The Qur’ân and Its Tafsîr
Mohamad Mostafa Nassar
In the section of Tafsîr (exegesis) of the Qur’ân we will be discussing some of the issues surrounding the tafsîr of the Qur’ân.
It has been seen that the verses of the Qur’ân frequently used by the Christian missionaries to ‘show’ many things such as the Muslims are obliged to follow the older Scriptures such as Torah, Zabur and Injîl had resulted in starting their own methodology of ‘tafsîr’ of the Qur’ân. The Muslims should be beware of such ‘tafsîrs’ as it misrepresents and violates the basic principles which are involved in the exegesis of the Qur’ân. For details please read the below section carefully on principles of tafsîr of the Qur’ân.
Principles Of Tafsîr Of The Qur’ân
Context & Internal Relationships: Keys To The Qur’ânic Exegesis
Tafsîr Of Different Verses Of The Qur’ân
Tafsîr of the verse 5:73: They surely disbelieve who say: Lo! Allah is the third of three; when there is no god save the One God. If they desist not from so saying a painful doom will fall on those of them who disbelieve.
Tafsîr of the verse 10:92: “This day shall We save thee in the body, that thou mayest be a sign to those who come after thee! but verily, many among mankind are heedless of Our Signs!”
Tafsîr of the verse 12:30: Ladies said in the City: “The wife of the cAzîz is seeking to seduce her slave from his (true) self: Truly hath he inspired her with violent love: we see she is evidently going astray.”
Tafsîr of the verse 16:103: We know indeed that they say, “It is a man that teaches him.” The tongue of him they wickedly point to is notably foreign, while this is Arabic, pure and clear.
Tafsîr of the verse 19:7: … on none by that name have We conferred distinction before.
Tafsîr of the verse 19:13: And tenderness from Us and purity, he was devout.
Tafsîr of the verse 21:98 using 43:57-58: Surely you and what you worship besides Allah are the firewood of hell; to it you shall come. [Qur’ân 21:98] When (Jesus) the son of Mary is held up as an example, behold, thy people raise a clamor thereat (in ridicule)! And they say, “Are our gods best, or he?” This they set forth to thee, only by way of disputation: yea, they are a contentious people. [Qur’ân 43:57-58]
Hadîths That Explain Some Of The Issues Mentioned In The Qur’ân