Seven Layers Of Earth Mentioned In Quran
“It is Allah who has created seven heavens and of the earth, the like of them. [His] command descends among them so you may know that Allah is over all things competent and that Allah has encompassed all things in knowledge.” [Quran 65:12]
Here is a brief synopsis of the depths of each layer (in kilometers):
0- 40 Crust
40- 400 Upper mantle
400- 650 Transition region
650-2700 Lower mantle
2700-2890 D” layer
2890-5150 Outer core
5150-6378 Inner core
Source: The Layer of Earth
Seven Layers can also be classified as
3- Upper mantle
5- Lower mantle
6- Outer core
7- Inner core
Further the website also proves with explanation is to why the layers of Earth are seven not 3 or 4 as some suggest ignoring some of the layers. This is explain Abdul-Dayem Al-Kaheel in his article.
The Three Layer -Theory did not last for so long due to recent discoveries in Geology. Recent measurements and experiments showed that the material comprising the nucleus of the Earth is under very high pressure, three million times more than that on the surface of the Earth. Under such pressure, matter transforms into solid state, this in turn makes Earth’s core very solid,This core is surrounded by a liquid layer of very high temperature. This means that there are two layers in Earth’s core and not one.Two layers; one solid in the center surrounded by another liquid layer.
Thereafter measuring devices advanced and presented to scientists a clear distinction among Earth’s inner layers. If we were to descend under the earth’s crust we would find another layer of very hot stones , which is the stone cover or wrap. After that come three other distinct layers of varying density, pressure and temperature. Therefore scientists found themselves classifying the layers of Earth into seven layers, not more.
The figure shows (Figure In The Link)these layers with their dimensions (some are out of scale) according to what scientists have recently found using methods like earthquake measuring devices and the study of Earth’s magnetic field, among other techniques. These studies and discoveries are being taught to these scientists’ students in universities.
Source = Earth’s Seven Layers By Abdul Dayem Kaheel
Pondering on the Hadith (sayings) of Prophet Muhammad (Peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), we’ll find one that asserts the existence of the seven layers of the earth concentric and one above the other. The prophet (PBUH) said: (Whoever usurps even one span of the land, his neck will be encircled because of it with seven earths) [Narrated by Al Bukhari].
Here the prophet gave another characteristic of the layers, encirclement, by saying (will be encircled with it) and this is how the layers truly look like, they are concentric and each one encircles the one underneath it.
The Seven Heavens Mentioned is another great miracle of Quran you can read it here = Miracle Of Seven Heaven (Atmospheric Level) In Quran