The scribes of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him)

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Mohamad Mostafa Nassar



Who were the scribes who wrote the letters of the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him)?


Praise be to Allah.

Ibn al-Qayyim said: 

The scholars of Sirah=Biography (Prophetโ€™s biography) have mentioned the names of the แนขahฤbah=Companions of the prophet who used to write down the wahy (revelation) or the letters of the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him).

They were:

1)    Abu Bakr al-Siddiq

2)    Umar ibn al-Khattab.

3)    Uthman ibn โ€˜Affรขn

4)    Ali ibn Abi Talib.

5)     Al-Zubayr ibn al-โ€˜Awwaam.

6)    Aamir ibn Fuhayrah.

7)    Amr ibn al-โ€˜Aas.

8)    Ubayy ibn Kaโ€™b.

9)    Abd-Allah ibn al-Arqam.

10) Thabit ibn Qays ibn Shammas.

11) Hanzalah ibn al-Rabeeโ€™ al-Usaydi.

12) Al-Mugheerah ibn Shuโ€™bah.

13) Abd-Allah ibn Rawaahah.

14) Khaalid ibn al-Waleed.

15) Khaalid ibn Saโ€™eed ibn al-โ€˜Aas (whom it was said was the first one to write down anything for him).

16) Muโ€™aawiyah ibn Abi Sufyaan.

17)  Zayd ibn Thaabit. He requested them to do that and allocated this task to them. 

From Zaad al-Maโ€™aad, 1/117 

Ibn Muflih al-Hanbali said:

A group of them wrote things down for the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), including Ubayy ibn Kaโ€™b, Zayd ibn Thaabit, โ€˜Ali, โ€˜Uthmรขn, Hanzalah al-Asadi, Muaawiyah, and โ€˜Abd-Allah ibn al-Arqam, who was his regular scribe in charge of writing and responding to letters.

He was the one who wrote down all the Revelation and whom the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) commanded to learn how to write Syriac so that he could respond on his behalf to those who wrote to him in that language. So, he learned it in eighteen days. 

Al-Adaab al-Sharโ€™iyyah, 2/161 

And Ibn Hajar said: 

Al-Qadaaโ€™i said:

Zayd ibn Thaabit used to write to the kings on his behalf, as well as writing down the revelation. And al-Zubayr and Jahm used to write down the records of zakat. 

Al-Talkhees al-Habeer, 4/346, 347 

Allah knows best.

Almighty Allah is the highest and most knowledgeable, and the attribution of knowledge to him is the safest.

Right from Almighty Allah and wrong from me and Satan

Prepared by Mohamad Mostafa Nassar 

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