Holy Spirit in Islam?
In the Quran (2:87) an excerpt: …We gave Jesus the son of Mary clear (signs) and strengthened him with the Holy Spirit. What is the Holy Spirit?
Summary of answer
According to the Quran, the “Holy Spirit” (Ruh al-Qudus) is Jibril (peace be upon him). For more, see the detailed answer.
Praise be to Allah.
Who is the ‘Holy Spirit’ in the Quran?
The “Holy Spirit” (Ruh al-Qudus) is Jibril (peace be upon him). Shaykh al-Shanqiti said: “The words of Allah (interpretation of the meaning), ‘and [We] supported him with Ruh al-Qudus’ [al-Baqarah 2:87] refer to Jibril according to the most sound view. This is indicated by the words (interpretation of the meaning): ‘Which the trustworthy Ruh has brought down’ [al-Shu’ara 26:193] and ‘then We sent to her our Ruh’ [Maryam 19:17].”
Ibn Abi Hatim narrated from Ahmad ibn Sinan… Abu’l-Za’ra told us: ‘Abd-Allah said: Ruh al-Qudus (“the Holy Spirit”) is Jibril, then he said: something similar was narrated from Muhammad ibn Ka’b al-Qurazi, Qatadah, ‘Atiyyah al-‘Awfi, al-Saddi and al-Rabi’ ibn Anas.
Reference to the ‘Holy Spirit’ in the Sunnah
This view is supported by the above and by the report narrated by the two Shaykhs [al-Bukhari and Muslim] with their isnads from Abu Salamah ibn ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn ‘Awf, that he heard Hassan ibn Thabit al-Anaari asking Abu Hurayrah to bear witness, “I ask you by Allah, did you hear the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) say, ‘O Hassan, respond on behalf of the Messenger of Allah. O Allah, support him with Ruh al-Qudus’?” Abu Hurayrah said, “Yes.” (Al-Tafsir al-Masbur by Dr. Hikmat Bashir, 1/192-193)
Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah said:
“The majority of scholars said that this refers to Jibril (peace be upon him), and that Allah called him al-Ruh al-Ameen, Ruh al-Qudus and Jibril.” (Daqaiq al-Tafsir, part 1, p. 310)
He wrote an entire chapter on that and said:
“Chapter on the meaning of Ruh al-Qudus:
Allah said (interpretation of the meaning):
“O ‘Isa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary)! Remember My Favour to you and to your mother when I supported you with Ruh ul Qudus [Jibril (Gabriel)]…” [al-Maidah 5:110]
Allah supported the Messiah (peace be upon him) with Ruh al-Qudus as He mentions in this ayah. In al-Baqarah Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“And We gave ‘Isa (Jesus), the son of Maryam (Mary), clear signs and supported him with Ruh-ul-Qudus [Jibril (Gabriel).] [al-Baqarah 2:87]
“Those Messengers! We preferred some of them to others; to some of them Allâh spoke (directly); others He raised to degrees (of honour); and to ‘Isa (Jesus), the son of Maryam (Mary), We gave clear proofs and evidences, and supported him with Ruh ul Qudus [Jibril (Gabriel)]” [al-Baqarah 2:253]
This is not limited only to the Messiah; others were also supported in this way. (The scholars) mentioned that Dawud said, “Do not stop supporting me with Ruh al-Qudus.” And our Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said to Hassan ibn Thabit, “O Allah, support him with Ruh al-Qudus.” According to another report: “Ruh al-Qudus will be with you so long as you are defending His Prophet.” Both versions are narrated in al-Sahih.
According to the Christians, the “Holy Spirit” dwelt in the Disciples, and according to them the “Holy Spirit” is something experienced by all of the Prophets. But Allah says in al-Nahl (interpretation of the meaning):
“Say (O Muhammad) Ruh ul Qudus [Jibril (Gabriel)] has brought it (the Quran) down from your Lord with truth, that it may make firm and strengthen (the faith of) those who believe, and as a guidance and glad tidings to those who have submitted (to Allah as Muslims).” [al-Nahl 16:102]
“Which the trustworthy Ruh [Jibril (Gabriel)] has brought down upon your heart (O Muhammad).” [al-Shu’ara’ 26:193]
“Whoever is an enemy to Jibril (Gabriel) (let him die in his fury), for indeed he has brought it (this Quran) down to your heart.” [al-Baqarah 2:97]
So it is clear that Ruh al-Qudus here refers to Jibril… No one suggests that Ruh al-Qudus means the life of Allah ; nor is this indicated by the wording and this phrase is never used in that sense.” (Daqaiq al-Tafsir, part 2, p. 92)
And Allah knows best.
Is the Bible written with the help of the Holy Spirit?
Author:Bro Sk Ashik(West Bengal, India)
If you ask a Christian how the Bible was written or compiled? They will tell you that the Bible was written with the help of the Holy Spirit. But is the Bible really written with the help of the Holy Spirit? Or does the Bible say that it was written with the help of unclean spirits?
If you look at the Bible, you will see that the God of the Bible has been tempted by Satan to do evil. Can’t you believe it? See this.
The Bible says,
2) The Lord said to Satan, Where did you come from? Satan answered the Lord and said, I have traveled the earth and wandered about in it.
3) And the LORD said unto Satan, Hast thou seen my servant Job? For there is no one on earth like him who is perfect and upright, God-fearing and apostate; He is still defending his perfection, even though you have incited me to destroy him for no reason.
[Bible, Job 2 / 2-3]
Here we see that Satan can tempt the biblical God, and God himself admits that Satan has tempted him.
We have seen that Satan has persuaded God. And if you look at the Bible, you can see how much God has sent out unclean spirits or unclean spirits.
And the Spirit of the LORD departed from Saul, and an evil spirit from the LORD troubled him.
[Bible, 1 Samuel 16/14]
Whenever evil spirits came from God to David, David picked up the harp and played it. The evil spirit would soon leave Saul, and he would feel better. ”
[Bible, 1 Samuel 16/23]
So we see that the God of the Bible has been tempted by Satan to do evil. Again, the God of the Bible used to send unclean spirits or unclean spirits. Now the question is, did the God of the Bible really send the Holy Spirit?
Or sent an unclean spirit? God was forced to send unclean spirits in place of the Holy Spirit so that Satan could tempt God to do evil when he wrote the Bible. The question is, What is the proof that God sent the Holy Spirit? But the question arose.