A common feature of all major religions is the belief in a Universal God or Supreme Divine Authority that is Omnipotent and Omniscient. Followers of all major religions believe that the God they worship is the same God for them as well as for others.
the followers are known as Jews, and they believe in the prophetic mission of Prophet Moses (pbuh). Moses taught purely monotheism that there’s only one God.
The following verse from Deuteronomy contains an exhortation from Moses (pbuh)
“Shama Israelu Adonai Ila Hayno Adna Ikhad”
It is a Hebrew quotation which means
“Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God is one Lord” Deut 6:4
Consider the following verses from the Book of Isaiah:
“I, even I, am the Lord; and beside me there is no saviour.” Isaiah 43:11
“I am lord, and there is none else There is no God besides me.” Isaiah 45 : 5
“I am God, and there is none else; I am God, and there is none like me.” Isaiah 46:9
Judaism condemns idol worship in the following verses:
“Thou shalt have no other gods before me.Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth.Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor see them; for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God…” Exodus 20:3-5
A similar message is repeated in the book of Deuteronomy:
“Thou shalt have none other gods before me.Thou shalt not make thee any graven image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that in the earth beneath, or that is in the water beneath the earth. Thou shalt not bow down thyself unto them, nor serve them; for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God…” Deut 5:7-9
Jesus Christ (Christianity)
Jesus (pbuh) never claimed divinity for himself. He clearly announced the nature of his mission. Jesus (pbuh) was sent by God to confirm the previous Judaic law. This is clearly evident in the following statements attributed to Jesus (pbuh) in the Gospel of Mathew:
“Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the Prophets; I am not come to destroy, but to fulfill. For verily I say unto you, till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled.
“Whosoever therefore shall break one of these least commandments, and shall teach men so, he shall be called the least in the Kingdom of heaven; but whosoever shall do and teach them, the same shall be called great in the Kingdom of Heaven.” Mathew 5: 17-20
The Bible mentions the prophetic nature of Jesus’ mission in the following verses:
“… and the word which ye hear is not mine, but the Father’s which has sent me. John 14:24
“And this is life eternal, that they might know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou has sent.” John 17:3
Jesus refuted even a remote suggestion of his divinity. Consider the following incident mentioned in the Bible:
“And behold, one came and said unto him, “Good master, what good thing shall I do, that I may have eternal life?”
And he said unto him, “Why callest thou me good? There is none good but one, that is, God; but if thou wilt enter into life, keep the commandments.”
The above statements from the Bible refute the Christian dogma of divinity of Jesus and of salvation through the sacrifice of Jesus (pubh). Jesus (pbuh) exhorts keeping the commandments as the means to achieve salvation. Mathew 5: 17-20
Jesus (pbuh) of Nazareth — a man approved of God as the Bible supports the Islamic belief that Jesus (pbuh) was a prophet of God.
“Ye men of Israel, hear these words: Jesus of Nazareth, A man approved of God among you by miracles and wonders and signs, which God did by him in the midst of you, as ye yourselves also know.”
The Bible does not support the Christian belief in trinity at all. One of the scribes once asked Jesus (pbuh) as to which was the first commandment of all, to which Jesus (pbuh) merely repeated what Moses (pbuh) had said, namely:
“Shama Israelu Adonai Ila Hayno Adna Ikhat”.
This is a Hebrew quotation, which means: “Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God is one Lord.” (Mark 12:29)
Muhammed peace be upon him (Islam)
The most concise definition of God in Islam is given in four verses of Surah Ikhlas which is Chapter 112 of the Holy Qur’an:
“Say: He is Allah, The one and Only.
“Allah, the Eternal, Absolute.
“He begets not, nor is He begotten.
“And there is none like unto Him.” Qur’an 112:1-4
The word `Assamad’ is difficult to translate. It means `absolute existence’, which can be attributed only to Allah, all other existence being temporal or conditional. It also means that Allah is not dependent on any person or thing, but all persons and things are dependent on Him.
Surah IkhIas=chapter Sincerity – the touchstone of theology: Surah Ikhlas (Chapter 112) of the Qur’an, is the touchstone of theology. `Theo’ in Greek means God and logy means study.
Thus, Theology means study of God and to Muslims these four lines definition of Almighty God serves as the touchstone of the study of God. Any candidate to divinity must be subject to this `acid test’. Since the attributes of Allah given in this chapter are unique, false gods and pretenders to divinity can be easily dismissed using these verses.
All major religions that believe in the existence of God ultimately, on a higher level, believe in one supreme God. All religious scriptures actually speak about monotheism i.e. belief in only one true God.
Moses, Jesus, and Muhammed (peace be upon them all) were three different messengers sent at different time, but their message was one that’s THERE IS ONLY ONE GOD, WORSHIP HIM ALONE WITHOUT ASSOCIATING PARTNER WITH HIM.
By the passage of time most of the religious scriptures have been distorted and changed EXCEPT THE QUR’AN by people for their own benefits. The creed of many religions has thus been distorted from monotheism to pantheism or polytheism. God Almighty in His last and final revelation, the Qur’an says warns the people of the previous scriptures:
“Then woe to those who write The Book with their own hands, and then say: “This is from Allah,” To traffic with it for a miserable price! Woe to them for what their hands Do write, and for the gain They make thereby.”
Allah knows Best