The Qualities Of Jesus
Mohamad Mostafa Nassar
The Qualities of Jesus
He was of human nature, one personality and not three, and a Messenger of Allaah:
“O people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians)! Do not exceed the limits in your religion, nor say of Allaah aught but the truth. The Messiah Jesus, son of Mary, was (no more than) a Messenger of Allaah and His Word (“Be!”-and he was) which he bestowed on Mary and a spirit (Rooh) created by Him; so believe in Allaah and His Messengers. Say not: ‘Three (trinity)! Cease! (It is) better for you. For Allaah is (the only) One Ilaah (God), Glory be to Him (Far Exalted is He) above having a son. To Him belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is on the earth. And Allaah is All-Sufficient as a Disposer of affairs.” (Qur’aan 4: 171)
“The Messiah (Jesus) son of Mary was no more than a Messenger; many were the Messengers that passed away before him. His mother (Mary) was a Siddeeqah (i.e. she believed in the Words of Allaah and His Books).
They both used to eat food (as any other human being, while Allaah does not eat) Look how We make the Aayaat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) clear to them, yet look how they are deluded away (from the truth).” (Qur’aan 5:75)
Although Jesus is a Rooh (spirit) from Allaah, this does not mean that Jesus is an attribute of Allaah Himself.
Allaah called Gabriel Roohana (Our Rooh i.e. Our Spirit) and we know that Gabriel is a created angel, existing, and has his own created qualities. Similarly Allaah says about
the heavens and the earth that:
“And has subjected to you all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth; it is all as a favor and kindness from Allaah.” (Qur’aan 45: 13)
Clearly, the heavens and the earth are part of Allaah’s creation and not part of Allaah Himself or an attribute of Him. We also read in the Qur’aan: Allaah’s Messenger, Allaah’s House (referring to the Ka’bah in Makkah), etc.
The Messenger, the House, etc. are like Allaah’s Spirit, in the sense that they are created persons or things that are honorable in Allaah’s Sight. However, when one of the two nouns is Allaah and the second is neither a person nor a thing, then it is not a created thing but a quality of Allaah e.g. Allaah’s Knowledge, Allaah’s Self, etc.
Therefore, Jesus is not an attribute of Allaah. In fact Allaah declares that those who believe in Jesus as God commit Kufr (disbelief):
“Surely, in disbelief are they who say that Allaah is the Messiah, son of Mary! Say (O Muhammad, peace upon him): “Who then has the least power against Allaah, if He were to destroy the Messiah son of Mary, this mother, and all those who are on the earth together? And to Allaah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth, and all that is between them. He creates what He wills. And Allaah is able to do all things.” (Qur’aan 5: 17)
The method of the creation of Jesus is one of the Signs of Allaah showing His Great Ability of Creating as He Wills: from a male and a female (ourselves); from a male without a female (Eve); from a female without a male (Jesus), and from neither a male nor a female (Adam):
“And We made her and her son (Jesus) a sign for Al- ‘Aalameen (mankind and jinns).” (Qur’aan 21: 91)
Jesus has the honor of being a slave of Allaah:
“The Messiah will never be proud to reject to be a slave to Allaah, nor the angels who are near (to Allaah). And whosoever rejects His worship and is proud, then He will gather them all together unto Himself.” (Qur’aan 4: 172)