Are Hadiths Anti-Semitic? There is a Jew hiding behind me; so kill him!

๐€๐ซ๐ž ๐‡๐š๐๐ข๐ญ๐ก๐ฌ ๐€๐ง๐ญ๐ข-๐’๐ž๐ฆ๐ข๐ญ๐ข๐œ? ๐“๐ก๐ž๐ซ๐ž ๐ข๐ฌ ๐š ๐‰๐ž๐ฐ ๐ก๐ข๐๐ข๐ง๐  ๐›๐ž๐ก๐ข๐ง๐ ๐ฆ๐ž; ๐ฌ๐จ ๐ค๐ข๐ฅ๐ฅ ๐ก๐ข๐ฆ!

Mohamad Mostafa Nassar


Some people claim that the following Hadith is anti-Semitic:

ุชูู‚ูŽุงุชูู„ููˆู†ูŽ ุงู„ู’ูŠูŽู‡ููˆุฏูŽ ุญูŽุชูŽู‘ู‰ ูŠูŽุฎู’ุชูŽุจููŠูŽ ุฃูŽุญูŽุฏูู‡ูู…ู’ ูˆูŽุฑูŽุงุกูŽ ุงู„ู’ุญูŽุฌูŽุฑู ููŽูŠูŽู‚ููˆู„ู ูŠูŽุง ุนูŽุจู’ุฏูŽ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ู‡ูŽุฐูŽุง ูŠูŽู‡ููˆุฏููŠูŒู‘ ูˆูŽุฑูŽุงุฆููŠ ููŽุงู‚ู’ุชูู„ู’ู‡ู

You will fight with the Jews until some of them will hide behind stones. The stones will (betray them) saying, โ€˜O `Abdullah (i.e. slave of Allah)! There is a Jew hiding behind me; so kill him. [Sahih al-Bukhari, Book 56, Hadith 138] (emphasis mine)

Putting it as it is may give this impression; however, the emphasised part is essential here. Moreover, one has to see the Hadiths in totality.

The above narration is further explained by the one below:

ุจูŽุนูŽุซูŽ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุณููŠุญูŽ ุงุจู’ู†ูŽ ู…ูŽุฑู’ูŠูŽู…ูŽ ููŽูŠูŽู†ู’ุฒูู„ู ุนูู†ู’ุฏูŽ ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽู†ูŽุงุฑูŽุฉู ุงู„ู’ุจูŽูŠู’ุถูŽุงุกู ุดูŽุฑู’ู‚ููŠูŽู‘ ุฏูู…ูŽุดู’ู‚ูŽ ุจูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽ ู…ูŽู‡ู’ุฑููˆุฏูŽุชูŽูŠู’ู†ู ูˆูŽุงุถูุนู‹ุง ูƒูŽููŽู‘ูŠู’ู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุฃูŽุฌู’ู†ูุญูŽุฉู ู…ูŽู„ูŽูƒูŽูŠู’ู†ู ุฅูุฐูŽุง ุทูŽุฃู’ุทูŽุฃูŽ ุฑูŽุฃูŽุณูŽู‡ู ู‚ูŽุทูŽุฑูŽ ูˆูŽุฅูุฐูŽุง ุฑูŽููŽุนูŽู‡ู ุชูŽุญูŽุฏูŽู‘ุฑูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ู‡ู ุฌูู…ูŽุงู†ูŒ ูƒูŽุงู„ู„ูู‘ุคู’ู„ูุคู ููŽู„ุงูŽ ูŠูŽุญูู„ูู‘ ู„ููƒูŽุงููุฑู ูŠูŽุฌูุฏู ุฑููŠุญูŽ ู†ูŽููŽุณูู‡ู ุฅูู„ุงูŽู‘ ู…ูŽุงุชูŽ ูˆูŽู†ูŽููŽุณูู‡ู ูŠูŽู†ู’ุชูŽู‡ููŠ ุญูŽูŠู’ุซู ูŠูŽู†ู’ุชูŽู‡ููŠ ุทูŽุฑู’ููู‡ู ููŽูŠูŽุทู’ู„ูุจูู‡ู ุญูŽุชูŽู‘ู‰ ูŠูุฏู’ุฑููƒูŽู‡ู ุจูุจูŽุงุจู ู„ูุฏูู‘ ููŽูŠูŽู‚ู’ุชูู„ูู‡ู

Allah would send Christ, son of Mary, and he will descend at the white minaret in the eastern side of Damascus wearing two garments lightly dyed with saffron and placing his hands on the wings of two Angels. When he would lower his head, there would fall beads of perspiration from his head, and when he would raise it up, beads like pearls would scatter from it.

Every non-believer who would smell the odor of his self would die and his breath would reach as far as he would be able to see. He would then search for him (Dajjal) until he would catch hold of him at the gate of Ludd and would kill him.

Dajjal (anti-Christ) would have arrived and would cause chaos and corruption on the earth. Eisa ibn Maryam (ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุณู„ุงู…) would descend and kill him at the gate of Ludd. There would be believers with Eisa ibn Maryam (ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุณู„ุงู…) and there would be disbelievers with the Dajjal and one group of disbelievers would be the Jews.

Moreover, not every Jew would be a disbeliever as some Hadiths mention that several Bani Ishaq would be on the believing side [refer Sahih al-Muslim, Book 54, Hadith 99]. It appears that at that time, the Jews would divide between good and evil.

Therefore, we learn that ethnic Jews would be on both sides of this conflict โ€“ the good and the bad. However, one may ask as to why the disbelieving ones from the Jews would be totally eliminated. The Qurโ€™an answers this question. It is very clear from the Qurโ€™an that nations that reject Prophets are destroyed by Allah (๏ทป).

ููƒุงูŠู† ู…ู† ู‚ุฑูŠุฉ ุงู‡ู„ูƒู†ุงู‡ุง ูˆู‡ูŠ ุธุงู„ู…ุฉ ูู‡ูŠ ุฎุงูˆูŠุฉ ุนู„ู‰ ุนุฑูˆุดู‡ุง ูˆุจุฆุฑ ู…ุนุทู„ุฉ ูˆู‚ุตุฑ ู…ุดูŠุฏ

How many populations have We destroyed, which were given to wrong-doing? They tumbled down on their roofs. And how many wells are lying idle and neglected, and castles lofty and well-built? [Qurโ€™an 22:45]

Wrong-doers were destroyed and these wrong-doers were those who rejected the Prophets. Allah (๏ทป) says in Qurโ€™an 22:44 that Prophet Musa (ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุณู„ุงู…) was rejected and the rejecters were destroyed. From this we see a clear rule of destruction of rejecters. A question may be asked as to why the Jews were not destroyed as they rejected the Messengers.

The answer is simple. Prophet Eisa (ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุณู„ุงู…) did not die. He will return and before his death, rejecters of him would be destroyed. If he had died, then those who rejected him would not have survived. Allah (๏ทป) says that punishment is a promise in Qurโ€™an 22:47 and it has been delayed (Qurโ€™an 22:48).

ููƒุฐุจูˆู‡ู…ุง ููƒุงู†ูˆุง ู…ู† ุงู„ู…ู‡ู„ูƒูŠู†

So they accused them of falsehood, and they became of those who were destroyed. [Qurโ€™an 23:48]

ูŠุงุงูŠู‡ุง ุงู„ุฑุณู„ ูƒู„ูˆุง ู…ู† ุงู„ุทูŠุจุงุช ูˆุงุนู…ู„ูˆุง ุตุงู„ุญุง ุงู†ูŠ ุจู…ุง ุชุนู…ู„ูˆู† ุนู„ูŠู… โ€“ ูˆุงู† ู‡ุฐู‡ ุงู…ุชูƒู… ุงู…ุฉ ูˆุงุญุฏุฉ ูˆุงู†ุง ุฑุจูƒู… ูุงุชู‚ูˆู† โ€“ ูุชู‚ุทุนูˆุง ุงู…ุฑู‡ู… ุจูŠู†ู‡ู… ุฒุจุฑุง ูƒู„ ุญุฒุจ ุจู…ุง ู„ุฏูŠู‡ู… ูุฑุญูˆู† โ€“ ูุฐุฑู‡ู… ููŠ ุบู…ุฑุชู‡ู… ุญุชู‰ ุญูŠู†

O ye apostles! enjoy (all) things good and pure, and work righteousness: for I am well-acquainted with (all) that ye do. And verily this Brotherhood of yours is a single Brotherhood, and I am your Lord and Cherisher: therefore, fear Me (and no other). But people have cut off their affair (of unity), between them, into sects: each party rejoices in that which is with itself. But leave them in their confused ignorance for a time. [Qurโ€™an 23:51-54]

ุญุชู‰ ุงุฐุง ุงุฎุฐู†ุง ู…ุชุฑููŠู‡ู… ุจุงู„ุนุฐุงุจ ุงุฐุง ู‡ู… ูŠุฌุฃุฑูˆู† โ€“ ู„ุงุชุฌุฃุฑูˆุง ุงู„ูŠูˆู… ุงู†ูƒู… ู…ู†ุง ู„ุงุชู†ุตุฑูˆู†

Until, when We seize in Punishment those of them who received the good things of this world, behold, they will groan in supplication! (It will be said): โ€œGroan not in supplication this day: for ye shall certainly not be helped by Us. [Qurโ€™an 23:64, 65]

ููƒุฐุจูˆู‡ ูุงู‡ู„ูƒู†ุงู‡ู… ุงู† ููŠ ุฐู„ูƒ ู„ุงูŠุฉ ูˆู…ุงูƒุงู† ุงูƒุซุฑู‡ู… ู…ุคู…ู†ูŠู†

So they rejected the messenger and We destroyed them. In this, is a sign of course! But most of them do not believe. [Qurโ€™an 26:139]

From this we clearly see that those nations that rejected Prophets were destroyed. Wrath on some was delayed but it did come to them.

A group of the Jews rejected Prophet Eisa (ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุณู„ุงู…) but they have not been destroyed yet. They used to be Godโ€™s chosen people and they were given a chance till the return of the Prophet they rejected.

Prophet Muhammad (๏ทบ) was also rejected and is still rejected by many of the people but they have also not been destroyed. The answer to this point is in the Qurโ€™an as well.

The Qurโ€™an says that the Prophet (๏ทบ) is for all mankind but most of them know not (Qurโ€™an 34:28) and no nation/town/village is destroyed unless the message is conveyed to them clearly. Therefore, asking for their destruction is injustice. Destruction of this group of Jews:

A group from the children of Israel created mischief on the land and they were punished twice by Allah (๏ทป) through warrior nations. Allah (๏ทป) says that if they create mischief again, then their punishment would be repeated again. The punishment prescribed for them is destruction through warrior nations (Qurโ€™an 17:8).

In present times, we see a lot of oppression and mischief spread by them and therefore, we can expect a warrior nation to destroy them. We know from the Hadiths that the leader of that nation would be Eisa (ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุณู„ุงู…) and the destroyers have been identified in the sayings of Prophet Muhammad (๏ทบ).

More verses are as follows:

ูู‚ู„ู†ุง ุงุฐู‡ุจุง ุงู„ู‰ ุงู„ู‚ูˆู… ุงู„ุฐูŠู† ูƒุฐุจูˆุง ุจุงูŠุงุชู†ุง ูุฏู…ุฑู†ุงู‡ู… ุชุฏู…ูŠุฑุง โ€“ ูˆู‚ูˆู… ู†ูˆุญ ู„ู…ุง ูƒุฐุจูˆุง ุงู„ุฑุณู„ ุงุบุฑู‚ู†ุงู‡ู… ูˆุฌุนู„ู†ุงู‡ู… ู„ู„ู†ุงุณ ุงูŠุฉ ูˆุงุนุชุฏู†ุง ู„ู„ุธุงู„ู…ูŠู† ุนุฐุงุจุง ุงู„ูŠู…ุง โ€“ ูˆุนุงุฏุง ูˆุซู…ูˆุฏุง ูˆุงุตุญุงุจ ุงู„ุฑุณ ูˆู‚ุฑูˆู†ุง ุจูŠู† ุฐู„ูƒ ูƒุซูŠุฑุง

And We command: โ€œGo ye both, to the people who have rejected our Signs:โ€

And those (people) We destroyed with utter destruction. And the people of Noah, โ€“ when they rejected the apostles, We drowned them, and We made them as a Sign for mankind; and We have prepared for (all) wrong-doers a grievous Penalty; โ€“ As also โ€˜Ad and Thamud, and the Companions of the Rass, and many a generation between them. [Qurโ€™an 25:36-38]

ูˆู„ู‚ุฏ ุงุฑุณู„ู†ุง ู…ู† ู‚ุจู„ูƒ ุฑุณู„ุง ุงู„ู‰ ู‚ูˆู…ู‡ู… ูุฌุงุคูˆู‡ู… ุจุงู„ุจูŠู†ุงุช ูุงู†ุชู‚ู…ู†ุง ู…ู† ุงู„ุฐูŠู† ุงุฌุฑู…ูˆุง ูˆูƒุงู† ุญู‚ุง ุนู„ูŠู†ุง ู†ุตุฑ ุงู„ู…ุคู…ู†ูŠู†

We did indeed send, before thee, apostles to their (respective) peoples, and they came to them with Clear Signs: then, to those who transgressed, We meted out Retribution: and it was due from Us to aid those who believed. [Qurโ€™an 30:47]

ูˆู„ู†ุฐูŠู‚ู†ู‡ู… ู…ู† ุงู„ุนุฐุงุจ ุงู„ุงุฏู†ู‰ ุฏูˆู† ุงู„ุนุฐุงุจ ุงู„ุงูƒุจุฑ ู„ุนู„ู‡ู… ูŠุฑุฌุนูˆู†

And indeed We will make them taste of the Penalty of this (life) prior to the supreme Penalty, in order that they may (repent and) return. [Qurโ€™an 32:21]

The above verse states that a worldly punishment is promised before the final punishment on the Day of Judgment. Qurโ€™an 36:14-29 speaks of a nation destroyed after they rejected the third messenger sent to them.

They were given chances for the first two times. This matches exactly with the position of the Jews as well. They not only rejected Eisa (ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุณู„ุงู…) but also rejected Prophet Muhammad (๏ทบ) and the third time will be the final time for them.

If they reject Eisa (ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุณู„ุงู…) again, they would be destroyed just like how the prophet rejecting nations were destroyed in the past. In the Qurโ€™an, Allah (๏ทป) says that had it not been for a thing already decided, their matter would have been decided, i.e. they would have perished.

ูˆู…ุงุชูุฑู‚ูˆุง ุงู„ุง ู…ู† ุจุนุฏ ู…ุงุฌุงุกู‡ู… ุงู„ุนู„ู… ุจุบูŠุง ุจูŠู†ู‡ู… ูˆู„ูˆู„ุง ูƒู„ู…ุฉ ุณุจู‚ุช ู…ู† ุฑุจูƒ ุงู„ู‰ ุงุฌู„ ู…ุณู…ู‰ ู„ู‚ุถูŠ ุจูŠู†ู‡ู… ูˆุงู† ุงู„ุฐูŠู† ุงูˆุฑุซูˆุง ุงู„ูƒุชุงุจ ู…ู† ุจุนุฏู‡ู… ู„ููŠ ุดูƒ ู…ู†ู‡ ู…ุฑูŠุจ

And they did not become divided until after knowledge had come to them out of envy among themselves; and had not a word gone forth from your Lord till an appointed term, certainly judgment would have been given between them; and those who were made to inherit the Book after them are most surely in. [Qurโ€™an 42:14]

The verse above speaks of Jews and Christians dividing their religion after clear knowledge had come to them. It is stated that their matter would have been decided had it not been for a word already gone forth.

From the explanations above, it appears that this word was the promise of the end times and destruction at the hands of the messenger they rejected i.e. Prophet Eisa (ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุณู„ุงู…).

The verse speaks of an appointed time for this promise to happen and this delay in the punishment is given to these disbelievers until Prophet Eisa (ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุณู„ุงู…) returns before the final punishment on the Day of Judgment.

ูˆู„ู‚ุฏ ุงุชูŠู†ุง ู…ูˆุณู‰ ุงู„ูƒุชุงุจ ูุงุฎุชู„ู ููŠู‡ ูˆู„ูˆู„ุง ูƒู„ู…ุฉ ุณุจู‚ุช ู…ู† ุฑุจูƒ ู„ู‚ุถูŠ ุจูŠู†ู‡ู… ูˆุงู†ู‡ู… ู„ููŠ ุดูƒ ู…ู†ู‡ ู…ุฑูŠุจ

And certainly We gave the Book to Musa, but it has been differed about, and had not a word already gone forth from your Lord, judgment would certainly have been given between them; and most surely they are in a disquieting doubt about it. [Qurโ€™an 41:45]

What is interesting is that Christians have somewhat similar beliefs:

But those enemies of mine who did not want me to be king over themโ€”bring them here and kill them in front of me.โ€™ โ€ (โ€ญLukeโ€ฌ โ€ญ19โ€ฌ:โ€ญ27โ€ฌ NIV)

Yes, this was a parable that Jesus told his disciples. But what was his intention in narrating this parable?  Gillโ€™s Explanation to the Entire Bible explains that it was to explain what will happen to the Jews โ€œwhen Christ shall come a second timeโ€:  

Jesus will โ€œdestroy the Jewish nationโ€ for rejecting him โ€œand then all other enemies will be slain and destroyedโ€ as well.  Death and destruction will be the fate of whoever does not accept Jesusโ€™ reign as Warrior King. God is the vineyard owner, the tenants are the Jews, the servants are the prophets and the son is Jesus.

Before I conclude, let us revisit the original Hadith under discussion:

ุชูู‚ูŽุงุชูู„ููˆู†ูŽ ุงู„ู’ูŠูŽู‡ููˆุฏูŽ ุญูŽุชูŽู‘ู‰ ูŠูŽุฎู’ุชูŽุจููŠูŽ ุฃูŽุญูŽุฏูู‡ูู…ู’ ูˆูŽุฑูŽุงุกูŽ ุงู„ู’ุญูŽุฌูŽุฑู ููŽูŠูŽู‚ููˆู„ู ูŠูŽุง ุนูŽุจู’ุฏูŽ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ู‡ูŽุฐูŽุง ูŠูŽู‡ููˆุฏููŠูŒู‘ ูˆูŽุฑูŽุงุฆููŠ ููŽุงู‚ู’ุชูู„ู’ู‡ู

You will fight with the Jews until some of them will hide behind stones. The stones will (betray them) saying, โ€˜O `Abdullah (i.e. slave of Allah)! There is a Jew hiding behind me; so kill him. [Sahih al-Bukhari, Book 56, Hadith 138] (emphasis mine)

From the Hadith and overall Hadiths we learn that some of the Jews would be killed which implies that a lot of them would embrace the truth. There are explicit Hadiths in this regard as well as well as implicit ones.

Indeed, Allah knows the best.

Source Quran answers me