Al-Hassan, may God be pleased with him, was born in the middle of Ramadan, three years of the Hijra.
He was similar to the Prophet; may God’s prayers and peace be upon him. The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, called him Al-Hassan.
Al-Bukhari narrated that Anas said: No one was more like the Prophet, may God bless him and grant him peace, than Al-Hassan bin Ali.
And the two sheikhs narrated that Al-Baraa said: I saw the Messenger of God, may God bless him and grant him peace, and al-Hassan upon his shoulders, saying: “O God, I love him, so I love him.”
Abu Sa’id Al-Thabri said: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Hassan and Hussein Sida, young people of Paradise,
And it was narrated that Anas said: The Messenger of God, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, was asked: Which of your household is the most beloved to you? Al-Hassan and Al-Hussein said.
Some of Imam Hassan bin Ali’s positions with the companions:
With Abi Bakr: Aqaba bin Al-Harith narrated that Abu Bakr Al-Siddiq found Al-Hassan bin Ali, and said: ′′ Babi, similar to the Prophet, is not similar to Ali “. and Ali is laughing.
The Prophet, may God bless him and grant him peace, said: “The Caliphate is thirty years after me.” The last of those thirty years was the day that Hassan bin Ali – may God be pleased with them – abdicated the caliphate after six years in which he was the caliph of the Muslims. The Commander of the Faithful, Al-Hassan bin Ali, was the fifth of the Rightly Guided Caliphs, according to the testimony of the Messenger of God, may God bless him and grant him peace.
The Messenger of God, may God bless him and grant him peace, and Al-Hassan is a boy who was under eight years old, then his mother, Fatima Al-Zahraa, died six months after the death of the Messenger, may God bless him and grant him peace. These two events had a great impact on the formation of his personality, as he was after that more attached to his father.
Al-Hassan, may God be pleased with him, witnessed the succession of Abu Bakr, Umar, and Uthman before the succession of his father, and the senior companions of the Messenger of God, may God bless him and grant him peace, became aware of their etiquette, and witnessed a number of great events, the first of which was the strife that arose against Caliph Othman bin Affan, may God be pleased with him, and he was at his door defending him until his face blushed In blood, he witnessed the pledge of allegiance to his father, Imam Ali, to the caliphate, and the events that followed, such as the fall of the camel and the battle of two rows, and Al-Hassan was not satisfied with it.
Al-Hassan, may God be pleased with him, was pious, devout, courageous and patient. His piety and virtue led him to leave the king and the world in desire for what God has, and he, may God be pleased with him, resembled his grandfather, the Messenger of God, may God bless him and grant him peace, from his head to his navel.
He was a wise man, a philanthropist, eloquent, and one of the best people with logic and intuition.
As he was a praiseworthy horse, God divided his money three times, that is, he gave half of his money in charity, and he went out of all his money twice. I walk home.
The people of Iraq and Khurasan advised him to march to the Levant to fight Muawiyah, so he obeyed them and marched those with him. When Muawiyah reached his intention with an army, and the two armies converged on a place called “residence” in the Anbar sub-district, then Al-Hassan would like to fight the Muslims.
After negotiations and correspondence, he accepted the abdication of the caliphate to Muawiyah, so that the caliphate would be one in all Muslims, and to end the discord and bloodshed. Half a month, six months and a fraction on the second, and seven months and a fraction on the third.
And this year was called “the year of the community” because it united the Muslims, so the prophecy of his grandfather, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, was fulfilled when he said about him: “This is my son, and God will reconcile with him between two groups of Muslims.” He commanded the nation of Muhammad, may God bless him and grant him peace, that a blood cap should be shed in that.
It was narrated by ship that the Prophet, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, said: The caliphate after I have thirty years, then he will return to a bite king, and the end of the thirty was the day Hassan removed himself from the caliphate.