Reconciling the hadith about al-Jassaasah and the hadith “Do you see this night of yours…”

Question

I heard that amongst the signs of the last hour that the Anti-Christ is alive until he comes out, the hadith=Statement of Tamim Ad-Dari. Another hadith=Statement of the prophet, peace be upon him, says what means that all those who are alive at that day will die within 100 years.

The evidence is that there was no (Sahabi=Companion of the Prophet) alive at 110 A.H.

My question is how to understand both ahadith=Statements together?

Why did the anti-Christ not die?

Answer

Praise be to Allah.

Note: In Biblical context Christians may refer to al-Jassaasah as the Beast of the Earth.

The hadith of Tamim al-Dari was narrated by Muslim in his Sahih=Authentic book. It indicates that the Dajjaal is alive at present and was alive at the time of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), and that he will remain detained until permission is given to him to emerge. 

This does not contradict what is narrated in al-Saheehayn= (The two authentic books of Bukhari and Muslim) from ‘Abd-Allah ibn ‘Umar (may Allah be pleased with him), who said:

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) led us in ‘Isha’ prayer one night at the end of his life, then when he had said the salaam, he stood up and said: “Have you seen this night of yours?

One hundred years from now, there will no one left who is on the face of the earth.” Narrated by al-Bukhari (116) and Muslim (2537). 

This hadith is general in meaning and the hadeeth of Tamim is specific, therefore it is exempted from the general meaning of the hadeeth of Ibn ‘Umar; or the Dajjaal=The anti-Christ at that time was in the sea and not on land, so he was not included in the hadith of Ibn ‘Umar. 

Al-‘Allaamah Muhammad al-Ameen al-Shanqeeti (may Allah have mercy on him) said in Adwa’ al-Bayaan (3/397), responding to those who said that al-Khidr is still alive on the basis that the general meaning of the words of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) does not include absolutely everyone, i.e., the words “there will no one left who is on the face of the earth”:

Because the hadith about the emergence of the Dajjaal=The anti-Christ is a sound hadith, and that means that the Dajjaal=The anti-Christ is exempted from the general meaning of the hadith of Ibn ‘Umar. It is a hadeeth that is proven in al-Sahih, from the words of Fatimah’s bint Qays (may Allah be pleased with her), who heard the Prophet

(peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) say that Tamim al-Dari spoke to him, and that he liked what Tamim al-Dari told him, because it was in accordance with what he was telling his companions about the Dajjaal=The anti-Christ. Then he quoted the hadith of Tamim.

Then he said: 

This clearly states that the Dajjaal=The anti-Christ is alive on that island in the sea that is mentioned in the hadith of Tamim al-Dari, and that he will remain alive until he emerges at the end of time. This is a text which is specific in meaning and excludes the Dajjaal=The anti-Christ from the general meaning of the hadith which says that everyone would die within the next century.

The established principle in usool is that the general meaning should be taken as such, and that whatever is excluded from it on the basis of a specific text is excluded from the general meaning, but the general meaning still remains applicable to all individuals for whom there is no evidence that they are excluded.

As we have stated several times previously, this is the truth and is the view of the majority, and it applies to most of what is in the Qur’an and Sunnah of general matters from which a few individuals are excluded on the basis of a specific text, but the general meaning remains applicable to the rest. End quote. 

Allah knows best.

Almighty Allah is the highest and most knowledgeable, and the attribution of knowledge to him is the safest.

Right from Almighty Allah and wrong from me and Satan

Prepared by Mohamad Mostafa Nassar- Australia.

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