Meaning of the two Easts and two Wests in verse Quran (55:17) and Quran (70:40)

Meaning of the two Easts and two Wests in verse Quran (55:17) and Quran (70:40)

Question:

What is the meaning of “(He is) Lord of the two Easts and Lord of the two Wests.” Quran (55:17) and Quran (70:40)?

Answer

All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad peace be upon him is His Slave and Messenger.

Scientific Evidence from Modern Science to Prove the multiple Sunrises and mutliple Sunsets angles

How the location of sunrise and sunset changes throughout the year and Quran (70:40) and Quran (55:17)

The words “Mashriq and Maghrib,” meaning east and west (or sunrise and sunset) appear in the Quran in the plural form (i.e., multiple risings and multiple settings) where Allah says (what means):

{So, I swear by the Lord of [all] Mashaariq and Maghaarib that indeed We are able.} [Quran 70:40]

 They also appear in the dual form (i.e., two sunrises and two sunsets) where Allah says (what means): {[He is] Lord of the Mashriqayn and Lord of the Maghribayn.} [Quran 55:17]

In another verse, they appear in the singular form where Allah says (what means): {[He is] the Lord of the Mashriq and Maghrib; there is no deity except Him, so take Him as Disposer of [your] affairs.} [Quran 73:9]

Muslim scholars explained the meanings of these verses to eliminate anything that would seem to be a contradiction. 

Al-Haafith Ibn Katheer may Allah be pleased with him commented on the verse that reads (what means): {[He is] Lord of the Mashriqayn (two sunrises) and Lord of the Maghribayn (two sunsets).}

He said, “The verse means the two sunrises of summer and winter and the two sunsets of summer and winter.”

About the verse that reads (what means): {So, I swear by the Lord of [all] Mashaariq (risings) and Maghaarib (settings) that indeed We are able.}

He said, “The verse means the different risings and settings of the sun, as each day it has a new place where it rises and sets… As for the verse that reads (what means): {[He is] the Lord of the Mashriq and Maghrib (the rising and the setting)}, it refers to the east and west in general.”

Thus, it is clear that there is no contradiction between the verses. The Quran was revealed from Allah, and since it is from Him, it can never include any contradiction or imbalance – praise be to Allah; Allah, The Exalted, says (what means): {Then do they not reflect upon the Quran? If it had been from [any] other than Allah, they would have found within it much contradiction.} [Quran 4:82]

Allah Knows best.