Al-Aqidah al-Tahawiyyah in English and Arabic

Al-Aqidah al-Tahawiyyah in English and Arabic


Mohamad Mostafa Nassar

Twitter:@NassarMohamadMR

The Creed of Imam al-Tahawi: al-Al-สปAqฤซdah al-แนฌaแธฅฤwฤซyah

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The text of al-โ€˜Aqidah al-Tahawiyyah

ุจุณู… ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุงู„ุฑุญู…ู† ุงู„ุฑุญูŠู… ูˆุจู‡ ู†ุณุชุนูŠู† ุงู„ุญู…ุฏ ู„ู„ู‡ ุฑุจ ุงู„ุนุงู„ู…ูŠู†

In the name of Allah, the Gracious, the Merciful, from whom we seek help. All praise is due to Allah, the Lord of the worlds.

ู‡ุฐุง ุฐูƒุฑ ุจูŠุงู† ุนู‚ูŠุฏุฉ ุฃู‡ู„ ุงู„ุณู†ุฉ ูˆุงู„ุฌู…ุงุนุฉ ุนู„ู‰ ู…ุฐู‡ุจ ูู‚ู‡ุงุก ุงู„ู…ู„ุฉ ุฃุจูŠ ุญู†ูŠูุฉ ุงู„ู†ุนู…ุงู† ุจู† ุซุงุจุช ุงู„ูƒูˆููŠ ูˆุฃุจูŠ ูŠูˆุณู ูŠุนู‚ูˆุจ ุจู† ุฅุจุฑุงู‡ูŠู… ุงู„ุฃู†ุตุงุฑูŠ ูˆุฃุจูŠ ุนุจุฏุงู„ู„ู‡ ู…ุญู…ุฏ ุจู† ุงู„ุญุณู† ุงู„ุดูŠุจุงู†ูŠ ุฑุถูˆุงู† ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ู… ุฃุฌู…ุนูŠู† ูˆู…ุง ูŠุนุชู‚ุฏูˆู† ู…ู† ุฃุตูˆู„ ุงู„ุฏูŠู† ูˆูŠุฏูŠู†ูˆู† ุจู‡ ุฑุจ ุงู„ุนุงู„ู…ูŠู†โ€

This is a clear presentation of the creed of Ahl al-Sunnah wal Jamaโ€™ah, according to the doctrine of the jurists of the religion, Abu Hanifah al-Nuโ€™man ibn Thabit al-Kufi, Abu Yusuf Yaโ€™qub ibn Ibrahim al-Ansari and Abu Abdullah Muhammad ibn al-Hasan al-Shaybani, may Allah be pleased with them all, and what they believe regarding the fundamentals of the religion and their faith in the Lord of the worlds.

ุงู„ุชูŽู‘ูˆู’ุญููŠุฏู
Monotheism

 ู†ูŽู‚ููˆู„ู ูููŠ ุชูŽูˆู’ุญููŠุฏู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ู…ูุนู’ุชูŽู‚ูุฏููŠู†ูŽ ุจูุชูŽูˆู’ูููŠู‚ู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุฅูู†ูŽู‘ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ูŽ ูˆูŽุงุญูุฏูŒ ู„ูŽุง ุดูŽุฑููŠูƒูŽ ู„ูŽู‡ู

We say about the oneness of Allah, believing in the guidance of Allah, that Allah is one without any partner.

ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ุดูŽูŠู’ุกูŽ ู…ูุซู’ู„ูู‡ู

There is nothing like Him.[1]

 ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ุดูŽูŠู’ุกูŽ ูŠูุนู’ุฌูุฒูู‡ู

There is nothing that can weaken Him.[2]

ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ุฅูู„ูŽู‡ูŽ ุบูŽูŠู’ุฑูู‡ู

There is nothing worthy of worship but Him.[3]

ู‚ูŽุฏููŠู…ูŒ ุจูู„ูŽุง ุงุจู’ุชูุฏูŽุงุกู ุฏูŽุงุฆูู…ูŒ ุจูู„ูŽุง ุงู†ู’ุชูู‡ูŽุงุกู

He is the eternal without a beginning and enduring without end.[4]

ู„ุง ูŠูŽูู’ู†ูŽู‰ ูˆูŽู„ุง ูŠูŽุจููŠุฏู

He will never perish, nor come to an end.[5]

ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ูŠูŽูƒููˆู†ู ุฅูู„ูŽู‘ุง ู…ูŽุง ูŠูุฑููŠุฏู

Nothing happens except what He wills.[6]

 ู„ูŽุง ุชูŽุจู’ู„ูุบูู‡ู ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽูˆู’ู‡ูŽุงู…ู ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ุชูุฏู’ุฑููƒูู‡ู ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽูู’ู‡ูŽุงู…ู

No imagination can fully conceive of Him. No understanding can fully comprehend Him.[7]

ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ูŠูุดู’ุจูู‡ูู‡ู ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽู†ูŽุงู…ู

He does not resemble any created being.[8]

ุญูŽูŠูŒู‘ ู„ูŽุง ูŠูŽู…ููˆุชู ู‚ูŽูŠูู‘ูˆู…ูŒ ู„ูŽุง ูŠูŽู†ูŽุงู…ู

He is living and He never dies, always sustaining and never sleeping.[9]

ุฎูŽุงู„ูู‚ูŒ ุจูู„ูŽุง ุญูŽุงุฌูŽุฉู ุฑูŽุงุฒูู‚ูŒ ุจูู„ูŽุง ู…ูุคููˆู†ูŽุฉู

He creates without a need to create,[10] and He provides for His creation without any effort.[11]

ู…ูู…ููŠุชูŒ ุจูู„ูŽุง ู…ูŽุฎูŽุงููŽุฉู ุจูŽุงุนูุซูŒ ุจูู„ูŽุง ู…ูŽุดูŽู‚ูŽู‘ุฉู

He causes death with no fear of consequences, and He resurrects without any difficulty.[12]

ู…ูŽุง ุฒูŽุงู„ูŽ ุจูุตูููŽุงุชูู‡ู ู‚ูŽุฏููŠู…ู‹ุง ู‚ูŽุจู’ู„ูŽ ุฎูŽู„ู’ู‚ูู‡ู ู„ูŽู…ู’ ูŠูŽุฒู’ุฏูŽุฏู’ ุจููƒูŽูˆู’ู†ูู‡ูู…ู’ ุดูŽูŠู’ุฆู‹ุง ู„ูŽู…ู’ ูŠูŽูƒูู†ู’ ู‚ูŽุจู’ู„ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ู…ูู†ู’ ุตูููŽุชูู‡ู ูˆูŽูƒูŽู…ูŽุง ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ุจูุตูููŽุงุชูู‡ู ุฃูŽุฒูŽู„ููŠู‹ู‘ุง ูƒูŽุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽ ู„ูŽุง ูŠูŽุฒูŽุงู„ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ูŽุง ุฃูŽุจูŽุฏููŠู‹ู‘ุง

He has existed with His timeless Attributes before His creation, which added nothing to His essence that was not already among His Attributes. As His Attributes were before creation, so will they continue forever.

ู„ูŽูŠู’ุณูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ุฐู ุฎูŽู„ูŽู‚ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุฎูŽู„ู’ู‚ูŽ ุงุณู’ุชูŽููŽุงุฏูŽ ุงุณู’ู…ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุฎูŽุงู„ูู‚ู ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ุจูุฅูุญู’ุฏูŽุงุซูู‡ู ุงู„ู’ุจูŽุฑููŠูŽู‘ุฉูŽ ุงุณู’ุชูŽููŽุงุฏูŽ ุงุณู’ู…ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุจูŽุงุฑููŠ

It is not because He created the creation that He earned the name, โ€˜The Creator,โ€™ nor by His making it did he earn the name, โ€˜The Maker.โ€™

ู„ูŽู‡ู ู…ูŽุนู’ู†ูŽู‰ ุงู„ุฑูู‘ุจููˆุจููŠูŽู‘ุฉู ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ู…ูŽุฑู’ุจููˆุจูŽ ูˆูŽู…ูŽุนู’ู†ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู’ุฎูŽุงู„ูู‚ู ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ู…ูŽุฎู’ู„ููˆู‚ูŽ

He has the quality of Lordship without requiring anything to Lord over, and the quality of being the Creator without requiring anything to create.

ูˆูŽูƒูŽู…ูŽุง ุฃูŽู†ูŽู‘ู‡ู ู…ูุญู’ูŠููŠ ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽูˆู’ุชูŽู‰ ุจูŽุนู’ุฏูŽู…ูŽุง ุฃูŽุญู’ูŠูŽุง ุงุณู’ุชูŽุญูŽู‚ูŽู‘ ู‡ูŽุฐูŽุง ุงู„ูุงุณู’ู…ูŽ ู‚ูŽุจู’ู„ูŽ ุฅูุญู’ูŠูŽุงุฆูู‡ูู…ู’ ูƒูŽุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽ ุงุณู’ุชูŽุญูŽู‚ูŽู‘  ุงุณู’ู…ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุฎูŽุงู„ูู‚ู ู‚ูŽุจู’ู„ูŽ ุฅูู†ู’ุดูŽุงุฆูู‡ูู…ู’

Just as He resurrects the dead after they first had life, He deserved this name before He brought them to life. Likewise, He deserved the name of โ€˜The Creatorโ€™ before He produced them.

ุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽ ุจูุฃูŽู†ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰  ูƒูู„ูู‘ ุดูŽูŠู’ุกู ู‚ูŽุฏููŠุฑูŒ ูˆูŽูƒูู„ูู‘ ุดูŽู‰ู’ุกู ุฅูู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ููŽู‚ููŠุฑูŒ ูˆูŽูƒูู„ูู‘ ุฃูŽู…ู’ุฑู ุฅู„ูŠู‡ ูŠูŽุณููŠุฑูŒ ู„ูŽุง ูŠูŽุญู’ุชูŽุงุฌู ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุดูŽูŠู’ุกู ู„ูŽูŠู’ุณูŽ ูƒูŽู…ูุซู’ู„ูู‡ู ุดูŽูŠู’ุกูŒ ูˆูŽู‡ููˆูŽ ุงู„ุณูŽู‘ู…ููŠุนู ุงู„ู’ุจูŽุตููŠุฑู

This is because He has power over all things and all things are in need of Him.[13] Every matter is easy for Him. He has no need of anything, for โ€˜there is nothing like unto Him, and He is the Hearing, the Seeing.โ€™[14]

ุฎูŽู„ูŽู‚ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุฎูŽู„ู’ู‚ูŽ ุจูุนูู„ู’ู…ูู‡ูโ€โ€

He created the creation with His knowledge.[15]

ูˆูŽู‚ูŽุฏูŽู‘ุฑูŽ ู„ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ุฃูŽู‚ู’ุฏูŽุงุฑู‹ุง

He decreed destinies for them.[16]

ูˆูŽุถูŽุฑูŽุจูŽ ู„ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ุขุฌูŽุงู„ู‹ุง

He set for them life spans.[17]

ูˆูŽู„ูŽู…ู’ ูŠูŽุฎู’ููŽ ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ุดูŽูŠู’ุกูŒ ู‚ูŽุจู’ู„ูŽ ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูŽุฎู’ู„ูู‚ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ูˆูŽุนูŽู„ูู…ูŽ ู…ูŽุง ู‡ูู…ู’ ุนูŽุงู…ูู„ููˆู†ูŽ ู‚ูŽุจู’ู„ูŽ ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูŽุฎู’ู„ูู‚ูŽู‡ูู…ู’

Nothing was hidden from Him before He created them. He knew what they would do before He created them.[18]

ูˆูŽุฃูŽู…ูŽุฑูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ุจูุทูŽุงุนูŽุชูู‡ู ูˆูŽู†ูŽู‡ูŽุงู‡ูู…ู’ ุนูŽู†ู’ ู…ูŽุนู’ุตููŠูŽุชูู‡ู

He commanded them to obey Him and He forbade them to disobey Him.[19]

ูˆูŽูƒูู„ูู‘ ุดูŽูŠู’ุกู ูŠูŽุฌู’ุฑููŠ ุจูุชูŽู‚ู’ุฏููŠุฑูู‡ู ูˆูŽู…ูŽุดููŠุฆูŽุชูู‡ู ูˆูŽู…ูŽุดููŠุฆูŽุชูู‡ู ุชูŽู†ู’ููุฐู ู„ูŽุง ู…ูŽุดููŠุฆูŽุฉูŽ ู„ูู„ู’ุนูุจูŽุงุฏู ุฅูู„ูŽู‘ุง ู…ูŽุง ุดูŽุงุกูŽ ู„ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ููŽู…ูŽุง ุดูŽุงุกูŽ ู„ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ูˆูŽู…ูŽุง ู„ูŽู…ู’ ูŠูŽุดูŽุฃู’ ู„ูŽู…ู’ ูŠูŽูƒูู†ู’

Everything that occurs is according to His decree and will. His will is always accomplished. The will of the servants is only what He wills for them. Whatever He wills for them comes to be, and whatever He does not will for them does not come to be.[20]

 ูŠูŽู‡ู’ุฏููŠ ู…ูŽู†ู’ ูŠูŽุดูŽุงุกู ูˆูŽูŠูŽุนู’ุตูู…ู ูˆูŽูŠูุนูŽุงูููŠ ููŽุถู’ู„ู‹ุง ูˆูŽูŠูุถูู„ูู‘ ู…ูŽู†ู’ ูŠูŽุดูŽุงุกู ูˆูŽูŠูŽุฎู’ุฐูู„ู ูˆูŽูŠูŽุจู’ุชูŽู„ููŠ ุนูŽุฏู’ู„ู‹ุง

He guides whomever He wills. He protects them and secures them as grace. He leads astray whomever He wills.[21] He humiliates them and He puts them to trial in justice.[22]

 ูˆูŽูƒูู„ูู‘ู‡ูู…ู’ ูŠูŽุชูŽู‚ูŽู„ูŽู‘ุจููˆู†ูŽ ูููŠ ู…ูŽุดููŠุฆูŽุชูู‡ู ุจูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽ ููŽุถู’ู„ูู‡ู ูˆูŽุนูŽุฏู’ู„ูู‡ู

All of them go back and forth by His will, between His grace and His justice.[23]

ูˆูŽู‡ููˆูŽ ู…ูุชูŽุนูŽุงู„ู ุนูŽู†ู ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽุถู’ุฏูŽุงุฏู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุฃูŽู†ู’ุฏูŽุงุฏู

He is Exalted beyond having opposites or partners.[24]

ู„ูŽุง ุฑูŽุงุฏูŽู‘ ู„ูู‚ูŽุถูŽุงุฆูู‡ู ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ู…ูุนูŽู‚ูู‘ุจูŽ ู„ูุญููƒู’ู…ูู‡ู ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ุบูŽุงู„ูุจูŽ ู„ูุฃูŽู…ู’ุฑูู‡ู

None can repel His decree, amend His judgment, or overpower His command.[25]

ุขู…ูŽู†ูŽู‘ุง ุจูุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽ ูƒูู„ูู‘ู‡ู ูˆูŽุฃูŽูŠู’ู‚ูŽู†ูŽู‘ุง ุฃูŽู†ูŽู‘ ูƒูู„ู‹ู‘ุง ู…ูู†ู’ ุนูู†ู’ุฏูู‡ู

We believe in all of this. We are certain that it is all from Him.[26]

ุฎูŽุชู’ู…ู ุงู„ู†ูู‘ุจููˆูŽู‘ุฉู
The Seal of Prophecy

ูˆูŽุฅูู†ูŽู‘ ู…ูุญูŽู…ูŽู‘ุฏู‹ุง ุตูŽู„ูŽู‘ู‰ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูˆูŽุณูŽู„ูŽู‘ู…ูŽ ุนูŽุจู’ุฏูู‡ู ุงู„ู’ู…ูุตู’ุทูŽููŽู‰ ูˆูŽู†ูŽุจููŠูู‘ู‡ู ุงู„ู’ู…ูุฌู’ุชูŽุจูŽู‰ ูˆูŽุฑูŽุณููˆู„ูู‡ู ุงู„ู’ู…ูุฑู’ุชูŽุถูŽู‰

Muhammad, peace and blessings be upon him, is His chosen servant, His selected prophet, and His Messenger with whom He is well pleased.[27]

ูˆูŽุฃูŽู†ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุฎูŽุงุชูŽู…ู ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽู†ู’ุจููŠูŽุงุกู ูˆูŽุฅูู…ูŽุงู…ู ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽุชู’ู‚ููŠูŽุงุกู ูˆูŽุณูŽูŠูู‘ุฏู ุงู„ู’ู…ูุฑู’ุณูŽู„ููŠู†ูŽ ูˆูŽุญูŽุจููŠุจู ุฑูŽุจูู‘ ุงู„ู’ุนูŽุงู„ูŽู…ููŠู†ูŽ

He is the seal of the prophets, the leader of the righteous, the master of the Messengers, and the beloved of the Lord of worlds.[28]

ูˆูŽูƒูู„ูู‘ ุฏูŽุนู’ูˆูŽู‰ ุงู„ู†ูู‘ุจููˆูŽู‘ุฉู ุจูŽุนู’ุฏูŽู‡ู ููŽุบูŽูŠูŒู‘ ูˆูŽู‡ูŽูˆู‹ู‰

Every claim to prophecy after him is falsehood and deceit.[29]

ูˆูŽู‡ููˆูŽ ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุจู’ุนููˆุซู ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุนูŽุงู…ูŽู‘ุฉู ุงู„ู’ุฌูู†ูู‘ ูˆูŽูƒูŽุงููŽู‘ุฉู ุงู„ู’ูˆูŽุฑูŽู‰ ุจูุงู„ู’ุญูŽู‚ูู‘ ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ู‡ูุฏูŽู‰ ูˆูŽุจูุงู„ู†ูู‘ูˆุฑู ูˆูŽุงู„ุถูู‘ูŠูŽุงุกู

He has been sent to all of the jinn and the entirety of humanity with truth, guidance, light, and illumination.[30]

ุงู„ู’ู‚ูุฑู’ุขู†ู ูƒูŽู„ูŽุงู…ู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุชูŽุนูŽุงู„ูŽู‰ ู„ูŽูŠู’ุณูŽ ุจูู…ูŽุฎู’ู„ููˆู‚ู
The Quran is the uncreated speech of Allah Almighty

ูˆูŽุฅูู†ูŽู‘ ุงู„ู’ู‚ูุฑู’ุขู†ูŽ ูƒูŽู„ูŽุงู…ู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ู…ูู†ู’ู‡ู ุจูŽุฏูŽุง ุจูู„ูŽุง ูƒูŽูŠู’ูููŠูŽู‘ุฉู ู‚ูŽูˆู’ู„ู‹ุง ูˆูŽุฃูŽู†ู’ุฒูŽู„ูŽู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุฑูŽุณููˆู„ูู‡ู ูˆูŽุญู’ูŠู‹ุง ูˆูŽุตูŽุฏูŽู‘ู‚ูŽู‡ู ุงู„ู’ู…ูุคู’ู…ูู†ููˆู†ูŽ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽ ุญูŽู‚ู‹ู‘ุง ูˆูŽุฃูŽูŠู’ู‚ูŽู†ููˆุง ุฃูŽู†ูŽู‘ู‡ู ูƒูŽู„ูŽุงู…ู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุชูŽุนูŽุงู„ูŽู‰ ุจูุงู„ู’ุญูŽู‚ููŠู‚ูŽุฉู

The Quran is the word of Allah.[31] It originally came from Him, without ascribing modality to His speech.[32] He sent it down upon His messenger as revelation. The believers accept all of that as the truth. They are certain that it is the word of Allah Almighty in reality.

ู„ูŽูŠู’ุณูŽ ุจูู…ูŽุฎู’ู„ููˆู‚ู ูƒูŽูƒูŽู„ูŽุงู…ู ุงู„ู’ุจูŽุฑููŠูŽู‘ุฉู ููŽู…ูŽู†ู’ ุณูŽู…ูุนูŽู‡ู ููŽุฒูŽุนูŽู…ูŽ ุฃูŽู†ูŽู‘ู‡ู ูƒูŽู„ูŽุงู…ู ุงู„ู’ุจูŽุดูŽุฑู ููŽู‚ูŽุฏู’ ูƒูŽููŽุฑูŽ ูˆูŽู‚ูŽุฏู’ ุฐูŽู…ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ูˆูŽุนูŽุงุจูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽุฃูŽูˆู’ุนูŽุฏูŽู‡ู ุจูุณูŽู‚ูŽุฑูŽ ุญูŽูŠู’ุซู ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุชูŽุนูŽุงู„ูŽู‰ ุณูŽุฃูุตู’ู„ููŠู‡ู ุณูŽู‚ูŽุฑูŽ  ููŽู„ูŽู…ูŽู‘ุง ุฃูŽูˆู’ุนูŽุฏูŽ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุจูุณูŽู‚ูŽุฑูŽ ู„ูู…ูŽู†ู’ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุฅูู†ู’ ู‡ูŽุฐูŽุง ุฅูู„ูŽู‘ุง ู‚ูŽูˆู’ู„ู ุงู„ู’ุจูŽุดูŽุฑู ุนูŽู„ูู…ู’ู†ูŽุง ูˆูŽุฃูŽูŠู’ู‚ูŽู†ูŽู‘ุง ุฃูŽู†ูŽู‘ู‡ู ู‚ูŽูˆู’ู„ู ุฎูŽุงู„ูู‚ู ุงู„ู’ุจูŽุดูŽุฑู ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ูŠูุดู’ุจูู‡ู ู‚ูŽูˆู’ู„ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุจูŽุดูŽุฑู

It is uncreated, unlike the speech of creatures.[33] Whoever hears it and imagines that it is human speech has committed unbelief. Allah has blamed him, censured him, and threatens him with Fire, wherein the Almighty said, โ€˜I will burn him in the Fire,โ€™[34] When Allah threatens with the Fire those who said, โ€˜This is only human speech,โ€™[35] we know with certainty that it is the speech of the Creator of humanity and it does not resemble the speech of humanity.

ุตูููŽุงุชู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ู„ูŽูŠู’ุณูŽุชู’ ูƒูŽุตูููŽุงุชู ุงู„ู’ุจูŽุดูŽุฑู
The Attributes of Allah are unlike those of human beings

ูˆูŽู…ูŽู†ู’ ูˆูŽุตูŽููŽ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ูŽ ุจูู…ูŽุนู’ู†ู‹ู‰ ู…ูู†ู’ ู…ูŽุนูŽุงู†ููŠ ุงู„ู’ุจูŽุดูŽุฑู ููŽู‚ูŽุฏู’ ูƒูŽููŽุฑูŽ ู…ูŽู†ู’ ุฃูŽุจู’ุตูŽุฑูŽ ู‡ูŽุฐูŽุง ุงุนู’ุชูŽุจูŽุฑูŽ ูˆูŽุนูŽู†ู’ ู…ูุซู’ู„ู ู‚ูŽูˆู’ู„ู ุงู„ู’ูƒูููŽู‘ุงุฑู ุงู†ู’ุฒูŽุฌูŽุฑูŽ ูˆูŽุนูŽู„ูู…ูŽ ุฃูŽู†ูŽู‘ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ูŽ ุจูุตูููŽุงุชูู‡ู ู„ูŽูŠู’ุณูŽ ูƒูŽุงู„ู’ุจูŽุดูŽุฑู

Whoever describes Allah with the same qualities as human beings has committed unbelief.[36] Whoever grasps this will be careful and restrained from the likes of what is said by the unbelievers. He knows that the Attributes of Allah are unlike those of human beings.

ุฑูุคู’ูŠูŽุฉู ุฃูŽู‡ู’ู„ู ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽู†ูŽู‘ุฉู ุฑูŽุจูŽู‘ู‡ูู…ู’ ุจูุบูŽูŠู’ุฑู ุฅูุญูŽุงุทูŽุฉู
The looking of the people of Paradise at their Lord without encompassing Him

ูˆูŽุงู„ุฑูู‘ุคู’ูŠูŽุฉู ุญูŽู‚ูŒู‘ ู„ูุฃูŽู‡ู’ู„ู ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽู†ูŽู‘ุฉู ุจูุบูŽูŠู’ุฑู ุฅูุญูŽุงุทูŽุฉู ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ูƒูŽูŠู’ูููŠูŽู‘ุฉู ูƒูŽู…ูŽุง ู†ูŽุทูŽู‚ูŽ ุจูู‡ู ูƒูุชูŽุงุจู ุฑูŽุจูู‘ู†ูŽุง ูˆูุฌููˆู‡ูŒ ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ูŽุฆูุฐู ู†ูŽุงุถูุฑูŽุฉูŒ ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุฑูŽุจูู‘ู‡ูŽุง ู†ูŽุงุธูุฑูŽุฉูŒ ูˆูŽุชูŽูู’ุณููŠุฑูู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ู…ูŽุง ุฃูŽุฑูŽุงุฏูŽ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุชูŽุนูŽุงู„ูŽู‰ ูˆูŽุนูŽู„ูู…ูŽู‡ู

The vision of the people of Paradise is true, without being all-encompassing and without modality. As expressed in the Book of our Lord, โ€˜Faces on that Day will be radiant, looking at their Lord,โ€™[37] The explanation of this is as Allah Almighty intended and knows.

ูˆูŽูƒูู„ูู‘ ู…ูŽุง ุฌูŽุงุกูŽ ูููŠ ุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽ ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุญูŽุฏููŠุซู ุงู„ุตูŽู‘ุญููŠุญู ุนูŽู†ู’ ุฑูŽุณููˆู„ู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุตูŽู„ูŽู‘ู‰ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูˆูŽุณูŽู„ูŽู‘ู…ูŽ ููŽู‡ููˆูŽ ูƒูŽู…ูŽุง ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ูˆูŽู…ูŽุนู’ู†ูŽุงู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ู…ูŽุง ุฃูŽุฑูŽุงุฏูŽ ู„ูŽุง ู†ูŽุฏู’ุฎูู„ู ูููŠ ุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽ ู…ูุชูŽุฃูŽูˆูู‘ู„ููŠู†ูŽ ุจูุขุฑูŽุงุฆูู†ูŽุง ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ู…ูุชูŽูˆูŽู‡ูู‘ู…ููŠู†ูŽ ุจูุฃูŽู‡ู’ูˆูŽุงุฆูู†ูŽุง

Everything that has come in authentic narrations from the Messenger, peace and blessings be upon him, is as he said and it means what he intended.[38] We do not insert our own opinions in it, nor do we imagine it according to our whims.

ููŽุฅูู†ูŽู‘ู‡ู ู…ูŽุง ุณูŽู„ูู…ูŽ ูููŠ ุฏููŠู†ูู‡ู ุฅูู„ูŽู‘ุง ู…ูŽู†ู’ ุณูŽู„ูŽู‘ู…ูŽ ู„ูู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุนูŽุฒูŽู‘ ูˆูŽุฌูŽู„ูŽู‘ ูˆูŽู„ูุฑูŽุณููˆู„ูู‡ู ุตูŽู„ูŽู‘ู‰ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูˆูŽุณูŽู„ูŽู‘ู…ูŽ ูˆูŽุฑูŽุฏูŽู‘ ุนูู„ู’ู…ูŽ ู…ูŽุง ุงุดู’ุชูŽุจูŽู‡ูŽ ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุนูŽุงู„ูู…ูู‡ู

For none is safe in his religion except those who surrender themselves to Allah Almighty and to His Messenger,[39] and relinquishes the knowledge of what is ambiguous to the One who knows it.[40]

ุงู„ุชูŽู‘ูƒูŽู„ูู‘ู…ู ูููŠ ุฃูู…ููˆุฑู ุงู„ุฏูู‘ูŠู†ู ุจูุบูŽูŠู’ุฑู ุนูู„ู’ู…ู
Speaking about religious matters without knowledge

ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ุชูŽุซู’ุจูุชู ู‚ูŽุฏูŽู…ู ุงู„ู’ุฅูุณู’ู„ูŽุงู…ู ุฅูู„ูŽู‘ุง ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุธูŽู‡ู’ุฑู ุงู„ุชูŽู‘ุณู’ู„ููŠู…ู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุงุณู’ุชูุณู’ู„ูŽุงู…ู

The foundation of oneโ€™s Islam is not firm unless it is upon outward submission and surrender to Allah.[41]

ููŽู…ูŽู†ู’ ุฑูŽุงู…ูŽ ุนูู„ู’ู…ูŽ ู…ูŽุง ุญูุธูุฑูŽ ุนูŽู†ู’ู‡ู ุนูู„ู’ู…ูู‡ู ูˆูŽู„ูŽู…ู’ ูŠูŽู‚ู’ู†ูŽุนู’ ุจูุงู„ุชูŽู‘ุณู’ู„ููŠู…ู ููŽู‡ู’ู…ูู‡ู ุญูŽุฌูŽุจูŽู‡ู ู…ูŽุฑูŽุงู…ูู‡ู ุนูŽู†ู’ ุฎูŽุงู„ูุตู ุงู„ุชูŽู‘ูˆู’ุญููŠุฏู ูˆูŽุตูŽุงูููŠ ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุนู’ุฑูููŽุฉู ูˆูŽุตูŽุญููŠุญู ุงู„ู’ุฅููŠู…ูŽุงู†ู

For whoever wishes to know what is forbidden and is not satisfied with surrender, his understanding will be veiled from pure monotheism, gnosis, and sound faith.[42]

ููŽูŠูŽุชูŽุฐูŽุจู’ุฐูŽุจู ุจูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽ ุงู„ู’ูƒููู’ุฑู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุฅููŠู…ูŽุงู†ู ูˆูŽุงู„ุชูŽู‘ุตู’ุฏููŠู‚ู ูˆูŽุงู„ุชูŽู‘ูƒู’ุฐููŠุจู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุฅูู‚ู’ุฑูŽุงุฑู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุฅูู†ู’ูƒูŽุงุฑู ู…ููˆูŽุณู’ูˆูุณู‹ุง ุชูŽุงุฆูู‡ู‹ุง ุดูŽุงูƒู‹ู‘ุง ุฒูŽุงุฆูุบู‹ุง ู„ูŽุง ู…ูุคู’ู…ูู†ู‹ุง ู…ูุตูŽุฏูู‘ู‚ู‹ุง ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ุฌูŽุงุญูุฏู‹ุง ู…ููƒูŽุฐูู‘ุจู‹ุง

He will veer between unbelief and faith, confirmation and denial, acceptance and rejection. Compulsive, disagreeable, doubtful, and deviant, he is not a true believer, nor a stubborn denier.[43]

ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ูŠูŽุตูุญูู‘ ุงู„ู’ุฅููŠู…ูŽุงู†ู ุจูุงู„ุฑูู‘ุคู’ูŠูŽุฉู ู„ูุฃูŽู‡ู’ู„ู ุฏูŽุงุฑู ุงู„ุณูŽู‘ู„ูŽุงู…ู ู„ูู…ูŽู†ู ุงุนู’ุชูŽุจูŽุฑูŽู‡ูŽุง ู…ูู†ู’ู‡ูู…ู’ ุจููˆูŽู‡ู’ู…ู ุฃูŽูˆู’ ุชูŽุฃูŽูˆูŽู‘ู„ูŽู‡ูŽุง ุจูููŽู‡ู’ู…ู ุฅูุฐู’ ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ุชูŽุฃู’ูˆููŠู„ู ุงู„ุฑูู‘ุคู’ูŠูŽุฉู ูˆูŽุชูŽุฃู’ูˆููŠู„ู ูƒูู„ูู‘ ู…ูŽุนู’ู†ู‹ู‰ ูŠูุถูŽุงูู ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ุฑูู‘ุจููˆุจููŠูŽู‘ุฉู ุชูŽุฑู’ูƒูŽ ุงู„ุชูŽู‘ุฃู’ูˆููŠู„ู ูˆูŽู„ูุฒููˆู…ูŽ ุงู„ุชูŽู‘ุณู’ู„ููŠู…ู ูˆูŽุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ุฏููŠู†ู ุงู„ู’ู…ูุณู’ู„ูู…ููŠู†ูŽ

Faith in the vision of the people of the Abode of Peace is not correct for those among them who express it as an illusion or who interpret it with their own limited understanding, as the correct interpretation of the vision, and the interpretation of every meaning related to the Lordship of Allah, is by abandoning interpretation and adhering to surrender.[44] This is the religion of the Muslims.

ูˆูŽู…ูŽู†ู’ ู„ูŽู…ู’ ูŠูŽุชูŽูˆูŽู‚ูŽู‘ ุงู„ู†ูŽู‘ูู’ูŠูŽ ูˆูŽุงู„ุชูŽู‘ุดู’ุจููŠู‡ูŽ ุฒูŽู„ูŽู‘ ูˆูŽู„ูŽู…ู’ ูŠูุตูุจู ุงู„ุชูŽู‘ู†ู’ุฒููŠู‡ูŽ ููŽุฅูู†ูŽู‘ ุฑูŽุจูŽู‘ู†ูŽุง ุฌูŽู„ูŽู‘ ูˆูŽุนูŽู„ูŽุง ู…ูŽูˆู’ุตููˆููŒ ุจูุตูููŽุงุชู ุงู„ู’ูˆูŽุญู’ุฏูŽุงู†ููŠูŽู‘ุฉู ู…ูŽู†ู’ุนููˆุชูŒ ุจูู†ูุนููˆุชู ุงู„ู’ููŽุฑู’ุฏูŽุงู†ููŠูŽู‘ุฉู ู„ูŽูŠู’ุณูŽ ูููŠ ู…ูŽุนู’ู†ูŽุงู‡ู ุฃูŽุญูŽุฏูŒ ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุจูŽุฑููŠูŽู‘ุฉู

Whoever does not guard himself from negating the Attributes of Allah or likening Allah to something else has strayed and has not correctly understood the transcendence of Allah, for our Lord Almighty is described with the Attributes of Oneness, qualified with the qualities of uniqueness. He does not have the characteristics of any creature.[45]

ูˆูŽุชูŽุนูŽุงู„ูŽู‰ ุนูŽู†ู ุงู„ู’ุญูุฏููˆุฏู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุบูŽุงูŠูŽุงุชู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุฃูŽุฑู’ูƒูŽุงู†ู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุฃูŽุนู’ุถูŽุงุกู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุฃูŽุฏูŽูˆูŽุงุชู ู„ูŽุง ุชูŽุญู’ูˆููŠู‡ู ุงู„ู’ุฌูู‡ูŽุงุชู ุงู„ุณูู‘ุชูู‘ ูƒูŽุณูŽุงุฆูุฑู ุงู„ู’ู…ูุจู’ุชูŽุฏูŽุนูŽุงุชู

He is Exalted above any limits, ends, supports, limbs, or tools. He is not contained by six directions like the rest of created things.[46]

ุงู„ู’ุฅูุณู’ุฑูŽุงุกู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ู…ูุนู’ุฑูŽุงุฌู ู„ูŽู‡ู ุตูŽู„ูŽู‘ู‰ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูˆูŽุณูŽู„ูŽู‘ู…ูŽ ุจูุงู„ู’ูŠูŽู‚ูŽุธูŽุฉู
The Night Journey and Ascension while the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, was awake

ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ู…ูุนู’ุฑูŽุงุฌู ุญูŽู‚ูŒู‘ ูˆูŽู‚ูŽุฏู’ ุฃูุณู’ุฑููŠูŽ ุจูุงู„ู†ูŽู‘ุจููŠูู‘ ุตูŽู„ูŽู‘ู‰ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูˆูŽุณูŽู„ูŽู‘ู…ูŽ ูˆูŽุนูุฑูุฌูŽ ุจูุดูŽุฎู’ุตูู‡ู ูููŠ ุงู„ู’ูŠูŽู‚ูŽุธูŽุฉู ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ุณูŽู‘ู…ูŽุงุกู ุซูู…ูŽู‘ ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุญูŽูŠู’ุซู ุดูŽุงุกูŽ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุนูู„ูŽุง ูˆูŽุฃูŽูƒู’ุฑูŽู…ูŽู‡ู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุจูู…ูŽุง ุดูŽุงุกูŽ ูˆูŽุฃูŽูˆู’ุญูŽู‰ ุฅูู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ู…ูŽุง ุฃูŽูˆู’ุญูŽู‰ ู…ูŽุง ูƒูŽุฐูŽุจูŽ ุงู„ู’ููุคูŽุงุฏู ู…ูŽุง ุฑูŽุฃูŽู‰ ููŽุตูŽู„ูŽู‘ู‰ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูˆูŽุณูŽู„ูŽู‘ู…ูŽ ูููŠ ุงู„ู’ุขุฎูุฑูŽุฉู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุฃููˆู„ูŽู‰

The ascension to heaven is true. The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, was taken by night and ascended in person during wakefulness, to the heavens and then to whichever heights Allah willed for him.[47] Allah honored him as He willed and He revealed to him what He revealed, โ€˜His heart was not mistaken about what he saw,โ€™[48] Allah blessed him and granted him peace in the Hereafter and in this world.

ุงู„ู’ุญูŽูˆู’ุถู
The Prophetic Fountain

ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุญูŽูˆู’ุถู ุงู„ูŽู‘ุฐููŠ ุฃูŽูƒู’ุฑูŽู…ูŽู‡ู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุชูŽุนูŽุงู„ูŽู‰ ุจูู‡ู ุบููŠูŽุงุซู‹ุง ู„ูุฃูู…ูŽู‘ุชูู‡ู ุญูŽู‚ูŒู‘

The Fountain (al-hawแธ), with which Allah Almighty honored him as nourishment for his nation, is true.[49]

ุงู„ุดูŽู‘ููŽุงุนูŽุฉู
The Intercession

ูˆูŽุงู„ุดูŽู‘ููŽุงุนูŽุฉู ุงู„ูŽู‘ุชููŠ ุงุฏูŽู‘ุฎูŽุฑูŽู‡ูŽุง ู„ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ุญูŽู‚ูŒู‘ ูƒูŽู…ูŽุง ุฑููˆููŠูŽ ูููŠ ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽุฎู’ุจูŽุงุฑู

The Intercession (al-shafaโ€™ah), which he deferred for them until the Day of Resurrection, is true as related in the narrations.[50]

ุงู„ู’ู…ููŠุซูŽุงู‚ู ุงู„ูŽู‘ุฐููŠ ุฃูŽุฎูŽุฐูŽู‡ู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ู…ูู†ู’ ุขุฏูŽู…ูŽ ูˆูŽุฐูุฑูู‘ูŠูŽู‘ุชูู‡ู
The covenant that Allah took from Adam and his progeny

ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ู…ููŠุซูŽุงู‚ู ุงู„ูŽู‘ุฐููŠ ุฃูŽุฎูŽุฐูŽู‡ู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุชูŽุนูŽุงู„ูŽู‰ ู…ูู†ู’ ุขุฏูŽู…ูŽ ูˆูŽุฐูุฑูู‘ูŠูŽู‘ุชูู‡ู ุญูŽู‚ูŒู‘

The covenant that Allah Almighty took from Adam and his progeny is true.[51]

ูˆูŽู‚ูŽุฏู’ ุนูŽู„ูู…ูŽ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุชูŽุนูŽุงู„ูŽู‰ ูููŠู…ูŽุง ู„ูŽู…ู’ ูŠูŽุฒูŽู„ู’ ุนูŽุฏูŽุฏูŽ ู…ูŽู†ู’ ูŠูŽุฏู’ุฎูู„ู ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽู†ูŽู‘ุฉูŽ ูˆูŽุนูŽุฏูŽุฏูŽ ู…ูŽู†ู’ ูŠูŽุฏู’ุฎูู„ู ุงู„ู†ูŽู‘ุงุฑูŽ ุฌูู…ู’ู„ูŽุฉู‹ ูˆูŽุงุญูุฏูŽุฉู‹ ููŽู„ูŽุง ูŠูุฒูŽุงุฏู ูููŠ ุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽ ุงู„ู’ุนูŽุฏูŽุฏู ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ูŠูู†ู’ู‚ูŽุตู ู…ูู†ู’ู‡ู

Allah Almighty has always known the number of those who would enter Paradise and the number of those who would enter Hellfire, a single allocation. This number will neither increase nor decrease.[52]

ูˆูŽูƒูŽุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽ ุฃูŽูู’ุนูŽุงู„ูู‡ูู…ู’ ูููŠู…ูŽุง ุนูŽู„ูู…ูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ู‡ูู…ู’ ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูŽูู’ุนูŽู„ููˆู‡ู

Likewise for the actions of people, as He knows among them what they would do.[53]

ุงู„ู‚ุถุงุก ูˆุงู„ู‚ุฏุฑ
Divine Providence

ูˆูŽูƒูู„ูŒู‘ ู…ููŠูŽุณูŽู‘ุฑูŒ ู„ูู…ูŽุง ุฎูู„ูู‚ูŽ ู„ูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุฃูŽุนู’ู…ูŽุงู„ู ุจูุงู„ู’ุฎูŽูˆูŽุงุชููŠู…ู ูˆูŽุงู„ุณูŽู‘ุนููŠุฏู ู…ูŽู†ู’ ุณูŽุนูุฏูŽ ุจูู‚ูŽุถูŽุงุกู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ูˆูŽุงู„ุดูŽู‘ู‚ููŠูู‘ ู…ูŽู†ู’ ุดูŽู‚ููŠูŽ ุจูู‚ูŽุถูŽุงุกู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู

Everyone is facilitated for what was created for him.[54] Deeds are judged as they are at the end of life.[55] Those who are blessed are blessed by the decree of Allah, and those who are damned are damned by the decree of Allah.

ูˆูŽุฃูŽุตู’ู„ู ุงู„ู’ู‚ูŽุฏูŽุฑู ุณูุฑูู‘ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุชูŽุนูŽุงู„ูŽู‰ ูููŠ ุฎูŽู„ู’ู‚ูู‡ู ู„ูŽู…ู’ ูŠูŽุทูŽู‘ู„ูุนู’ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽ ู…ูŽู„ูŽูƒูŒ ู…ูู‚ูŽุฑูŽู‘ุจูŒ ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ู†ูŽุจููŠูŒู‘ ู…ูุฑู’ุณูŽู„ูŒ ูˆูŽุงู„ุชูŽู‘ุนูŽู…ูู‘ู‚ู ูˆูŽุงู„ู†ูŽู‘ุธูŽุฑู ูููŠ ุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽ ุฐูŽุฑููŠุนูŽุฉู ุงู„ู’ุฎูุฐู’ู„ูŽุงู†ู ูˆูŽุณูู„ูŽู‘ู…ู ุงู„ู’ุญูุฑู’ู…ูŽุงู†ู ูˆูŽุฏูŽุฑูŽุฌูŽุฉู ุงู„ุทูู‘ุบู’ูŠูŽุงู†ู

The basis of providence is that it is a secret of Allah Almighty in His creation.[56] It has not been shown to an angel near to Him, nor to a prophet He sent. Delving and investigating deeply into that is a cause of loss, a ladder to deprivation, and a degree of transgression.[57]

ููŽุงู„ู’ุญูŽุฐูŽุฑูŽ ูƒูู„ูŽู‘ ุงู„ู’ุญูŽุฐูŽุฑู ู…ูู†ู’ ุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽ ู†ูŽุธูŽุฑู‹ุง ูˆูŽูููƒู’ุฑู‹ุง ูˆูŽูˆูŽุณู’ูˆูŽุณูŽุฉู‹ ููŽุฅูู†ูŽู‘ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ูŽ ุชูŽุนูŽุงู„ูŽู‰ ุทูŽูˆูŽู‰ ุนูู„ู’ู…ูŽ ุงู„ู’ู‚ูŽุฏูŽุฑู ุนูŽู†ู’ ุฃูŽู†ูŽุงู…ูู‡ู ูˆูŽู†ูŽู‡ูŽุงู‡ูู…ู’ ุนูŽู†ู’ ู…ูŽุฑูŽุงู…ูู‡ู ูƒูŽู…ูŽุง ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุชูŽุนูŽุงู„ูŽู‰ ูููŠ ูƒูุชูŽุงุจูู‡ู ู„ูŽุง ูŠูุณู’ุฃูŽู„ู ุนูŽู…ูŽู‘ุง ูŠูŽูู’ุนูŽู„ู ูˆูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ูŠูุณู’ุฃูŽู„ููˆู†ูŽ ููŽู…ูŽู†ู’ ุณูŽุฃูŽู„ูŽ ู„ูู…ูŽ ููŽุนูŽู„ูŽ ููŽู‚ูŽุฏู’ ุฑูŽุฏูŽู‘ ุญููƒู’ู…ูŽ ุงู„ู’ูƒูุชูŽุงุจู ูˆูŽู…ูŽู†ู’ ุฑูŽุฏูŽู‘ ุญููƒู’ู…ูŽ ุงู„ู’ูƒูุชูŽุงุจู ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ู’ูƒูŽุงููุฑููŠู†ูŽ

Thus, take extreme caution from that type of investigation, thinking, and insinuation. For Allah Almighty has hidden the knowledge of providence from His creatures and has prohibited them from seeking it, as said by Allah Almighty in His Book, โ€˜He will not be questioned about what He does, but they will be questioned.โ€™[58] Whoever asks why He did something has rejected the judgment of the Book, and whoever rejects the judgment of the Book is among the unbelievers.[59]

ููŽู‡ูŽุฐูŽุง ุฌูู…ู’ู„ูŽุฉู ู…ูŽุง ูŠูŽุญู’ุชูŽุงุฌู ุฅูู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ู…ูŽู†ู’ ู‡ููˆูŽ ู…ูู†ูŽูˆูŽู‘ุฑูŒ ู‚ูŽู„ู’ุจูู‡ู ู…ูู†ู’ ุฃูŽูˆู’ู„ููŠูŽุงุกู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุชูŽุนูŽุงู„ูŽู‰ ูˆูŽู‡ููŠูŽ ุฏูŽุฑูŽุฌูŽุฉู ุงู„ุฑูŽู‘ุงุณูุฎููŠู†ูŽ ูููŠ ุงู„ู’ุนูู„ู’ู…ู ู„ูุฃูŽู†ูŽู‘ ุงู„ู’ุนูู„ู’ู…ูŽ ุนูู„ู’ู…ูŽุงู†ู ุนูู„ู’ู…ูŒ ูููŠ ุงู„ู’ุฎูŽู„ู’ู‚ู ู…ูŽูˆู’ุฌููˆุฏูŒ ูˆูŽุนูู„ู’ู…ูŒ ูููŠ ุงู„ู’ุฎูŽู„ู’ู‚ู ู…ูŽูู’ู‚ููˆุฏูŒ ููŽุฅูู†ู’ูƒูŽุงุฑู ุงู„ู’ุนูู„ู’ู…ู ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽูˆู’ุฌููˆุฏู ูƒููู’ุฑูŒ ูˆูŽุงุฏูู‘ุนูŽุงุกู ุงู„ู’ุนูู„ู’ู…ู ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽูู’ู‚ููˆุฏู ูƒููู’ุฑูŒ ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ูŠูŽุซู’ุจูุชู ุงู„ู’ุฅููŠู…ูŽุงู†ู ุฅูู„ูŽู‘ุง ุจูู‚ูŽุจููˆู„ู ุงู„ู’ุนูู„ู’ู…ู ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽูˆู’ุฌููˆุฏู ูˆูŽุชูŽุฑู’ูƒู ุทูŽู„ูŽุจู ุงู„ู’ุนูู„ู’ู…ู ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽูู’ู‚ููˆุฏู

This is the summary of what is needed by those who have enlightened hearts among the allies of Allah Almighty. It is the degree of those rooted in knowledge, for knowledge in the creation is of two types: accessible knowledge and inaccessible knowledge. To deny accessible knowledge is unbelief, and to claim to know what is inaccessible is unbelief.[60] Faith is only affirmed by accepting accessible knowledge and abandoning pursuit of inaccessible knowledge.[61]

ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ูˆู’ุญู ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุญู’ูููˆุธู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ู‚ูŽู„ูŽู…ู
The Preserved Tablet and the Pen

ูˆูŽู†ูุคู’ู…ูู†ู ุจูุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ูˆู’ุญู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ู‚ูŽู„ูŽู…ู ูˆูŽุจูุฌูŽู…ููŠุนู ู…ูŽุง ูููŠู‡ู ู‚ูŽุฏู’ ุฑูู‚ูู…ูŽ

We believe in the Preserved Tablet (al-lawh al-maแธฅfuz), the Pen, and in everything inscribed on it.[62]

ููŽู„ูŽูˆู ุงุฌู’ุชูŽู…ูŽุนูŽ ุงู„ู’ุฎูŽู„ู’ู‚ู ูƒูู„ูู‘ู‡ูู…ู’ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุดูŽูŠู’ุกู ูƒูŽุชูŽุจูŽู‡ู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุชูŽุนูŽุงู„ูŽู‰ ูููŠู‡ู ุฃูŽู†ูŽู‘ู‡ู ูƒูŽุงุฆูู†ูŒ ู„ููŠูŽุฌู’ุนูŽู„ููˆู‡ู ุบูŽูŠู’ุฑูŽ ูƒูŽุงุฆูู†ู ู„ูŽู…ู’ ูŠูŽู‚ู’ุฏูุฑููˆุง ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูˆูŽู„ูŽูˆู ุงุฌู’ุชูŽู…ูŽุนููˆุง ูƒูู„ูู‘ู‡ูู…ู’ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุดูŽูŠู’ุกู ู„ูŽู…ู’ ูŠูŽูƒู’ุชูุจู’ู‡ู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุชูŽุนูŽุงู„ูŽู‰ ูููŠู‡ู ู„ููŠูŽุฌู’ุนูŽู„ููˆู‡ู ูƒูŽุงุฆูู†ู‹ุง ู„ูŽู…ู’ ูŠูŽู‚ู’ุฏูุฑููˆุง ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ุฌูŽููŽู‘ ุงู„ู’ู‚ูŽู„ูŽู…ู ุจูู…ูŽุง ู‡ููˆูŽ ูƒูŽุงุฆูู†ูŒ ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ู ุงู„ู’ู‚ููŠูŽุงู…ูŽุฉู

If all creation gathered against something Allah Almighty had decreed to be, that they try to make it not exist, they would have no power to do so. If all of them gathered against something Allah had not decreed to be, that they try to bring it into existence, they would have no power to do so. The Pen has dried of what will be until the Day of Resurrection.[63]

ูˆูŽู…ูŽุง ุฃูŽุฎู’ุทูŽุฃูŽ ุงู„ู’ุนูŽุจู’ุฏูŽ ู„ูŽู…ู’ ูŠูŽูƒูู†ู’ ู„ููŠูุตููŠุจูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽู…ูŽุง ุฃูŽุตูŽุงุจูŽู‡ู ู„ูŽู…ู’ ูŠูŽูƒูู†ู’ ู„ููŠูุฎู’ุทูุฆูŽู‡ู

Whatever a person has missed, he would have never received. Whatever he received, he would have never missed.[64]

ูˆูŽุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู’ุนูŽุจู’ุฏู ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูŽุนู’ู„ูŽู…ูŽ ุฃูŽู†ูŽู‘ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ูŽ ู‚ูŽุฏู’ ุณูŽุจูŽู‚ูŽ ุนูู„ู’ู…ูู‡ู ูููŠ ูƒูู„ูู‘ ูƒูŽุงุฆูู†ู ู…ูู†ู’ ุฎูŽู„ู’ู‚ูู‡ู ููŽู‚ูŽุฏูŽู‘ุฑูŽ ุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽ ุชูŽู‚ู’ุฏููŠุฑู‹ุง ู…ูุญู’ูƒูŽู…ู‹ุง ู…ูุจู’ุฑูŽู…ู‹ุง ู„ูŽูŠู’ุณูŽ ูููŠู‡ู ู†ูŽุงู‚ูุถูŒ ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ู…ูุนูŽู‚ูู‘ุจูŒ ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ู…ูุฒููŠู„ูŒ ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ู…ูุบูŽูŠูู‘ุฑูŒ ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ู…ูุญูŽูˆูู‘ู„ูŒ ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ู†ูŽุงู‚ูุตูŒ ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ุฒูŽุงุฆูุฏูŒ ู…ูู†ู’ ุฎูŽู„ู’ู‚ูู‡ู ูููŠ ุณูŽู…ูŽุงูˆูŽุงุชูู‡ู ูˆูŽุฃูŽุฑู’ุถูู‡ู

The servant must know that the knowledge of Allah of all that exists in His creation has already preceded. He measured all of that with precise measurement, judgment, and finality. There is nothing to reduce it, nor amend it, nor remove it, nor change it, nor divert it, nor decrease it, nor add to it.[65]

ูˆุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ ุนูŽู‚ู’ุฏู ุงู„ู’ุฅููŠู…ูŽุงู†ู ูˆูŽุฃูุตููˆู„ู ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุนู’ุฑูููŽุฉู ูˆูŽุงู„ูุงุนู’ุชูุฑูŽุงูู ุจูุชูŽูˆู’ุญููŠุฏู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุชูŽุนูŽุงู„ูŽู‰ ูˆูŽุฑูุจููˆุจููŠูŽู‘ุชูู‡ู ูƒูŽู…ูŽุง ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุชูŽุนูŽุงู„ูŽู‰ ูููŠ ูƒูุชูŽุงุจูู‡ู ูˆูŽุฎูŽู„ูŽู‚ูŽ ูƒูู„ูŽู‘ ุดูŽูŠู’ุกู ููŽู‚ูŽุฏูŽู‘ุฑูŽู‡ู ุชูŽู‚ู’ุฏููŠุฑู‹ุง ูˆูŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุชูŽุนูŽุงู„ูŽู‰ ูˆูŽูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ุฃูŽู…ู’ุฑู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ู‚ูŽุฏูŽุฑู‹ุง ู…ูŽู‚ู’ุฏููˆุฑู‹ุง ููŽูˆูŽูŠู’ู„ูŒ ู„ูู…ูŽู†ู’ ุตูŽุงุฑูŽ ู‚ูŽู„ู’ุจูู‡ู ูููŠ ุงู„ู’ู‚ูŽุฏูŽุฑู ู‚ูŽู„ู’ุจู‹ุง ุณูŽู‚ููŠู…ู‹ุง ู„ูŽู‚ูŽุฏู ุงู„ู’ุชูŽู…ูŽุณูŽ ุจููˆูŽู‡ู’ู…ูู‡ู ูููŠ ููŽุญู’ุตู ุงู„ู’ุบูŽูŠู’ุจู ุณูุฑู‹ู‘ุง ูƒูŽุชููŠู…ู‹ุง ูˆูŽุนูŽุงุฏูŽ ุจูู…ูŽุง ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ูููŠู‡ู ุฃูŽููŽู‘ุงูƒู‹ุง ุฃูŽุซููŠู…ู‹ุง

All of that is among the beliefs of faith, the fundamentals of gnosis, and the recognition of the oneness of Allah Almighty and His Lordship, as the Almighty said in His book, โ€˜He created all things and measured them with precise measurement,โ€™[66] 

And the Almighty said, โ€˜The command of Allah is a decisive decree,โ€™[67] Then woe to him whose heart becomes ill regarding providence. He has traversed the path of his delusions in investigating the Unseen, its secrets and hidden aspects.[68] He ends up as a sinful liar due to what he said.

ุงู„ู’ุนูŽุฑู’ุดู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ูƒูุฑู’ุณููŠูู‘
The Throne and the Footstool

ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุนูŽุฑู’ุดู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ูƒูุฑู’ุณููŠูู‘ ุญูŽู‚ูŒู‘

The Throne (al-โ€˜arsh) and the Footstool (al-kursฤซ) are true.[69]

ูˆูŽู‡ููˆูŽ ู…ูุณู’ุชูŽุบู’ู†ู ุนูŽู†ู ุงู„ู’ุนูŽุฑู’ุดู ูˆูŽู…ูŽุง ุฏููˆู†ูŽู‡ู

He is independent of the Throne and whatever is beneath it.[70]

ู…ูุญููŠุทูŒ ุจููƒูู„ูู‘ ุดูŽูŠู’ุกู ูˆูŽููŽูˆู’ู‚ูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽู‚ูŽุฏู’ ุฃูŽุนู’ุฌูŽุฒูŽ ุนูŽู†ู ุงู„ู’ุฅูุญูŽุงุทูŽุฉู ุฎูŽู„ู’ู‚ูŽู‡ู

He encompasses all things and He is above it, and what He has created is incapable of encompassing Him.[71]

ุงุชูŽู‘ุฎูŽุฐูŽ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุฅูุจู’ุฑูŽุงู‡ููŠู…ูŽ ุฎูŽู„ููŠู„ู‹ุง
Allah took Abraham as an intimate friend

ูˆูŽู†ูŽู‚ููˆู„ู ุฅูู†ูŽู‘ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ูŽ ุงุชูŽู‘ุฎูŽุฐูŽ ุฅูุจู’ุฑูŽุงู‡ููŠู…ูŽ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุณู„ุงู… ุฎูŽู„ููŠู„ู‹ุง ูˆูŽูƒูŽู„ูŽู‘ู…ูŽ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ู…ููˆุณูŽู‰ ุชูŽูƒู’ู„ููŠู…ู‹ุง ุฅููŠู…ูŽุงู†ู‹ุง ูˆูŽุชูŽุตู’ุฏููŠู‚ู‹ุง ูˆูŽุชูŽุณู’ู„ููŠู…ู‹ุง

We say that Allah has taken Abraham, upon him be peace, as an intimate friend[72] and that He spoke directly to Moses, faithfully, truthfully, and in surrender to Allah.[73]

ุงู„ู’ุฅููŠู…ูŽุงู†ู ุจูุงู„ู’ู…ูŽู„ูŽุงุฆููƒูŽุฉู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ูƒูุชูุจู ุงู„ู’ู…ูู†ูŽุฒูŽู‘ู„ูŽุฉู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ู…ูุฑู’ุณูŽู„ููŠ
Faith in the angels, the revealed Books, and the Messengers

ูˆูŽู†ูุคู’ู…ูู†ู ุจูุงู„ู’ู…ูŽู„ูŽุงุฆููƒูŽุฉู ูˆูŽุงู„ู†ูŽู‘ุจููŠูู‘ูŠู†ูŽ ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ูƒูุชูุจู ุงู„ู’ู…ูู†ูŽุฒูŽู‘ู„ูŽุฉู ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู’ู…ูุฑู’ุณูŽู„ููŠู†ูŽ ูˆูŽู†ูŽุดู’ู‡ูŽุฏู ุฃูŽู†ูŽู‘ู‡ูู…ู’ ูƒูŽุงู†ููˆุง ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู’ุญูŽู‚ูู‘ ุงู„ู’ู…ูุจููŠู†ู

We have faith in the angels, the Prophets, and the Books revealed to the Messengers.[74] We testify that they were all upon the clear truth.

ุฃูŽู‡ู’ู„ู ุงู„ู’ู‚ูุจู’ู„ูŽุฉู ู…ูุณู’ู„ูู…ููˆู†ูŽ ู…ูุคู’ู…ูู†ููˆู†ูŽ
Those who pray towards Mecca are Muslim believers

ูˆูŽู†ูุณูŽู…ูู‘ูŠ ุฃูŽู‡ู’ู„ูŽ ู‚ูุจู’ู„ูŽุชูู†ูŽุง ู…ูุณู’ู„ูู…ููŠู†ูŽ ู…ูุคู’ู…ูู†ููŠู†ูŽ ู…ูŽุง ุฏูŽุงู…ููˆุง ุจูู…ูŽุง ุฌูŽุงุกูŽ ุจูู‡ู ุงู„ู†ูŽู‘ุจููŠูู‘ ุตูŽู„ูŽู‘ู‰ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูˆูŽุณูŽู„ูŽู‘ู…ูŽ ู…ูุนู’ุชูŽุฑููููŠู†ูŽ ูˆูŽู„ูŽู‡ู ุจููƒูู„ูู‘ ู…ูŽุง ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽุฃูŽุฎู’ุจูŽุฑูŽ ู…ูุตูŽุฏูู‘ู‚ููŠู†ูŽ

We name the people who pray towards Mecca (ahl al-qiblah) as โ€˜Muslimsโ€™ and โ€˜believersโ€™ as long as they remain upon what was brought by the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, recognizing and confirming as true everything he said and reported.[75]

ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ู†ูŽุฎููˆุถู ูููŠ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ู†ูู…ูŽุงุฑููŠ ูููŠ ุฏููŠู†ู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู

We do not speak vainly about Allah, nor do we argue about the religion of Allah.[76]

ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ู†ูุฌูŽุงุฏูู„ู ูููŠ ุงู„ู’ู‚ูุฑู’ุขู†ู ูˆูŽู†ูŽุดู’ู‡ูŽุฏู ุฃูŽู†ูŽู‘ู‡ู ูƒูŽู„ูŽุงู…ู ุฑูŽุจูู‘ ุงู„ู’ุนูŽุงู„ูŽู…ููŠู†ูŽ ู†ูŽุฒูŽู„ูŽ ุจูู‡ู ุงู„ุฑูู‘ูˆุญู ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽู…ููŠู†ู ููŽุนูŽู„ูŽู‘ู…ูŽู‡ู ุณูŽูŠูู‘ุฏูŽ ุงู„ู’ู…ูุฑู’ุณูŽู„ููŠู†ูŽ ู…ูุญูŽู…ูŽู‘ุฏู‹ุง ุตูŽู„ูŽู‘ู‰ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูˆูŽุณูŽู„ูŽู‘ู…ูŽ ูˆูŽู‡ููˆูŽ ูƒูŽู„ูŽุงู…ู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุชูŽุนูŽุงู„ูŽู‰ ู„ูŽุง ูŠูุณูŽุงูˆููŠู‡ู ุดูŽูŠู’ุกูŒ ู…ูู†ู’ ูƒูŽู„ูŽุงู…ู ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุฎู’ู„ููˆู‚ููŠู†ูŽ ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ู†ูŽู‚ููˆู„ู ุจูุฎูŽู„ู’ู‚ูู‡ู ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ู†ูุฎูŽุงู„ููู ุฌูŽู…ูŽุงุนูŽุฉูŽ ุงู„ู’ู…ูุณู’ู„ูู…ููŠู†ูŽ

We do not dispute over the Quran.[77] We testify that it is the speech of the Lord of the worlds, sent down by the Trustworthy Spirit (Angel Gabriel), who taught it to the master of the Messengers, Muhammad, peace and blessings be upon him. It is the speech of Allah Almighty, in no way equal to the speech of creatures. We do not claim it is His creation, nor do we oppose the united community of Muslims.[78]

ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ู†ููƒูŽููู‘ุฑู ุฃูŽุญูŽุฏู‹ุง ู…ูู†ู’ ุฃูŽู‡ู’ู„ู ุงู„ู’ู‚ูุจู’ู„ูŽุฉู ุจูุฐูŽู†ู’ุจู ู…ูŽุง ู„ูŽู…ู’ ูŠูŽุณู’ุชูŽุญูู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ู†ูŽู‚ููˆู„ู ู„ูŽุง ูŠูŽุถูุฑูู‘ ู…ูŽุนูŽ ุงู„ู’ุฅููŠู…ูŽุงู†ู ุฐูŽู†ู’ุจูŒ ู„ูู…ูŽู†ู’ ุนูŽู…ูู„ูŽู‡ู

We do not excommunicate anyone who prays toward Mecca due to a sin, as long as he does not claim it to be lawful, nor do we say sins do not harm the faith of those who commit them.[79]

ูˆูŽู†ูŽุฑู’ุฌููˆ ู„ูู„ู’ู…ูุญู’ุณูู†ููŠู†ูŽ ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ู’ู…ูุคู’ู…ูู†ููŠู†ูŽ ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูŽุนู’ูููˆูŽ ุนูŽู†ู’ู‡ูู…ู’ ูˆูŽูŠูุฏู’ุฎูู„ูŽู‡ูู…ู ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽู†ูŽู‘ุฉูŽ ุจูุฑูŽุญู’ู…ูŽุชูู‡ู ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ู†ูŽุฃู’ู…ูŽู†ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ูู…ู’ ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ู†ูŽุดู’ู‡ูŽุฏู ู„ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ุจูุงู„ู’ุฌูŽู†ูŽู‘ุฉู ูˆูŽู†ูŽุณู’ุชูŽุบู’ููุฑู ู„ูู…ูุณููŠุฆููŠู‡ูู…ู’ ูˆูŽู†ูŽุฎูŽุงูู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ูู…ู’ ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ู†ูู‚ูŽู†ูู‘ุทูู‡ูู…ู’

We hope that Allah will pardon the good-doers among the believers and admit them into Paradise by His mercy.[80] We cannot guarantee it for them and we cannot testify that they will be in Paradise. We seek forgiveness for the sinful, we fear for them, yet we do not despair over them.[81]

ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุฃูŽู…ู’ู†ู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุฅููŠูŽุงุณู ูŠูŽู†ู’ู‚ูู„ูŽุงู†ู ุนูŽู†ู’ ู…ูู„ูŽู‘ุฉู ุงู„ู’ุฅูุณู’ู„ูŽุงู…ู ูˆูŽุณูŽุจููŠู„ู ุงู„ู’ุญูŽู‚ูู‘ ุจูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽู‡ูู…ูŽุง ู„ูุฃูŽู‡ู’ู„ู ุงู„ู’ู‚ูุจู’ู„ูŽุฉู

Guarantee or despair (of entering Paradise) both remove one from the religion of Islam.[82] The way of truth is between them both regarding the people who pray towards Mecca.

ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ูŠูŽุฎู’ุฑูุฌู ุงู„ู’ุนูŽุจู’ุฏู ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุฅููŠู…ูŽุงู†ู ุฅูู„ูŽู‘ุง ุจูุฌูุญููˆุฏู ู…ูŽุง ุฃูŽุฏู’ุฎูŽู„ูŽู‡ู ูููŠู‡ู

No servant is expelled from the faith except by disavowing what made him enter into it.[83]

ุงู„ุฅูŠู…ุงู† ู‚ูˆู„ ูˆุนู…ู„
Faith is words and deeds

ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุฅููŠู…ูŽุงู†ู ู‡ููˆูŽ ุงู„ู’ุฅูู‚ู’ุฑูŽุงุฑู ุจูุงู„ู„ูู‘ุณูŽุงู†ู ูˆูŽุงู„ุชูŽู‘ุตู’ุฏููŠู‚ู ุจูุงู„ู’ุฌูŽู†ูŽุงู†ู

Faith consists of affirmation by the tongue and acceptance by the soul.[84]

ูˆูŽุฌูŽู…ููŠุนู ู…ูŽุง ุตูŽุญูŽู‘ ุนูŽู†ู’ ุฑูŽุณููˆู„ู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุตูŽู„ูŽู‘ู‰ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูˆูŽุณูŽู„ูŽู‘ู…ูŽ ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ุดูŽู‘ุฑู’ุนู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุจูŽูŠูŽุงู†ู ูƒูู„ูู‘ู‡ู ุญูŽู‚ูŒู‘

All of what is authentic from the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, of the Law and clear teachings are true.[85]

ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุฅููŠู…ูŽุงู†ู ูˆูŽุงุญูุฏูŒ ูˆูŽุฃูŽู‡ู’ู„ูู‡ู ูููŠ ุฃูŽุตู’ู„ูู‡ู ุณูŽูˆูŽุงุกูŒ ูˆูŽุงู„ุชูŽู‘ููŽุงุถูู„ู ุจูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ุจูุงู„ู’ุฎูŽุดู’ูŠูŽุฉู ูˆูŽุงู„ุชูู‘ู‚ูŽู‰ ูˆูŽู…ูุฎูŽุงู„ูููŽุฉู ุงู„ู’ู‡ูŽูˆูŽู‰ ูˆูŽู…ูู„ูŽุงุฒูู…ูŽุฉู ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽูˆู’ู„ูŽู‰

Faith is one and its people are equal by default. The virtue of some over others is due to the fear of Allah, righteousness, opposing lowly desires, and adherence to the most important matters.[86]

ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ู…ูุคู’ู…ูู†ููˆู†ูŽ ูƒูู„ูู‘ู‡ูู…ู’ ุฃูŽูˆู’ู„ููŠูŽุงุกู ุงู„ุฑูŽู‘ุญู’ู…ูŽู†ู ูˆูŽุฃูŽูƒู’ุฑูŽู…ูู‡ูู…ู’ ุนูู†ู’ุฏูŽ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุฃูŽุทู’ูˆูŽุนูู‡ูู…ู’ ูˆูŽุฃูŽุชู’ุจูŽุนูู‡ูู…ู’ ู„ูู„ู’ู‚ูุฑู’ุขู†ู

All believers are allies of the Most Merciful and the noblest of them to Allah are those who are most obedient and who best adhere to the Quran.[87]

ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุฅููŠู…ูŽุงู†ู ู‡ููˆูŽ ุงู„ู’ุฅููŠู…ูŽุงู†ู ุจูุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ูˆูŽู…ูŽู„ูŽุงุฆููƒูŽุชูู‡ู ูˆูŽูƒูุชูุจูู‡ู ูˆูŽุฑูุณูู„ูู‡ู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ู ุงู„ู’ุขุฎูุฑู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ู‚ูŽุฏูŽุฑู ุฎูŽูŠู’ุฑูู‡ู ูˆูŽุดูŽุฑูู‘ู‡ู ูˆูŽุญูู„ู’ูˆูู‡ู ูˆูŽู…ูุฑูู‘ู‡ู ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุชูŽุนูŽุงู„ูŽู‰

Faith consists of belief in Allah, His angels, His Books, His Messengers, the Last Day, and providence, its good and its evil. The pleasant and unpleasant are both from Allah Almighty.[88]

ูˆูŽู†ูŽุญู’ู†ู ู…ูุคู’ู…ูู†ููˆู†ูŽ ุจูุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽ ูƒูู„ูู‘ู‡ู ู„ูŽุง ู†ูููŽุฑูู‘ู‚ู ุจูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽ ุฃูŽุญูŽุฏู ู…ูู†ู’ ุฑูุณูู„ูู‡ู ูˆูŽู†ูุตูŽุฏูู‘ู‚ูู‡ูู…ู’ ูƒูู„ูŽู‘ู‡ูู…ู’ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ู…ูŽุง ุฌูŽุงุกููˆุง ุจูู‡ู

We have faith in all of that. We make no distinction between any of His Messengers. We accept all of them as true in what they brought.[89]

ุฃูŽู‡ู’ู„ู ุงู„ู’ูƒูŽุจูŽุงุฆูุฑู
Those who commit major sins

ูˆูŽุฃูŽู‡ู’ู„ู ุงู„ู’ูƒูŽุจูŽุงุฆูุฑู ู…ูู†ู’ ุฃูู…ูŽู‘ุฉู ู…ูุญูŽู…ูŽู‘ุฏู ุตูŽู„ูŽู‘ู‰ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูˆูŽุณูŽู„ูŽู‘ู…ูŽ ูููŠ ุงู„ู†ูŽู‘ุงุฑู ู„ูŽุง ูŠูุฎูŽู„ูŽู‘ุฏููˆู†ูŽ ุฅูุฐูŽุง ู…ูŽุงุชููˆุง ูˆูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ู…ููˆูŽุญูู‘ุฏููˆู†ูŽ ูˆูŽุฅูู†ู’ ู„ูŽู…ู’ ูŠูŽูƒููˆู†ููˆุง ุชูŽุงุฆูุจููŠู†ูŽ ุจูŽุนู’ุฏูŽ ุฃูŽู†ู’ ู„ูŽู‚ููˆุง ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ูŽ ุนูŽุงุฑููููŠู†ูŽ ูˆูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ูููŠ ู…ูŽุดููŠุฆูŽุชูู‡ู ูˆูŽุญููƒู’ู…ูู‡ู ุฅูู†ู’ ุดูŽุงุกูŽ ุบูŽููŽุฑูŽ ู„ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ูˆูŽุนูŽููŽุง ุนูŽู†ู’ู‡ูู…ู’ ุจูููŽุถู’ู„ูู‡ู ูƒูŽู…ูŽุง ุฐูŽูƒูŽุฑูŽ ุนูŽุฒูŽู‘ ูˆูŽุฌูŽู„ูŽู‘ ูููŠ ูƒูุชูŽุงุจูู‡ู ูˆูŽูŠูŽุบู’ููุฑู ู…ูŽุง ุฏููˆู†ูŽ ุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽ ู„ูู…ูŽู†ู’ ูŠูŽุดูŽุงุกู

Those who commit major sins among the nation of Muhammad, peace and blessings be upon him, may be in Hellfire but will not reside there forever, if they die while they are monotheists, even if they have not repented.[90] After they meet Allah knowing faith, they are subject to His will and His judgment.

If He wills, He will forgive them and pardon them by His grace, as mentioned by the Almighty in His book, โ€˜He forgives whatever is less than idolatry for whomever He wills.โ€™[91]

ูˆูŽุฅูู†ู’ ุดูŽุงุกูŽ ุนูŽุฐูŽู‘ุจูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ูููŠ ุงู„ู†ูŽู‘ุงุฑู ุจูุนูŽุฏู’ู„ูู‡ู ุซูู…ูŽู‘ ูŠูุฎู’ุฑูุฌูู‡ูู…ู’ ู…ูู†ู’ู‡ูŽุง ุจูุฑูŽุญู’ู…ูŽุชูู‡ู ูˆูŽุดูŽููŽุงุนูŽุฉู ุงู„ุดูŽู‘ุงููุนููŠู†ูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ ุฃูŽู‡ู’ู„ู ุทูŽุงุนูŽุชูู‡ู ุซูู…ูŽู‘ ูŠูŽุจู’ุนูŽุซูู‡ูู…ู’ ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุฌูŽู†ูŽู‘ุชูู‡ู ูˆูŽุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽ ุจูุฃูŽู†ูŽู‘ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ูŽ ุชูŽุนูŽุงู„ูŽู‰ ุชูŽูˆูŽู„ูŽู‘ู‰ ุฃูŽู‡ู’ู„ูŽ ู…ูŽุนู’ุฑูููŽุชูู‡ู ูˆูŽู„ูŽู…ู’ ูŠูŽุฌู’ุนูŽู„ู’ู‡ูู…ู’ ูููŠ ุงู„ุฏูŽู‘ุงุฑูŽูŠู’ู†ู ูƒูŽุฃูŽู‡ู’ู„ู ู†ูŽูƒูŽุฑูŽุชูู‡ู ุงู„ูŽู‘ุฐููŠู†ูŽ ุฎูŽุงุจููˆุง ู…ูู†ู’ ู‡ูุฏูŽุงูŠูŽุชูู‡ู ูˆูŽู„ูŽู…ู’ ูŠูŽู†ูŽุงู„ููˆุง ู…ูู†ู’ ูˆูู„ูŽุงูŠูŽุชูู‡ู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ูู…ูŽู‘ ูŠูŽุง ูˆูŽู„ููŠูŽู‘ ุงู„ู’ุฅูุณู’ู„ูŽุงู…ู ูˆูŽุฃูŽู‡ู’ู„ูู‡ู ุซูŽุจูู‘ุชู’ู†ูŽุง ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู’ุฅูุณู’ู„ูŽุงู…ู ุญูŽุชูŽู‘ู‰ ู†ูŽู„ู’ู‚ูŽุงูƒูŽ ุจูู‡ู

If He wills, He will punish them in Hellfire by His justice.[92] Thereafter, He will bring them out of Hellfire by His mercy and the intercession of intercessors among those obedient to Him, then raise them to Paradise.[93] 

This is because Allah Almighty is the ally of those who recognize Him and He will not deal with them in the two abodes as if they were the people who rejected Him, who failed to follow His guidance and did not earn His guardianship.[94] O Allah, Guardian of Islam and its people, keep us firmly upon Islam until we meet You.[95]

ูˆูŽู†ูŽุฑูŽู‰ ุงู„ุตูŽู‘ู„ูŽุงุฉูŽ ุฎูŽู„ู’ููŽ ูƒูู„ูู‘ ุจูŽุฑูู‘ ูˆูŽููŽุงุฌูุฑู ู…ูู†ู’ ุฃูŽู‡ู’ู„ู ุงู„ู’ู‚ูุจู’ู„ูŽุฉู ูˆูŽุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ู…ูŽู†ู’ ู…ูŽุงุชูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ู‡ูู…ู’

We perform prayer behind every Imam who prays towards Mecca, whether righteous or wicked, as well as the funeral prayer over those who have died.[96]

ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ู†ูู†ู’ุฒูู„ู ุฃูŽุญูŽุฏู‹ุง ู…ูู†ู’ู‡ูู…ู’ ุฌูŽู†ูŽู‘ุฉู‹ ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ู†ูŽุงุฑู‹ ุงูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ู†ูŽุดู’ู‡ูŽุฏู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ูู…ู’ ุจููƒููู’ุฑู ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ุจูุดูุฑู’ูƒู ุฃูŽู‡ู’ู„ู ุงู„ู’ู‚ูุจู’ู„ูŽุฉู ู„ูŽุง ูŠููƒูŽููŽู‘ุฑููˆู†ูŽ ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ุจูู†ูููŽุงู‚ู ู…ูŽุง ู„ูŽู…ู’ ูŠูŽุธู’ู‡ูŽุฑู’ ู…ูู†ู’ู‡ูู…ู’ ุดูŽูŠู’ุกูŒ ู…ูู†ู’ ุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽ ูˆูŽู†ูŽุฐูŽุฑู ุณูŽุฑูŽุงุฆูุฑูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุชูŽุนูŽุงู„ูŽู‰

We do not declare any of them to be in Paradise or Hellfire.[97] We do not accuse them of unbelief, nor idolatry.[98] The people who pray towards Mecca are not excommunicated, nor accused of hypocrisy, as long as they have not openly demonstrated anything of that. We leave their inner secrets to Allah Almighty.[99]

ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ู†ูŽุฑูŽู‰ ุงู„ุณูŽู‘ูŠู’ููŽ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุฃูŽุญูŽุฏู ู…ูู†ู’ ุฃูู…ูŽู‘ุฉู ู…ูุญูŽู…ูŽู‘ุฏู ุตูŽู„ูŽู‘ู‰ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูˆูŽุณูŽู„ูŽู‘ู…ูŽ ุฅูู„ูŽู‘ุง ู…ูŽู†ู’ ูˆูŽุฌูŽุจูŽ ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ุงู„ุณูŽู‘ูŠู’ูู

We do not raise the sword against anyone from the nation of Muhammad, peace and blessings be upon him, except against those whom it is necessary to fight [such as violent rebels and criminals].[100]

ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ู†ูŽุฑูŽู‰ ุงู„ู’ุฎูุฑููˆุฌูŽ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุฃูŽุฆูู…ูŽู‘ุชูู†ูŽุง ูˆูŽูˆูู„ูŽุงุฉู ุฃูู…ููˆุฑูู†ูŽุง ูˆูŽุฅูู†ู’ ุฌูŽุงุฑููˆุง ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ู†ูŽุฏู’ุนููˆ ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ูู…ู’ ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ู†ูŽู†ู’ุฒูุนู ูŠูŽุฏู‹ุง ู…ูู†ู’ ุทูŽุงุนูŽุชูู‡ูู…ู’ ูˆูŽู†ูŽุฑูŽู‰ ุทูŽุงุนูŽุชูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ู…ูู†ู’ ุทูŽุงุนูŽุฉู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุนูŽุฒูŽู‘ ูˆูŽุฌูŽู„ูŽู‘ ููŽุฑููŠุถูŽุฉู‹ ู…ูŽุง ู„ูŽู…ู’ ูŠูŽุฃู’ู…ูุฑููˆุง ุจูู…ูŽุนู’ุตููŠูŽุฉู ูˆูŽู†ูŽุฏู’ุนููˆ ู„ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ุจูุงู„ุตูŽู‘ู„ูŽุงุญู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ู…ูุนูŽุงููŽุงุฉู

We do not rebel against our leaders or those in charge of our affairs, even if they are tyrannical.[101] We do not supplicate against them, nor withdraw from obedience to them.[102] We view obedience to them as obedience to Allah Almighty, an obligation, as long as they do not order disobedience to Allah.[103] We supplicate on their behalf for righteousness and wellness.[104]

ูˆูŽู†ูŽุชูŽู‘ุจูุนู ุงู„ุณูู‘ู†ูŽู‘ุฉูŽ ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุฌูŽู…ูŽุงุนูŽุฉูŽ ุงู„ูุงู„ู’ุชูุฒูŽุงู…ู ุจูุงู„ุณูู‘ู†ูŽู‘ุฉู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุฌูŽู…ูŽุงุนูŽุฉู ูˆูŽู†ูŽุฌู’ุชูŽู†ูุจู ุงู„ุดูู‘ุฐููˆุฐูŽ ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุฎูู„ูŽุงููŽ ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ููุฑู’ู‚ูŽุฉูŽ

We follow the Sunnah and the majority community, committed to the Sunnah and the majority community. We avoid anomalous opinions, differences, and sectarianism.[105]

ูˆูŽู†ูุญูุจูู‘ ุฃูŽู‡ู’ู„ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุนูŽุฏู’ู„ู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุฃูŽู…ูŽุงู†ูŽุฉู ุญูุจูู‘ ุฃูŽู‡ู’ู„ู ุงู„ู’ุนูŽุฏู’ู„ู ู…ูู†ู’ ูƒูŽู…ูŽุงู„ู ุงู„ู’ุฅููŠู…ูŽุงู†ู ูˆูŽู†ูุจู’ุบูุถู ุฃูŽู‡ู’ู„ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽูˆู’ุฑู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุฎููŠูŽุงู†ูŽุฉู

We love the people of justice and trustworthiness, for love of the people of justice is among the perfection of faith. We hate the people of injustice and treachery.[106]

ุงู„ู…ุณุญ ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ุฎููŠู† ููŠ ุงู„ุณูุฑ ูˆุงู„ุญุถุฑ
Wiping over leather socks during travel or residency

ูˆูŽู†ูŽู‚ููˆู„ู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุฃูŽุนู’ู„ูŽู…ู ูููŠู…ูŽุง ุงุดู’ุชูŽุจูŽู‡ูŽ ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽุง ุนูู„ู’ู…ูู‡ู

We say, โ€˜Allah knows best,โ€™ regarding matters the knowledge of which is unclear to us.[107]

ูˆูŽู†ูŽุฑูŽู‰ ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุณู’ุญูŽ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู’ุฎูููŽู‘ูŠู’ู†ู ูููŠ ุงู„ุณูŽู‘ููŽุฑู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุญูŽุถูŽุฑู ูƒูŽู…ูŽุง ุฌูŽุงุกูŽ ูููŠ ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽุซูŽุฑู

We accept wiping over leather socks in ablution, for the traveler and the resident, as has come in the narrations.[108]

ุงู„ุญุฌ ูˆุงู„ุฌู‡ุงุฏ ู…ุงุถูŠุงู† ุฅู„ู‰ ู‚ูŠุงู… ุงู„ุณุงุนุฉ
Hajj pilgrimage and jihad will continue until the establishment of the Hour

ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุญูŽุฌูู‘ ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุฌูู‡ูŽุงุฏู ู…ูŽุงุถููŠูŽุงู†ู ู…ูŽุนูŽ ุฃููˆู„ููŠ ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽู…ู’ุฑู ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ู’ู…ูุณู’ู„ูู…ููŠู†ูŽ ุจูŽุฑูู‘ู‡ูู…ู’ ูˆูŽููŽุงุฌูุฑูู‡ูู…ู’ ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ู‚ููŠูŽุงู…ู ุงู„ุณูŽู‘ุงุนูŽุฉู ู„ูŽุง ูŠูุจู’ุทูู„ูู‡ูู…ูŽุง ุดูŽูŠู’ุกูŒ ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ูŠูŽู†ู’ู‚ูุถูู‡ูู…ูŽุง

Hajj pilgrimage and jihad in the way of Allah are continuous, under those with authority among the Muslims, the righteous and wicked among them, until the establishment of the Hour. Nothing invalidates or rescinds them.[109]

ุงู„ุฅูŠู…ุงู† ุจุงู„ู…ู„ุงุฆูƒุฉ
Faith in the angels

ูˆูŽู†ูุคู’ู…ูู†ู ุจูุงู„ู’ูƒูุฑูŽุงู…ู ุงู„ู’ูƒูŽุงุชูุจููŠู†ูŽ ููŽุฅูู†ูŽู‘ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ูŽ ู‚ูŽุฏู’ ุฌูŽุนูŽู„ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽุง ุญูŽุงููุธููŠู†ูŽ

We have faith in the noble recording angels, for Allah has appointed them over us as guardians.[110]

ูˆูŽู†ูุคู’ู…ูู†ู ุจูู…ูŽู„ูŽูƒู ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽูˆู’ุชู ุงู„ู’ู…ููˆูŽูƒูŽู‘ู„ู ุจูู‚ูŽุจู’ุถู ุฃูŽุฑู’ูˆูŽุงุญู ุงู„ู’ุนูŽุงู„ูŽู…ููŠู†ูŽ

We have faith in the angel of death charged with seizing the souls of those in the worlds.[111]

ุนูŽุฐูŽุงุจู ุงู„ู’ู‚ูŽุจู’ุฑู ูˆูŽู†ูŽุนููŠู…ูู‡ู
Punishment in the grave and its blessings

ูˆูŽุจูุนูŽุฐูŽุงุจู ุงู„ู’ู‚ูŽุจู’ุฑู ู„ูู…ูŽู†ู’ ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ู„ูŽู‡ู ุฃูŽู‡ู’ู„ู‹ุง ูˆูŽุณูุคูŽุงู„ู ู…ูู†ู’ูƒูŽุฑู ูˆูŽู†ูŽูƒููŠุฑู ูููŠ ู‚ูŽุจู’ุฑูู‡ู ุนูŽู†ู’ ุฑูŽุจูู‘ู‡ู ูˆูŽุฏููŠู†ูู‡ู ูˆูŽู†ูŽุจููŠูู‘ู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ู…ูŽุง ุฌูŽุงุกูŽุชู’ ุจูู‡ู ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽุฎู’ุจูŽุงุฑู ุนูŽู†ู’ ุฑูŽุณููˆู„ู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุตูŽู„ูŽู‘ู‰ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูˆูŽุณูŽู„ูŽู‘ู…ูŽ ูˆูŽุนูŽู†ู ุงู„ุตูŽู‘ุญูŽุงุจูŽุฉู ุฑูุถู’ูˆูŽุงู†ู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ูู…ู’

We have faith in the punishment of the grave for those who deserve it and the questioning in the grave by the two angels, Munkar and Nakir, about oneโ€™s Lord, religion, and prophet, as has come in reports from the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, and from the companions, may Allah be pleased with them.[112]

ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ู‚ูŽุจู’ุฑู ุฑูŽูˆู’ุถูŽุฉูŒ ู…ูู†ู’ ุฑููŠูŽุงุถู ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽู†ูŽู‘ุฉู ุฃูŽูˆู’ ุญููู’ุฑูŽุฉูŒ ู…ูู†ู’ ุญูููŽุฑู ุงู„ู†ูู‘ูŠุฑูŽุงู†ู

The grave is either one of the meadows of Paradise or one of the pits of Hellfire.[113]

ุงู„ุฅูŠู…ุงู† ุจุงู„ูŠูˆู… ุงู„ุขุฎุฑ
Faith in the Last Day

ูˆูŽู†ูุคู’ู…ูู†ู ุจูุงู„ู’ุจูŽุนู’ุซู ูˆูŽุฌูŽุฒูŽุงุกู ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽุนู’ู…ูŽุงู„ู ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ูŽ ุงู„ู’ู‚ููŠูŽุงู…ูŽุฉู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุนูŽุฑู’ุถู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุญูุณูŽุงุจู ูˆูŽู‚ูุฑูŽุงุกูŽุฉู ุงู„ู’ูƒูุชูŽุงุจู ูˆูŽุงู„ุซูŽู‘ูˆูŽุงุจู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุนูู‚ูŽุงุจู ูˆูŽุงู„ุตูู‘ุฑูŽุงุทู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ู…ููŠุฒูŽุงู†ู

We have faith in the Resurrection and the recompense for actions on the Day of Resurrection, the presentation of deeds, the reckoning, and the reading of the book of deeds, the reward and punishment, the Bridge over Hell (al-sirat),[114] and the Scale (al-mizan).[115]

ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุฌูŽู†ูŽู‘ุฉู ูˆูŽุงู„ู†ูŽู‘ุงุฑู ู…ูŽุฎู’ู„ููˆู‚ูŽุชูŽุงู†ู ู„ูŽุง ุชูŽูู’ู†ูŽูŠูŽุงู†ู ุฃูŽุจูŽุฏู‹ุง ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ุชูŽุจููŠุฏูŽุงู†ู ููŽุฅูู†ูŽู‘ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ูŽ ุชูŽุนูŽุงู„ูŽู‰ ุฎูŽู„ูŽู‚ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽู†ูŽู‘ุฉูŽ ูˆูŽุงู„ู†ูŽู‘ุงุฑูŽ ู‚ูŽุจู’ู„ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุฎูŽู„ู’ู‚ู ูˆูŽุฎูŽู„ูŽู‚ูŽ ู„ูŽู‡ูู…ูŽุง ุฃูŽู‡ู’ู„ู‹ุง ููŽู…ูŽู†ู’ ุดูŽุงุกูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ู‡ูู…ู’ ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽู†ูŽู‘ุฉู ููŽุถู’ู„ู‹ุง ู…ูู†ู’ู‡ู ูˆูŽู…ูŽู†ู’ ุดูŽุงุกูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ู‡ูู…ู’ ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู†ูŽู‘ุงุฑู ุนูŽุฏู’ู„ู‹ุง ู…ูู†ู’ู‡ู ูˆูŽูƒูู„ูŒู‘ ูŠูŽุนู’ู…ูŽู„ู ู„ูู…ูŽุง ู‚ูŽุฏู’ ููุฑูุบูŽ ู„ูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽุตูŽุงุฆูุฑูŒ ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ู…ูŽุง ุฎูู„ูู‚ูŽ ู„ูŽู‡ู

Paradise and Hellfire are two creations that never end, nor perish.[116] For Allah Almighty created Paradise and Hellfire before the rest of creation, then He created people for them.[117] Whoever He wills enters Paradise due to His grace, and whoever He wills enters Hellfire due to His justice.[118] Everyone acts in accordance with what is decreed for him, becoming that for which he was created.[119]

ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุฎูŽูŠู’ุฑู ูˆูŽุงู„ุดูŽู‘ุฑูู‘ ู…ูู‚ูŽุฏูŽู‘ุฑูŽุงู†ู ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู’ุนูุจูŽุงุฏู

Good and evil have both been decreed for the servants.[120]

ุงู„ูุงุณู’ุชูุทูŽุงุนูŽุฉู ุชูŽูƒููˆู†ู ู…ูŽุนูŽ ุงู„ู’ููุนู’ู„ู
Ability is accompanied by deeds

ูˆูŽุงู„ูุงุณู’ุชูุทูŽุงุนูŽุฉู ุงู„ูŽู‘ุชููŠ ูŠูŽุฌูุจู ุจูู‡ูŽุง ุงู„ู’ููุนู’ู„ู ู…ูู†ู’ ู†ูŽุญู’ูˆู ุงู„ุชูŽู‘ูˆู’ูููŠู‚ู ุงู„ูŽู‘ุฐููŠ ู„ูŽุง ูŠููˆุตูŽูู ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุฎู’ู„ููˆู‚ู ุจูู‡ู ุชูŽูƒููˆู†ู ู…ูŽุนูŽ ุงู„ู’ููุนู’ู„ู ูˆูŽุฃูŽู…ูŽู‘ุง ุงู„ูุงุณู’ุชูุทูŽุงุนูŽุฉู ู…ูู†ู’ ุฌูู‡ูŽุฉู ุงู„ุตูู‘ุญูŽู‘ุฉู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ูˆูุณู’ุนู ูˆูŽุงู„ุชูŽู‘ู…ู’ูƒููŠู†ู ูˆูŽุณูŽู„ูŽุงู…ูŽุฉู ุงู„ู’ุขู„ูŽุงุชู ููŽู‡ููŠูŽ ู‚ูŽุจู’ู„ูŽ ุงู„ู’ููุนู’ู„ู ูˆูŽุจูู‡ูŽุง ูŠูŽุชูŽุนูŽู„ูŽู‘ู‚ู ุงู„ู’ุฎูุทูŽุงุจู ูˆูŽู‡ููˆูŽ ูƒูŽู…ูŽุง ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุชูŽุนูŽุงู„ูŽู‰ ู„ูŽุง ูŠููƒูŽู„ูู‘ูู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ู†ูŽูู’ุณู‹ุง ุฅูู„ูŽู‘ุง ูˆูุณู’ุนูŽู‡ูŽุง

The ability required for an action is from divine facilitation, which cannot be ascribed to a created being, along with the action itself.[121] As for ability from the view of health, capacity, capability, and sound means, it is before the action itself, and what is related to these are addressed, as it was said by the Exalted, โ€˜Allah holds no soul responsible except within its capacity.โ€™[122]

ูˆูŽุฃูŽูู’ุนูŽุงู„ู ุงู„ู’ุนูุจูŽุงุฏู ุฎูŽู„ู’ู‚ู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ูˆูŽูƒูŽุณู’ุจูŒ ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุนูุจูŽุงุฏู

The actions of the servants are creations of Allah and are earned by the servants.[123]

ูˆูŽู„ูŽู…ู’ ูŠููƒูŽู„ูู‘ูู’ู‡ูู…ู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุชูŽุนูŽุงู„ูŽู‰ ุฅูู„ูŽู‘ุง ู…ูŽุง ูŠูุทููŠู‚ููˆู†ูŽ ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ูŠูุทููŠู‚ููˆู†ูŽ ุฅูู„ูŽู‘ุง ู…ูŽุง ูƒูŽู„ูŽู‘ููŽู‡ูู…ู’ ูˆูŽู‡ููˆูŽ ุชูŽูู’ุณููŠุฑู ู„ูŽุง ุญูŽูˆู’ู„ูŽ ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ู‚ููˆูŽู‘ุฉูŽ ุฅูู„ูŽู‘ุง ุจูุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู

Allah Almighty does not hold them responsible unless they are capable, and they are not capable except for what they are responsible.[124] It is the explanation of the phrase, โ€˜There is no movement or might but by Allah.โ€™[125]

ู†ูŽู‚ููˆู„ู ู„ูŽุง ุญููŠู„ูŽุฉูŽ ู„ูุฃูŽุญูŽุฏู ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ุชูŽุญูŽูˆูู‘ู„ูŽ ู„ูุฃูŽุญูŽุฏู ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ุญูŽุฑูŽูƒูŽุฉูŽ ู„ูุฃูŽุญูŽุฏู ุนูŽู†ู’ ู…ูŽุนู’ุตููŠูŽุฉู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุฅูู„ูŽู‘ุง ุจูู…ูŽุนููˆู†ูŽุฉู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ู‚ููˆูŽู‘ุฉูŽ ู„ูุฃูŽุญูŽุฏู ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุฅูู‚ูŽุงู…ูŽุฉู ุทูŽุงุนูŽุฉู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ูˆูŽุงู„ุซูŽู‘ุจูŽุงุชู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ูŽุง ุฅูู„ูŽู‘ุง ุจูุชูŽูˆู’ูููŠู‚ู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู

We say there is no stratagem of anyone, nor transformation of anyone, nor movement of anyone in disobedience to Allah except by enablement from Allah. None has the power to perform obedience to Allah and be firm upon it except by the facilitation of Allah.[126]

ูˆูŽูƒูู„ูู‘ ุดูŽูŠู’ุกู ูŠูŽุฌู’ุฑููŠ ุจูู…ูŽุดููŠุฆูŽุฉู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุชูŽุนูŽุงู„ูŽู‰ ูˆูŽุนูู„ู’ู…ูู‡ู ูˆูŽู‚ูŽุถูŽุงุฆูู‡ู ูˆูŽู‚ูŽุฏูŽุฑูู‡ู ุบูŽู„ูŽุจูŽุชู’ ู…ูŽุดููŠุฆูŽุชูู‡ู ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุดููŠุฆูŽุงุชู ูƒูู„ูŽู‘ู‡ูŽุง ูˆูŽุบูŽู„ูŽุจูŽ ู‚ูŽุถูŽุงุคูู‡ู ุงู„ู’ุญููŠูŽู„ูŽ ูƒูู„ูŽู‘ู‡ูŽุง ูŠูŽูู’ุนูŽู„ู ู…ูŽุง ูŠูŽุดูŽุงุกู ูˆูŽู‡ููˆูŽ ุบูŽูŠู’ุฑู ุธูŽุงู„ูู…ู ุฃูŽุจูŽุฏู‹ุง ู„ูŽุง ูŠูุณู’ุฃูŽู„ู ุนูŽู…ูŽู‘ุง ูŠูŽูู’ุนูŽู„ู ูˆูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ูŠูุณู’ุฃูŽู„ููˆู†ูŽ

All things occur by the will of Allah the Exalted, His knowledge, His decree, and His providence.[127] His will overpowers all other wills, and His decree overpowers all other stratagems.[128] He does whatever He wills, and He is never unjust,[129] โ€˜He will not be questioned about what He does, but they will be questioned.โ€™[130]

ุงุณู’ุชูุฌูŽุงุจูŽุฉู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุงู„ุฏูู‘ุนูŽุงุกูŽ
Allah answers supplication

ูˆูŽูููŠ ุฏูุนูŽุงุกู ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽุญู’ูŠูŽุงุกู ูˆูŽุตูŽุฏูŽู‚ูŽุงุชูู‡ูู…ู’ ู…ูŽู†ู’ููŽุนูŽุฉูŒ ู„ูู„ู’ุฃูŽู…ู’ูˆูŽุงุชู

In the supplication of the living and their acts of charity are benefits for the dead.[131]

ูˆูŽุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุชูŽุนูŽุงู„ูŽู‰ ูŠูŽุณู’ุชูŽุฌููŠุจู ุงู„ุฏูŽู‘ุนูŽูˆูŽุงุชู ูˆูŽูŠูŽู‚ู’ุถููŠ ุงู„ู’ุญูŽุงุฌูŽุงุชู

Allah Almighty responds to supplications and fulfills needs.[132]

ูˆูŽูŠูŽู…ู’ู„ููƒู ูƒูู„ูŽู‘ ุดูŽูŠู’ุกู ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ูŠูŽู…ู’ู„ููƒูู‡ู ุดูŽูŠู’ุกูŒ ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ุบูู†ูŽู‰ ุนูŽู†ู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุชูŽุนูŽุงู„ูŽู‰ ุทูŽุฑู’ููŽุฉูŽ ุนูŽูŠู’ู†ู ูˆูŽู…ูŽู†ู ุงุณู’ุชูŽุบู’ู†ูŽู‰ ุนูŽู†ู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุทูŽุฑู’ููŽุฉูŽ ุนูŽูŠู’ู†ู ููŽู‚ูŽุฏู’ ูƒูŽููŽุฑูŽ ูˆูŽุตูŽุงุฑูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ ุฃูŽู‡ู’ู„ู ุงู„ู’ุญูŽูŠู’ู†ู

He controls all things and nothing has any control over Him.[133] None can be independent of Allah for as much as the blink of an eye. Whoever considers himself independent of Allah for as much as the blink of an eye has committed unbelief and has become among of the people of perdition.[134]

ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ุฃูŽู†ูŽู‘ู‡ู ูŠูŽุบู’ุถูŽุจู ูˆูŽูŠูŽุฑู’ุถูŽู‰ ู„ูŽุง ูƒูŽุฃูŽุญูŽุฏู ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ู’ูˆูŽุฑูŽู‰

He becomes angered and becomes pleased, yet not like anyone else besides Him.[135]

ุงู„ุซูŽู‘ู†ูŽุงุกู ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ุตูŽู‘ุญูŽุงุจูŽุฉู
Praise for the Companions

ูˆูŽู†ูุญูุจูู‘ ุฃูŽุตู’ุญูŽุงุจูŽ ุฑูŽุณููˆู„ู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุตูŽู„ูŽู‘ู‰ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูˆูŽุณูŽู„ูŽู‘ู…ูŽ ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ู†ูููŽุฑูู‘ุทู ูููŠ ุญูุจูู‘ ุฃูŽุญูŽุฏู ู…ูู†ู’ู‡ูู…ู’ ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ู†ูŽุชูŽุจูŽุฑูŽู‘ุฃู ู…ูู†ู’ ุฃูŽุญูŽุฏู ู…ูู†ู’ู‡ูู…ู’ ูˆูŽู†ูุจู’ุบูุถู ู…ูŽู†ู’ ูŠูุจู’ุบูุถูู‡ูู…ู’ ูˆูŽุจูุบูŽูŠู’ุฑู ุงู„ู’ุฎูŽูŠู’ุฑู ูŠูŽุฐู’ูƒูุฑูู‡ูู…ู’ ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ู†ูŽุฐู’ูƒูุฑูู‡ูู…ู’ ุฅูู„ูŽู‘ุง ุจูุฎูŽูŠู’ุฑู ูˆูŽุญูุจูู‘ู‡ูู…ู’ ุฏููŠู†ูŒ ูˆูŽุฅููŠู…ูŽุงู†ูŒ ูˆูŽุฅูุญู’ุณูŽุงู†ูŒ ูˆูŽุจูุบู’ุถูู‡ูู…ู’ ูƒููู’ุฑูŒ ูˆูŽู†ูููŽุงู‚ูŒ ูˆูŽุทูุบู’ูŠูŽุงู†ูŒ

We love the companions of the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him. We do not exaggerate in our love for any of them, nor do we disown any of them.[136] We hate those who hate them or who mention them without good, for we do not mention them except with good.[137] Love for them is a part of religion, faith, and spiritual excellence, and hatred for them is unbelief, hypocrisy, and transgression.[138]

ูˆูŽู†ูุซู’ุจูุชู ุงู„ู’ุฎูู„ูŽุงููŽุฉูŽ ุจูŽุนู’ุฏูŽ ุฑูŽุณููˆู„ู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุตูŽู„ูŽู‘ู‰ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูˆูŽุณูŽู„ูŽู‘ู…ูŽ ุฃูŽูˆูŽู‘ู„ู‹ุง ู„ูุฃูŽุจููŠ ุจูŽูƒู’ุฑู ุงู„ุตูู‘ุฏูู‘ูŠู‚ู ุฑูŽุถููŠูŽ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุนูŽู†ู’ู‡ู ุชูŽูู’ุถููŠู„ู‹ุง ู„ูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽุชูŽู‚ู’ุฏููŠู…ู‹ุง ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุฌูŽู…ููŠุนู ุงู„ู’ุฃูู…ูŽู‘ุฉู ุซูู…ูŽู‘ ู„ูุนูู…ูŽุฑูŽ ุจู’ู†ู ุงู„ู’ุฎูŽุทูŽู‘ุงุจู ุฑูŽุถููŠูŽ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุนูŽู†ู’ู‡ู ุซูู…ูŽู‘ ู„ูุนูุซู’ู…ูŽุงู†ูŽ ุฑูŽุถููŠูŽ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุนูŽู†ู’ู‡ู ุซูู…ูŽู‘ ู„ูุนูŽู„ููŠูู‘ ุจู’ู†ู ุฃูŽุจููŠ ุทูŽุงู„ูุจู ุฑูŽุถููŠูŽ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุนูŽู†ู’ู‡ู ูˆูŽู‡ูู…ู ุงู„ู’ุฎูู„ูŽููŽุงุกู ุงู„ุฑูŽู‘ุงุดูุฏููˆู†ูŽ ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุฃูŽุฆูู…ูŽู‘ุฉู ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽู‡ู’ุฏููŠูู‘ูˆู†ูŽ

We affirm the Caliphate after the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, first went to Abu Bakr al-แนขiddiq, may Allah be pleased with him, having virtue and priority over all others in the Muslim nation.[139] 

Then, it was for โ€˜Umar ibn al-Khattab, may Allah be pleased with him.[140] Then, it was for โ€˜Uthman, may Allah be pleased with him. Then, it was for โ€˜Ali ibn Abi แนฌalib, may Allah be pleased with him.[141] They are the righteous Caliphs and guided leaders.

ูˆูŽุฃูŽู†ูŽู‘ ุงู„ู’ุนูŽุดูŽุฑูŽุฉูŽ ุงู„ูŽู‘ุฐููŠู†ูŽ ุณูŽู…ูŽู‘ุงู‡ูู…ู’ ุฑูŽุณููˆู„ู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุตูŽู„ูŽู‘ู‰ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูˆูŽุณูŽู„ูŽู‘ู…ูŽ ูˆูŽุจูŽุดูŽู‘ุฑูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ุจูุงู„ู’ุฌูŽู†ูŽู‘ุฉู ู†ูŽุดู’ู‡ูŽุฏู ู„ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ุจูุงู„ู’ุฌูŽู†ูŽู‘ุฉู ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ู…ูŽุง ุดูŽู‡ูุฏูŽ ู„ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ุฑูŽุณููˆู„ู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุตูŽู„ูŽู‘ู‰ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูˆูŽุณูŽู„ูŽู‘ู…ูŽ ูˆูŽู‚ูŽูˆู’ู„ูู‡ู ุงู„ู’ุญูŽู‚ูู‘ ูˆูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ุฃูŽุจููˆ ุจูŽูƒู’ุฑู ูˆูŽุนูู…ูŽุฑู ูˆูŽุนูุซู’ู…ูŽุงู†ู ูˆูŽุนูŽู„ููŠูŒู‘ ูˆูŽุทูู„ู’ุญูŽุฉู ูˆูŽุงู„ุฒูู‘ุจูŽูŠู’ุฑู ูˆูŽุณูŽุนู’ุฏูŒ ูˆูŽุณูŽุนููŠุฏูŒ ูˆูŽุนูŽุจู’ุฏู ุงู„ุฑูŽู‘ุญู’ู…ูŽู†ู ุจู’ู†ู ุนูŽูˆู’ูู ูˆูŽุฃูŽุจููˆ ุนูุจูŽูŠู’ุฏูŽุฉูŽ ุจู’ู†ู ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽุฑูŽู‘ุงุญู ูˆูŽู‡ููˆูŽ ุฃูŽู…ููŠู†ู ู‡ูŽุฐูู‡ู ุงู„ู’ุฃูู…ูŽู‘ุฉู ุฑูŽุถููŠูŽ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุนูŽู†ู’ู‡ูู…ู’ ุฃูŽุฌู’ู…ูŽุนููŠู†ูŽ

The ten who were named by the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, as being promised with Paradise, we testify that they are in Paradise due to what was testified for them by the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, and his statements are true.

They are Abu Bakr, โ€˜Umar, โ€˜Uthman, โ€˜Ali, Talhah, Al-Zubayr, Saโ€™d, Saโ€™id, โ€˜Abd al-Raแธฅmฤn ibn โ€˜Awf, and Abu โ€˜Ubaydah ibn Al-Jarraแธฅ who was the trustee of this nation, may Allah be pleased with them all.[142]

ูˆูŽู…ูŽู†ู’ ุฃูŽุญู’ุณูŽู†ูŽ ุงู„ู’ู‚ูŽูˆู’ู„ูŽ ูููŠ ุฃูŽุตู’ุญูŽุงุจู ุฑูŽุณููˆู„ู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุตูŽู„ูŽู‘ู‰ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูˆูŽุณูŽู„ูŽู‘ู…ูŽ ูˆูŽุฃูŽุฒู’ูˆูŽุงุฌูู‡ู ุงู„ุทูŽู‘ุงู‡ูุฑูŽุงุชู ู…ูู†ู’ ูƒูู„ูู‘ ุฏูŽู†ูŽุณู ูˆูŽุฐูุฑูู‘ูŠูŽู‘ุงุชูู‡ู ุงู„ู’ู…ูู‚ูŽุฏูŽู‘ุณููŠู†ูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ ูƒูู„ูู‘ ุฑูุฌู’ุณู ููŽู‚ูŽุฏูŽ ุจูŽุฑูุฆูŽ ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ู†ูู‘ููŽุงู‚ู

Whoever speaks well of the companions of the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, and his wives, pure of any defilement, and his sanctified progeny, he is innocent of any hypocrisy.[143]

ูˆูŽุนูู„ูŽู…ูŽุงุกู ุงู„ุณูŽู‘ู„ูŽูู ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ุณูŽู‘ุงุจูู‚ููŠู†ูŽ ูˆูŽู…ูŽู†ู’ ุจูŽุนู’ุฏูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ุชูŽู‘ุงุจูุนููŠู†ูŽ ุฃูŽู‡ู’ู„ู ุงู„ู’ุฎูŽูŠู’ุฑู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุฃูŽุซูŽุฑู ูˆูŽุฃูŽู‡ู’ู„ู ุงู„ู’ููู‚ู’ู‡ู ูˆูŽุงู„ู†ูŽู‘ุธูŽุฑู ู„ูŽุง ูŠูุฐู’ูƒูŽุฑููˆู†ูŽ ุฅูู„ูŽู‘ุง ุจูุงู„ู’ุฌูŽู…ููŠู„ู ูˆูŽู…ูŽู†ู’ ุฐูŽูƒูŽุฑูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ุจูุณููˆุกู ููŽู‡ููˆูŽ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุบูŽูŠู’ุฑู ุงู„ุณูŽู‘ุจููŠู„ู

The scholars of the first generation who preceded us and those after them among the successors, the people of virtue, tradition, understanding, and insight, they are not mentioned but in a gracious way.[144] Whoever mentions them in an evil way, he is on a path different from their path.[145]

ู„ูŽุง ูŠูููŽุถูŽู‘ู„ู ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽูˆู’ู„ููŠูŽุงุกู ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽู†ู’ุจููŠูŽุงุกู
No virtue of the saints over the prophets

ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ู†ูููŽุถูู‘ู„ู ุฃูŽุญูŽุฏู‹ุง ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽูˆู’ู„ููŠูŽุงุกู ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุฃูŽุญูŽุฏู ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽู†ู’ุจููŠูŽุงุกู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ูู…ู ุงู„ุณูŽู‘ู„ูŽุงู…ู ูˆูŽู†ูŽู‚ููˆู„ู ู†ูŽุจููŠูŒู‘ ูˆูŽุงุญูุฏูŒ ุฃูŽูู’ุถูŽู„ู ู…ูู†ู’ ุฌูŽู…ููŠุนู ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽูˆู’ู„ููŠูŽุงุกู

We do not prefer any of the saints of this nation over any of the prophets, upon them be peace. We say that a single prophet is better than all the saints put together.[146]

ูˆูŽู†ูุคู’ู…ูู†ู ุจูู…ูŽุง ุฌูŽุงุกูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ ูƒูŽุฑูŽุงู…ูŽุงุชูู‡ูู…ู’ ูˆูŽุตูŽุญูŽู‘ ุนูŽู†ู ุงู„ุซูู‘ู‚ูŽุงุชู ู…ูู†ู’ ุฑููˆูŽุงูŠูŽุงุชูู‡ูู…ู’

We have faith in what has come of their miracles and what has been authenticated in their narrations from trustworthy narrators.[147]

ุงู„ู’ุฅููŠู…ูŽุงู†ู ุจูุฃูŽุดู’ุฑูŽุงุทู ุงู„ุณูŽู‘ุงุนูŽุฉู
Faith in the signs of the Hour

ูˆูŽู†ูุคู’ู…ูู†ู ุจูุฃูŽุดู’ุฑูŽุงุทู ุงู„ุณูŽู‘ุงุนูŽุฉู ู…ูู†ู’ ุฎูุฑููˆุฌู ุงู„ุฏูŽู‘ุฌูŽู‘ุงู„ู ูˆูŽู†ูุฒููˆู„ู ุนููŠุณูŽู‰ ุงุจู’ู†ู ู…ูŽุฑู’ูŠูŽู…ูŽ ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ุงู„ุณูŽู‘ู„ูŽุงู…ู ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ุณูŽู‘ู…ูŽุงุกู ูˆูŽู†ูุคู’ู…ูู†ู ุจูุทูู„ููˆุนู ุงู„ุดูŽู‘ู…ู’ุณู ู…ูู†ู’ ู…ูŽุบู’ุฑูุจูู‡ูŽุง ูˆูŽุฎูุฑููˆุฌู ุฏูŽุงุจูŽู‘ุฉู ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽุฑู’ุถู ู…ูู†ู’ ู…ูŽูˆู’ุถูุนูู‡ูŽุง

We have faith in the signs of the Hour, such as the appearance of the False Messiah (al-Dajjal),[148] and the descent from the heavens of Jesus the son of Mary, upon him be peace.[149] We have faith in the rising of the sun from the West[150] and in the emergence of the Beast from its place in the earth.[151]

ูƒูŽุฐูŽุจูŽ ุงู„ู’ูƒูŽุงู‡ูู†ู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุนูŽุฑูŽู‘ุงูู
Falsehood of soothsayers and fortunetellers

ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ู†ูุตูŽุฏูู‘ู‚ู ูƒูŽุงู‡ูู†ู‹ุง ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ุนูŽุฑูŽู‘ุงูู‹ุง ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ู…ูŽู†ู’ ูŠูŽุฏูŽู‘ุนููŠ ุดูŽูŠู’ุฆู‹ุง ูŠูุฎูŽุงู„ููู ุงู„ู’ูƒูุชูŽุงุจูŽ ูˆูŽุงู„ุณูู‘ู†ูŽู‘ุฉูŽ ูˆูŽุฅูุฌู’ู…ูŽุงุนูŽ ุงู„ู’ุฃูู…ูŽู‘ุฉู

We do not believe in soothsayers and fortunetellers, nor whoever claims anything against the Book, the Sunnah, and the consensus of the Muslim nation.[152]

ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽู…ูŽุงุนูŽุฉู ุญูู‚ูŒู‘ ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ููุฑู’ู‚ูŽุฉู ุฒูŽูŠู’ุบูŒ
Unity upon the truth and the deviation of sectarianism

ูˆูŽู†ูŽุฑูŽู‰ ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽู…ูŽุงุนูŽุฉูŽ ุญูŽู‚ู‹ู‘ุง ูˆูŽุตูŽูˆูŽุงุจู‹ุง ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ููุฑู’ู‚ูŽุฉูŽ ุฒูŽูŠู’ุบู‹ุง ูˆูŽุนูŽุฐูŽุงุจู‹ุง

We regard unity as truth and what is right, and sectarianism as deviation and punishment.[153]

ูˆูŽุฏููŠู†ู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ูููŠ ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽุฑู’ุถู ูˆูŽุงู„ุณูŽู‘ู…ูŽุงุกู ูˆูŽุงุญูุฏูŒ ูˆูŽู‡ููˆูŽ ุฏููŠู†ู ุงู„ู’ุฅูุณู’ู„ูŽุงู…ู ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุชูŽุนูŽุงู„ูŽู‰ ุฅูู†ูŽู‘ ุงู„ุฏูู‘ูŠู†ูŽ ุนูู†ู’ุฏูŽ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุงู„ู’ุฅูุณู’ู„ูŽุงู…ู ูˆูŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุชูŽุนูŽุงู„ูŽู‰ ูˆูŽุฑูŽุถููŠุชู ู„ูŽูƒูู…ู ุงู„ู’ุฅูุณู’ู„ูŽุงู…ูŽ ุฏููŠู†ู‹ุง ูˆูŽู‡ููˆูŽ ุจูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุบูู„ููˆูู‘ ูˆูŽ ุงู„ุชูŽู‘ู‚ู’ุตููŠุฑู ูˆูŽุจูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽ ุงู„ุชูŽู‘ุดู’ุจููŠู‡ู ูˆูŽุงู„ุชูŽู‘ุนู’ุทููŠู„ู ูˆูŽุจูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽุจู’ุฑู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ู‚ูŽุฏูŽุฑู ูˆูŽุจูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽู…ู’ู†ู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุฅููŠูŽุงุณู

The religion of Allah on earth and in the heavens is one, and it is the religion of Islam. Allah Almighty said, โ€˜Verily, the religion with Allah is Islam,โ€™[154] And the Almighty said, โ€˜I am pleased with Islam as your religion.โ€™[155] It is between exaggeration and belittlement, between comparing the Attributes of Allah to creation and negating them, between fatalism and unrestricted free will, and between guarantee and despair.[156]

ููŽู‡ูŽุฐูŽุง ุฏููŠู†ูู†ูŽุง ูˆูŽุงุนู’ุชูู‚ูŽุงุฏูู†ูŽุง ุธูŽุงู‡ูุฑู‹ุง ูˆูŽุจูŽุงุทูู†ู‹ุง ูˆูŽู†ูŽุญู’ู†ู ุจูŽุฑูŽุงุกูŒ ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุชูŽุนูŽุงู„ูŽู‰ ู…ูู†ู’ ูƒูู„ูู‘ ู…ูŽู†ู’ ุฎูŽุงู„ูŽููŽ ุงู„ูŽู‘ุฐููŠ ุฐูŽูƒูŽุฑู’ู†ูŽุงู‡ู ูˆูŽุจูŽูŠูŽู‘ู†ูŽู‘ุงู‡ู ูˆูŽู†ูŽุณู’ุฃูŽู„ู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ูŽ ุชูŽุนูŽุงู„ูŽู‰ ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูุซูŽุจูู‘ุชูŽู†ูŽุง ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู’ุฅููŠู…ูŽุงู†ู ูˆูŽูŠูŽุฎู’ุชูู…ูŽ ู„ูŽู†ูŽุง ุจูู‡ู ูˆูŽูŠูŽุนู’ุตูู…ูŽู†ูŽุง ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽู‡ู’ูˆูŽุงุกู ุงู„ู’ู…ูุฎู’ุชูŽู„ูููŽุฉู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุขุฑูŽุงุกู ุงู„ู’ู…ูุชูŽููŽุฑูู‘ู‚ูŽุฉู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุฐูŽุงู‡ูุจู ุงู„ุฑูŽู‘ุฏููŠูŽู‘ุฉู ู…ูุซู’ู„ู ุงู„ู’ู…ูุดูŽุจูู‘ู‡ูŽุฉู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ู…ูุนู’ุชูŽุฒูู„ูŽุฉู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุฌูŽู‡ู’ู…ููŠูŽู‘ุฉู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุฌูŽุจู’ุฑููŠูŽู‘ุฉู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ู‚ูŽุฏูŽุฑููŠูŽู‘ุฉู ูˆูŽุบูŽูŠู’ุฑูู‡ูู…ู’ ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ูŽู‘ุฐููŠู†ูŽ ุฎูŽุงู„ูŽูููˆุง ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽู…ูŽุงุนูŽุฉูŽ ูˆูŽุญูŽุงู„ูŽูููˆุง ุงู„ุถูŽู‘ู„ูŽุงู„ูŽุฉูŽ ูˆูŽู†ูŽุญู’ู†ู ู…ูู†ู’ู‡ูู…ู’ ุจูŽุฑูŽุงุกูŒ ูˆูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ุนูู†ู’ุฏูŽู†ูŽุง ุถูู„ูŽู‘ุงู„ูŒ ูˆูŽุฃูŽุฑู’ุฏููŠูŽุงุกู ูˆูŽุจูุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุงู„ู’ุนูุตู’ู…ูŽุฉู ูˆูŽุงู„ุชูŽู‘ูˆู’ูููŠู‚ู

This is our religion and what we take as our creed, inwardly and outwardly. We disown before Allah Almighty all those who oppose what we have mentioned and clarified. We ask Allah the Exalted to keep us firm upon faith, seal our lives with it, and to protect us from various desires, sectarian opinions, and the doctrines of rejection,

such as anthropomorphists (al-Mushabbihah),[157] the rationalists (al-Muโ€™tazilah),[158] those who deny the Attributes of Allah (al-Jahmiyyah),[159] the fatalists (al-Jabriyah),[160] the deniers of providence (al-Qadariyah),[161] and others who oppose the united community and have made a pact of misguidance. We are innocent of them, for they are, to us, astray and ruined. And in Allah alone is protection and guidance.

[1] โ€œThere is nothing like unto Him, and He is the Hearing, the Seeing.โ€ (Sลซrat al-Shลซrฤ 42:11)

[2] โ€œWe have become certain that we will never cause failure to Allah upon earth, nor can we escape Him by flight.โ€ (Sลซrat al-Jinn 72:11)

[3] โ€œYour god is one God. There is nothing worthy of worship but Him, the Gracious, the Merciful.โ€ (Sลซrat al-Baqarah 2:163)

[4] โ€œHe is the First and the Last, the Ascendant and the Intimate, for He knows all things.โ€ (Sลซrat al-แธคadฤซd 57:3)

[5] โ€œEverything will perish but His Face.โ€ (28:88)

[6] โ€œYou do not will except that Allah wills. Verily, Allah is ever Knowing and Wise.โ€ (Sลซrat al-Insฤn 76:30)

[7] โ€œThey encompass not a thing of His knowledge except for what He wills.โ€ (Sลซrat al-Baqarah 2:255)

[8] โ€œSo do not assert similarities to Allah. Verily, Allah knows and you do not know.โ€ (Sลซrat al-Naแธฅl 16:74)

[9] โ€œRely upon the Living who does not die, and exalt with His praise.โ€ (Sลซrat al-Furqฤn 25:58)

[10] โ€œIf you should disbelieve, you and whoever is on the earth together, then Allah is still Independent and Praiseworthy.โ€ (Sลซrat Ibrฤhฤซm 14:8)

[11] โ€œHis command, when He intends a thing, is that He merely says to it, โ€˜Be,โ€™ and it is.โ€ (Sลซrat Yฤ Sฤซn 36:82)

[12] โ€œO Allah, you are the First, there is nothing before you. You are the Last, there is nothing after you. You are the Manifest, there is nothing above you. You are the Hidden, there is nothing beyond you.โ€ (แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ Muslim 2713, Sahih)

[13] โ€œAllah is Independent, while you are in need.โ€ (Sลซrat Muแธฅammad 47:38)

[14] Sลซrat al-Shura 42:11.

[15] โ€œDoes He who created not know, while He is the Subtle, the Aware?โ€ (Sลซrat al-Mulk 67:14)

[16] โ€œVerily, all things We created with measure (qadr).โ€ (54:49)

[17] โ€œAllah does not respite a soul when its appointed term has come, for Allah is aware of what you do.โ€ (Sลซrat al-Munฤfiqลซn 63:11)

[18] โ€œAllah knows what is before them and what will be after them, but they do not encompass any of its knowledge.โ€ (20:110)

[19] โ€œSay, โ€˜Obey Allah and the Messenger,โ€™ but if they turn away, then Allah does not love the unbelievers.โ€ (Sลซrat Ali โ€˜Imrฤn 3:32)

[20] โ€œAllah is victorious in His affair, but most people do not know.โ€ (Sลซrat Yusuf 12:21)

[21] โ€œAllah sends astray whomever He wills and He guides to the Straight Path whomever He wills.โ€ (Sลซrat al-Anโ€™ฤm 6:39)

[22] โ€œWhatever strikes you of disaster, it is for what your hands have earned, yet He pardons much.โ€ (Sลซrat al-Shลซrฤ 42:30)

[23] โ€œHe punishes whomever He wills and He has mercy upon whomever He wills, and to Him you will be returned.โ€ (Sลซrat al-โ€˜Ankabลซt 29:21)

[24] โ€œThere is no one worthy of worship but Him, the Almighty, the Wise.โ€ (Sลซrat Ali โ€˜Imran 3:6)

[25] โ€œSo direct your face towards the upright religion before a Day comes from Allah which cannot be repelled.โ€ (Sลซrat al-Rลซm 30:43)

[26] โ€œThose firm in knowledge say, โ€˜We believe in it. All of it is from our Lord.โ€™โ€ (Sลซrat Ali โ€˜Imrฤn 3:7)

[27] โ€œMuhammad is the Messenger of Allah.โ€ (Sลซrat al-Fatแธฅ 48:29)

[28] โ€œMuhammad is not the father of any one of your men, but rather he is the Messenger of Allah and last of the prophets.โ€ (Sลซrat al-Aแธฅzฤb 33:40)

[29] โ€œVerily, there will be thirty liars among my nation, all of them claiming to be a prophet, but I am the seal of the Prophets. There is no prophet after me.โ€ (Sunan al-Tirmidhฤซ 2219, Sahih)

[30] โ€œO people, I am the Messenger of Allah to you all, from Him to whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth.โ€ (Sลซrat al-Aโ€™rฤf 7:158)

[31] โ€œVerily, this is the word of a noble messenger, established in the presence of the Lord of the Throne.โ€ (Sลซrat al-Takwฤซr 81:19-20)

[32] This refers to the principle of bi l kayf, i.e. not ascribing a definite form to matters of the Unseen.

[33] โ€œIf the sea were ink for writing the words of my Lord, the sea would be exhausted before the words of my Lord were exhausted, even if We brought the like of it as a supplement.โ€ (Sลซrat al-Kahf 18:109)

[34] Sลซrat al-Mudathir 74:26.

[35] Sลซrat al-Mudathir 74:25.

[36] โ€œNor is there to Him any equivalent.โ€ (Sลซrat al-Ikhlฤแนฃ 112:4)

[37] Sลซrat al-Qiyฤmah 75:22-23.

[38] Imam al-Shafiโ€™i said, โ€œI believe in what has come from Allah, upon what was intended by Allah. I believe in what has come from the Messenger of Allah, upon what was intended by the Messenger of Allah.โ€ (Lumโ€™at al-Iโ€™tiqฤd 1/7)

[39] โ€œVerily, the religion to Allah is Islam (surrendering to His will).โ€ (Sลซrat Ali โ€˜Imrฤn 3:19)

[40] โ€œAllah knows but you do not know.โ€ (Sลซrat al-Baqarah 2:216)

[41] โ€œWhoever desires other than Islam as religion, it never will it be accepted from him, and he will lose in the Hereafter.โ€ (Sลซrat Ali โ€˜Imrฤn 3:85)

[42] โ€œO you who have faith, do not ask about things which, if they are shown to you, will distress you.โ€ (Sลซrat al-Mฤโ€™idah 5:101)

[43] โ€œAmong people is he who worships Allah on an edge. If he is touched by good, he is reassured by it, but if he is struck by trial, he turns on his face.โ€ (Sลซrat al-แธคajj 22:11)

[44] โ€œVerily, you will see your Lord just as you see this moon. There will be no crowd to block your vision.โ€ (แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ al-Bukhฤrฤซ 573, Sahih)

[45] โ€œโ€ฆthat we will not worship but Allah and not associate anything with Him and not take one another as lords besides Allah.โ€ (Sลซrat Ali โ€˜Imrฤn 3:64)

[46] โ€œVerily, your Lord is Allah who created the heavens and the earth in six days and then established Himself above the Throne, arranging the matter.โ€ (Sลซrat Yลซnus 10:3)

[47] โ€œAfter the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, was miraculously taken by night to the furthest mosque in Jerusalem, the people began to talk about it. Some of them renounced their faith and belief in him. They sought Abu Bakr and they said, โ€˜Have you heard that your friend imagined he was taken by night to the sacred house?โ€™ Abu Bakr said, โ€˜Did he say that?โ€™ They said yes. Abu Bakr said, โ€˜If he said it, he has spoken the truth.โ€™ They said, โ€˜Do you believe he went by night to the sacred house and returned before morning?โ€™ Abu Bakr said, โ€˜Yes. Verily, I believe what is even more astonishing than that. I believe he has received messages from heaven for everything he does.โ€™ For this reason, Abu Bakr was named the Truthful, al-Siddiq.โ€ (Dalฤโ€™il al-Nubuwwah lil-Bayhaqฤซ 2/361)

[48] Sลซrat al-Najm 53:11.

[49] โ€œI will precede you at the Fountain. Whoever arrives at it and drinks from it, he will never feel thirst ever again.โ€ (แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ al-Bukhฤrฤซ 7050, Sahih)

[50] โ€œMy intercession is for the people of major sins among my nation.โ€ (Sunan al-Tirmidhฤซ 2435, Sahih)

[51] โ€œWhen your Lord took from the children of Adam their progeny, from their loins, and made them testify of themselves, saying, โ€˜Am I not your Lord?โ€™ They said, โ€˜Yes, we have testified.โ€™ Lest you should say on the Day of Resurrection, โ€˜Indeed, we were unaware of this.โ€™โ€ (Sลซrat al-Aโ€™rฤf 7:172)

[52] โ€œHe has encompassed whatever is with them and has enumerated all things in number.โ€ (Sลซrat al-Jinn 72:28)

[53] โ€œAllah is not unaware of what you do.โ€ (Sลซrat al-Baqarah 2:140)

[54] โ€œAs for one who fears Allah and give charity, We will make easy for him the path of ease. As for one who is miserly and considers himself independent (of Allah) and denies the best (in the Hereafter), We will make easy for him the path of hardship.โ€ (Sลซrat al-Layl 92:5-10)

[55] โ€œVerily, deeds are only judged by how they were at the end of life.โ€ (แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ al-Bukhฤrฤซ 6607, Sahih)

[56] โ€œHe has the keys to the Unseen. None knows them but Him.โ€ (Sลซrat al-Anโ€™ฤm 6:59)

[57] โ€œIf the divine decree is mentioned, be restrained.โ€ (al-Muโ€™jam al-Kabฤซr 10302, Sahih)

[58] Sลซrat al-Anbiyฤโ€™ 21:23.

[59] โ€œWhoever does not judge by what Allah has revealed, then they are among the disbelievers.โ€ (Sลซrat al-Mฤโ€™idah 5:44). Note: Whoever judges in contradiction to the Law due to mistaken interpretation or ignorance, it is a lesser form of unbelief that does not expel one from the religion. A man said to Ibn Abbas, โ€œHas one who does this committed unbelief?โ€ Ibn Abbas said, โ€œIt is a type of unbelief if he does that, but it is not like one who disbelieves in Allah, the Last Day, and so on.โ€ (Tafsฤซr al-แนฌabarฤซ 5:44)

[60] โ€œOr do you say about Allah that which you do not know?โ€ (Sลซrat al-Baqarah 2:80)

[61] โ€œHe has remained silent upon matters as mercy for you, not out of forgetfulness, so do not search them out.โ€ (Sunan al-Dฤraquแนญnฤซ 4396,  Sahih)

[62] โ€œThis is an honored Quran, inscribed on a Preserved Tablet.โ€ (Sลซrat al-Burลซj 85:21-22); โ€œVerily, it is We who bring the dead to life and record what they have put forth and what they left behind, and all things We have enumerated in a clear Register.โ€ (Sลซrat Yฤ Sฤซn 36:12)

[63] โ€œKnow that if the nations gathered together to benefit you, they could not benefit you unless Allah has decreed it for you. And if the nations gathered together to harm you, they could not harm you unless Allah has decreed it for you. The pens have been lifted and the pages have dried.โ€ (Sunan al-Tirmidhฤซ 2516, Sahih)

[64] โ€œIf you were to spend the likes of mount Uhud in gold in the way of Allah, He would not accept it from you until you had faith in all of divine providence, such that you know what you acquire could never miss you, and what you missed you could never acquire, and that if you die upon something other than this, you will enter the Hellfire.โ€ (Sunan Ibn Mฤjah 77, Sahih)

[65] โ€œFor every nation is a specified term. When their time has come, they will not be delayed for even an hour, nor will they precede it.โ€ (Sลซrat al-Aโ€™rฤf 7:34)

[66] Sลซrat al-Furqฤn 25:2.

[67] Sลซrat al-Ahzฤb 33:38.

[68] The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, came to us while we were arguing about the divine decree. Then, the Prophet became angry until his face was red, as if a pomegranate were bursting from his cheeks. The Prophet said, โ€œWith this I have commanded you? With this I was sent to you? Verily, the people before you were destroyed when they argued over this matter. I am determined for you not to argue over it.โ€ (Sunan al-Tirmidhฤซ 2133, Hasan)

[69] โ€œHis footstool extends over the heavens and the earth, and their preservation tires Him not, for He is the Most High, the Most Great.โ€ (Sลซrat al-Baqarah 2:255).

[70] โ€œKnow that Allah is Independent and Praiseworthy.โ€ (Sลซrat al-Baqarah 2:267)

[71] โ€œTo Allah belongs whatever is in the heavens and on the earth, for Allah ever encompasses all things.โ€ (Sลซrat al-Nisฤ 4:126)

[72] โ€œAllah took Abraham as an intimate friend.โ€ (Sลซrat al-Nisฤ 4:125)

[73] โ€œAllah spoke to Moses directly.โ€ (Sลซrat al-Nisฤ 4:164)

[74] โ€œWhoever disbelieves in Allah, His angels, His Books, His Messengers, and the Last Day has certainly gone far astray.โ€ (Sลซrat al-Nisฤ 4:136)

[75] โ€œWhoever prays our prayer, faces our direction of prayer, and eats our slaughtered animals, they are Muslims under the protection of Allah and His Messenger. Thus, do not betray Allah in the matter of His protection.โ€ (แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ al-Bukhฤrฤซ 391, Sahih)

[76] โ€œI guarantee a house on the outskirts of Paradise for one who leaves arguments even if he is right.โ€ (Sunan Abฤซ Dฤwลซd 4800, Sahih)

[77] โ€œArguing over the Quran is an act of unbelief.โ€ (Sunan Abฤซ Dฤwลซd 4603, Sahih); Al-Munawi commented, โ€œMeaning, one doubts it contains the word of Allah, or indulges the debate over whether it is new or ancient, or bickers over the unclear verses. That leads to denial, persecution, and bloodshed.โ€ (Fayแธ al-Qadฤซr 6/265 #9187)

[78] โ€œNo doubt, the people of the Book before you split into seventy-two sects and this religion will split into seventy-three sects; seventy-two will be in the Hellfire and one will be in Paradise. It is the united community.โ€ (Sunan Abฤซ Dฤwลซd 4597, Sahih)

[79] The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, โ€œGabriel, upon him be peace, came to me to give the good news that anyone from my nation who dies without associating partners with Allah will enter Paradise.โ€ It was said, โ€œEven if he commits adultery and theft?โ€ The Prophet said, โ€œEven if he commits adultery and theft.โ€ (แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ al-Bukhฤrฤซ 1237, Sahih); Al-Nawawi comments, โ€œThis tradition is a proof for the people of the Sunnah, that those who commit major sins will not remain in the Hellfire forever. If they enter it, they will be taken out and eventually admitted into Paradise.โ€ (Sharแธฅ al-Nawawฤซ โ€˜alรก แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ Muslim 2/97)

[80] The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, โ€œVerily, none of you will enter Paradise by his deeds alone.โ€ They said, โ€œNot even you, O Messenger of Allah?โ€ The Prophet said, โ€œNot even me, unless Allah grants me his mercy.โ€ (แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ al-Bukhฤrฤซ 6467, Sahih)

[81] Ibn Masโ€™ud said, โ€œIf you see a man among you seduced into a sin, then neither supplicate to Allah against him nor curse him. Rather, supplicate for Allah to save him and to accept his repentance. When we saw a man do good at the end of his life, we would hope for him. When we saw a man do evil at the end of his life, we would fear for him.โ€ (al-Tawbah li-Ibn Abฤซ Dunyฤ 112)

[82] โ€œWho despairs of the mercy of his Lord except for those astray?โ€ (Sลซrat al-Hijr 15:56)

[83] โ€œVerily, between a man and idolatry and unbelief is abandoning the prayer.โ€ (แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ Muslim 82, Sahih)

[84] โ€œNo one testifies that there is no God but Allah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, honestly from the heart, but that Allah will forbid him from entering Hellfire.โ€ (แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ al-Bukhฤrฤซ 128, Sahih)

[85] โ€œVerily, there is nothing to bring you closer to Paradise and distance you from Hellfire but that I have commanded you to do it, and there is nothing to bring you closer to Hellfire and distance you from Paradise but that I have forbidden you from doing it.โ€ (Shuโ€™ab al-Imฤn 9891, Sahih)

[86] โ€œO people, We have created you from male and female and made you into communities and tribes that you may know one another. Verily, the most noble of you to Allah is the most righteous of you.โ€ (Sลซrat al- แธคujurฤt 49:13)

[87] โ€œVerily, only Allah and the righteous believers are my allies.โ€ (แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ al-Bukhฤrฤซ 5990, Sahih)

[88] โ€œFaith is to believe in Allah, His angels, his Books, His Messengers, the Last Day, and to believe in providence, its good and its evil.โ€ (แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ Muslim 8, Sahih)

[89] โ€œWe believe in Allah and what has been revealed to us and what has been revealed to Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac and Jacob and the Tribes, and what was given to Moses and Jesus and what was given to the Prophets from their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them, and we are Muslims surrendering to Him.โ€ (Sลซrat al-Baqarah 2:136)

[90] โ€œSome people among those who worshiped Allah alone will be punished in Hellfire until they are coals. Then, the mercy of Allah will reach them and they will be taken out and presented at the gates of Paradise. The people of Paradise will pour water over them and they will grow just as the stubble carried by the stream grows. Then, they will enter Paradise.โ€ (Sunan al-Tirmidhฤซ 2597, Sahih)

[91] Sลซrat al-Nisฤ 4:116.

[92] โ€œIf You punish them, they are Your servants, but if You forgive them, You alone are Almighty and Wise.โ€ (Sลซrat al-Mฤโ€™idah 5:118)

[93] โ€œAllah will admit the people of Paradise into Paradise among whomever He wills, due to His mercy, and He will admit the people of Hellfire into Hellfire, then Allah will say, โ€˜Look for those with faith in their hearts as much as a seed and bring them out.โ€™ Then, they will be brought out having been burned and turned into charcoal. They will be cast into the river of life and will sprout just as a seed in the silt is carried away by the flood. Have you not seen that it comes out yellow and entwined?โ€ (แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ al-Bukhฤrฤซ 22, Sahih)

[94] โ€œThen will We treat the Muslims like the criminals?โ€ (Sลซrat al-Qalam 68:35)

[95] โ€œO Turner of the hearts, affirm my heart upon your religion.โ€ (Sunan al-Tirmidhฤซ 3522, Sahih)

[96] โ€œPerform funeral prayer over whoever says there is no God but Allah. Perform prayer behind whoever says there is no God but Allah.โ€ (Sunan al-Dฤraquแนญnฤซ 1761, Sahih li ghayrihi)

[97] โ€œVerily, a man may appear to people as doing the deeds of the people of Paradise, yet he is among the people of Hellfire. Verily, a man may appear to people as doing the deeds of the people of Hellfire, yet he is among the people of Paradise.โ€ (แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ al-Bukhฤrฤซ 2898, Sahih)

[98] โ€œA man does not accuse another man of wickedness or unbelief but that it will be turned against him, if his companion is innocent.โ€ (แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ al-Bukhฤrฤซ 6045, Sahih)

[99] Umar ibn al-Khattab said, โ€œVerily, people were judged by revelation in the time of the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, and the revelation has ceased. We only judge now what is manifested outwardly of your deeds. Whoever shows us good, we will trust him and bring him close. It is not for us to judge anything of his inner secrets. Allah will hold him accountable for his inner secrets. Whoever shows us evil, we will never trust him or believe him even if it is said his intentions are good.โ€ (แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ al-Bukhฤrฤซ 2641, Sahih)

[100] โ€œWhoever raises arms against us is not one of us. Whoever deceives us is not one of us.โ€ (แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ Muslim 101, Sahih)

[101] โ€œWhoever sees something from his ruler that he hates, let him be patient. Whoever secedes from the community by as much as a handspan and dies will have died a death of ignorance.โ€ (แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ al-Bukhฤrฤซ 7054, Sahih)

[102] Shaykh Ibn Uthaymeen said, โ€œIt is appropriate for us to supplicate for the people of falsehood that Allah might turn them back from their falsehood to the truth, to benefit themselves and others. This is justice, as opposed to what is done by some of the ignorant. When they see those who are deep in falsehood, they supplicate against them.โ€ (Sharแธฅ al-Kฤfiyah al-Shฤfiyah 4/416)

[103] โ€œIt is a duty upon a Muslim man to listen and obey authorities, whether he likes it or not, unless they command sinful disobedience. If they command sinful disobedience, then there is no listening or obedience to them.โ€ (แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ al-Bukhฤrฤซ 7144, Sahih)

[104] Al-Fudayl ibn โ€˜Iyad said, โ€œIf I had one supplication to be answered, I would make it for no one but the ruler. If the ruler is righteous, it will lead to the righteousness of the country and the people.โ€ (Siyar Aโ€™lฤm al-Nubalฤ 8/434)

[105] โ€œYou must adhere to my Sunnah and the Sunnah of the righteous, guided successors. Hold firmly to it as if biting with your molar teeth. Beware of newly invented matters, for every new matter is an innovation and every innovation is misguidance.โ€ (Sunan Abฤซ Dฤwลซd 4607, Sahih)

[106] โ€œWhoever loves for the sake of Allah, hates for the sake of Allah, gives for the sake of Allah, and withholds for the sake of Allah has perfected the faith.โ€ (Sunan Abฤซ Dฤwลซd 4681, Sahih); Al-Azimabadi commented, โ€œThat he hates for the sake of Allah does not mean he harms the one he hates. Rather, the hatred is for his unbelief and disobedience.โ€ (โ€˜Awn al-Maโ€™bลซd 12/285)

[107] โ€œAllah and His Messenger know best.โ€ (แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ al-Bukhฤrฤซ 7373, Sahih)

[108] โ€œThe Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, wiped over leather socks and head coverings in ablution.โ€ (แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ Muslim 275, Sahih); NOTE: This point of Fiqh is mentioned here because many of the heretical sects denied it was part of the Sunnah.

[109] โ€œDue to Allah from the people is a pilgrimage to the House, for whoever is able to find thereto a way.โ€ (Sลซrat Ali โ€˜Imrฤn 3:97); โ€œThere is no longer emigration, but rather only jihad and good intentions. When you are called to duty, go forth.โ€ (แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ al-Bukhฤrฤซ 3077, Sahih)

[110] โ€œMan does not utter any word but that with him is an observer prepared.โ€ (Sลซrat Qaf 50:18)

[111] โ€œThe angel of death, who has been entrusted with you, will take you. Then to your Lord you will be returned.โ€ (Sลซrat al-Sajdah 32:11)

[112] โ€œWhen the deceased is buried in his grave, two black and blue angels come to him. One of them is called Munkar and the other is called Nakir. They will both say: What do you say about this man?โ€ (Sunan al-Tirmidhฤซ 1071, Jayyid)

[113] โ€œVerily, the grave is the first stage of the Hereafter. If one is saved from it, whatever comes after will be easier for him. If one is not saved from it, whatever comes after will be harder for him. I have never seen anything more frightening than the grave.โ€ (Sunan al-Tirmidhฤซ 2308, Hasan)

[114] โ€œThe weighing of deeds that Day will be the truth. So those whose scales are heavy with good, they will be successful.โ€ (Sลซrat al-Aโ€™rฤf 7:8)

[115] Abu Saโ€™id al-Khudri said, โ€œI have come to know that the bridge over Hell is thinner than a hair and sharper than a sword.โ€ (แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ Muslim 183, Sahih)

[116] โ€œWhen the people of Paradise will be sent to Paradise, and the people of Hellfire will be sent to Hellfire, until they are separated between them. Then, death will be slaughtered and a heavenly caller will announce: O people of Paradise, there is no death! O people of Hellfire, there is no death! For the people of Paradise, it will add joy to their joy, and for the people of Hellfire, it will add grief to their grief.โ€ (แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ Muslim 2850, Sahih)

[117] โ€œWhen Allah created Paradise and Hellfire, He sent Gabriel to Paradise saying: Behold it and what I have prepared therein for its people.โ€ (Sunan al-Tirmidhฤซ 2560, Sahih)

[118] โ€œAllah said to Paradise, โ€˜You are My mercy with which I show mercy to those of My servants whom I will.โ€™ Allah said to Hellfire, โ€˜You are My punishment with which I punish those of My servants whom I will, and both of you will be full.โ€™โ€ (แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ al-Bukhฤrฤซ 4850, Sahih)

[119] We were sitting with the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, and he said, โ€œThere are none among you but that his place in Paradise or his place in Hellfire are decreed.โ€ We said, โ€œO Messenger of Allah, shall we not depend on this alone?โ€ The Prophet said, โ€œNo, you must work, for all will be facilitated.โ€ (แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ al-Bukhฤrฤซ 4945, Sahih)

[120] โ€œWe tested them with good and evil that perhaps they would return to Allah.โ€ (Sลซrat al-Aโ€™rฤf 168)

[121] โ€œWhile Allah created you and what you do?โ€ (Sลซrat al-แนขaffฤt 37:96)

[122] Sลซrat al-Baqarah 2:286.

[123] โ€œFor those their refuge will be the Hellfire because of what they used to earn.โ€ (10:8)

[124] โ€œThe pen is lifted from three people: a sleeping person until he awakens, a child until he becomes an adult, and an insane person until he regains his sanity.โ€ (Sunan al-Tirmidhฤซ 1423, Sahih)

[125] โ€œIncrease your plantings in Paradise, for its water is sweet and its soil is clean. Its plantings are to say: there is no movement or might but in Allah.โ€ (al-Muโ€™jam al-Kabฤซr 13354, Hasan)

[126] โ€œAll praise is due to Allah, by whose favor good deeds are accomplished.โ€ (Sunan Ibn Mฤjah 3803, Sahih)

[127] โ€œDo you not know that Allah knows what is in the heaven and the earth? Verily, that is in a Record. That is easy for Allah.โ€ (Sลซrat al-แธคajj 22:70)

[128] โ€œWe will not be outdone.โ€ (Sลซrat al-Mudathir 74:41)

[129] โ€œAllah would never have wronged them, but rather they were wronging themselves.โ€ (Sลซrat al-Rum 30:9)

[130] Sลซrat al-Anbiyฤโ€™ 21:23.

[131] โ€œWhen the human being dies, his deeds end except for three: ongoing charity, beneficial knowledge, or a righteous child who prays for him.โ€ (แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ Muslim 1631, Sahih); A man came to the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, and he said, โ€œO Messenger of Allah, my mother died suddenly without writing a will. I think if she could speak, she would give in charity. Will she have a reward if I give charity on her behalf?โ€ The Prophet said, โ€œYes.โ€ (แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ al-Bukhฤrฤซ 1388, Sahih)

[132] โ€œThere is no Muslim who calls upon Allah, without sin or cutting family ties, but that Allah will give him one of three answers: He will quickly fulfill his supplication, He will store it for him in the Hereafter, or He will divert an evil from him similar to it.โ€ (Musnad Aแธฅmad 11133, Sahih)

[133] โ€œBlessed is He in whose hand is the dominion, for He has power over all things.โ€ (Sลซrat al-Mulk 67:1)

[134] โ€œNay! Verily, man transgresses because he considers himself independent.โ€ (Surat al-โ€˜Alaq 96:5-6)

[135] โ€œThat is because they followed that which angered Allah, and hated that which pleased Him, so He made their deeds fruitless.โ€ (Sลซrat Muแธฅammad 47:28)

[136] Imam Ahmad said, โ€œDo not exaggerate in anything, even love and hatred.โ€ (al-ฤ€dฤb al-Sharโ€™ฤซyah 1/52)

[137] โ€œIf my companions are mentioned, be restrained.โ€ (al-Muโ€™jam al-Kabฤซr 10302, Sahih)

[138] โ€œNone loves the Ansar but a believer, and none hates them but a hypocrite. Whoever loves them, Allah will love him. Whoever hates them, Allah will hate him.โ€ (แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ al-Bukhฤrฤซ 3783, Sahih)

[139] The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, became ill and when his condition was critical, he said, โ€œTell Abu Bakr to lead the people in prayer.โ€ (แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ al-Bukhฤrฤซ 678, Sahih)

[140] โ€œBefore you were nations with divinely inspired people. If such a person were in my nation, it would surely be Umar.โ€ (แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ al-Bukhฤrฤซ 3689, Sahih)

[141] โ€œThe most merciful of my nation is Abu Bakr. The strictest of them in the religion of Allah is Umar. The most sincerely conscientious of them is Uthman. The wisest of them in judgment is Ali ibn Abi Talib.โ€ (Sunan Ibn Mฤjah 154, Sahih)

[142] โ€œAbu Bakr is in Paradise. Umar is in Paradise. Uthman is in Paradise. Ali is in Paradise. Talhah is in Paradise. Al-Zubayr is in Paradise. Abdur Rahman ibn โ€˜Awf is in Paradise. Saโ€™d is in Paradise. Saโ€™id is in Paradise. Abu โ€˜Ubaydah ibn al-Jarrah is in Paradise.โ€ (Sunan al-Tirmidhฤซ 3747, Sahih)

[143] โ€œLove Allah for the blessings by which He nourishes you, love me for the love of Allah, and love the people of my house for the love of me.โ€ (Sunan al-Tirmidhฤซ 3789, Hasan)

[144] โ€œThe best people are those of my generation, then those who come after them, then those who come after them. Then, there will come people after them whose testimony precedes their oaths and their oaths precede their testimony.โ€ (แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ al-Bukhฤrฤซ 6429, Sahih)

[145] โ€œThe scholars are the inheritors of the Prophets. They do not leave behind gold or silver coins, but rather they leave behind knowledge. Whoever has taken hold of it has been given an abundant share.โ€ (Sunan Abฤซ Dฤwลซd 3641, Sahih)

[146] It was said, โ€œO Messenger of Allah, which people are tested most severely?โ€ The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, โ€œThey are the prophets, then the next best, then the next best. A man is put to trial according to his religion. If he is firm in his religion, his trials will be more severe. If he is weak in his religion, he is put to trial according to his strength in religion. The servant will continue to be put to trial until he is left walking upon the earth without any sin.โ€ (Sunan al-Tirmidhฤซ 2398, Sahih)

[147] Ibn Taymiyyah said, โ€œThe miracles of the saints are true by the consensus of the Imams of Islam, Sunnah, and the united community. They are included in the Quran in several places, the authentic prophetic narrations, and widespread reports from the companions, the successors, and others.โ€ (Mukhtaแนฃar al-Fatฤwรก al-Miแนฃrฤซyah 1/600)

[148] โ€œNothing between the creation of Adam until the establishment of the Hour is a greater tribulation than the affair of the False Messiah.โ€ (แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ Muslim 2946, Sahih)

[149] โ€œBy Allah, the son of Mary will descend as a just ruler. He will abolish the cross, kill the swine, and annul the tribute, but he will leave the she-camel such that no one collects from it. He will cause rancor, hatred, and envy to disappear, and he will call people to give their wealth in charity but no one will need it.โ€ (แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ Muslim 155, Sahih)

[150] โ€œThe Hour will not be established until the sun rises from the West.โ€ (แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ al-Bukhฤrฤซ 4636, Sahih)

[151] โ€œThe Beast will emerge and place a mark on the faces of the people. They will be plentiful among you such that a man will purchase a camel and it will be said: From whom did you buy it? He will say: I bought it from one of those with the mark.โ€ (Musnad Aแธฅmad 22309, Sahih)

[152] Some people asked the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, about soothsayers. The Prophet said, โ€œThey are upon nothing.โ€ They said, โ€œO Messenger of Allah, sometimes they speak about things that come true.โ€ The Prophet said, โ€œThose are the words snatched by the jinn, who whisper it into the ears of their friends and it is mixed with more than one hundred lies.โ€ (แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ al-Bukhฤrฤซ 6213, Sahih)

[153] โ€œHold firmly to the rope of Allah all together and do not become divided.โ€ (Sลซrat Ali โ€˜Imrฤn 3:103)

[154] Sลซrat Ali โ€˜Imrฤn 3:19.

[155] Sลซrat al-Mฤโ€™idah 5:3.

[156] Hudhayfah ibn al-Yaman said, โ€œO townspeople, remain upright and you will have taken a great lead, but if you swerve right or left, you will have been led far astray.โ€ (แนขaแธฅฤซแธฅ al-Bukhฤrฤซ 7282, Sahih)

[157] This sect and theologians like them ascribe the attributes of created beings to Allah.

[158] This sect gave prominence to rational philosophy, such as found in ancient Greece, which led them to deny a number of core tenets of Islam.

[159] This sect denied a number of the Attributes of Allah, among other false beliefs.

[160] This sect denied the free will of human beings and claimed Allah coerces us to perform all of our deeds.

[161] This sect denied the divine providence of Allah and claimed He has no control over our actions.

Translated with references to proofs from the Quran and Sunnah
by Justin Parrott (Abu Amina Elias)