day of Resurrection, O Muhammadโ€ฆ: โ€˜In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious the Most Merciful. May Allah send blessings upon Muhammad and his pure family.

Glory be to You, You are Allah, there is no god but You, You are the Guardian, the Protector; Glory be to You, You are Allah, there is no god but You, You are the Fashioner, the Most Merciful; Glory be to You, You are Allah, there is no god but You, You are All-Hearing, All-Knowing; Glory be to You, You are Allah, there is no god but You,

You are the Ever-Living, Sustainer; Glory be to You, You are Allah, there is no god but You, You are All-Seeing, the Truthful; Glory be to You, You are Allah, there is no god but You, You are the Expander, the Subtle; Glory be to You, You are Allah, there is no god but You, You are the Most High, the Most Great; Glory be to Youโ€ฆโ€ etc.
Is this correct.

Answer

Praise be to Allah.

This hadeeth which is called โ€œthe duโ€™aaโ€™ of Jibril=Gabrielโ€ has no basis in the sahih Sunnah, and not even among the daโ€™eef=weak reports. It is a hadeeth that is falsely attributed to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him).

Whoever is familiar with the wording of ahaadeeth and duโ€™aaโ€™s will have no doubt that it is a fabrication of the heretics. Describing the virtues of this duโ€™aaโ€™ it was said: โ€œWhoever writes it on his shroud with the dust of al-Husayn (peace be upon him) will be protected from the torment of the graveโ€! 

Some of the phrases used are indicative of the folly of the author, as he thinks that this duโ€™aaโ€™ can trick the guardians of the faith. Listen to what he says: โ€œThe Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, and I memorized it and taught it to the believers of our party and our supportersโ€! 

As for the exaggerations about the rewards to be earned, and the mistakes in grammar and spelling, there are many such. At the beginning it says: โ€œO Allah, send blessings upon Muhammad and the family of Muhammad, there is no god but Allah, the number of those who proclaim His Oneness, Allah is Most great, the number of those who proclaim His greatness, praise be to Allah, the number of those who praise Him, glory be to Allah the number of those who glorify Him, I ask Allah for forgiveness, I ask Allah for forgiveness, the number of those who ask for forgiveness.โ€ 

Whatever the case, in the sahih Sunnah there is enough to suffice, and we have no need of these misguided myths. Our advice to our brother is to read Husn al-Muslim (available in English under the title โ€œThe Fortress of the Muslimโ€) or Sahih al-Kalim al-Tayyib, and the duโ€™aaโ€™s narrated by the trustworthy imams such as al-Bukhari and Muslim in the chapters on duโ€™aaโ€™ in their books.  

And Allah knows best.

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