Family Lineage of the Prophet Muhammad

Family Lineage of the Prophet Muhammad

Mohamad Mostafa Nassar


Ironically, enemies of Islam like to raise doubts around Prophet Muhammed peace be upon him, while their Christians, Jews and even Pagan Arabs predecessors who lived during and after Prophet Muhammed peace be upon him NEVER raised any doubts. Because Prophet Muhammed peace be upon him was born to the very well-known and most famous tribe in the Arabic peninsula namely Quraysh tribe.

Quraysh tribe was the main custodian of the first house of Almighty Allah on Earth planet- Kaaba in Mecca, that was first found that by Prophet Muhammed peace be upon him great grandfather.

Arabs were and still are VERY PROUD of their lineages and they used to RECORD it and trace it back to tens and hundreds of fathers and Grand Fathers, so Prophet Muhammed is VERY Well-known lineages goes back to PROPHET IBRAHIM=ABRAHM. Even Arabs RECORDED their Arabic Horses lineages till TODAY.

The prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) was from the direct descendent of the prophet Ismail (peace be upon him). The Arabs used to take great pride in memorising their family lineage, so much so that some would also learn the family lineage of their horses.

In the lineage of the prophet Muhammad), from the Prophet Adam (peace be upon him) till the prophet’s parents (there was no unlawful sexual intercourse, all the offspring were through marriage and legitimate relationships. Allah`s prophets always had the purest family lineage.

Before Hadhrat: Abu Sufyan accepted Islam, he was asked by the Caesar of Rome; how is the Family Lineage of the Prophet Muhammad?

Abu Sufyan replied:

هو فينا ذو نسب

He is of a Good Lineage. [Bukhari]1

On hearing this Caesar replied:

و كذلك الرسل تبعث في نسب قومها

Prophets are always sent into noble families. [Bukhari]1

The Caesar of Rome had the knowledge from the previous scriptures that when Allah chooses to send a prophet, then the prophets always come from a noble family. The prophets of Allah are chosen to come to this world and portray the message of Allah to the people. This message is so great and lofty that it is only suitable that the chosen prophet be of high and noble ancestry.

The Family lineage of the Beloved Prophet (Peace be upon him)

Father’s side:

Muhammad the son of Abdullah, the son of Abdul Mutalib, the son of Haashim, the son of Abde Manaaf, the son of Qusay, the son of Kilaab, the son of Murrah, the son of Ka`ab, the son of Luway, the son of Ghalib, the son of Fahar, the son of Maalik, the son ofNadhar, the son of Kinanah, the son of Khuzaymah, the son of Mudrikah, the son of Ilyaas, the son of Mudhar, the son of Nazaar, the son of Ma`ad, the son of Adnan. [Bukhari]

It is narrated by Abdullah bin Abbas (Allah be pleased with him) that when the prophet used to say his family linage, he used to stop at Adnan.

NOTE: Adnan is from Prophet Abraham and Prophet Ishmael ancestors.

Mother’s side:

Muhammad the son of Aminah, the daughter of Wahab, the son of Abd Manaaf, the son of Zuhrah, the son of Kilaab, the son of Murrah (After Kilaab the prophet’s fathers and mother’s side of the lineage become one).

In other narrations the family chain of the prophet goes back to the prophet Ibrahim (Peace be upon him).2
Abdullah Bin Abbas states that when the prophet (peace be upon him) used to talk about his family lineage, he used to stop at Adnaan.3

Allah Mentions in the Quran:

لقد جاءكم رسول من أنفسكم

Now hath come unto you an Apostle from amongst yourselves
(Surah Tawbah=Chapter the Repentance, Ayat=verse (9:128)

Ibn Abbas and Zuhri when reciting the above verse used to read the Faa (ف)with a Fatha and used to say that the meaning behind this verse is that the prophet was chosen from among the best people.

Abdul Mutalib

Abdul Mutalib was the grandfather of the beloved prophet (peace be upon him) and was known for his beauty and hospitality. He always used to stay away from evil, and the tribe of Quraish used to look up to him as a leader.Abdul Mutalib was the first person to go to the cave of Hira for meditation in solitude.4 Once while Abdul Mutalib was asleep in the Hateem(crescent shaped area immediately adjacent to the Ka’bah), he dreamt that he was being ordered to dig up the well of Zam Zam.

This well had been buried for many years and nobody knew where it had been buried. After great thought Abdul Mutalib and his son Harith started digging where he was instructed in his dream, and eventually the well of Zam Zam was found. From This well many pilgrims used to drink, and till today it fulfils the same purpose.5

Abdul Mutalib`s vow (Nazr) and Abdullah

Abdul Mutalib made a vow to Allah, that if he had ten sons, he would sacrifice one of them to Allah. Allah accepted his prayer and blessed Abdul Mutalib with 12 sons and 6 daughters. Although it was extremely difficult, he did not want to break his promise to Allah. When lots were drawn, the name of Abdullah, the father of our Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) came up.

Abdullah was the youngest and most beloved son, but Abdul Mutalib did not turn away from his duty. Everyone opposed to this and begged Abdul Mutalib to find another solution and thus the problem was put before a wise man. He suggested that a lot should be cast between Abdullah and 10 camels.

In case the lot still fell to Abdullah, a further 10 camels should be added, and the lot cast again. This should be repeated till the lot fell to the camels. In those

days the penalty for the accidental killing of a person (blood price) was 10 camels, and the Quraish liked this solution. A lot was cast between Abdullah and 10 camels, but the result was Abdullah. The number was increased to 20, but still Abdullah’s name came out. The number was increased by 10 each time until it reached 100.

Finally, the lot fell to the camels. The people were overjoyed, but Abdul Mutalib was not sure he had fulfilled his duty to Allah.

So, he drew the lots three more times, and each time it fell to the camels. Now Abdul Mutalib was satisfied that his action was correct. He ordered those 100 camels belonging to him should be slaughtered that same day in front of the Holy Ka’ba and no person or animal should be stopped from eating the meat.

In this way Allah protected Abdullah, who later was to become the father of our Holy Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him).

Some non-Muslims and particular Christians view Prophet Ismael as per the distorted Biblical corrupted view. For that reason, we strongly recommend that you read this link in conjunction with this article about Prophet Muhammed peace be upon him lineage.

The Problematic Portrayal of Ishmael in the Bible (The current Bible is Part- Corrupt)

Short Biography of Prophet Muhammad

(Sahih Bukhari, Book 1, Hadith 7)

Allah knows Best.

Almighty Allah is the highest and most knowledgeable, and the attribution of knowledge to him is the safest.

Right from Almighty Allah and wrong from me and Satan

Prepared by Mohamad Mostafa Nassar 

Make sure to copy and email this post for your reference, you might need it later.

Arrogance is not only a sign of insecurity, but also a sign of immaturity. Mature and fully realised persons can get their points across, even emphatically without demeaning or intimidating others.