Ibn Kathir Partial Error about the 500-year distance when clarifying Clarification of Quran (13:2)
Mohamad Mostafa Nassar
Is that correct that the distance between Earth and sky is 500-year and similarly 500-year between each sky and another sky in the middle of the following page as per Ibn Kathir Commentary on Quran (13:2) and here is a screenshot of the same page as well?
First, we do not take our religion from Ibn Kathir-You will come across opinions and things that would be considered weird- In Islam when ANYONE claim something they MUST Reference it and Provide TRACABLE AUTHENTIC EVIDENCE Goes back directly to Prophet Muhammed peace be upon him AND his Companions –
REGARDLESS of the name of the Muslim Scholar EVEN if he is the Famous ibn Kathir who is a Famous Quran Commentator.
How Islamic views are formed in Islam
In Islam we go by the Agreement of THE VAST MAJORITY of Sunni Muslim Scholars and MUST abide by the Understanding of the true Pure Teachings of Islam as was understood by Prophet Muhammed peace be upon him and his companions during the first 3 centuries of Islam
Ibn Kathir in that screenshot with underlined words- No Authentic hadith specifies that the distance between Earth and sky by 500 years and Ibn Kathir in his opinion is WRONG
There are WEAK and Fabricated Hadiths says the distance is 500 years which ibn Kathir have relied on one of them by ERROR. When reading the Clarifications of the Glorious Quran make sure to view other Quran Commentators
This is one of the beautiful things about Islam and all of Islam is Beautiful
The Only Infallible in delivering the message of Islam to us is our Beloved Prophet Muhammed peace be upon him- EVERYONE ELSE can make religious mistakes which again we have the benchmark = The Glorious Quran and AUTHENTIC SUNNAH=Traditions of Prophet Muhammed by the UNDERSTANDING of His Companions and the AGREEMENT of the VAST Majority of Scholars
Allah Exalted says in Quran Chapter the Start:
“By the Star when it goes down, Your Companion (Prophet Muhammed) is neither astray nor being misled. Nor does he say (aught) of (his own) Desire. It is no less than inspiration sent down to him, He was taught by one Mighty in Power”
Quran Chapter the Star (53:1-5)
So, ANYONE Individual who violates such Agreement would be disregarded EVEN if he has PhD from University of Mecca, or University of Madina in Saudi Arabia.
Islam foundations are very clear despite many deviants out their OR despite SOME Honest Errors of some individuals
Is there an authentic Hadeeth attributed to Prophet Muhammed peace be upon him, where the distance between each sky is specified?
All perfect praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Him, and that Prophet Muhammed peace be upon him, is His slave, final Prophet and Messenger.
You may be referring to the Hadeeth narrated by Al-Haakim, in which it is WRONGLY CLAIMED that Prophet Muhammed peace be upon him mentioned:
1- The distance between the sky and earth could be covered in 500 years.
2- The distance between every sky can be covered in 500 years.
3- There is a body of water above the seventh sky; it would take 500 years to travel the depth from the surface to its bottom.
4- Above that sea, there are eight angels in the form of wild goats. The distance between their knees and hooves is 500 years’ worth of a journey.
5- Allah the Almighty is above them all and He knows all human actions.
Al-Haakim said that the Isnad (chain of narrators) of this Hadeeth is Sahih (authentic), but Al-Bukhari and Muslim did NOT narrate it.
However, Ath-Thahabi may Allah be pleased with him said that it is Dha‘eef (WAEK) to some extent.
If we ASSUME that this Hadeeth is Sahih, it proves that:
1- Allah the Almighty is higher than, and distinct from, His creation, and He is above His throne.
2- There is nothing resembling Him.
3- He is the Ever-Hearing, the Ever-Beholding.
4- Allah the Almighty knows all human actions.
5- The distance between every sky is covered in 500 years.
Above Points from 1 to 4 are also established through other Hadeeths and this point the distance between every sky is covered in 500 years is NOT established through The Glorious Quran or the Authentic Hadiths and Sunnah.
Any Hadith specifying the distance between Sky and Earth or sky and another sky by five hundred years is a WEAK hadith in narration, fabricated and falsely attributed to our beloved Prophet Muhammed peace be upon him as per the Authentic books of Bukhari and Muslim.
From the Early days of Prophet Muhammed peace be upon him mission – there were a group of Jews who pretended to be Muslims and they grow beards prayed etc. and started to FABRICATE lots of Hadith and attributed it to Prophet Muhammed.
Those types of hadith are called Israeli Hadiths and there are books that have been written about those Israeli Hadith. Those types of hadith are regularly used by modern day enemies of Islam such as Christian Missionaries or atheists to attack Islam
Why Did some Muslim Scholars classify Books especially for Israeli and Weak Hadiths?
Due to the pure ignorance of those anti-Islamic enemies of Islam, they use Israeli Hadiths=Weak=Fabricated Hadiths which Muslim Scholars collected them in Books to WARN Muslims against them. But what can we say regarding the pure ignorance of Christian missionaries and Atheists –
It is a well-known knowledge by honest non-Muslim Academics that Israeli and weak hadiths have been classified in Books by Muslim Scholars centuries ago to warn everyone against them.
Again, the goldarn Rule in Islam ANYONE claim something they MUST Reference it and Provide TRACABLE AUTHENTIC EVIDENCE Goes back directly to Prophet Muhammed peace be upon him AND his Companions – REGARDLESS of the scholar or how famous he is, or his position Education etc.
Allah knows Best.