Equality for all a tenet of Islam, however Muslims and non-Muslims are not Equal in the sight of Allah.
Mohamad Mostafa Nassar
Islam declares a complete equality among all mankind, regardless of one’s faith, skin color, language, gender, or ethnic background.
The whole universe is dominion of almighty Allah, and all the people is his creatures. Everyone is born equal and will die equal. He will judge every person on the basis of merits and deeds.
In the Quran, Chapter 49, Verse 13, it reads:
“O mankind we have created you from one male and female and made you into nations and the tribes that you may know one another. Surely the most honorable among you with Allah is the one who is the most righteous. Verily Allah is all-knowing all aware.”
Prophet Muhammad stated in his farewell sermon:
“O people. Your Lord is one and your father is one. (Adam) An Arab has no superiority over non-Arab, nor a non-Arab has any superiority over Arab, also white has no superiority over black nor does black have any superiority over white, except by piety and righteousness. All humans are from Adam and Adam is from dust.”
Muhammad practically dignified the black people. After the demise of his mom at the age of 4, an Ethiopian woman, Umme Ayman, took care of him. He respected her like his own mother. She became a family member. He adopted a black slave boy, Zayd, and raised him like his own son. After his wife Khadijah passed away, he married to a black woman, Sauda.
Islam has lifted up slaves and outcasts of the community.
When Bilal, an Abyssinian slave, embraced Islam, his master persecuted and humiliated him. Muhammad paid very high price to free him. Bilal became a dear companion.
Bilal became a first caller for worship in Islam. When Muhammad conquered Mecca, he had Bilal climbed on top of the Kaaba to proclaim Azan, the call for the prayer. It was done to show the people the prestige of the black people in Islam.
There is no seat reserved for any dignitary or VIP in the mosque.
At the time of prayer, rich and poor, white, and black, educated and layman all stand together.
At the annual pilgrimage, Muslims from all over the globe gather in Mecca. They speak different languages but perform all rituals together.
When this divine ordinance of Islam is fully implemented in a practical form, then there will be no space for operation or suppression. The concept of chosen people of God has no basis in Islam.
Anyone who does righteous deeds with full conviction and piety, becomes beloved to almighty Allah.
Muslims and non-Muslims are not Equal religiously in the sight of Allah.
The Glorious Quran speaks:
Is the one who is a believer equal ˹before Allah˺ to the one who is rebellious? They are not equal! Quran (32:18)
Allah is the guardian of those who believe. He brings them out of the darkness into the light; and (as to) those who disbelieve, their guardians are Shaitans who take them out of the light into the darkness; they are the inmates of the fire, in it they shall abide. Quran (002:257)
Not equal are the Companions of the Fire and the Companions of the Garden: it is the Companions of the Garden that will achieve Felicity. Quran (059.020)
What! Do those who seek after evil ways think that We shall hold them equal with those who believe and do righteous deeds, – that equal will be their life and their death? Ill is the judgment that they make. Quran (045.021)
Is then the man who believes no better than the man who is rebellious and wicked? Not equal are they. Quran (032:018)
Not equal are the blind and those who (clearly) see: Nor are (equal) those who believe and work deeds of righteousness, and those who do evil. Little do ye learn by admonition! Quran (040.058)
Shall We treat those who believe and work deeds of righteousness, the same as those who do mischief on earth? Shall We treat those who guard against evil, the same as those who turn aside from the right? Quran (038.028)
We have sent down to thee Manifest Signs (ayat); and none reject them but those who are perverse. Quran (002:099)
Is one who worships devoutly during the hour of the night prostrating himself or standing (in adoration), who takes heed of the Hereafter, and who places his hope in the Mercy of his Lord – (like one who does not)? Say: “Are those equal, those who know and those who do not know? It is those who are endued with understanding that receive admonition. Quran (039.009)
If anyone invokes, besides Allah, any other god, he has no authority therefor; and his reckoning will be only with his Lord! and verily the Unbelievers will fail to win through! Quran (023:117)
O ye who believe! Spend out of (the bounties) We have provided for you, before the Day comes when no bargaining (Will avail), nor friendship nor intercession. Those who reject Faith they are the wrong doers. Quran (002:254)
Is the man who follows the good pleasure of Allah Like the man who draws on himself the wrath of Allah, and whose abode is in Hell? – A woeful refuge! Quran (003:162)
Those who resist Allah, and His Messenger will be among those most humiliated. Quran (058:20)
And (many) faces on that day, on them shall be dust, Darkness shall cover them. These are they who are unbelievers, the wicked. Quran (80:40-42)
We have indeed created man in the best of moulds, then do We abase him (to be) the lowest of the low, – Except such as believe and do righteous deeds (i.e. Except Muslims.): For they shall have a reward Quran (95:04-06)
As to those who disbelieved: What! were not My communications recited to you? But you were proud, and you were a guilty people. Quran (45:31)
These are the portents of Allah which We recite unto thee (Muhammad) with truth. Then in what fact, after Allah and His portents, will they believe? Woe unto each sinful liar. Quran (45:06-07)
In all the above verses in the Glorious Quran simply says non-Muslims are not equal to Muslims and that Muslims are better than non-Muslims and Muslims are superior to non-Muslims and that non-Muslims will never be successful. Just by believing in Islam and following its teachings, one should become a better person.
At the opposite, those who refuse to follow Islam are simply blind and deaf and bring the wrath and curse of Allah on themselves. By mere disbelief and rejecting Islam, non-Muslims are declared as wrong doers, liars, wicked and guilty too in their immoral practices.
Allah knows Best.