Forty Hadith on Ramadan

Forty Hadith on Ramadan


Mohamad Mostafa Nassar

Twitter:@NassarMohamadMR

In the name of Allah, the Gracious, the Merciful

Beginning of Ramadan

Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

โ€ุฅูุฐูŽุง ุฏูŽุฎูŽู„ูŽ ุดูŽู‡ู’ุฑู ุฑูŽู…ูŽุถูŽุงู†ูŽ ููุชูู‘ุญูŽุชู’ ุฃูŽุจู’ูˆูŽุงุจู ุงู„ุณูŽู‘ู…ูŽุงุกู ูˆูŽุบูู„ูู‘ู‚ูŽุชู’ ุฃูŽุจู’ูˆูŽุงุจู ุฌูŽู‡ูŽู†ูŽู‘ู…ูŽ ูˆูŽุณูู„ู’ุณูู„ูŽุชู ุงู„ุดูŽู‘ูŠูŽุงุทููŠู†โ€

When the month of Ramadan begins, the gates of the heaven are opened, the gates of Hellfire are closed, and the devils are chained.

Source: แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ al-Bukhฤrฤซ 1899, Grade:ย Muttafaqun Alayhi

Talhah ibn โ€˜Ubayd reported: Whenever the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, saw the crescent moon, he would say:

ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ูู…ูŽู‘ ุฃูŽู‡ู’ู„ูู„ู’ู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽุง ุจูุงู„ู’ูŠูู…ู’ู†ู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุฅููŠู…ูŽุงู†ู ูˆูŽุงู„ุณูŽู‘ู„ูŽุงู…ูŽุฉู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุฅูุณู’ู„ูŽุงู…ู ุฑูŽุจูู‘ูŠ ูˆูŽุฑูŽุจูู‘ูƒูŽ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู

O Allah, bring it over us with blessings and faith, safety and Islam. My Lord and your Lord is Allah.

Source: Sunan al-Tirmidhฤซ 3451, Grade:ย Sahih

Anas ibn Malik reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said when the month of Ramadan began:

ุฅูู†ูŽู‘ ู‡ูŽุฐูŽุง ุงู„ุดูŽู‘ู‡ู’ุฑูŽ ู‚ูŽุฏู’ ุญูŽุถูŽุฑูŽูƒูู…ู’ ูˆูŽูููŠู‡ู ู„ูŽูŠู’ู„ูŽุฉูŒ ุฎูŽูŠู’ุฑูŒ ู…ูู†ู’ ุฃูŽู„ู’ูู ุดูŽู‡ู’ุฑู ู…ูŽู†ู’ ุญูุฑูู…ูŽู‡ูŽุง ููŽู‚ูŽุฏู’ ุญูุฑูู…ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุฎูŽูŠู’ุฑูŽ ูƒูู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ูŠูุญู’ุฑูŽู…ู ุฎูŽูŠู’ุฑูŽู‡ูŽุง ุฅูู„ูŽู‘ุง ู…ูŽุญู’ุฑููˆู…ูŒ

Verily, this month has presented itself to you. There is a night within it that is better than a thousand months. Whoever is deprived of it has been deprived of all good. None is deprived of its good but that he is truly deprived.

Source: Sunan Ibn Mฤjah 1644, Grade:ย Sahih

Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said when the month of Ramadan arrived:

ู‚ูŽุฏู’ ุฌูŽุงุกูŽูƒูู…ู’ ุฑูŽู…ูŽุถูŽุงู†ู ุดูŽู‡ู’ุฑูŒ ู…ูุจูŽุงุฑูŽูƒูŒ ุงูู’ุชูŽุฑูŽุถูŽ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ูƒูู…ู’ ุตููŠูŽุงู…ูŽู‡ู ุชููู’ุชูŽุญู ูููŠู‡ู ุฃูŽุจู’ูˆูŽุงุจู ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽู†ูŽู‘ุฉู ูˆูŽูŠูุบู’ู„ูŽู‚ู ูููŠู‡ู ุฃูŽุจู’ูˆูŽุงุจู ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽุญููŠู…ู ูˆูŽุชูุบูŽู„ูู‘ ูููŠู‡ู ุงู„ุดูŽู‘ูŠูŽุงุทููŠู†ู ูููŠู‡ู ู„ูŽูŠู’ู„ูŽุฉูŒ ุฎูŽูŠู’ุฑูŒ ู…ูู†ู’ ุฃูŽู„ู’ูู ุดูŽู‡ู’ุฑู ู…ูŽู†ู’ ุญูุฑูู…ูŽ ุฎูŽูŠู’ุฑูŽู‡ูŽุง ู‚ูŽุฏู’ ุญูุฑูู…ูŽ

The month of Ramadan has come, a blessed month in which Allah Almighty has obligated you to fast. In it the gates of the heavens are opened, and in it the gates of Hellfire are closed, and in it the devils are chained, and in it is a night that is better than a thousand months. Thus, whoever is deprived of its good is truly deprived.

Source: Musnad Aแธฅmad 7148, Grade:ย Sahih

In another narration, the Prophet said:

ุฅูุฐูŽุง ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ุฃูŽูˆูŽู‘ู„ู ู„ูŽูŠู’ู„ูŽุฉู ู…ูู†ู’ ุดูŽู‡ู’ุฑู ุฑูŽู…ูŽุถูŽุงู†ูŽ ุตูููู‘ุฏูŽุชู’ ุงู„ุดูŽู‘ูŠูŽุงุทููŠู†ู ูˆูŽู…ูŽุฑูŽุฏูŽุฉู ุงู„ู’ุฌูู†ูู‘ ูˆูŽุบูู„ูู‘ู‚ูŽุชู’ ุฃูŽุจู’ูˆูŽุงุจู ุงู„ู†ูŽู‘ุงุฑู ููŽู„ูŽู…ู’ ูŠููู’ุชูŽุญู’ ู…ูู†ู’ู‡ูŽุง ุจูŽุงุจูŒ ูˆูŽููุชูู‘ุญูŽุชู’ ุฃูŽุจู’ูˆูŽุงุจู ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽู†ูŽู‘ุฉู ููŽู„ูŽู…ู’ ูŠูุบู’ู„ูŽู‚ู’ ู…ูู†ู’ู‡ูŽุง ุจูŽุงุจูŒ ูˆูŽูŠูู†ูŽุงุฏููŠ ู…ูู†ูŽุงุฏู ูŠูŽุง ุจูŽุงุบููŠูŽ ุงู„ู’ุฎูŽูŠู’ุฑู ุฃูŽู‚ู’ุจูู„ู’ ูˆูŽูŠูŽุง ุจูŽุงุบููŠูŽ ุงู„ุดูŽู‘ุฑูู‘ ุฃูŽู‚ู’ุตูุฑู’ ูˆูŽู„ูู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุนูุชูŽู‚ูŽุงุกู ู…ูู†ู’ ุงู„ู†ูŽู‘ุงุฑู ูˆูŽุฐูŽู„ูƒูŽ ูƒูู„ูู‘ ู„ูŽูŠู’ู„ูŽุฉู

On the first night of the month of Ramadan, the devils are chained, the jinn are restrained, and the gates of Hellfire are closed and none of its gates are opened. The gates of Paradise are opened and none of its gates are closed. A heavenly caller announces: O seeker of good, come near! O seeker of evil, stop short! Allah will save them from the Hellfire and that is during every night of Ramadan.

Source: Sunan al-Tirmidhฤซ 682, Grade:ย Sahih

Greatness of Ramadan

Ibn Umar reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

ุจูู†ููŠูŽ ุงู„ู’ุฅูุณู’ู„ูŽุงู…ู ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุฎูŽู…ู’ุณู ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูุนู’ุจูŽุฏูŽ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ูˆูŽูŠููƒู’ููŽุฑูŽ ุจูู…ูŽุง ุฏููˆู†ูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽุฅูู‚ูŽุงู…ู ุงู„ุตูŽู‘ู„ูŽุงุฉู ูˆูŽุฅููŠุชูŽุงุกู ุงู„ุฒูŽู‘ูƒูŽุงุฉู ูˆูŽุญูŽุฌูู‘ ุงู„ู’ุจูŽูŠู’ุชู ูˆูŽุตูŽูˆู’ู…ู ุฑูŽู…ูŽุถูŽุงู†ูŽ

Islam is built upon five: to worship Allah and to disbelieve in what is worshiped besides him, to establish prayer, to give charity, to performย Hajjย pilgrimage to the house, and to fast the month of Ramadan.

Source: แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ al-Bukhฤrฤซ 8, Grade:ย Muttafaqun Alayhi

Abu Huraira reported: A bedouin came to the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, and he said, โ€œO Messenger of Allah, show me a deed by which I may enter Paradise.โ€ The Prophet said:

ุชูŽุนู’ุจูุฏู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ูŽ ู„ูŽุง ุชูุดู’ุฑููƒู ุจูู‡ู ุดูŽูŠู’ุฆู‹ุง ูˆูŽุชูู‚ููŠู…ู ุงู„ุตูŽู‘ู„ูŽุงุฉูŽ ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽูƒู’ุชููˆุจูŽุฉูŽ ูˆูŽุชูุคูŽุฏูู‘ูŠ ุงู„ุฒูŽู‘ูƒูŽุงุฉูŽ ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽูู’ุฑููˆุถูŽุฉูŽ ูˆูŽุชูŽุตููˆู…ู ุฑูŽู…ูŽุถูŽุงู†ูŽ

Worship Allah and never associate anything with Him, establish the prescribed prayers, give the obligatory charity, and fast of the month of Ramadan.

The man said, โ€œBy Him in whose hand is my soul, I will never add anything to it, nor will I lessen anything from it.โ€ When the man turned his back, the Prophet said:

ู…ูŽู†ู’ ุณูŽุฑูŽู‘ู‡ู ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูŽู†ู’ุธูุฑูŽ ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุฑูŽุฌูู„ู ู…ูู†ู’ ุฃูŽู‡ู’ู„ู ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽู†ูŽู‘ุฉู ููŽู„ู’ูŠูŽู†ู’ุธูุฑู’ ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ู‡ูŽุฐูŽุง

Whoever is pleased to see a man from the people of Paradise should look to him.

Source: แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ al-Bukhฤrฤซ 1397, Grade:ย Muttafaqun Alayhi

โ€˜Amr ibn Murrah reported: A man came to the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, and he said, โ€œO Messenger of Allah, what do you think if I testify there is no God but Allah and you are the Messenger of Allah, I perform the five prayers, I pay the obligatory alms, I fast the month of Ramadan and stand for prayer in it. Among whom will I be?โ€ The Prophet said:

ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ุตูู‘ุฏูู‘ูŠู‚ููŠู†ูŽ ูˆูŽุงู„ุดูู‘ู‡ูŽุฏูŽุงุกู

Among the truthful and the martyrs.

Source: แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ Ibn แธคibbฤn 3492, Grade:ย Sahih

Abu Huraira reported: There were two men from the tribe of Qudaโ€™ah who embraced Islam with the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him. One of them was martyred and the other lived for another year.

Talha said, โ€œI had a dream of Paradise and I saw the one who lived longer enter Paradise before the martyr. I was amazed by that and when I woke up, I mentioned it to the Prophet.โ€ The Prophet said:

ุฃูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ุณูŽ ู‚ูŽุฏู’ ุตูŽุงู…ูŽ ุจูŽุนู’ุฏูŽู‡ู ุฑูŽู…ูŽุถูŽุงู†ูŽ ูˆูŽุตูŽู„ูŽู‘ู‰ ุณูุชูŽู‘ุฉูŽ ุขู„ูŽุงูู ุฑูŽูƒู’ุนูŽุฉู ุฃูŽูˆู’ ูƒูŽุฐูŽุง ูˆูŽูƒูŽุฐูŽุง ุฑูŽูƒู’ุนูŽุฉู‹ ุตูŽู„ูŽุงุฉูŽ ุงู„ุณูŽู‘ู†ูŽุฉู

Did he not fast the month of Ramadan after him and he performed six thousand or so bowings in prayer throughout the year?

Source: Musnad Aแธฅmad 8399, Grade:ย Hasan

Abu al-Muntafiq reported: I said, โ€œO Messenger of Allah, teach me what will save me from the punishment of Allah and admit me into Paradise.โ€ The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

ุงุนู’ุจูุฏู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ูŽ ูˆูŽู„ุง ุชูุดู’ุฑููƒู’ ุจูู‡ู ุดูŽูŠู’ุฆู‹ุง ูˆูŽุฃูŽู‚ูู…ู ุงู„ุตูŽู‘ู„ุงุฉูŽ ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽูƒู’ุชููˆุจูŽุฉูŽ ูˆูŽุฃูŽุฏูู‘ ุงู„ุฒูŽู‘ูƒูŽุงุฉูŽ ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽูู’ุฑููˆุถูŽุฉูŽ ูˆูŽุญูุฌูŽู‘ ูˆูŽุงุนู’ุชูŽู…ูุฑู’ ูˆูŽุตูู…ู’ ุฑูŽู…ูŽุถูŽุงู†ูŽ ูˆูŽุงู†ู’ุธูุฑู’ ู…ูŽุง ุชูุญูุจูู‘ ู„ูู„ู†ูŽู‘ุงุณู ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูŽุฃู’ุชููˆู‡ู ุฅูู„ูŽูŠู’ูƒูŽ ููŽุงูู’ุนูŽู„ู’ู‡ู ุจูู‡ูู…ู’ ูˆูŽู…ูŽุง ุชูŽูƒู’ุฑูŽู‡ู ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูŽุฃู’ุชููˆู‡ู ุฅูู„ูŽูŠู’ูƒูŽ ููŽุฐูŽุฑู’ู‡ูู…ู’ ู…ูู†ู’ู‡ู

Worship Allah and do not associate anything with Him, establish the prescribed prayers, give the obligatory charity,ย fast the month of Ramadan, andย treat people the way you would love to be treated, and do not treat them the way you would hate to be treated.

Source: al-Muโ€™jam al-Kabฤซr 15833, Grade:ย Sahih

Abu Umamah reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said in his farewell sermon:

ุงุชูŽู‘ู‚ููˆุง ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ูŽ ุฑูŽุจูŽู‘ูƒูู…ู’ ูˆูŽุตูŽู„ูู‘ูˆุง ุฎูŽู…ู’ุณูŽูƒูู…ู’ ูˆูŽุตููˆู…ููˆุง ุดูŽู‡ู’ุฑูŽูƒูู…ู’ ูˆูŽุฃูŽุฏูู‘ูˆุง ุฒูŽูƒูŽุงุฉูŽ ุฃูŽู…ู’ูˆูŽุงู„ููƒูู…ู’ ูˆูŽุฃูŽุทููŠุนููˆุง ุฐูŽุง ุฃูŽู…ู’ุฑููƒูู…ู’ ุชูŽุฏู’ุฎูู„ููˆุง ุฌูŽู†ูŽู‘ุฉูŽ ุฑูŽุจูู‘ูƒูู…ู’

Fear Allah your Lord, pray your five prayers, fast your month of Ramadan, give charity from your wealth, and obey those in authority over you. You will enter the Paradise of your Lord.

Source: Sunan al-Tirmidhฤซ 616, Grade:ย Sahih

Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

ุฅูุฐูŽุง ุตูŽู„ูŽู‘ุชู ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุฑู’ุฃูŽุฉู ุฎูู…ูุณูŽู‡ูŽุง ูˆูŽุตูŽุงู…ูŽุชู’ ุดูŽู‡ู’ุฑูŽู‡ูŽุง ูˆูŽุญูŽุตูŽู‘ู†ูŽุชู’ ููŽุฑู’ุฌูŽู‡ูŽุง ูˆูŽุฃูŽุทูŽุงุนูŽุชู’ ุจูŽุนู’ู„ูŽู‡ูŽุง ุฏูŽุฎูŽู„ูŽุชู’ ู…ูู†ู’ ุฃูŽูŠูู‘ ุฃูŽุจู’ูˆูŽุงุจู ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽู†ูŽู‘ุฉู ุดูŽุงุกูŽุชู’

If a woman prays her five prayers, fasts her month of Ramadan, guards her chastity, and obeys her husband, she will enter Paradise from any gate she wishes.

Source: แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ Ibn แธคibbฤn 4252, Grade:ย Sahih

Abu Darda reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

ุฎูŽู…ู’ุณูŒ ู…ูŽู†ู’ ุฌูŽุงุกูŽ ุจูู‡ูู†ูŽู‘ ู…ูŽุนูŽ ุฅููŠู…ูŽุงู†ู ุฏูŽุฎูŽู„ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽู†ูŽู‘ุฉูŽ ู…ูŽู†ู’ ุญูŽุงููŽุธูŽ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ุตูŽู‘ู„ูŽูˆูŽุงุชู ุงู„ู’ุฎูŽู…ู’ุณู ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ูˆูุถููˆุฆูู‡ูู†ูŽู‘ ูˆูŽุฑููƒููˆุนูู‡ูู†ูŽู‘ ูˆูŽุณูุฌููˆุฏูู‡ูู†ูŽู‘ ูˆูŽู…ูŽูˆูŽุงู‚ููŠุชูู‡ูู†ูŽู‘ ูˆูŽุตูŽุงู…ูŽ ุฑูŽู…ูŽุถูŽุงู†ูŽ ูˆูŽุญูŽุฌูŽู‘ ุงู„ู’ุจูŽูŠู’ุชูŽ ุฅูู†ู’ ุงุณู’ุชูŽุทูŽุงุนูŽ ุฅูู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ุณูŽุจููŠู„ู‹ุง ูˆูŽุฃูŽุนู’ุทูŽู‰ ุงู„ุฒูŽู‘ูƒูŽุงุฉูŽ ุทูŽูŠูู‘ุจูŽุฉู‹ ุจูู‡ูŽุง ู†ูŽูู’ุณูู‡ู ูˆูŽุฃูŽุฏูŽู‘ู‰ ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽู…ูŽุงู†ูŽุฉูŽ

Whoever comes with five deeds, along with faith, will enter Paradise: one who preserves the five prayers, their ablution, their bowings, their prostrations, and their timings, who fasts the month of Ramadan, who performs Hajj pilgrimage to the House if he can find a way, who gives charity with a cheerful soul, and one who fulfills the trust.

Source: Sunan Abฤซ Dฤwลซd 42, Grade:ย Hasan

Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

ุงู„ุฅูุณู’ู„ุงู…ู ุฃูŽู†ู’ ุชูŽุนู’ุจูุฏูŽ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ูŽ ูˆูŽู„ุง ุชูุดู’ุฑููƒูŽ ุจูู‡ู ุดูŽูŠู’ุฆู‹ุง ูˆูŽุชูู‚ููŠู…ูŽ ุงู„ุตูŽู‘ู„ุงุฉูŽ ูˆูŽุชูุคู’ุชููŠูŽ ุงู„ุฒูŽู‘ูƒูŽุงุฉูŽ ูˆูŽุชูŽุตููˆู…ูŽ ุฑูŽู…ูŽุถูŽุงู†ูŽ ูˆูŽุชูŽุญูุฌูŽู‘ ุงู„ู’ุจูŽูŠู’ุชูŽ ูˆูŽุงู„ุฃูŽู…ู’ุฑู ุจูุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุนู’ุฑููˆูู ูˆูŽุงู„ู†ูŽู‘ู‡ู’ูŠู ุนูŽู†ู ุงู„ู’ู…ูู†ู’ูƒูŽุฑู ูˆูŽุชูŽุณู’ู„ููŠู…ููƒูŽ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุฃูŽู‡ู’ู„ููƒูŽ ููŽู…ูŽู†ู ุงู†ู’ุชูŽู‚ูŽุตูŽ ุดูŽูŠู’ุฆู‹ุง ู…ูู†ู’ู‡ูู†ูŽู‘ ููŽู‡ููˆูŽ ุณูŽู‡ู’ู…ูŒ ูููŠ ุงู„ุฅูุณู’ู„ุงู…ู ูŠูŽุฏูŽุนูู‡ู ูˆูŽู…ูŽู†ู’ ุชูŽุฑูŽูƒูŽู‡ูู†ูŽู‘ ูƒูู„ูŽู‘ู‡ูู†ูŽู‘ ููŽู‚ูŽุฏู’ ูˆูŽู„ูŽู‘ู‰ ุงู„ุฅูุณู’ู„ุงู…ูŽ ุธูŽู‡ู’ุฑูŽู‡ู

Islam is to worship Allah without associating a partner with Him, to establish prayer, to give charity, to fast the month of Ramadan, to perform pilgrimage to the House, to enjoin good and forbid evil, and to greet your people with peace. Whoever neglects anything from them has abandoned a part of Islam, and whoever neglects all of them has thrown Islam behind his back.

Source: Shuโ€™ab al-Imฤn 8297, Grade:ย Sahihย li ghayri

Forgiveness and Reward in Ramadan

Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

ุงู„ุตูŽู‘ู„ูŽูˆูŽุงุชู ุงู„ู’ุฎูŽู…ู’ุณู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุฌูู…ูุนูŽุฉู ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู’ุฌูู…ูุนูŽุฉู ูˆูŽุฑูŽู…ูŽุถูŽุงู†ู ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุฑูŽู…ูŽุถูŽุงู†ูŽ ู…ููƒูŽููู‘ุฑูŽุงุชูŒ ู…ูŽุง ุจูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽู‡ูู†ูŽู‘ ู…ูŽุง ุงุฌู’ุชูู†ูุจูŽุชู’ ุงู„ู’ูƒูŽุจูŽุงุฆูุฑู

The five prayers, Friday to Friday, and Ramadan to Ramadan will be expiation for the sins between them, so long as major sins are avoided.

Source: แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ Muslim 233, Grade:ย Sahih

Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

ู…ูŽู†ู’ ุตูŽุงู…ูŽ ุฑูŽู…ูŽุถูŽุงู†ูŽ ุฅููŠู…ูŽุงู†ู‹ุง ูˆูŽุงุญู’ุชูุณูŽุงุจู‹ุง ุบูููุฑูŽ ู„ูŽู‡ู ู…ูŽุง ุชูŽู‚ูŽุฏูŽู‘ู…ูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ ุฐูŽู†ู’ุจูู‡ู ูˆูŽู…ูŽู†ู’ ู‚ูŽุงู…ูŽ ู„ูŽูŠู’ู„ูŽุฉูŽ ุงู„ู’ู‚ูŽุฏู’ุฑู ุฅููŠู…ูŽุงู†ู‹ุง ูˆูŽุงุญู’ุชูุณูŽุงุจู‹ุง ุบูููุฑูŽ ู„ูŽู‡ู ู…ูŽุง ุชูŽู‚ูŽุฏูŽู‘ู…ูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ ุฐูŽู†ู’ุจูู‡ู

Whoever fasts the month of Ramadan due to faith and seeking reward, his previous sins will be forgiven. Whoever stands in prayer during the Night of Decree due to faith and seeking reward, his previous sins will be forgiven.

Source: แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ al-Bukhฤrฤซ 1901, Grade:ย Muttafaqun Alayhi

Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, encouraged standing for night prayer in the month of Ramadan, without imposing it on them. The Prophet would say:

ู…ูŽู†ู’ ู‚ูŽุงู…ูŽ ุฑูŽู…ูŽุถูŽุงู†ูŽ ุฅููŠู…ูŽุงู†ู‹ุง ูˆูŽุงุญู’ุชูุณูŽุงุจู‹ุง ุบูููุฑูŽ ู„ูŽู‡ู ู…ูŽุง ุชูŽู‚ูŽุฏูŽู‘ู…ูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ ุฐูŽู†ู’ุจูู‡ู

Whoever stands in prayer during Ramadan due to faith and seeking reward, his previous sins will be forgiven.

Source: แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ al-Bukhฤrฤซ 2009, Grade:ย Muttafaqunย Alayhi

Abu Saโ€™id al-Khudri reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

ู…ูŽู†ู’ ุตูŽุงู…ูŽ ุฑูŽู…ูŽุถูŽุงู†ูŽ ูˆูŽุนูŽุฑูŽููŽ ุญูุฏููˆุฏูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽุชูŽุญูŽููŽู‘ุธูŽ ู…ูู…ูŽู‘ุง ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ูŠูŽู†ู’ุจูŽุบููŠ ู„ูŽู‡ู ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูŽุชูŽุญูŽููŽู‘ุธูŽ ูููŠู‡ู ูƒูŽููŽู‘ุฑูŽ ู…ูŽุง ู‚ูŽุจู’ู„ูŽู‡ู

Whoever fasts the month of Ramadan, acknowledging its limits and guarding what should be guarded in it, then it will expiate sins which came before it.

Source: Musnad Aแธฅmad 11310, Grade:ย Hasan

Abdur Rahman ibn Awf reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

ุฅูู†ูŽู‘ ุฑูŽู…ูŽุถูŽุงู†ูŽ ุดูŽู‡ู’ุฑูŒ ุงูู’ุชูŽุฑูŽุถูŽ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุนูŽุฒูŽู‘ ูˆูŽุฌูŽู„ูŽู‘ ุตููŠูŽุงู…ูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽุฅูู†ูู‘ูŠ ุณูŽู†ูŽู†ู’ุชู ู„ูู„ู’ู…ูุณู’ู„ูู…ููŠู†ูŽ ู‚ููŠูŽุงู…ูŽู‡ู ููŽู…ูŽู†ู’ ุตูŽุงู…ูŽู‡ู ุฅููŠู…ูŽุงู†ู‹ุง ูˆูŽุงุญู’ุชูุณูŽุงุจู‹ุง ุฎูŽุฑูŽุฌูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ ุงู„ุฐูู‘ู†ููˆุจู ูƒูŽูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ู ูˆูŽู„ูŽุฏูŽุชู’ู‡ู ุฃูู…ูู‘ู‡ู

Verily, Ramadan is a month in which Allah Almighty has obligated its fasting. I have instituted for Muslims theย practice of prayer at night. Thus, whoever fasts it with faith and expecting reward will be rid of sins like the day he was born from his mother.

Source: Musnad Aแธฅmad 1688, Grade:ย Sahih

Abu Saโ€™id al-Khudri reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

ุฅูู†ูŽู‘ ู„ูู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุนูุชูŽู‚ูŽุงุกูŽ ูููŠ ูƒูู„ูู‘ ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ู ูˆูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู„ูŽุฉู ูŠุนู†ูŠ ููŠ ุฑู…ุถุงู† ู„ููƒูู„ูู‘ ุนูŽุจู’ุฏู ู…ูู†ู’ู‡ูู…ู’ ุฏูŽุนู’ูˆูŽุฉูŒ ู…ูุณู’ุชูŽุฌูŽุงุจูŽุฉูŒ

Verily, Allah has people He redeems in every day and night of Ramadan. Every servant among them has a supplication that will be answered.

Source: Musnad Aแธฅmad 7443, Grade:ย Sahih

Abu Dharr reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

ุฅูู†ูŽู‘ู‡ู ู…ูŽู†ู’ ู‚ูŽุงู…ูŽ ู…ูŽุนูŽ ุงู„ุฅูู…ูŽุงู…ู ูŠุนู†ู‰ ููŠ ุฑู…ุถุงู† ุญูŽุชูŽู‘ู‰ ูŠูŽู†ู’ุตูŽุฑูููŽ ูƒูุชูุจูŽ ู„ูŽู‡ู ู‚ููŠูŽุงู…ู ู„ูŽูŠู’ู„ูŽุฉู

Verily, whoever stands for prayer in Ramadan with the Imam until he is finished, it will be recorded as if he prayed the entire night.

Source: Sunan al-Tirmidhฤซ 806, Grade:ย Sahih

Ibn Abbas reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

ุฅูู†ูŽู‘ ุนูู…ู’ุฑูŽุฉู‹ ูููŠ ุฑูŽู…ูŽุถูŽุงู†ูŽ ุญูŽุฌูŽู‘ุฉูŒ

Verily, the Umrah pilgrimage during Ramadan is equal to Hajj.

Source: แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ al-Bukhฤrฤซ 1782, Grade:ย Muttafaqun Alayhi

Reciting the Quran in Ramadan

Ibn Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, said:

ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ุฑูŽุณููˆู„ู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุตูŽู„ูŽู‘ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูˆูŽุณูŽู„ูŽู‘ู…ูŽ ุฃูŽุฌู’ูˆูŽุฏูŽ ุงู„ู†ูŽู‘ุงุณู ูˆูŽูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ุฃูŽุฌู’ูˆูŽุฏู ู…ูŽุง ูŠูŽูƒููˆู†ู ูููŠ ุฑูŽู…ูŽุถูŽุงู†ูŽ ุญููŠู†ูŽ ูŠูŽู„ู’ู‚ูŽุงู‡ู ุฌูุจู’ุฑููŠู„ู ูˆูŽูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ูŠูŽู„ู’ู‚ูŽุงู‡ู ูููŠ ูƒูู„ูู‘ ู„ูŽูŠู’ู„ูŽุฉู ู…ูู†ู’ ุฑูŽู…ูŽุถูŽุงู†ูŽ ููŽูŠูุฏูŽุงุฑูุณูู‡ู ุงู„ู‚ูุฑู’ุขู†ูŽ ููŽู„ูŽุฑูŽุณููˆู„ู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุตูŽู„ูŽู‘ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูˆูŽุณูŽู„ูŽู‘ู…ูŽ ุฃูŽุฌู’ูˆูŽุฏู ุจูุงู„ุฎูŽูŠู’ุฑู ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ุฑูู‘ูŠุญู ุงู„ู…ูุฑู’ุณูŽู„ูŽุฉู

The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, was the most generous of people and he was even more generous in Ramadan when Gabriel would meet him. He would meet him every night of Ramadan to study the Quran. Thus, the Prophet would be more generous than a nourishing wind.

Source: แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ al-Bukhฤrฤซ 1902, Grade:ย Muttafaqun Alayhi

Fatimah reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

ุฃูŽุณูŽุฑูŽู‘ ุฅูู„ูŽูŠูŽู‘ ุฅูู†ูŽู‘ ุฌูุจู’ุฑููŠู„ูŽ ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ูŠูุนูŽุงุฑูุถูู†ููŠ ุงู„ู’ู‚ูุฑู’ุขู†ูŽ ูƒูู„ูŽู‘ ุณูŽู†ูŽุฉู ู…ูŽุฑูŽู‘ุฉู‹ ูˆูŽุฅูู†ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุนูŽุงุฑูŽุถูŽู†ููŠ ุงู„ู’ุนูŽุงู…ูŽ ู…ูŽุฑูŽู‘ุชูŽูŠู’ู†ู ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ุฃูุฑูŽุงู‡ู ุฅูู„ูŽู‘ุง ุญูŽุถูŽุฑูŽ ุฃูŽุฌูŽู„ููŠ

Gabriel would come to me to revise the Quran once every year. This year he revised with me twice. I do not think it means anything but that my term will come to an end.

Source: แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ al-Bukhฤrฤซ 3376, Grade:ย Sahih

Abu Huraira, may Allah be pleased with him said:

ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ูŠูŽุนู’ุฑูุถู ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู†ูŽู‘ุจููŠูู‘ ุตูŽู„ูŽู‘ู‰ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูˆูŽุณูŽู„ูŽู‘ู…ูŽ ุงู„ู’ู‚ูุฑู’ุขู†ูŽ ูƒูู„ูŽู‘ ุนูŽุงู…ู ู…ูŽุฑูŽู‘ุฉู‹ ููŽุนูŽุฑูŽุถูŽ ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ู…ูŽุฑูŽู‘ุชูŽูŠู’ู†ู ูููŠ ุงู„ู’ุนูŽุงู…ู ุงู„ูŽู‘ุฐููŠ ู‚ูุจูุถูŽ ูููŠู‡ู ูˆูŽูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ูŠูŽุนู’ุชูŽูƒููู ูƒูู„ูŽู‘ ุนูŽุงู…ู ุนูŽุดู’ุฑู‹ุง ููŽุงุนู’ุชูŽูƒูŽููŽ ุนูุดู’ุฑููŠู†ูŽ ูููŠ ุงู„ู’ุนูŽุงู… ุงู„ูŽู‘ุฐููŠ ู‚ูุจูุถูŽ ูููŠู‡ู

The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, would review the Quran once every year in Ramadan and he reviewed it twice in the year he passed away. The Prophet would seek spiritual retreat in the mosqueย for ten days every year and he secluded himself for twenty days in the year he passed away.

Source: แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ al-Bukhฤrฤซ 4998, Grade:ย Sahih

Aisha, may Allah be pleased with her, said:

ู„ูŽุง ุฃูŽุนู’ู„ูŽู…ู ุฑูŽุณููˆู„ูŽ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุตูŽู„ูŽู‘ู‰ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูˆูŽุณูŽู„ูŽู‘ู…ูŽ ู‚ูŽุฑูŽุฃูŽ ุงู„ู’ู‚ูุฑู’ุขู†ูŽ ูƒูู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ูููŠ ู„ูŽูŠู’ู„ูŽุฉู ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ู‚ูŽุงู…ูŽ ู„ูŽูŠู’ู„ูŽุฉู‹ ุญูŽุชูŽู‘ู‰ ุงู„ุตูŽู‘ุจูŽุงุญูŽ ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ุตูŽุงู…ูŽ ุดูŽู‡ู’ุฑู‹ุง ูƒูŽุงู…ูู„ู‹ุง ู‚ูŽุทูู‘ ุบูŽูŠู’ุฑูŽ ุฑูŽู…ูŽุถูŽุงู†ูŽ

I have not known the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, to read the entire Quran in a single night, nor to spend the whole night in prayer until the morning, nor to spend an entire month in fasting, except during the month of Ramadan.

Source: Sunan al-Nasฤโ€™ฤซ 1641, Grade:ย Sahih

Wathila ibn al-Asqaโ€™ reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

ุฃูู†ู’ุฒูู„ูŽุชู’ ุตูุญููู ุฅูุจู’ุฑูŽุงู‡ููŠู…ูŽ ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ุงู„ุณูŽู‘ู„ูŽุงู… ูููŠ ุฃูŽูˆูŽู‘ู„ู ู„ูŽูŠู’ู„ูŽุฉู ู…ูู†ู’ ุฑูŽู…ูŽุถูŽุงู†ูŽ ูˆูŽุฃูู†ู’ุฒูู„ูŽุชู’ ุงู„ุชูŽู‘ูˆู’ุฑูŽุงุฉู ู„ูุณูุชูู‘ ู…ูŽุถูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ ุฑูŽู…ูŽุถูŽุงู†ูŽ ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุฅูู†ู’ุฌููŠู„ู ู„ูุซูŽู„ูŽุงุซูŽ ุนูŽุดู’ุฑูŽุฉูŽ ุฎูŽู„ูŽุชู’ ู…ูู†ู’ ุฑูŽู…ูŽุถูŽุงู†ูŽ ูˆูŽุฃูู†ู’ุฒูู„ูŽ ุงู„ู’ููุฑู’ู‚ูŽุงู†ู ู„ูุฃูŽุฑู’ุจูŽุนู ูˆูŽุนูุดู’ุฑููŠู†ูŽ ุฎูŽู„ูŽุชู’ ู…ูู†ู’ ุฑูŽู…ูŽุถูŽุงู†ูŽ

The scriptures of Abraham, upon him be peace, were revealed on the first night of Ramadan. The Torah was revealed after six nights of Ramadan had passed. The Gospel was revealed after thirteen nights of Ramadan had passed. The Quranย was revealed after twenty four nights of Ramadan had passed.

Source: Musnad Aแธฅmad 16536, Grade:ย Hasan

Safeguarding the Fast

Anas ibn Malik reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

ุชูŽุณูŽุญูŽู‘ุฑููˆุง ููŽุฅูู†ูŽู‘ ูููŠ ุงู„ุณูู‘ุญููˆุฑู ุจูŽุฑูŽูƒูŽุฉู‹

Take the pre-fasting mealย (suhur). Verily, there is blessing in the pre-fasting meal.

Source: แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ al-Bukhฤrฤซ 1923, Grade:ย Muttafaqun Alayhi

Al-โ€˜Irbad ibn Sariyah reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, invited me to the pre-fasting meal during Ramadan and he said:

ู‡ูŽู„ูู…ูŽู‘ ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู’ุบูŽุฏูŽุงุกู ุงู„ู’ู…ูุจูŽุงุฑูŽูƒู

Onward to the blessed meal.

Source: Sunan Abฤซ Dฤwลซd 2344, Grade:ย Sahih

Sahl ibn Saโ€™d reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

ู„ูŽุง ูŠูŽุฒูŽุงู„ู ุงู„ู†ูŽู‘ุงุณู ุจูุฎูŽูŠู’ุฑู ู…ูŽุง ุนูŽุฌูŽู‘ู„ููˆุง ุงู„ู’ููุทู’ุฑูŽ

People will continue in goodness as long as they hasten to break their fast.

Source: แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ al-Bukhฤrฤซ 1957, Grade:ย Muttafaqun Alayhi

Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

ู…ูŽู†ู’ ู„ูŽู…ู’ ูŠูŽุฏูŽุนู’ ู‚ูŽูˆู’ู„ูŽ ุงู„ุฒูู‘ูˆุฑู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุนูŽู…ูŽู„ูŽ ุจูู‡ู ููŽู„ูŽูŠู’ุณูŽ ู„ูู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุญูŽุงุฌูŽุฉูŒ ูููŠ ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูŽุฏูŽุนูŽ ุทูŽุนูŽุงู…ูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽุดูŽุฑูŽุงุจูŽู‡ู

Whoever does not leave evil words and deeds while fasting, Allah does not need him to leave food and drink.

Source: แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ al-Bukhฤrฤซ 1903, Grade:ย Sahih

In another narration, the Prophet said:

ุฅูุฐูŽุง ุฃูŽุตู’ุจูŽุญูŽ ุฃูŽุญูŽุฏููƒูู…ู’ ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ู‹ุง ุตูŽุงุฆูู…ู‹ุง ููŽู„ูŽุง ูŠูŽุฑู’ููุซู’ ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ูŠูŽุฌู’ู‡ูŽู„ู’ ููŽุฅูู†ู’ ุงู…ู’ุฑูุคูŒ ุดูŽุงุชูŽู…ูŽู‡ู ุฃูŽูˆู’ ู‚ูŽุงุชูŽู„ูŽู‡ู ููŽู„ู’ูŠูŽู‚ูู„ู’ ุฅูู†ูู‘ูŠ ุตูŽุงุฆูู…ูŒ ุฅูู†ูู‘ูŠ ุตูŽุงุฆูู…ูŒ

When one of you wakes up in the morning for fasting, then he should not use obscene language or behave foolishly. If anyone abuses him or fights with him, he should say twice: Indeed, I am fasting.

Source: แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ Muslim 1151, Grade:ย Sahih

And in another narration, the Prophet said:

ุฅูู†ูŽู‘ ุงู„ุตูู‘ูŠูŽุงู…ูŽ ู„ูŽูŠู’ุณูŽ ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ุฃูŽูƒู’ู„ู ูˆูŽุงู„ุดูู‘ุฑู’ุจู ููŽู‚ูŽุทู’ ุฅูู†ูŽู‘ู…ูŽุง ุงู„ุตูู‘ูŠูŽุงู…ู ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ุบููˆู ูˆูŽุงู„ุฑูŽู‘ููŽุซู ููŽุฅูู†ู’ ุณูŽุงุจูŽู‘ูƒูŽ ุฃูŽุญูŽุฏูŒ ุฃูŽูˆู’ ุฌูŽู‡ูู„ูŽ ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ูƒูŽ ููŽู‚ูู„ู’ ุฅูู†ูู‘ูŠ ุตูŽุงุฆูู…ูŒ

Verily, fasting is not only from eating and drinking. Rather, fasting is from vanity and obscenity. If someone abuses you or acts foolish against you, then say: Indeed, I am fasting.

Source: แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ Ibn แธคibbฤn 3561, Grade:ย Sahih

And in another narration, the Prophet said:

ู„ูŽุง ุชูุณูŽุงุจูŽู‘ ูˆูŽุฃูŽู†ู’ุชูŽ ุตูŽุงุฆูู…ูŒ ููŽุฅูู†ู’ ุณูŽุงุจูŽู‘ูƒูŽ ุฃูŽุญูŽุฏูŒ ููŽู‚ูู„ู’ ุฅูู†ูู‘ูŠ ุตูŽุงุฆูู…ูŒ ูˆูŽุฅูู†ู’ ูƒูู†ู’ุชูŽ ู‚ูŽุงุฆูู…ู‹ุง ููŽุงุฌู’ู„ูุณู’

Do not insult anyone while you are fasting. If anyone insults you, then say: Indeed, I am fasting. If you are standing, then sit down.

Source: แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ Ibn Khuzaymah 1994, Grade:ย Sahih

Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, ascended the pulpit and he said:

ุขู…ููŠู†ูŽ ุขู…ููŠู†ูŽ ุขู…ููŠู†ูŽ

Amin, amin, amin.

It was said, โ€œO Messenger of Allah, you ascended the pulpit and said amin, amin, amin.โ€ The Prophet said:

ุฅูู†ูŽู‘ ุฌูุจู’ุฑููŠู„ูŽ ุฃูŽุชูŽุงู†ููŠ ููŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ู…ูŽู†ู’ ุฃูŽุฏู’ุฑูŽูƒูŽ ุดูŽู‡ู’ุฑูŽ ุฑูŽู…ูŽุถูŽุงู†ูŽ ูˆูŽู„ูŽู…ู’ ูŠูุบู’ููŽุฑู’ ู„ูŽู‡ู ููŽุฏูŽุฎูŽู„ูŽ ุงู„ู†ูŽู‘ุงุฑูŽ ููŽุฃูŽุจู’ุนูŽุฏูŽู‡ู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ู‚ูู„ู’ ุขู…ููŠู†ูŽ ููŽู‚ูู„ู’ุชู ุขู…ููŠู†ูŽ ูˆูŽู…ูŽู†ู’ ุฃูŽุฏู’ุฑูŽูƒูŽ ุฃูŽุจูŽูˆูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ุฃูŽูˆู’ ุฃูŽุญูŽุฏูŽู‡ูู…ูŽุง ููŽู„ูŽู…ู’ ูŠูŽุจูŽุฑูŽู‘ู‡ูู…ูŽุง ููŽู…ูŽุงุชูŽ ููŽุฏูŽุฎูŽู„ูŽ ุงู„ู†ูŽู‘ุงุฑูŽ ููŽุฃูŽุจู’ุนูŽุฏูŽู‡ู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ู‚ูู„ู’ ุขู…ููŠู†ูŽ ููŽู‚ูู„ู’ุชู ุขู…ููŠู†ูŽ ูˆูŽู…ูŽู†ู’ ุฐููƒูุฑู’ุชู ุนูู†ู’ุฏูŽู‡ู ููŽู„ูŽู…ู’ ูŠูุตูŽู„ูู‘ ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ูƒูŽ ููŽู…ูŽุงุชูŽ ููŽุฏูŽุฎูŽู„ูŽ ุงู„ู†ูŽู‘ุงุฑูŽ ููŽุฃูŽุจู’ุนูŽุฏูŽู‡ู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ู‚ูู„ู’ ุขู…ููŠู†ูŽ ููŽู‚ูู„ู’ุชู ุขู…ููŠู†ูŽ

Verily, Gabriel came to me and he said: Whoever reaches the month of Ramadan and he is not forgiven, then he will enter Hellfire and Allah will cast him far away, so say amin. I said amin. Whoever sees his parents in their old age, one or both of them, and he does not honor them and he dies, then he will enter Hellfire and Allah will cast him far away, so say amin. I said amin. Whoever has your name mentioned in his presence and he does not send blessings upon you and he dies, then he will enter Hellfire and Allah will cast him far away, so say amin. I said amin.

Source: แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ Ibn แธคibbฤn 915, Grade:ย Sahih

Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

ูˆูŽุฑูŽุบูู…ูŽ ุฃูŽู†ู’ูู ุฑูŽุฌูู„ู ุฏูŽุฎูŽู„ูŽ ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ุฑูŽู…ูŽุถูŽุงู†ู ุซูู…ูŽู‘ ุงู†ู’ุณูŽู„ูŽุฎูŽ ู‚ูŽุจู’ู„ูŽ ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูุบู’ููŽุฑูŽ ู„ูŽู‡ู

May he be humbled, who enters the month of Ramadan and it passes before he is forgiven.

Source: Sunan al-Tirmidhฤซ 3545, Grade:ย Sahih

Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

ู…ูŽู†ู’ ู†ูŽุณููŠูŽ ูˆูŽู‡ููˆูŽ ุตูŽุงุฆูู…ูŒ ููŽุฃูŽูƒูŽู„ูŽ ุฃูŽูˆู’ ุดูŽุฑูุจูŽ ููŽู„ู’ูŠูุชูู…ูŽู‘ ุตูŽูˆู’ู…ูŽู‡ู ููŽุฅูู†ูŽู‘ู…ูŽุง ุฃูŽุทู’ุนูŽู…ูŽู‡ู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ูˆูŽุณูŽู‚ูŽุงู‡ู

Whoever eats or drinks forgetfully while he is fasting, let him complete his fast for Allah has fed him and given him drink.

Source: แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ al-Bukhฤrฤซ 1933, Grade:ย Muttafaqun Alayhi

In another narration, the Prophet said:

ู…ูŽู†ู’ ุฃูŽูู’ุทูŽุฑูŽ ูููŠ ุดูŽู‡ู’ุฑู ุฑูŽู…ูŽุถูŽุงู†ูŽ ู†ูŽุงุณููŠู‹ุง ู„ุง ู‚ูŽุถูŽุงุกูŽ ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูˆูŽู„ุง ูƒูŽููŽู‘ุงุฑูŽุฉูŽ

Whoever breaks his fast forgetfully in the month of Ramadan, there is no compensation or expiation for it.

Source: แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ Ibn Khuzaymah 1990, Grade:ย Hasan

Abu Huraira reported: A man came to the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, and he said, โ€œI am ruined, O Messenger of Allah!โ€ The Prophet said:

ูˆูŽู…ูŽุง ุฃูŽู‡ู’ู„ูŽูƒูŽูƒูŽ

What has ruined you?

The man said, โ€œI was intimate with my wife during Ramadan.โ€ The Prophet said:

ู‡ูŽู„ู’ ุชูŽุฌูุฏู ู…ูŽุง ุชูุนู’ุชูู‚ู ุฑูŽู‚ูŽุจูŽุฉู‹

Can you find a slave to set free?

The man said no. The Prophet said:

ููŽู‡ูŽู„ู’ ุชูŽุณู’ุชูŽุทููŠุนู ุฃูŽู†ู’ ุชูŽุตููˆู…ูŽ ุดูŽู‡ู’ุฑูŽูŠู’ู†ู ู…ูุชูŽุชูŽุงุจูุนูŽูŠู’ู†ู

Are you able to fast two months in a row?

The man said no. The Prophet said:

ููŽู‡ูŽู„ู’ ุชูŽุฌูุฏู ู…ูŽุง ุชูุทู’ุนูู…ู ุณูุชูู‘ูŠู†ูŽ ู…ูุณู’ูƒููŠู†ู‹ุง

Can you find sixty poor people to feed?

The man said no. Then the man sat down and someone came to the Prophet with a basket of dates. The Prophet said:

ุชูŽุตูŽุฏูŽู‘ู‚ู’ ุจูู‡ูŽุฐูŽุง

Give these dates in charity.

The man said, โ€œIs there anyone poorer than us? There is no family between the two plains of Medina that is poorer than mine.โ€ The Prophet laughed until we could see his back teeth and he said:

ุงุฐู’ู‡ูŽุจู’ ููŽุฃูŽุทู’ุนูู…ู’ู‡ู ุฃูŽู‡ู’ู„ูŽูƒูŽ

Go and feed your family.

Source: แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ al-Bukhฤrฤซ 1936, Grade:ย Muttafaqun Alayhi

Night of Decree (Laylat al-Qadr)

โ€˜Ubadah ibn al-Samit reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, came out to inform people about the Night of Decree in Ramadan, but two Muslim men were insulting each other. The Prophet said:

ุฅูู†ูู‘ูŠ ุฎูŽุฑูŽุฌู’ุชู ู„ูุฃูุฎู’ุจูุฑูŽูƒูู…ู’ ุจูู„ูŽูŠู’ู„ูŽุฉู ุงู„ู’ู‚ูŽุฏู’ุฑู ูˆูŽุฅูู†ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุชูŽู„ูŽุงุญูŽู‰ ููู„ูŽุงู†ูŒ ูˆูŽููู„ูŽุงู†ูŒ ููŽุฑูููุนูŽุชู’ ูˆูŽุนูŽุณูŽู‰ ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูŽูƒููˆู†ูŽ ุฎูŽูŠู’ุฑู‹ุง ู„ูŽูƒูู…ู’ ุงู„ู’ุชูŽู…ูุณููˆู‡ูŽุง ูููŠ ุงู„ุณูŽู‘ุจู’ุนู ูˆูŽุงู„ุชูู‘ุณู’ุนู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุฎูŽู…ู’ุณู

Verily, I have come out to tellย you about the Night of Decree, but two men were insulting each other. Thus, its knowledge was removed and perhaps it is better for you. Look for it during the seventh, ninth, or fifth night of the last ten nights.

Source: แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ al-Bukhฤrฤซ 49, Grade:ย Sahih

Ibn Umar reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

ุงู„ู’ุชูŽู…ูุณููˆู‡ูŽุง ูููŠ ุงู„ู’ุนูŽุดู’ุฑู ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽูˆูŽุงุฎูุฑู ูŠูŽุนู’ู†ููŠ ู„ูŽูŠู’ู„ูŽุฉูŽ ุงู„ู’ู‚ูŽุฏู’ุฑู ููŽุฅูู†ู’ ุถูŽุนูููŽ ุฃูŽุญูŽุฏููƒูู…ู’ ุฃูŽูˆู’ ุนูŽุฌูŽุฒูŽ ููŽู„ูŽุง ูŠูุบู’ู„ูŽุจูŽู†ูŽู‘ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ุณูŽู‘ุจู’ุนู ุงู„ู’ุจูŽูˆูŽุงู‚ููŠ

Look for the Night of Decree in the last ten nights of Ramadan. If one of you is weak or unable, then do not be overcome by the remaining seven nights.

Source: แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ Muslim 1165, Grade:ย Sahih

Ibn Abbas reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said regarding the Night of Decree:

ู„ูŽูŠู’ู„ูŽุฉูŒ ุทูŽู„ู’ู‚ูŽุฉูŒ ู„ุง ุญูŽุงุฑูŽู‘ุฉูŒ ูˆูŽู„ุง ุจูŽุงุฑูุฏูŽุฉูŒ ุชูุตู’ุจูุญู ุงู„ุดูŽู‘ู…ู’ุณู ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ูŽู‡ูŽุง ุญูŽู…ู’ุฑูŽุงุกูŽ ุถูŽุนููŠููŽุฉู‹

Itย is a calm night, neither hot nor cold, and the sun arises on it red and feeble.

Source: แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ Ibn Khuzaymah 2049, Grade:ย Sahih

Aisha reported: I said, โ€œO Messenger of Allah, if I know which night is the Night of Decree, what should I say during it?โ€ The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

ู‚ููˆู„ููŠ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ูู…ูŽู‘ ุฅูู†ูŽู‘ูƒูŽ ุนููููˆูŒู‘ ุชูุญูุจูู‘ ุงู„ู’ุนูŽูู’ูˆูŽ ููŽุงุนู’ูู ุนูŽู†ูู‘ูŠ

Say: O Allah, You are pardoning. You love to forgive, so forgive me.

Source: Sunan al-Tirmidhฤซ 3513, Grade:ย Sahih

Spiritual Retreat (al-โ€˜Itikaf)

Ibn Umar, may Allah be pleased with him, said:

ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ุฑูŽุณููˆู„ู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุตูŽู„ูŽู‘ู‰ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูˆูŽุณูŽู„ูŽู‘ู…ูŽ ูŠูŽุนู’ุชูŽูƒููู ุงู„ู’ุนูŽุดู’ุฑูŽ ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽูˆูŽุงุฎูุฑูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ ุฑูŽู…ูŽุถูŽุงู†ูŽ

The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, would seek spiritual retreat in the mosque in the last ten nights of Ramadan.

Source: แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ al-Bukhฤrฤซ 1921, Grade:ย Muttafaqun Alayhi

Aisha, may Allah be pleased with her, said:

ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ุงู„ู†ูŽู‘ุจููŠูู‘ ุตูŽู„ูŽู‘ู‰ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูˆูŽุณูŽู„ูŽู‘ู…ูŽ ุฅูุฐูŽุง ุฏูŽุฎูŽู„ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุนูŽุดู’ุฑู ุดูŽุฏูŽู‘ ู…ูุฆู’ุฒูŽุฑูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽุฃูŽุญู’ูŠูŽุง ู„ูŽูŠู’ู„ูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽุฃูŽูŠู’ู‚ูŽุธูŽ ุฃูŽู‡ู’ู„ูŽู‡ู

When the last ten days of Ramadan arrived, the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, would tighten his belt, spend the night in worship, and awaken his family.

Source: แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ al-Bukhฤrฤซ 2024, Grade:ย Muttafaqun Alayhi

In another narration, Aisha said:

ูŠูŽุฌู’ุชูŽู‡ูุฏู ูููŠ ุงู„ู’ุนูŽุดู’ุฑู ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽูˆูŽุงุฎูุฑู ู…ูŽุง ู„ูŽุง ูŠูŽุฌู’ุชูŽู‡ูุฏู ูููŠ ุบูŽูŠู’ุฑูู‡ู

The Prophet would exert himself in worship during the last ten nights of Ramadan more so than any other time.

Source: แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ Muslim 1175, Grade: Sahih

End of Ramadan Charity (Zakat al-Fitr)

Ibn Umar, may Allah be pleased with him, said:

ููŽุฑูŽุถูŽ ุฑูŽุณููˆู„ู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุตูŽู„ูŽู‘ู‰ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูˆูŽุณูŽู„ูŽู‘ู…ูŽ ุฒูŽูƒูŽุงุฉูŽ ุงู„ู’ููุทู’ุฑู ุตูŽุงุนู‹ุง ู…ูู†ู’ ุชูŽู…ู’ุฑู ุฃูŽูˆู’ ุตูŽุงุนู‹ุง ู…ูู†ู’ ุดูŽุนููŠุฑู ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู’ุนูŽุจู’ุฏู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุญูุฑูู‘ ูˆูŽุงู„ุฐูŽู‘ูƒูŽุฑู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุฃูู†ู’ุซูŽู‰ ูˆูŽุงู„ุตูŽู‘ุบููŠุฑู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ูƒูŽุจููŠุฑู ู…ูู†ู’ ุงู„ู’ู…ูุณู’ู„ูู…ููŠู†ูŽ ูˆูŽุฃูŽู…ูŽุฑูŽ ุจูู‡ูŽุง ุฃูŽู†ู’ ุชูุคูŽุฏูŽู‘ู‰ ู‚ูŽุจู’ู„ูŽ ุฎูุฑููˆุฌู ุงู„ู†ูŽู‘ุงุณู ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ุตูŽู‘ู„ูŽุงุฉู

The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, made it an obligation to pay charity at the end of Ramadan, a portion of dates or barely, upon the slave and the freeman, the male and female, the young and the old among the Muslims. The Prophet ordered it to be given before people go out for the Eid prayer.

Source: แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ al-Bukhฤrฤซ 1503, Grade:ย Muttafaqun Alayhi

Ibn Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, said:

ููŽุฑูŽุถูŽ ุฑูŽุณููˆู„ู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุตูŽู„ูŽู‘ู‰ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูˆูŽุณูŽู„ูŽู‘ู…ูŽ ุฒูŽูƒูŽุงุฉูŽ ุงู„ู’ููุทู’ุฑู ุทูู‡ู’ุฑูŽุฉู‹ ู„ูู„ุตูŽู‘ุงุฆูู…ู ู…ูู†ู’ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ุบู’ูˆู ูˆูŽุงู„ุฑูŽู‘ููŽุซู ูˆูŽุทูุนู’ู…ูŽุฉู‹ ู„ูู„ู’ู…ูŽุณูŽุงูƒููŠู†ู ู…ูŽู†ู’ ุฃูŽุฏูŽู‘ุงู‡ูŽุง ู‚ูŽุจู’ู„ูŽ ุงู„ุตูŽู‘ู„ูŽุงุฉู ููŽู‡ููŠูŽ ุฒูŽูƒูŽุงุฉูŒ ู…ูŽู‚ู’ุจููˆู„ูŽุฉูŒ ูˆูŽู…ูŽู†ู’ ุฃูŽุฏูŽู‘ุงู‡ูŽุง ุจูŽุนู’ุฏูŽ ุงู„ุตูŽู‘ู„ูŽุงุฉู ููŽู‡ููŠูŽ ุตูŽุฏูŽู‚ูŽุฉูŒ ู…ูู†ู’ ุงู„ุตูŽู‘ุฏูŽู‚ูŽุงุชู

The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, obligated charity at the end of Ramadan as purification of the fasting person from vain talk and misbehavior, as food for the poor. Whoever pays it before the Eid prayer, it is accepted as Zakat. Whoever pays it after the Eid prayer, it is part of voluntary charity.

Source: Sunan Abฤซ Dฤwลซd 1609, Grade:ย Hasan

Fasting After Ramadan

Abu Ayyub reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

ู…ูŽู†ู’ ุตูŽุงู…ูŽ ุฑูŽู…ูŽุถูŽุงู†ูŽ ุซูู…ูŽู‘ ุฃูŽุชู’ุจูŽุนูŽู‡ู ุณูุชู‹ู‘ุง ู…ูู†ู’ ุดูŽูˆูŽู‘ุงู„ู ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ูƒูŽุตููŠูŽุงู…ู ุงู„ุฏูŽู‘ู‡ู’ุฑู

Whoever fasts the month of Ramadan and then follows it with six days of fasting in the month of Shawwal, it will be as if he fasted for the entire year.

Source: แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ Muslim 1164, Grade:ย Sahih

Thawban reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

ุตููŠูŽุงู…ู ุฑูŽู…ูŽุถูŽุงู†ูŽ ุจูุนูŽุดูŽุฑูŽุฉู ุฃูŽุดู’ู‡ูุฑู ูˆูŽุตููŠูŽุงู…ู ุงู„ุณูู‘ุชูŽู‘ุฉู ุฃูŽูŠูŽู‘ุงู…ู ุจูุดูŽู‡ู’ุฑูŽูŠู’ู†ู ููŽุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽ ุตููŠูŽุงู…ู ุงู„ุณูŽู‘ู†ูŽุฉู

Fasting the month of Ramadan is like ten months of fasting and fasting six days of Shawwal is like two months of fasting. Thus, they are like fasting for a year.

Source: แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ Ibn Khuzaymah 2115, Grade:ย Sahih

Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

ุดูŽู‡ู’ุฑู ุงู„ุตูŽู‘ุจู’ุฑู ูŠุนู†ูŠ ุฑู…ุถุงู† ูˆูŽุซูŽู„ุงูŽุซูŽุฉู ุฃูŽูŠูŽู‘ุงู…ู ู…ูู†ู’ ูƒูู„ูู‘ ุดูŽู‡ู’ุฑู ุตูŽูˆู’ู…ู ุงู„ุฏูŽู‘ู‡ู’ุฑู

Fasting the month of patience, Ramadan, and three days from every month is like fasting a lifetime.

Source: Sunan al-Nasฤโ€™ฤซ 2408, Grade:ย Sahih

Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

ุฃูŽูู’ุถูŽู„ู ุงู„ุตูู‘ูŠูŽุงู…ู ุจูŽุนู’ุฏูŽ ุดูŽู‡ู’ุฑู ุฑูŽู…ูŽุถูŽุงู†ูŽ ุตููŠูŽุงู…ู ุดูŽู‡ู’ุฑู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุงู„ู’ู…ูุญูŽุฑูŽู‘ู…ู

The best fast after the month of Ramadan is fasting in the month of Allah, al-Muharram.

Source: แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ Muslim 1163, Grade:ย Sahih

Success comes from Allah, and Allah knows best.

Abu Amina